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Sniper Rifles

A semi-auto sniper rifle is no sniper rifle at all. You can even snipe with a browning M2 but a real sniper rifle has to reach the maximum muzzle velocity that is available for it's caliber. Rifles like M14 EBR, PSG 1 or Dragunov can get useful for platoon-sized units to shoot at targets mostly within a range of 400 meters.

CheyTac Intervention M200 here, is capable of much more:

It was designed with the special .408 CheyTac ammo of it's own which is effective in 2000 meters:
.408 Cheyenne Tactical - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Turkish Special Forces Command(ÖKK) have some of these. They are effective in 2 kilometers, it's all up to the soldier to percisely calculate the weather conditions and a few more parameters to hit the target within that range.
Well.....thank for sharing useful info.
I dont have much knowledge about snipers .....but would be interested to know the following :-

1. How do snipers train .
2. What factors are taken into account while using a sniping rifle ..e.g terrain, windspeed, humidity etc .

You should go over the video Rescue Ranger provided, but to just provide a quick info, they take all things into account such as elevation, temp, range, humidity, speed of target, angles of all sorts of things, and if the range is very great, then even the Coriolis effect (or so I heard).



Different rounds compared with different thickness of BP glass (laminated):

McMillan Tac-50

Designed 1980s
Manufacturer McMillan Brothers Rifle Co.
Produced 1980s–present
Variants Tac-50 A1, Tac-50 A1-R2
Weight 26.0 lb (11.8 kg)
Length 57.0 in (1,448 mm)
Barrel length 29.0 in (737 mm)
Cartridge .50 BMG (12.7 x 99 mm)
Action manually operated rotary bolt action
Muzzle velocity 805 m/s (2,641 ft/s)
Effective range 1,800 m (1,970 yd)
Feed system 5 round detachable box magazine
Sights Customizable; 5-25x telescopic sight standard in Canadian Forces

The McMillan Tac-50 is a manually operated, rotary bolt action rifle. The large bolt has dual front locking lugs, and its body has spiral flutes to reduce weight. The heavy match-grade barrel, made by Lilja barrels, is also fluted to dissipate heat quickly and reduce overall weight and fitted with an effective muzzle brake to reduce recoil. The rifle is fed from detachable box magazines, holding 5 rounds each. The stock is made from fiberglass by McMillan Stocks, and is designed to be used from a bipod only. The buttstock is adjustable for length of pull with rubber spacers, and can be removed for compact storage. The rifle has no open sights and can be used with a variety of telescopic or night sights. Rifles of the Tac-50 family are capable of outstanding accuracy and guaranteed to provide 0.5 MOA groups with match grade ammunition



Desert Tactical Arms Stealth Recon Scout

10 lb (4.5 kg) (Covert)
11.5 lb (5.2 kg) (.243 Winchester)
11 lb (5.0 kg) (7.62x51 mm)
12 lb (5.4 kg) (.300 Winchester Short Magnum)
12.37 lb (5.6 kg) (.338 Lapua Magnum)
26 in (660.4 mm) (Covert)
33.5 in (850.9 mm) (.243 Winchester)
31.5 in (800.1 mm) (7.62x51 mm)
35.5 in (901.7 mm) (.300 Winchester Magnum)
37.5 in (952.5 mm) (.338 Lapua Magnum)
Barrel length
16 in (406.4 mm) (Covert)
24 in (609.6 mm) (.243 Winchester)
22 in (558.8 mm) (7.62x51 mm)
26 in (660.4 mm) (.300 Winchester Magnum)
26 in (660.4 mm) (.338 Lapua Magnum)
.243 Winchester
7.62x51 mm (.308 Winchester)
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
Action Bolt-action
Feed system
5-round detachable box magazine (.338 Lapua Magnum)
6-round detachable box magazine (.300 Winchester)
7-round detachable box magazine (.243 Winchester, .308 Winchester)
Sights Telescopic sight

The Stealth Recon Scout is notably unusual in that it is one of the few rifles that has a bullpup bolt-action layout. This gives the rifle a relatively compact design; claimed to be 11 inches (280 mm) shorter than conventional sniper rifles.[1] Because of the bullpup layout, the magazine and bolt are behind the pistol grip, and therefore the operation is slightly different to most other conventional designs. This layout also shifts more weight to the rear of the rifle; the manufacturer claims that this creates a central balancing point.[2] The sling points are balanced with the centerline of the weapon to ensure it lies flat when slung. The rear support grip cheekrest is optimized with the height of the scope and eye alignment, removing the need for an adjustable cheekpiece. A raised, contoured buttpad helps to seat it more securely into the shooter's shoulder.

The Stealth Recon Scout was originally designed around the .338 Lapua Magnum cartridge, but is also available in three other calibers; .243 Winchester, .308 Winchester, and .300 Winchester Magnum (and now with .260 Remington and 6.5x47 Lapua) — all of which can be changed in a quick conversion. The rifle is guaranteed to have a standard 0.5 MOA (0.15 mrad) accuracy and uses a 1-6 lbs (4-27 N) adjustable match trigger


Note: The actual conversion in a battlefield takes only a minute in the hands of a trained operator.
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Iron Brigade Armory, under contract to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency [DARPA], developed and built the XM-3 to incorporate the best available technology into a sniper weapon system that addresses current operational concerns on size, weight, target detection, sound suppression, accuracy, range, day/night operations and the use of titanium. The XM-3 has established the baseline from which DARPA will identify investment areas where new technologies are needed to provide snipers and riflemen the greatest possible advantage on tomorrow's battlefield.

Complete System List
XM-3 Sniper Rifle w/ Titanium Picatinny Rail and
UNS Barrel Channel Mount
Nightforce NXS 3.5-15x50 Day Optic Sight w/ Zero Stop Feature
Nightforce .885 Ultra Light Scope Rings
ANPVS-22 OSTI Universal Night Sight (UNS) with Soft Case
Surefire FA762SS Suppressor
Harris BRM-S Bipod w/ Pod-Loc
Turner Saddlery AWS Sling (OD) w/ (1) QD Swivel (Bipod Attachment)
Eagle Cheekpiece w/ Reverse Zippered Compartment
TRGT Data/Record Book
Dewey Cleaning Rod
Dewey Bore Guide
Allen 5/32 T-Wrench
SK T30 T-Wrench
Seekonk Torque Wrench
Kobalt 1/2” Adapter
Craftsman T30 Adapter
Kleinendorst Bolt Disassembly Tool
Maintenance Equipment Enclosed in Plastic Compartment
Complete System Fitted Inside Hardigg Storm Case
2007 Price List

Individual Component Pricing :

XM-3 Rifle System – Titanium* $8995.00
Night Vision and Suppressor Capable
Does Not Include Suppressor or Night Vision
XM-3 Rifle System – Steel* $8295.00
Night Vision and Suppressor Capable but not included
Does Not Include Suppressor or Night Vision

XM-3 Rifle System – Titanium* w/ Suppressor Installed $10,495.00
Night Vision Capable
Does Not Include Night Vision Unit

XM-3 Rifle System – Steel* w/ Suppressor Installed $9,795.00
Night Vision Capable
Does Not Include Night Vision Unit

*Refers to Picatinny Rail and Recoil Lug Only

Complete System Pricing (LE/MIL Only):

Rifle, Scope, Suppressor, Universal Night Sight – Titanium * $18,995.00
LE/MIL sales only due to Current Night Vision Restrictions
Rifle, Scope, Suppressor, Universal Night Sight – Steel * $18,295.00
LE/MIL sales only due to Current Night Vision Restrictions

Complete System Pricing (Open To Individuals):

Rifle, Scope, Suppressor, Bore Sighted Night Sight – Titanium* $17,995.00
Open to Individual Sales w/ BNS Night Vision vs. UNS
All NFA Rules Apply
Rifle, Scope, Suppressor, Bore Sighted Night Sight – Steel* $17,295.00
Open to Individual Sales w/ BNS Night Vision vs. UNS
All NFA Rules Apply

*Refers to Picatinny Rail and Recoil Lug Only

XM-3 Specifications

CALIBER : .308 Winchester / 7.62MM
Chambered for Lake City 175 Gr. and/or Black Hills 175 Grain Match
Barrel: 18.5” Hart 416R Stainless Steel (Mil-Gauged)
Rifling : 1:10 RH Twist w/ 6 Grooves
Magazine : Internal / Welded 5 Rd. Capacity Badger DM Trigger Guard Optional
Muzzle velocity : 2530 FPS w/ Suppressor and Lake City 175 Gr.
2450 FPS w/ Suppressor and Black Hills 175 Gr.
Maximum effective range : 1000 yards
Length 40.50” without suppressor
46.25” with suppressor
Day Optic Sight : Nightforce NXS 3.5-15x50 Illuminated Mildot
2lbs. 3oz (with rings)
NIGHT VISION SIGHT: AN/PVS-22 Universal Night Sight (UNS)
Combat Weight :
Complete with sling,
bipod, ammunition
Day operations: 16lbs
Night operations: 18lbs

XM-3 Component List

Weapon Component Manufacturer

Receiver- M700, Clip-Slotted by IBA, Stainless Steel Remington Arms
Stock- McMillan A-6, 12.25”- 13.75” Adjustable LOP McMillan Stocks
Barrel- 18.5” OAL, 416R Stainless Steel, Twist Rate 1:10” Hart Rifle Barrels
UNS Mount- BCM22H 6061 Aluminum, Anodized IBA Inc.
Trigger Guard- M4 Carbon Steel Badger Ordnance
Sling Swivels- One Piece, Permanently Installed Wichita Arms
Recoil Lug- Titanium @ 1.070” .313” Badger Ordnance
Scope mount- Titanium Picatinny Rail, 20 MOA, Lugged IBA Inc.
Scope Rings- .885 Ultra-lite, Aluminum / Titanium Nightforce Inc.
Fire Control- M700 Trigger Re-Built by IBA Remington Arms
Magazine- Internal W/ Modified Milled Follower Remington Arms



Quite an expensive piece of kit.
Istiglal Anti-Material Rifle

place of origin Azerbaijan

Weight 33.8 kg (74 lbs)[1]
Length 2256 mm (79.33 in)
Barrel length 1300 mm (51")
Cartridge 14.5x114mm, 12.7x108mm
Action Recoil-operated, rotating bolt
Muzzle velocity 1,132 m/s (3,714 ft/s)
Effective range (14.5x114mm)
3,000 m (9,843 ft) - 4,000 m (13,123 ft)+
Feed system 5-round detachable box magazine

@bigzgvr4 i am going to merge this thread with the sniper rifle sticky, so that all data is pooled up and your work does not get wasted away.
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