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Infrastructure Development before independent.

Panjnad Headworks, Bahawalpur Under Construction in 1930's.


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During 1886-1947, in Punjab, Pakistan significant internal migrations took place due to creation of 9 canal colonies by British. Uncultivable lands in Lyallpur, Sorgodha, Shahpur, Sahiwal, Multan, Gujranwala, Sheikhupura, Gujarat & Sialkot Dists were turned into cultivable land.
The canal colonies were created to meet the imperial British needs of wheat and cotton and other agri-produce etc for use in Britain, to raise mares, mules and studs and camels for the police and army, and to decongest the crowded parts of the province.

British created network of barrages & canals to irrigate land for cheap agri-produce for UK. For its transportation, railway line was also laid between Lahore & Karachi. Eastern banks of all major canals were laid higher for better defensive positions against Russian invasion.

Canal systems depended on an upstream single controlling unit to decide water allocation, release & timing. The local community’s control was ‘ceded’, structurally, to a non-local distant power. The tap could be turned on & off by the British.

The canals cemented the British control of a region, provided immense profits and secured for the British, an enforced and coercively obligated loyalty of their colonised subjects.
Horse was not a local animal in Ancient Pakistan during Indus Valley Civilisation. Was introduced by migrants by 1500 BC. Later it was locally bred/raised. Large chunk of land was allotted even by British for rearing horses locally. This land was known as the Ghori Paal Murabbas.

What British created was for their own interest. Benefits that people of Pakistan supposedly gained were incidental at best. British laid railways for transportation of military personnel & hardware for probable Russian invasion and for transportation of cheap trade items to UK.
 
This is Sukkur's famous "Lens Down Bridge" What is known as the "Kanchi Bridge". This railway bridge was built in 1889 but engineers were not hopeful of its stability at the time.

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A road to Yousaf Khel of Momand Tribal Territory was made by Britishers in 1935..
This is Nahqi mountain, where recently a tunnel has been constructed by FWO.
 
October. 1923, Karachi Sea Port...

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Sukkur Barrage is a barrage on the River Indus near the city of Sukkur in the Sindh province of Pakistan.
The barrage was built during the British Raj from 1923 to 1932 and was named Lloyd Barrage.
The Sukkur Barrage, is the pride of Pakistan's irrigation system as it is the largest single irrigation network of its kind in the world.
It irrigates from Sukkur district in the north, to Mirpurkhas/Tharparkar and Hyderabad districts in the south of Sindh, almost all parts of the province.
It is situated about 500 kilometres (300 miles) northeast of Karachi, 5 kilometres (3 miles) below the railway bridge, or the Sukkur Gorge.
introduction of barrage-controlled irrigation system resulted in more timely water supplies for the existing cultivated areas of Sindh.


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Some ceremony going on at the Khojok Tunnel entrance.
Year: 1910,,,


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The Khojak Tunnel, is a 3.91 km railway tunnel in the Toba Achakzai range in the Qilla Abdullah District of Balochistan province, Pakistan. It is located 6,381 ft above sea level. The tunnel was constructed in 1891 under the Khojak Pass.
 
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