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Documentary videos and photos, Indonesian revolution war, 1945-1949

General Soedirman, Armed Force Commander during the revolution war.




He is still fighting despite he is in serious sickness that lead to his death.


SCBD (Soedirman Central Business District) is named after him

Sudirman (Old Spelling: Soedirman; 24 January 1916[a] – 29 January 1950) was a high-ranking Indonesian military officer during the Indonesian National Revolution. The first commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces, he continues to be widely respected in the country.

Born in Purbalingga, Dutch East Indies, Sudirman moved to Cilacap in 1916 and was raised by his uncle. A diligent student at a Muhammadiyah-run school, he became respected within the community for his devotion to Islam. After dropping out of teacher's college, in 1936 he began working as a teacher, and later headmaster, at a Muhammadiyah-run elementary school. After the Japanese occupied the Indies in 1942, Sudirman continued to teach, before joining the Japanese-sponsored Defenders of the Homeland as a battalion commander in Banyumas in 1944. In this position he put down a rebellion by his fellow soldiers, but was later interned in Bogor. After Indonesia proclaimed its independence on 17 August 1945, Sudirman led a break-out then went to Jakarta to meet President Sukarno. Tasked with overseeing the surrender of Japanese soldiers in Banyumas, he established a division of the People's Safety Body there. On 12 November 1945, at an election to decide the military's commander-in-chief in Yogyakarta, Sudirman was chosen over Oerip Soemohardjo in a close vote. While waiting to be confirmed, Sudirman ordered an assault on British and Dutch forces in Ambarawa. The ensuing battle and British withdrawal strengthened Sudirman's popular support, and he was ultimately confirmed on 18 December.

During the following three years Sudirman saw negotiations with the returning Dutch colonial forces fail, first after the Linggadjati Agreement – which Sudirman participated in drafting – and then the Renville Agreement; he was also faced with internal dissent, including a 1948 coup d'état attempt. He later blamed these issues for his tuberculosis, which led to his right lung collapsing in November 1948. On 19 December 1948, several days after Sudirman's release from the hospital, the Dutch launched an assault on the capital. Sudirman and a small contingent escaped Dutch forces and left the city, making their headquarters at Sobo, near Mount Lawu. There Sudirman commanded military activities throughout Java, including a show of force in Yogyakarta on 1 March 1949. When the Dutch began withdrawing, in July 1949 Sudirman was recalled to Yogyakarta and forbidden to fight further. In late 1949 Sudirman's tuberculosis relapsed, and he retired to Magelang, where he died slightly more than a month after the Dutch recognised Indonesia's independence. He is buried at Semaki Heroes' Cemetery in Yogyakarta.

Sudirman's death was mourned throughout Indonesia, with flags flown at half-mast and thousands gathering to see his funeral convoy and procession. He continues to be highly respected in Indonesia. His guerrilla campaign has been credited with developing the army's esprit de corps, and the 100-kilometre (62 mi) long route he took must be followed by Indonesian cadets before graduation. Sudirman featured prominently on the 1968 series of rupiah banknotes, and has numerous streets, museums, and monuments named after him. On 10 December 1964, he was declared a National Hero of Indonesia.

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British Raj armed force

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British soldiers fighting in Indonesia (1945)​

Indonesia under Japanese

Indonesian get military training from Japanese to help them fight the allied nation. The Indonesian soldiers trained by Japanese during Japanese occupation is at 37.000 soldiers. The name of Indonesian soldiers are PETA (Defender of the Homeland). From this soldiers and later from surrendering Japanese soldiers Indonesian freedom fighter get the weapon. From the book I read, after Japanese surrender in August 1945, the troops strength is increasing into around 300.000 to prepare for war against Dutch and its allied. Troops from Java and Sumatera are dominating in term of number of personnel.

So Indonesian in general fight Dutch and British under one command. Indonesian Army has been established since 1945 after Japan surrendered to allied nation in 1945. The main backbone of Indonesian Armed Force during the revolution is soldiers from PETA. Indonesian Armed Force General during that time, Soedirman, also comes from PETA.

In conclution, the road to liberation has been prepared by Allah SWT. From Japanese beating the Dutch in Indonesia, Japanese trained Indonesian militarily, and the surrender of Japan in 1945.

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Independence Proclamation 1945


Soekarno's Inauguration as President of RIS (1949) I Color Edition​

On the diplomatic front, the prominent Indonesian and the brain of the diplomatic strategy is Mohammad Hatta, Sumatran descend and one of Indonesian Proclamator beside Soekarno.

Mohammad Hatta, one of Indonesian proclamator and the brain of Indonesian diplomacy front as he lead the government as Prime Minister during the revolution period


Mohammad Hatta in Netherland in 1949 when Netherland formally acknowledge Indonesia as a sovereign state.

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