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China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) | Updates & Discussions

The Wakhan Corridor, with the exquisite Pamir Mountains to the north and the Karakoram range to the south, is about 350 km long and 13 km wide. The Wakhan Corridor is also called “roof of the world” with its elevation of 5400 meters. Wakhan Corridor is a narrow strip of land that juts out of eastern Afghanistan like a pointing finger, bordered by Tajikistan in the north and Pakistan in the south until it reaches China. It is located in the north-eastern Badakhshan province of Afghanistan and is surrounded on three sides by Pakistan, Tajikistan and China.Pakistan Tapping the Dormant Treasure with Qamar bajwa and Imran Khan's new Trade Policy maps of Wakhan Corridor
Us studying how to counter BRI. Hope they realize it’s not all about dollars and cents (investments that are profitable or not), but how much the rest of the world wants some modern infrastructure so they can live like the rest of the developed world. All the Cold War side shows were paid for by destruction of all these countries, while the developed world didn’t have to suffer, relatively. It’s no wonder the Chinese have hundreds of billions of dollars worth of infrastructure projects being developed in Africa at this very moment, and these African countries are taking the loans despite the terms.

On top of all this, enough African Americans want to flee America that Chinese financed projects could be where they go, back home to the motherland. Either the US can be part of Africa’s aspirations or cede it to the Chinese.

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How to reach out to Chinese investors that are open to investing in the IT and Electronics sector?
Rs38bn Pak-China OFC Phase-II project: Delay in execution to result in escalation of cost
Tahir Amin
09 Nov 2021


ISLAMABAD: The military-run Special Communication Organization (SCO) has warned that the delay in execution of Pak-China Optic Fiber Cable (OFC) Phase-II project worth around Rs38 billion will result in escalation of cost along with other associated complications, it is learnt.

The scope of the project Pak-China OFC phase-II project under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is extension of OFC network to Karachi and Gwadar along the CPEC routes and establishment of landing station at Gwadar. The total cost of the project was estimated at $236.97 million (Rs37.91 billion) with completion time of four years. The total network length is 7,990km.

Documents available with Business Recorder revealed that the project was approved by the ECNEC on January 21, 2021. Loan application under process with Chinese side for provision of 85 percent of project cost.

The government has not allocated any funds during the current fiscal year for undertaking pre-implementation formalities of project (hiring of consultancy services, survey and tendering etc).
The SCO has warned that delay in project execution will result in escalation of project cost with other associated complications.

The objectives of the project, which were: (i) to provide alternate path for international connectivity through northern border of Pakistan with China, (ii) to provide continuous and uninterrupted connectivity between northern and southern borders of the country by establishing multiple rings for secure and uninterrupted communication; (iii) to provide alternate route from Rawalpindi to Gwadar and Karachi along CPEC for provision of backbone media and ICT facilities all along the trade corridor routes besides meeting communication requirements of security forces employed for protection of sensitive trade route; (iii) to provide linkage at Gwadar and Karachi with the international submarine optical fiber cable systems by establishing a landing station at Gwadar and Karachi, and (iv) to become international gateway route for the voice/data traffic by providing connectivity between China and Central Asian States with Middle East, Africa, Europe and beyond, also linking neighbouring countries through direct connectivity.
The envisaged network would transform Pakistan to becoming Digital Gateway Hub of regional connectivity by establishment of IPX (Carrier Exchange).

Further it was envisaged an alternative path for international connectivity that would be established as a result of this project, thus ensuring continuous and uninterrupted communication globally.
Another main benefit would be that OFC will pass through those areas, which are hitherto remote and un-served.

Besides, it would facilitate in provision of high-speed broadband to the local population and thus gain access to tele-health, online education and other public and e-business services at their premises.
The international transit internet traffic will also pass through this OFC, thus, earning foreign exchange and contributing towards economic growth. This would also open up new business vistas and job opportunities in the country.

According to the Ministry of Planning, Development and Special Initiatives, the Central Development Working Party (CDWP) had recommended it with certain directions on December 2, 2020.
The phase-I of OFC project was inaugurated on July 13, 2018. The project is 820km long Optical Fibre Cable link between Rawalpindi and Khunjerab Pass on Pakistan-China border.

The military-run organisation has enlisted several challenges in carrying its operation obligations including funding/budgetary allocation for Pak-China OFC Phase-II, approval of the NGMS Phase-3 (revised) by the CDWP for growth on competitive environment.

It further stated that provision of services in Mainland-Sec 40 of PTRA, 1996 puts no bar on SCO operation in Mainland Pakistan specially in the FATA, and Balochistan.

The SCO was raised under Ministry of Defence with charter as of T&T department, later transfer to Ministry of Information Technology and Telecommunication.

The organization is working under Section 40 of Pakistan Telecommunication Re-organization Act (PTRA)-1996, which provides SCO exclusivity in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.
Moreover, the SCO also possesses telecom infrastructure provider license for Mainland Pakistan.
The revenue target of SCO for 2020-21 was Rs5.094 billion compared to Rs4.960 billion in 2019-20.

Copyright Business Recorder, 2021



CPEC 26 projects completed 30 under construction: PES 2021-22​

By Tahir Ali | Gwadar Pro Jun 10, 2022

ISLAMABAD, June 10 (Gwadar Pro) - Pakistan Economy Survey (PES) 2021-22 reveals the progress of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Pakistan and China have successfully launched 56 projects on the ground. Among them, 26 projects worth approximately $17 billion have been completed so far and 30 projects worth $8.5 billion are under construction. Moreover, 36 projects having an estimated cost of $28.4 billion are also under different stages of negotiations for inclusion in the CPEC framework.
According to PES 2021, Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif is taking CPEC forward with new vigor, promoting the multifaceted development of the flagship project of China’s ambitious BRI.
While terming CPEC a “Gateway of Prosperity” for both countries and the region at large, the Government of Pakistan believes that CPEC has the potential to serve as a corridor with multiple doors connecting China with Central Asia, Middle East, Africa and Europe.
According to PES 2021, CPEC is being expanded in areas of Trade & Market Access; Industrial Development & Global Value Chains; Socio-Economic Development & Poverty Alleviation; Agriculture Modernization & Marketing; Sciences & Technology Cooperation; Blue Economy; Regional Connectivity & Third Country Participation.
CPEC Connectivity Projects: The Chinese and Pakistani workforce, in a large number, is employed to ensure timely completion of infrastructure projects and launch new projects such as Sukkur-Hyderabad Motorway (M-6), Peshawar-D.I. Khan Motorway (M-14), KKH Alternative Route (Gilgit-Shandur-Chitral), Swat Expressway (Phase-II), Dir Expressway and Karachi Circular Railways.
Transport and Infrastructure: The survey reveals that remarkable progress has been achieved so far in the Transport Infrastructure sector. Presently, Pakistan has 48 national highways, motorways, and strategic roads with a total length of 14,480 Km. Pakistan Railways comprised a total of 466 Locomotives for a 7,791 Km route length. On the Eastern Alignment, Sukkur-Hyderabad (M-6) section has been proposed on Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode.
CPEC ENERGY PROJECT: Under CPEC, thirteen power generation projects of 11,648 MW are being facilitated by PPIB under CPEC. These include four hydropower projects of 3,428MW, five Thar-coal based projects of 3,960MW, four imported coal-based projects of4,260 MW and a 660 kV High-Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Transmission Line Project. Out of these, three imported coal based power projects of 3,960 MW and one Thar coal-based power project of 660 MW have been commissioned, while ±660 kV Matiari-Lahore HVDC Transmission Line Project has also started operations on commercial basis with effect from September1, 2021. Furthermore, another nine IPPs of 7,028 MW which include four hydro IPPs of 3,428 MW, four Thar coal based IPPs of 3,300 MW and one imported coal based IPP of 300 MW are at different stages of processing.
Development of Gwadar: As per CSP 2021-22, the development of Gwadar is a priority for the Government of Pakistan. The commercial, political, socio-economic, and regional connectivity related benefits that can be realized once the port (and the city) reaches its full potential. Gwadar is a strategic warm water deep seaport being developed under CPEC. In the win-win cooperation framework between China and Pakistan, Gwadar projects have achieved significant progress. The Government is making all-out efforts to realize the planned CPEC projects in Gwadar at the earliest. The master plan of Gwadar city has been approved in the FY2020.
Moreover, Pak-China Vocational & Technical Institute in Gwadar was inaugurated in September 2021. Work on the Pak-China Friendship Hospital project at Gwadar is underway. Also, projects related to the provision of drinking water such as “Necessary Facilities of Fresh Water Treatment, Water Supply and Distribution” and “1.2 MGD Desalination Plant” are in the construction process. Measures are also underway to expedite Gwadar 300 MW Coal Power Plant, Construction of breakwater and dredging of berthing areas and channels.


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