Myanmar largest Indian aid recipient after Afghanistan

Discussion in 'World Affairs' started by IND151, Oct 15, 2011.

Share This Page

  1. IND151
    Online

    IND151 ELITE MEMBER

    Joined:
    Oct 25, 2010
    Messages:
    8,794
    Ratings:
    +3 / 6,343 / -0
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    [​IMG]

    Myanmar's president Thein Sein, on a groundbreaking visit to India, inspects an honour guard at Rashtrapati Bhavan (India's presidential palace) on Friday










    by Ajai Shukla
    Business Standard, 15th Oct 11

    China’s smaller neighbours have long been wary of the imposing proximity of the Middle Kingdom. In 1946, when Vietnamese resistance leaders considered Chinese help in throwing off the French colonial yoke, Ho Chi Minh believed China was the greater threat. Dismissing the suggestion, the canny Vietnamese leader famously declared, “The last time the Chinese came (to Vietnam), they stayed a thousand years… I prefer to sniff French dung for another five years than to eat Chinese dung for the rest of my life.”

    Myanmar’s president, Thein Sein, currently on a groundbreaking visit to India, is hardly immune to such fears. With his authoritarian regime driven by a global deep-freeze into Beijing’s sweaty embrace, the growing Chinese presence in Myanmar, looms uncomfortably large especially in the northern region that borders China’s Yunnan province. Myanmar’s decision-makers in their purpose-built capital, Naypyidaw, have begun balancing that unequal relationship. After a year of bold internal liberal reforms, Thein Sein is reaching out to the international mainstream beyond ASEAN. His springboard is New Delhi, which maintained relations with Myanmar in the face of international pressure, including criticism from Barack Obama in a speech to India’s parliament last November.

    India’s forbearance has been vindicated. Over the last year, Myanmar’s civilian (but military-controlled) government has liberalised the media, eased controls over the internet, and begun releasing political prisoners. On Tuesday, a government-appointed human rights body --- a novel concept in Myanmar --- publicly called for the release of “prisoners of conscience”. In a move towards reconciliation, dialogue has begun with the face of democracy in Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi.

    All this increases India’s comfort in hosting President Thein Sein; the joint statement issued after his meeting with India’s prime minister today welcomed Myanmar’s “progress in moving towards an open and democratic framework.” Also gratifying to India would be Myanmar’s decision last month (in response to domestic opposition) to suspend work on a $3.6 billion hydroelectric dam that was to supply power to China. Beijing insists that the differences will be settled, but this is a jolt to China’s ambitious infrastructure ambitions in Myanmar, including a corridor of roads, railways and pipelines linking Yunnan, in China, to Kyauk Phyu port in the Bay of Bengal.

    India, meanwhile, is stepping up its role in building Myanmar’s infrastructure. During talks in New Delhi today,India granted Myanmar more than $800 million worth of lines of credit for infrastructure projects, including “railways, transport, power transmission lines, oil refinery, OFC link, etc.” A major Indian thrust is emerging in the development of Myanmar’s agriculture sector, including irrigation projects. Myanmar is emerging as the biggest recipient of Indian development aid after Afghanistan, where India has committed $2 billion.

    This is a positive new direction to New Delhi’s engagement with Naypyidaw, which has often been hamstrung by issues relating to insurgencies in India’s northeast. Four Indian states --- Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram --- share a 1,643-kilometre land border with Myanmar’s Kachin and Chin states and Sagaing division. After their independence, India and Burma (“Myanmar” came into usage only in 1989) agreed to continue the British tradition of allowing border tribes to move and trade freely within a 40-kilometre belt on either side of the border. But the Naga insurgency ended that; with Naga militants transiting through Burma to and from training camps in China’s Yunnan province, New Delhi unilaterally imposed a permit system in 1968.

    In 1994, as relations warmed after a quarter century of chill, New Delhi and Yangon signed the Indo-Myanmar Border Trade Agreement. This allowed for a Land Customs Station (LCS) at Moreh, in Manipur, which permits three forms of trade. Residents of the 40-kilometre border belt can barter locally produced goods worth up to US $1,000, with a simplified documentation system. Secondly, barter trade is permitted in 22 items up to a value of $20,000, provided the traders have an Importer Exporter Certificate (IEC) from the DGFT. Thirdly, any Indian trader can export goods to Myanmar through LCS, Moreh as regular export in accordance with the Foreign Trade Policy.

    Today both countries agreed to expand that commerce. Another LCS will be established between the two countries. A “Trade and Investment Forum”, incorporating businessmen from both countries, will “expand the basket of goods under border trade, [and arrange the] visit of an Indian banking delegation to Myanmar to facilitate better trade and payment arrangements, etc.”

    As Myanmar opens up to India, New Delhi’s immediate challenge is to win over politically alienated factions in its own northeastern states, which threaten to play spoiler in physically connecting India with Myanmar. Access to the Moreh LCS in Manipur is controlled by a multitude of Kuki and Naga tribal factions, with National Highway 39 --- running through Nagaland and Manipur --- blockaded for months at a stretch. In the circumstances, ambitious Indo-Myanmar projects like the Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Project, which seeks to connect Myanmar’s Sittwe Port with India’s northeastern states like Mizoram, will remain hostage to internal conflicts within India.

    President Thein Sein, who began his three-day state visit to India on Wednesday with homage at Buddhist shrines in Sarnath, Kushinagar and Gaya, is accompanied by practically his entire cabinet and the Chief of General Staff in the Ministry of Defence. He returns to Myanmar tomorrow after a morning visit to the Indian Agricultural Research Institute.

    Myanmar largest Indian aid recipient after Afghanistan
    • Thanks Thanks x 7
  2. tjpf
    Offline

    tjpf BANNED

    Joined:
    Jun 19, 2011
    Messages:
    757
    Ratings:
    +0 / 232 / -0
    Inspite of our poverty i am glad my country is empathetic to other less fortunate countries

    kudos India:tup:
  3. IND151
    Online

    IND151 ELITE MEMBER

    Joined:
    Oct 25, 2010
    Messages:
    8,794
    Ratings:
    +3 / 6,343 / -0
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    ^^ having good relations with Myanmar is vital.

    these will open new opportunities for both nations
    • Thanks Thanks x 2
  4. Raje amar
    Offline

    Raje amar FULL MEMBER

    Joined:
    Dec 14, 2009
    Messages:
    803
    Ratings:
    +0 / 355 / -0
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    i read some where on this fourm itself that India is planing to give about $11bil as aid to the friendly countries.

    good for a mutually benificial condition as most of the aid will be in the form of line of credit.
  5. tjpf
    Offline

    tjpf BANNED

    Joined:
    Jun 19, 2011
    Messages:
    757
    Ratings:
    +0 / 232 / -0
    It takes big heart to give aids than military assistance to other countries :)
  6. Observer7
    Offline

    Observer7 FULL MEMBER

    Joined:
    Jul 6, 2011
    Messages:
    107
    Ratings:
    +0 / 65 / -0
    India is slowly catching up. And will diplomatically counter china than by threat to its neighbors.
  7. tjpf
    Offline

    tjpf BANNED

    Joined:
    Jun 19, 2011
    Messages:
    757
    Ratings:
    +0 / 232 / -0
    China is playing very diplomatically with its neighbours...
    Its better than aggression
    India should play diplomatic and do what we have been doing good all this while lay low:)
  8. IND151
    Online

    IND151 ELITE MEMBER

    Joined:
    Oct 25, 2010
    Messages:
    8,794
    Ratings:
    +3 / 6,343 / -0
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    ^^ that's correct :tup:
  9. tjpf
    Offline

    tjpf BANNED

    Joined:
    Jun 19, 2011
    Messages:
    757
    Ratings:
    +0 / 232 / -0
    thank you sir:tup:
  10. IND151
    Online

    IND151 ELITE MEMBER

    Joined:
    Oct 25, 2010
    Messages:
    8,794
    Ratings:
    +3 / 6,343 / -0
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    can you give me link?
  11. fd24
    Offline

    fd24 SENIOR MEMBER

    Joined:
    Jun 23, 2011
    Messages:
    5,876
    Ratings:
    +0 / 10,133 / -0
    Yes indeed India must be commended in assisting its neighbors. They are showing how generous you Indians are. Quite incredible.
    One has to wonder when a country that has more than the whole of Africa living below the poverty line and not being able to feed themselves is doing assisting other nations? Maybe one should do as survey of what and how the 800 million starving feel about this remarkable decision?
    • Thanks Thanks x 2
  12. tjpf
    Offline

    tjpf BANNED

    Joined:
    Jun 19, 2011
    Messages:
    757
    Ratings:
    +0 / 232 / -0
    well atleast better than exporting terrorism and jihad to other nations:blah:

    don't troll

    ---------- Post added at 02:11 PM ---------- Previous post was at 02:09 PM ----------

    and also
    Regarding poverty greater than Africa you should have read the report better
    it states that 7 states in India is poorer than sub Saharan country!!!!

    I am happy remaining 21 states are doing better
    • Thanks Thanks x 3
  13. majesticpankaj
    Offline

    majesticpankaj BANNED

    Joined:
    Jul 4, 2010
    Messages:
    2,888
    Ratings:
    +0 / 2,202 / -16
    being poor is no sin... but acting as a hub of terrorism and piracy is. I hope you get the feel.

    I am happy to be a poor than being a international beggar
    • Thanks Thanks x 4
  14. fd24
    Offline

    fd24 SENIOR MEMBER

    Joined:
    Jun 23, 2011
    Messages:
    5,876
    Ratings:
    +0 / 10,133 / -0
    Young man i am commending India and asking whether the 800 million starving people should not be given priority. No need to gel upset and twaddle. Please stop being off topic by mentioning terrorism and jihad as THAT is trolling and wrong. :azn:
    • Thanks Thanks x 1
  15. tjpf
    Offline

    tjpf BANNED

    Joined:
    Jun 19, 2011
    Messages:
    757
    Ratings:
    +0 / 232 / -0
    like he is going to agree why explain to a troll

    ---------- Post added at 02:15 PM ---------- Previous post was at 02:13 PM ----------

    oh you also think Indians are stupid not to differentiate between sarcasm and appreciation :cheesy:

    you wouldn't have brought poverty-africa here if you wanted to appreciate:tdown: