What's new

Pakistan poultry farming

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Joined
Mar 21, 2007
Messages
101,832
Reaction score
106
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
Poultry Farming

RURAL POULTRY FARMING

Since long time ago, People used to raise hens for meat and eggs purpose at their homes. Prior to 1963 the native breed "Desi" was mainly raised in Pakistan with maximum production of 73 eggs per year under local conditions. Increase in nutritional demand of people has led to induction of various breeds in our farming system. Now a days RIR, Fayoumi, LSB and cross breeds are more commonly being reared due to increased egg production (200-250 eggs per annum).

BROILER FARMING

Broiler is the chicken which is kept for meat purpose. It is a tender meat chicken which grows from hatch weight of 40 grams to adult weight of 1.5kg to 2 kg in 6 weeks after consuming about 3.5 kg of feed. The demand of broiler consumption is increasing day by day in a fast pace. Hubbard, Cobb, Ross, Arboracre, Starbro are common broiler breeds being reared. Broiler today has emerged as one of the fastest growing poultry segment due to increased acceptance of its meat in rural and urban areas.

LAYER FARMING

Layer poultry farming means raising egg laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. They start laying eggs commercially from 18-19 weeks of age. They remain laying eggs continuously till their 72-78 weeks of age. They can produce about 300 eggs in a year. There are various types of highly egg productive layer breeds available throughout the world which include Hysex, Hyline, LSL, Novagen and Nick Chick.
 
Poultry is one the most important sector of agriculture industry in Pakistan by providing employment to 1.5 million people. Broiler meat is the cheapest source of animal protein available in Pakistan by contributing 4.81% in agriculture growth and 9.84% in Livestock growth. According to Industry sources there is capacity of 5,000 Environmental Control Houses in Pakistan and currently 2,500 houses are working, out of which 75% (1,875) are in Punjab and remaining 25% (625) are in other provinces. In environmentally Controlled Poultry Farm the day old chicks (DOCs) are raised on rich protein feed for about a period of six weeks. Approximately, six flocks of birds could be reared on the same premises of the farm. The Controlled Shed Poultry Farm with population of 35,000 birds presently needs a capital investment estimated at Rs. 19.2 million for construction, purchasing machinery and equipment. In addition to this, a sum of Rs. 5.7 million is required as working capital, which would be used for purchasing day old chicks and other inputs like feed, vaccines, etc. The total project cost is estimated at Rs. 24.9 million. The estimated income varies from 1.9 million to 10 million per annum from first to tenth year of the project. This is a profitable business enterprise due to continuous increasing demand of the white meat in the market and export prospects especially in Muslim countries.

1. Introduction Poultry sector is one of the effervescent segments of Agriculture Industry in Pakistan. This sector generates employment and income for about 1.5 million people. Its contribution in agriculture growth is 4.81% and in Livestock growth 9.84%. Poultry meat contributes 19% of the total meat production in the country. * The current investment on poultry industry is above Rs. 200 billion. Poultry sector has shown a robust growth at the rate of 8-10% annually which reflects its inherent potential.
The daily availability of protein quantity per capita in Pakistan amounts to 13.6 gram, deriving from animal source including beef, mutton, poultry and fish. According to the World Health Organization standards the required daily dietary protein allowance from animal source is 27 grams whereas we have much less than this. In our Country per capita consumption of meat is only 5 kg and 40-45 eggs annually whereas developed countries are consuming 41 kg meat and over 300 Eggs per capita per year (Pakistan Poultry Association; www.ppapaknorthern.com). In Pakistan the consumption of white meat has gradually increased in recent years due to growing health awareness in masses. The cheapest source of animal protein available in Pakistan is broiler meat. Broiler birds are reared in lesser time than any other source of animal protein. Day Old Chicks (DOCs) are raised on high protein feed for about six weeks in Controlled Environment. The increasing demand of white meat in market has made it a profitable business enterprise. Approximately, six flocks of birds could be reared on the same premises of the farm. DOCs are purchased from private hatcheries and mature in brooding, on rice-husk or saw-dust providing specific requirement during first four weeks and then grown-up for grand growth since sixth week to attain about two kg weight. In controlled environment the temperature, feed and drinking system is operated automatically and monitored by the trained staff. The broiler house is given 15 days for the preparation to receive the new flock after marketing of broiler about at age of six weeks. Prior to the arrival of the new flock proper cleaning, washing, white washing, disinfectants and fumigation is performed with recommended chemicals. During flock, strict measures for biosecurity are observed at the unit. A According to Industry sources there is capacity of 5,000 Environmental Control Houses in Pakistan and currently 2,500 houses are working, out of which 75% (1,875) are in Punjab and remaining 25% (625) are in other provinces.

2. Project Cost
The Controlled Shed Poultry Farm with population of 35,000 birds needs a capital investment estimated at Rs. 19.2 million for construction, purchasing machinery and equipment. In addition to this, a sum of Rs. 5.7 million is required as working capital, which would be used for purchasing day old chicks and other inputs like feed, vaccines, etc. The total project cost is estimated at Rs. 24.9 million. 3. Present Poultry Industry Scenario Grand Parents are imported from Australia, Holland, Germany and USA. These Grandparents produce Breeders that produce final products which are Broilers, so the generation line of broiler comes from pure line (Strains) i.e. Great Grandparents. The day old broilers are purchased from hatcheries. Broilers are fed with high nutrition feed mix produced by feed mills. Poultry feed consists of rich protein elements like canola meal, rapeseed meal, sunflower meal,

 
images
 
Poultry business in Pakistan is mostly for local consumption. There is a huge potential available to target other poultry & game meat international market, especially Ducks, Turkeys, Pheasants, Emus, Quails etc etc.
 
Control Shed Poultry Farming In Pakistan

 
Mangos, school holidays and dying chicks
Fatima S Attarwala
July 22, 2019

5d34efb57a4fe.jpg


As cruel as it sounds, the poultry sector demand and supply dynamics dictate fields of dying chicks. While the price of a day-old-chick (DOC) had gone as high as Rs 42 at one point, higher costs of raising chickens amid limited demand mean that there are no buyers. And the chicks are left in fields to fend for themselves.

Poultry prices depend on a number of factors that fluctuate throughout the year. Comparatively unrelated events such as school holidays and mango season can decrease demand and hence bring the price of broiler chickens down.

“During the school year, eggs form an integral part of children’s lunch boxes, which is a reason why demand drops during the summer break,” says Khalil Sattar, chairman of the Pakistan Poultry Association and founder of K&N. “People opt to divert their household incomes towards mangos during the mango season, which is another factor driving down poultry demand. Similarly, beef haleem is a substitute for chicken-based food during Muharrum. On the other hand, the wedding season sees an upswing in preference for chicken thus prices rise.”

Only 5pc of total broiler chickens are processed for further value addition

Basic economic theory dictates costs impact the availability of supply. Repeated bouts of devaluation and a levy on sales tax on various costs associated with raising chickens have made taking the DOCs to farms prohibitively expensive. In the last two months, DOCs have not been in the farms, asserts Mr Sattar.

A 50-kilogram bag of chicken feed costs Rs3,250. Plus, there are electricity bills, vaccination and medical costs and so on, which make raising chicks to chickens unviable financially.

While the costs have not significantly impacted prices as yet, consumers should brace themselves for an increase in coming months. Since the chicks won’t grow up to be chickens, there will be a decrease in supply that will drive the price up.

“Due to the various factors impacting the price, it is hard to gauge how the price will go up but the increase will be more than Rs 10 per kg.” The chain reaction should take about two months to result in an appreciable price increase.

Soya bean

The 2018 United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) report on Pakistan predicted that the import of oilseeds would exceed that of edible oil for the first time in 2017-18.

The poultry industry’s rising inclusion of soya bean meal in its feed rations was cited as a major reason for this change with oilseed imports projected at a record 3.7 million tonnes, of which soya beans were expected to account for 2.5m tonnes.

The USDA 2019 update clarifies that the Department of Plant Protection and Quarantine revised the sanitary and phytosanitary standards, which prevented the expected increase from materialising. However, imports of soya bean seeds alone are expected to reach 2m tonnes during 2018-19.

Demand, led by poultry and livestock sectors, is expected to grow to 2.5m tonnes in 2019-20. While palm oil still leads the edible oil imports at 2.8m tonnes in 2018, the exponential increase in soya bean seed consumption in the last few years has made it an import bill staple.

Soya bean meal was mostly imported from India till 2013, according to International Trade Centre’s data. Since then, the import mix has shifted from meal to seeds with imports of soya rising from $6.5m in 2014 to nearly a billion dollars in 2018.

Despite being an oilseed, soya bean’s oil content is limited to about 17 per cent. Therefore, it is not viable for it to be imported for edible oil purposes alone. Soya bean is crushed to obtain vegetable protein in the form of meal to cater to the poultry feed sector.

Mr Sattar contends that the poultry sector alone is not solely responsible for the rapid rise in soya bean imports since corn and canola also provide protein to chickens. However, the USDA report suggests, “The crushing industry is improving the quality of soya meal it produces, transitioning from prior experience with rapeseed and sunflower. Additionally, end-users such as the poultry industry have increased their vertical integration, taking control of the process of meal production.”

Together these factors have led to the import of soya bean seed becoming an integral part of the poultry sector, amounting to about 30-35pc of the cost of chicken.

This leaves the poultry sector vulnerable, among other factors, to devaluation and international oilseed price dynamics. For example, the China-US trade war resulted in a surplus of soya been seed available in the market, which drove its price down and was able to offset some of the effects of devaluation.

Value addition

With 1.04 billion broiler birds, Pakistan is the 11th largest producer in the world. However, only 5pc of total broiler chickens are processed for further value addition, such as nuggets. The rest is sold in its raw form either in the corner butcher shops or packaged by chains such as K&N.

Products that compete directly with the local butcher will impact national food chains more since they have to pay taxes that their informal counterparts can evade. If there was a higher demand for processed poultry products, some of the increase in the chicken price could be cushioned by higher margins.

Fast food chains may hike up their prices too as the various cost factors decrease the available supply. While beef products for international chains are mostly imported due to a lack of an organised livestock sector, many opt for locally produced chicken products as formal standardised outlets for poultry are present in the country.

Published in Dawn,
 
Free Range Chicken Farming in Pakistan





.



 
I share that the poultry business in Pakistan is mainly for local consumption, but efforts can be made to go to overseas markets
 
Any idea if the above chicken is an American Cornish Cross? This is the main chicken grown for meat production in the US. They are all-white and need only 8 or 9 weeks to get huge.

They are called broiler locally, yes it is for meat production and fries pretty large quickly.
 
They are called broiler locally, yes it is for meat production and fries pretty large quickly.

Broiler is the generic name for any chicken used in meat production. The white Cornish Cross (sometimes shortened to Cornish X) chicken today is a cross breed of a British Cornish chicken and a white American Plymouth Rock I believe.
Screen Shot 2020-01-22 at 9.59.05 PM.jpg

Cornish
Screen Shot 2020-01-22 at 9.57.56 PM.jpg

White American Plymouth Rock

 
Last edited:
Broiler is the generic name for any chicken used in meat production. The white Cornish Cross (sometimes shortened to Cornish X) chicken today is a cross breed of a British Cornish chicken and a white American Plymouth Rock I believe.
View attachment 601248
Cornish
View attachment 601247
White American Plymouth Rock


could be, per the video it grows to desired size in around 40 days.
 
could be, per the video it grows to desired size in around 40 days.

BTW did you notice in the video he listed one downside..they poop often and sit a lot so they have to be cleaned carefully. This explains the chlorine bath issue.
European Activists Say They Don't Want Any U.S. 'Chlorine Chicken'
 
BTW did you notice in the video he listed one downside..they poop often and sit a lot so they have to be cleaned carefully. This explains the chlorine bath issue.
European Activists Say They Don't Want Any U.S. 'Chlorine Chicken'

Yes, that’s the obvious outcome of growing so large in a matter of days. It doesn’t have the matching strength.
 
Back
Top Bottom