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400 per cent rise in India’s border infra budget, 80 per cent spent on India-China border: Jaishankar

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Apr 9, 2023
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NEW DELHI: The budget for infrastructure development in India's border areas has increased by 400 per cent from Rs 3200 crore in 2014 to Rs 14300 crore at present, said External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Monday.

"Before 2014, the border infrastructure was not developed, but post that period there has been a steady improvement which has enhanced our ability to counter and contest conflict in the border areas," said Jaishankar, speaking on border infrastructure and connectivity.

Nearly 80 per cent of the budgetary allocation for infrastructure development is utilised on the Indo-China border, the EAM told The New Indian Express. A major part of border connectivity is related to national security so it is pertinent to spruce it up, besides a major part is also to improve people to people connectivity like in Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan.

"The government has laid emphasis on how to make life easier for those living in the border areas – which was neglected in the past. Infrastructure with regard to China is of fundamental importance. We have our view of the LAC, they have their view of it. We don’t have an agreed view of where we differ," said Jaishankar, adding that between 2008 and 2014, 3600 km of border roads were built and between 2014-22, this reached 6800 km.

The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) is constructing 70 new roads and is involved in a major project in Arunachal Pradesh where 1800 km of roads for inter valley connectivity will be built at an estimated cost of Rs 30,000 crore while five strategic tunnels have been completed in the past three years to improve access to key mountain passes, which now remain closed for a shorter period every year. Work on 10 tunnels is underway and five more are being planned.

"Our current challenge with China has been road building and tunnel building. BRO has made 4445 km roads from Kashmir and Ladakh to Tripura at a cost of Rs 9000 crore," he said, adding that there was no break in border talks with China.

Meanwhile, regarding India's other neighbours which include Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan, the EAM highlighted many development projects. The only neighbour he didn’t speak about was Pakistan.

"The situation in Pakistan is different so we are not going to speak about them," he said.

Regarding Nepal, Jaishankar spoke about enhanced cross border power trade and India’s effort in making oil supply to them seamless by working on an oil pipeline project.

"With Bhutan too, we would like a seamless land movement. We are also working on a rail network connecting Eastern Bhutan to Assam and also opening up the Bhutan border from Assam," he added.

With Bangladesh, India already has established water (two waterway routes), road (five bus services) and rail links (three train services).

Meanwhile, in Myanmar, Sitwe port has begun operations and a coastal shipping agreement is under discussion. There is a proposal to build 69 bridges there too.

"We have to engage with the authorities in Myanmar and part of our policies is also developing infrastructure," Dr Jaishankar said.
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Over 60 per cent border roads constructed in last 3 years were in states bordering China

The Border Roads Organisation under the Ministry of Defence has built over 60 per cent of roads bordering China in the last three years, data presented in Parliament showed.

According to data provided in a written reply by Minister of State for Defence, Ajay Bhatt, Arunachal Pradesh saw the construction of maximum road length at 507.14 km followed by Ladakh at 453.59 km and Uttarakhand at 343.56km. A total of 164.95 km of roads were built in Sikkim and 40.23 km of border roads were built in Himachal Pradesh.

Roads along Pakistan borders were also constructed in the last three years. For instance, the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir also saw construction of 443.94 km of roads while 311.14 km of border roads were built in Rajasthan.

Overall, 2445.54 km of roads were constructed by BRO in the last three years, official data said.

The development is significant amid a push in construction of border infrastructure since 2020 when India and China were involved in a military standoff along the Line of Actual Control in eastern Ladakh. Not just roads, several bridges, habitat for troops, tunnels and helipads are also being constructed along border areas that would not only facilitate faster troop movement to borders but also help the population residing there.

The data also showed that BRO had spent Rs 846.46 crore of the sanctioned Rs 923 crore in 2022-23 for maintaining border roads—up from Rs 744.52 crore in the previous fiscal year.

In the written reply, Bhatt further said that BRO has been provided increased availability of air effort, while administrative and financial powers of various BRO executives have been increased. There has also been procurement of modern equipment and construction plants by BRO for road construction.

The organisation constructs roads in border areas as per priorities fixed by the Armed Forces, Bhatt said in the written reply.
This is what you find on the Chinese siide

Social Credits isn't a currency tho, never knew in Hanland one can trade them.
Of course you don't know, you Indian media spreads lies the most in the world and also cut off the internet all together the most in the world.

Like to know your so called "social credits", it's some thing only foreigners outside China knows, while we Chinese and foreigners living in China don't know.lol



@CallSignMaverick Chinese media: The Sela bi-lane tunnel being built by the Indian Army Border Roads Organization (BRO) at an altitude of 3,000 meters, is viewed in Beijing as a “threat” to the newly built border villages in the Dongzhang area
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