Leaving the village

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    Leaving the village

    By Feisal H Naqvi
    Published: February 20, 2012
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    The writer is a partner at Bhandari, Naqvi & Riaz and an advocate of the Supreme Court. The writer can be reached on Twitter @laalshah. The views presented in the article above are not those of his firm


    “Let the bad colour not be seen. It attracts them./Never enter the woods. That is where they wait. /Heed the warning bell. For they are coming”

    In The Village, a movie by M Night Shyamalan, the residents of a medieval village live in fear. Dark and mysterious things abound in the woods surrounding them. Dead and mutilated animals show up from time to time. The only way the villagers know how to protect themselves against the evil stalking their lives is through the rules passed by the Elders: no use of the colour red, stay away from the forest and to barricade themselves in their houses whenever the warning bell rings.

    The villagers know that they are not the only people and that there are towns out there within walking distance; but these are “wicked places where wicked people live”.

    Matters come to a head when one of the main protagonists gets stabbed. As he lies in agony, his girlfriend (Ivy) decides to go to the towns for help. That is when she is told that the creatures in the forest are only make-believe, invented by the Elders to make sure that the villagers don’t wander. In fact, when Ivy finally makes it out of the woods, she finds herself suddenly in the 20th century. It turns out that the village is in the middle of land owned by one of the Elders and that the Elders had decided to wall themselves off from the outside world after various traumas. The movie ends with the Elders still undecided about whether or not to continue their deception.

    I mention all of this because I see the movie as a wonderful illustration of Pakistan today. We live walled off from the outside world. We deliberately terrorise our citizens with self-created monsters. And our elders try to keep us in line with fake rules designed to mystify rather than to enlighten.

    Let me elaborate. There is a reason why the phrase ‘Indian subcontinent’ exists. Look at a map of South Asia and what you will find is a vast flatland flanked by the Hindukush, the Karakoram and the Pamirs to the West, the Himalayas to the North, the Patkai to the East and the Indian Ocean to the South. Yes, there are vast differences of culture and geography to be found within that landmass. But the cold hard truth is that 80 per cent of Pakistan’s population (i.e. the people living in Sindh and the Punjab) inherited a culture that is largely similar to the people immediately across the border from them.

    Does this mean that the two-nation theory was wrong and the Partition of India a mistake? Frankly, I don’t give a damn. What I do know is that guilt is no basis on which to decide questions of policy and public identity. What I do know is that I am tired of being penned up behind the walls of our village and scared with talk of the Indian bogeyman.

    Pakistan is once again inching towards a more liberal trade and visa regime with India. Every time this happens, the usual pundits emerge from the woodwork. Some of them talk about cultural annihilation. Some of them talk about economic annihilation. But between the protectionist lobbies of our local manufacturers and the fear-mongering of our religious leaders, the end result is invariably a stalemate; a preservation of the status quo and a continuation of our ghetto status.

    The point here is not the validity of economic protectionism. I am not an economist and cannot properly answer the question as to whether free trade with India can help us or hurt us. My friend Savail Hussain, however, is an economist (and a damn good one at that). His view is that the smaller economy tends to benefit from access to the larger economy and that Pakistan will be a net beneficiary of trade with India. On the other hand, there are certainly people who disagree, and that includes well-respected authors such as Ha-Joon Chang. In his well known book, Kicking Away the Ladder, the Cambridge professor argued that most of today’s leading economies protected themselves in the beginning through high tariffs and only allowed outsiders into their markets once domestic manufacturers could handle the competition.

    To return to my point, what I want to emphasize is that we cannot allow even legitimate economic fears to justify our cultural isolation. Pakistan today is in danger of becoming the cesspool of the Muslim world, home to all the poison draining out of the lands of our religious brethren. What is needed to counter this growing radicalization is contact with the outside world. Like the residents of The Village, we are being terrified through fake monsters created by people who think they are defending us. It is only if we managed to see for ourselves that the outside world is not full of monsters that we will be able to break away from those fears.

    To a certain extent, the barriers that isolate us are already being whittled away by technology. Millions of people tune in daily to Indian soap operas. Millions more relax by watching Indian movies. But, at the same time, there is no substitute for people to people contact. It is one thing to read of a different world or even to see it on a screen. It is another thing entirely to see it for yourself.
    But what will happen to Pakistan then, ask the Elders? Will it not wither away? Will it not become absorbed back into India?

    In all honesty, I don’t think so. I have been to India numerous times and would like to go there many times again. But I have no desire to be an Indian or to live anywhere else other than where I currently reside. What I do know is that you can’t thrust nationhood down the throats of an unwilling people. What I do know is that fear is no basis on which to build a country. Our Elders can either learn that lesson now. Or they can wait for the explosion which follows when the villagers learn the truth.

    Published in The Express Tribune, February 21st, 2012.