Shenlong Space Plane Advances China’s Military Space Potential

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  1. gpit
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    gpit SENIOR MEMBER

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    by Richard Fisher, Jr.
    Published on December 17th, 2007

    A chance December 11, 2007 release of a photo on a Chinese website has led to a rare unofficial “declassification” of a new Chinese unmanned test space plane.[1] Designated the “Shenlong,” or Divine Dragon, this small aircraft was shown suspended from the fuselage of a Xian H-6 bomber and launch aircraft. So far there has been no official Chinese government, PLA or Chinese corporate or space program related disclosure about this program. However, from this photo and other Chinese sources, it is possible to conclude that the Shenlong constitutes a second Chinese air-launched space-launch vehicle (SLV) program, but for the purposes of testing technologies for a future re-usable unmanned or manned space shuttle or other trans-atmospheric vehicle.

    While both unmanned and manned space planes could serve a range of scientific and commercial missions, it is also clear that the PLA envisions such vehicles to perform military missions. Chinese military literature has long suggested the PLA seeks to dominate outer space and its successful January 11, 2007 interception and destruction of a satellite demonstrated the PLA now has an initial space combat capability not currently possessed by the United States.

    Initial Shenlong Details

    The photo made available on Chinese military issue Internet sites on December 11 shows a small rocket powered aircraft suspended beneath the fuselage of a Xian H-6 bomber. The small aircraft has a black underside consistent with heat-shielding necessary for re-entry to Earth’s atmosphere from space. This would indicate that Shenlong is meant to be a reusable space craft. In November 2006 China revealed another air-launched space launch vehicle very similar in configuration to the U.S. Orbital Sciences Pegasus air launched SLV, which is not intended to be reusable. The new aircraft seen on December 11 does not appear to have a vertical stabilizer or wing-tip stabilizers, which would be necessary for stability, but a subsequent Chinese-Internet released photo indicates this aircraft may have a large vertical stabilizer that will require a different carriage method for the H-6 bomber. The absence of a stabilizer for the December 11 aircraft raises the possibility that its main purpose may be to test its aerodynamic compatibility with the bomber, and that it may not be the version that is launched into space.

    Within 24 hours of the posting of the initial photo, more apparent details had emerged on Chinese military issue websites. While interesting, much of this data cannot be confirmed in the absence of any official Chinese government, military or corporate disclosures. Nevertheless, various posters have suggested that the Shenlong space craft is a program funded by the famous “863 Program” for dual-use high-technology research established in 1986 to advance China’s military modernization. The Shenlong carries the program number “863-706,” and as such, is likely a PLA-priority program. Other posters revealed that the No. 611 Design Institute usually associated with the Chengdu Aircraft Corporation was involved in some design and testing aspects of the Shenlong. Another poster revealed an article from mid-October 2007 claiming to show the digital control center created by the 611 Institute to test the Shenlong. Mark Wade has noted that the 611 Institute may have gained insights regarding space planes from cooperative programs with France during the 1980s, which was developing the Hermes space plane.[2]

    Another interesting aspect of the Shenlong program is that it provides a rare example of how a state and military funded program is assisted by Chinese technical universities. One web poser revealed that the Nanjing University for Astronautics and Aeronautics (NUAA) was likely involved in devising early digital “computer-aided-design” (CAD) for the spacecraft, which likely used a version of the French Dassault CATIA design software, used throughout China’s military industries. NUAA researchers may have also led the design of the control computer and re-entry control system. Northwest University, which also does extensive 863 Program funded research, is said to have helped design the INS/GPS (Inertial Navigation System/Global Positioning Navigation Satellite) control system for the 863-706 program. The Harbin Technical University, a key center for PLA-funded military-technical research, is said to have helped design composite structures for the Shenlong.

    However, these websites were not clear regarding the status of the Shenlong program. It appears that much of the design work took place between 2000 and 2004. One Internet source indicates the original December 11 picture may have been taken in late 2005, but this cannot be confirmed. The existence of the 611 Institute run test facility might indicate that some degree of flight testing has occurred. In early 2007 a French publication noted that Western intelligence agencies were very interested in the first test flight of a “secret super-scramjet demonstrator” which was tested in late 2006 and landed in the Indian Ocean.[3] Indeed, China is pursuing the development of air-breathing hypersonic vehicles,[4] but it is also possible this may have been a test of the Shenlong.

    These same Chinese websites also did not offer details regarding the performance of the Shenlong. Even if launched from a new H-6K bomber, which reportedly will be powered by Russian D-30K turbofans and capable of higher launch altitudes, the Shenlong does not appear to be large enough to reach sustained Low Earth Orbit (LEO) flight. As such, it may only be capable of short-duration LEO flight over Chinese territory, which would be consistent with a technology test and validation mission. The Shenlong would also likely help China with the development of hypersonic aircraft. The initial photo of the Shenlong does not indicate that it can carry a payload other than its motor, liquid fuel and its guidance system. That said, the Shenlong is broadly similar to U.S. and other unmanned space planes designed to test new technologies. These would include the U.S. Orbital Sciences X-34, Boeing X-37 and Japan’s HOPE-X. A larger version presumably would be able to carry a payload and be capable of sustained LEO flight.

    China’s Interest In Space Planes

    China’s interest in space planes began in earnest with the arrival of Dr. Qian Xueshen, who was the co-founder of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology and made enormous contributions to early U.S. rocket programs. But in 1950 he was suspected of spying for China, lost his security clearances, put under house arrest, and then deported to China in 1955 as part of post Korean War prisoner exchanges. Controversy has since raged over whether Qian’s prosecution was justified, or an example of McCarthy-era paranoia causing a travesty of U.S. justice.[5] But on his return, Qian became a key ally of Mao Zedong and led the creation of China’s modern missile and aerospace sector. The release of the Shenlong picture occurred on his 96th birthday, and was thus likely intended as an unofficial tribute to Qian’s profound contributions to China’s missile forces, missile defense and anti-satellite programs, and broad manned and unmanned space capabilities.[6] It was Qian’s 1949 concept for a space plane that formed the basis for the U.S. Air Force’s “Dynasoar” military space plane concept of the early 1960s,[7] which led to the U.S. Space Shuttle. Qian also proposed another space plane concept in the late 1970s that closely resembled the Dynasoar.

    Spacecraft expert Mark Wade has noted that in 1988 Chinese designers proposed three space plane concepts. The Chang Cheng 1 was proposed by what is now the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight technology, and was a 2/3 shuttle-size space plane atop three large boosters. What is now the China Academy of Launch Technology proposed a much smaller space place atop Long-March size booster. Finally, the 601 Institute, connected to the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation, proposed a small space plane atop an air-breathing hypersonic launcher. Only the later would have involved a truly reusable space access system, but all were deemed beyond China’s capabilities. But had they been implemented these proposals would have resulted in space planes flying in this decade.[8]

    This ambition has apparently been revived. In October 2006 the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) revealed that China is developing a winged space shuttle for use in the 2020 time frame.[9] Concept images indicate the planned space plane may be about 2/3 the size of the U.S. and Russian space shuttles. But instead of a using a large fuel tank that powered launch engines in the space plane, it uses a separate three-part liquid fuel booster.

    Chinese ambitions to build an unmanned space plane may also be longstanding. At the 1996 Zhuhai Airshow this analyst found a Chinese brochure depicting a wind tunnel test model similar in shape to the Shenlong, perhaps indicating that research for the “863-706” program began in the early 1990s. Chinese reports in 2006 noted the possible development of a “recoverable” space plane and a “reusable” space transportation vehicle.[10] The Shenlong may be one concept for a reusable space transportation vehicle. On December 12 Hong Kong’s Wenweipo newspaper reported comments by spacecraft expert Chinese Academy of Sciences member Zhuang Fenggan, who is also member of the China Aerospace Science and Technology Group and a frequent spokesman for space matters, who noted that China was conducting extensive research on trans-atmospheric vehicles, but that there was no timetable for their completion. But the same Wenweipo report also noted an aviation industry report which stated that a test flight will occur during the 11th Five Year Plan, or possibly within the next three years.[11]

    China’s “Hermes”

    Chinese ambitions to build an unmanned space plane may also be longstanding. At the 1996 Zhuhai Airshow this analyst found a Chinese brochure depicting a wind tunnel test model similar for what at the time appeared to be a shape for another unknown space plane. Its main feature is the use of small vertical stabilizers at the tip of the wings. This shape later seemed similar to the French “Hermes” space plane concept of the early 1980s, which was never realized. However, Mark Wade has noted that the 611 Institute may have gained insights regarding space planes from cooperative programs with France during the 1980s, which was developing the Hermes space plane.[12] This may account for the similarity. Since the 1996 picture there had been no disclosures of additional information about the 1996 wind tunnel model. But on December 16, 2007 a Chinese military issue web site disclosed a photo showing a model of the Shenlong along with a model of the Chinese “Hermes” space plane, perhaps indicating this space plane concept remains active.[13]

    Military Potential of Unmanned Space Platforms

    The Shenlong could validate technologies and form the basis for a range of unmanned and manned space vehicles, which both could serve civil-commercial as well as military missions. However, it appears be sufficient Chinese literature and statements to justify concern that China’s space planes are being developed for military missions in space and to attack targets on Earth. In his recent review of Chinese literature on Chinese military views toward space warfare, Dr. Larry Wortzel noted that China was exploring a list of potential space weapons, which included “space planes that can transit and fight ‘up or down’ in the upper atmosphere or space.”[14]

    In May 2002 Dr. Zhuang Fenggan gave an interview to the Beijing Youth Daily in which he revealed new information on China’s space plane plans. In this article Zhuang suggested that a space plane was intended to be a “space combat weapons platform” and serve “dual use” missions. He also noted that a mere “space shuttle” did not meet China’s needs, which required a space plane that could move “freely” between space and the upper atmosphere. Zhuang also identified a number of technologies China would have to master for its space plane, to include hypersonic, high mobility, and advanced materials. But it is also curious that Zhuang would identify “high stealth” and “precision strike” technologies as important for China’s space plane.[15]

    In 2005 three Chinese researchers from the Center for Precision Guidance Technology of the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Aeronautics indicated that China may have already been developing a space capability for attacking targets on Earth. In one article they noted, “The greatest advantage of a space-based ground attack weapon system is its high speed and short reentry time. It is extremely difficult for the enemy to intercept such a weapon.”[16] While this article does not identify Chinese space plane or space shuttles as a potential space based “ground attack weapon,” one cannot discount that China may be designing its unmanned or manned space plane for this purpose.

    Space Bomber Concept

    The concept of a space bomber is not new. During World War Two Germany’s Dr. Eugene Albert Sanger proposed a 100 ton rocket powered bomber that would skip atop the upper atmosphere to attack the United States.[17] There has also been recent U.S. debate over making greater military use of space. In 1999 U.S. Congress created The Commission to Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization, which was led by former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. In its February 2001 report the “Space Commission” concluded:

    “The nation’s vital interests depend increasingly on the capability of its military professionals to develop, acquire and operate systems capable of sustained space combat operations…It is also possible to project power though and from space in response to events anywhere in the world. Unlike weapons from aircraft, land forces or ships, space missions initiated from earth or space could be carried out with little transit, information or weather delay. Having this capability would give the U.S. a much stronger deterrent, and in combat, an extraordinary military advantage.”[18]

    After he took office as Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld tried to advance the goal of developing a sub-orbital hypersonic bomber that could reduce the response time for U.S. strikes anywhere on the Earth to a few hours. But from the partisan atmosphere that greeted the Commission, to Congressional opposition to the hypersonic bomber, and then the change in national priorities that followed the September 11, 2001 attacks, Rumsfeld’s ambition for such a hypersonic or space combat platform has not been realized.[19] To compensate, the Department of Defense has also proposed outfitting intercontinental ballistic missiles with non-nuclear warheads, which has also been opposed by the Congress. But following China’s 2007 successful ASAT demonstration the Bush Administration has sought additional funding for programs designed to protect U.S. space assets, as well as new funding for a hypersonic strike aircraft.[20]

    Implications for the United States

    China appears to have made significant progress toward the development of an unmanned trans-atmospheric vehicle. While it has obvious commercial and scientific uses, it is also clear that much of the purpose behind the development of this craft is military. The comments of Chinese officials indicate that their rocket powered space plane program may be a reaction to U.S. and Indian ambitions to develop hypersonic transports and bombers. But the comments of some of these officials plus those of Chinese military academics indicate that a space plane may also form the basis for a space combat platform. This space combat platform may be intended to attack targets on Earth or it could carry out counter-space combat missions. In addition, China is aggressively pursuing air-breathing hypersonic propulsion technologies, which may provide another avenue to developing very rapid long-range “deep strike” weapons.

    China’s successful test of a direct-ascent anti-satellite interceptor on January 11, 2007, following two or three previous tests starting in late 2005, have provided one warning of China’s intention to build a robust military space combat capability. The development of the Shenlong should be viewed as a second warning of China’s commitment to building combat capabilities in space. The Shenlong program may also indicate that China intends to field a stealthy “space bomber” within the next decade. China’s government has refused to discuss its ASAT test in any detail and shows no willingness to reveal its larger plans to develop military space combat capabilities. Meanwhile, the United States, which decided in the late 1980s not to deploy its own anti-satellite interceptor, today lacks a defense against China’s ASATs and cannot deter China with corresponding space combat systems.

    As such, it is critical that the U.S. proceed with current programs to protect U.S. military and civil space assets. In addition, the U.S. must now develop a range of capabilities necessary to deter Chinese military attacks in space or from space. This may require reconsideration of the decision to retire the U.S. Space Shuttle fleet in 2010. It may instead now be necessary to consider retaining one or two Shuttles and to develop defensive and offensive payloads for them, until a less expensive and perhaps smaller unmanned or manned space plane can be developed. Such a new multi-role space plane could be based on an existing air-launched rocket-powered experimental space plane, or be based on a hypersonic platform with the ability to go in and out of space. But instead of leading the world with this technology, the politics of Washington and the War on Terror may be putting the U.S. in a position of having to catch up to China.

    [1] While it is not known on which web site the Shenlong photo appeared first, most of the data for this report has been drawn from the CJDBY (¡º ³¬¼¶´ó±¾ÓªÂÛ̳ ¡» ³¬È»ÎïÍâ ÓÐÈÝÄË´ó) and FYJS (·ÉÑï¾üÊ - www.FYJS.cn) websites for December 11 and 12, 2007.

    [2] Mark Wade, “China,” Encyclopedia Astronautica, China

    [3] “Hypersonic: China In The Race,” Paris Air & Cosmos, February 23, 2007, p. 8.

    [4] Craig Covault, “China’s Scramjet Ambitions,” Aviation Week and Space Technology, September 3, 2007, p. 28-30.

    [5] The argument that Qian was a victim of McCarthy era paranoia was made eloquently by the late Iris Chang in her 1995 biography of Qian, The Thread of the Silkworm. In 1999 the Select Committee of the House of Repersentatives led by Congressman Christopher Cox produced a report based largely on government sources, which noted Qian’s contributions to China’s missile and space sector, but also stated, “The allegations that he was spying for the PRC are presumed to be true.”

    [6] Chinese sources note that Qian was the inspiration for the 1963 “640 Program,” China’s first attempt to build an anti-ballistic missile defense system, which by the 1970s had expanded to include a sub-program to develop an anti-satellite interceptor. While the 640 Program was cancelled in 1980, the successful completion of a new ASAT program raises the question whether China also has an associated ABM program. In the late 1960s Qian also led China’s first manned space program, which produced spacecraft designs and an astronaut training program, but was terminated by Mao in 1971 due to financial constraints.

    [7] Mark Wade, “Tsien Spaceplane 1949,” Encyclopedia Astronautica, Tsien Spaceplane 1949.

    [8] For an excellent description of China’s space plane history see Mark Wade, “Chinese Manned Spacecraft,” Astronautics.com, Chinese Manned Spacecraft.

    [9] Rob Coppinger, “First RLV By 2020?,” Flight International, October 17, 2006.

    [10] Wenweipo, December 1, 2006.

    [11] Liu Ning-chol, “Domestic space plane test flight in three years,” Wenweipo, December 12, 2007, °ê²£ªÅ¤Ñ*¸¾÷ 3¦~¤º¸Õ*¸ - *»´ä¤å¶×³ø.

    [12] Mark Wade, “China,” Encyclopedia Astronautica, China.

    [13] This photo was seen in an article on China.Military.Com, http://military.china.com/zh_cn/bbs2/11053806/20071216/14552048.html. This photo also reveals what may be a model of the new JL-2 SLBM, with a blunt nose cone, perhaps indicative of multiple warheads. The photo also contains a flying body with a thin sharp delta wing, perhaps indicating a Chinese hypersonic test vehicle.

    [14] Larry M. Wortzel, The Chinese People’s Liberation Army and Space Warfare, Emerging United States-China Military Competition, Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, October 2007, p. 7, ref., footnote 76.

    [15] Beijing Youth Daily, May 31, 2002, accessed on ¸Û±¨Åû¶Öйú×¼¡°¿ÕÌì·É»ú¡± ·ÉÑï¾üÊ - www.FYJS.cn , December 12, 2007. Article also mentioned in “China Begins To Fund Research Into Space Shuttle Program,” AFP, May 31, 2002.

    [16] Yuan Guoxiong, Bai Tao, and Ren Zhang (Center of Precision Guidance Technology, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083), “A Hybrid Reentry Guidance Method for Space-Based Ground Attack Weapon System,” Beijing Zhanshu Daodan Kongzhi Jishu, September 1, 2005, Open Source Center CPP20060104424006.

    [17] See James P. Duffy, Target: America, Hitler’s Plan To Attack The United States, Praeger, 2004.

    [18] Report of the Commission To Assess United States National Security Space Management And Organization, Pursuant to Public Law 106-65, January 11, 2001, p. X, 33., http://stinet.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA404328&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf.

    [19] For review of the Commission and reaction to Rumsfeld’s space bomber concept see Benjamin Lambeth, Mastering The Ultimate High Ground, Next Steps In The Military Uses of Space, Washington, DC: RAND Corporation, 2003, RAND | Monograph/Reports | Mastering the Ultimate High Ground: Next Steps in the Military Uses of Space ; Robert Windrem, “Pentagon Planning for Space Bomber,” MSNBC, August 14, 2001, Pentagon planning for space bomber ; Ed Vulliamy, “Bush Plans ‘Space Bomber,’’’ The Observer, July 29, 2001, Bush plans 'space bomber' | International | The Observer.

    [20] Walter Pincus, “Space Defense Programs Get Extra Funding,” The Washington Post, November 12, 2007, p. A 19.

    130a04f9962018a004a38def575c91a8.jpg
    Original Shenlong Photo: First seen on December 11, 2007, the Shenlong space vehicle is seen suspended from a Xian H-6 bomber from an unknown unit. Source: Chinese Internet

    2947ead484c716000ec5c468c85347a6.jpg
    Shenlong Closeup: This out-take from the December 11 photo shows the Shenlong to be a small rocket powered unmanned space plane, as seen from the black heat shielding. Source: Chinese Internet

    7a29ff7b6bbf3992117832e8eeb6711f.jpg
    New Shenlong View: On December 12, 2007 another Chinese web poster offered this computer generated rendering of the Shenlong with a vertical stabilizer, using a curious “trapeze” suspension from an H-6 bomber. It cannot be confirmed that this will be the final configuration for an H-6 launching of the Shenlong. Source: Chinese Interent

    86e96faf20e0794048fb1a79b5c724eb.jpg
    Possible 611 Institute Shenlong Control Center: One Chinese web poster states that this facility was created by the 611 Institute to conduct the test flights of the Shenlong. Source: Chinese Internet

    e3e634464a1591d5d8478a3893bea803.jpg
    41cbefc736c538c51d52da7ec1eda913.jpg
    Chinese Space Plane Concepts: Chinese institutes have studied many space plane concepts over the last two decades. Perhaps most interesting was the involvement of the 601 Institute, a jet fighter designer, in a two-stage small space plane concept, with a model seen at the Shenyang Aircraft Co. factory museum (bottom). Source: Chinese Internet

    95f8468aa50ce68979a8e6f05d53a7fc.jpg
    Recent CALT Shuttle Concept: This is a possible CALT space shuttle concept that China may develop by 2020. Source: Chinese Internet

    -To be continued
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  2. gpit
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    gpit SENIOR MEMBER

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    -continues

    4736b82182dfc57e5c3b6c58cb888979.jpg
    5a9f168f8abcf88241c043235d825afa.jpg
    733e1568bcab2dda44986892f9429bd1.jpg
    China’s “Hermes” Space Plane: A December 16 photo shows a model of the Shenlong and a new model of the Chinese “Hermes” space plane, which is very to a wind tunnel test model the author found at the 1996 Zhuhai Airshow (bottom). Source: Chinese Internet

    695c2aaebaca71771c3538e6a6613bea.jpg
    Dr. Zhuang Fenggan: A principle expert guiding China’s space and military space programs. Source: Chinese Internet

    International Assessment and Strategy Center > Research > Shenlong Space Plane Advances China’s Military Space Potential
    -The End-
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  3. mujahideen
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    mujahideen SENIOR MEMBER

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    China is trying to lead the way in everything. Thats good and they surely will and are helping us in many ways when it comes to such matters. I wish my Chinese brothers all the best.
  4. gpit
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    gpit SENIOR MEMBER

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    1) To me, reports on Shenlong are probably more conjectures or speculations - or may be only a proof of concept stuff. Hope others can provide input on this.

    2) World powers, especially US, should sit down and draft some treaties to prevent outer-space militarization and to allow every country to have equal rights to peaceful use of the space. I believe China and Russia proposed this, but was regrettably rejected by US.
  5. Black Stone
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    That's because the US trusts in her own technology capabilities than a treaty.

    This is a silly move by the US.
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    cqjjccwj FULL MEMBER

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    China is also a developing country, needs a peaceful environment, especially with friendly neighboring countries, for 50 years to the development of comprehensive national strength
    Pakistan is our brother country, we would like to see the common progress and prosperity of the two countries
  7. nomi007
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    nomi007 SENIOR MEMBER

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    we must to learn from china
    rejects our corrupted leaders
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    What's the status of this space vehicle. Has it been test flown ?
  9. applesauce
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    this is like the us x-series program, just testing tech, the rest of the article is estimates and assumptions
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    Almaz
    Space to earth weapons
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    There is a long-running rumor among Chinese articles that a new type of bomber, which fans called the H-9 bomber, is under development.

    This supposed bomber has 4 engines to take off, and a ramjet engine for cruise. It is said to be able to carry six cruise missiles. The "H-9" bomber is said to have an X-configuration and has canards. Max speed is reported to be around Mach 8.

    Here is one of the articles that appeared in Chinese internet.

    ÒÉËƺä¾Å£º½â·Å¾ü³¬ÒôËÙÖØÐͺäÕ¨»úÔÙ»ñÖØ´óÍ»ÆÆ_½âÃܾüÇé_Î÷½Íø

    or China's Air Force, the heavy bombers has been weak, with the world bomber gap between the less technologically advanced countries have 20 years. For example, we are now six main bomber bombers twentieth century, the former Soviet Union, the fifties and sixties the production technology improvement plans -16 medium bombers from the domestic, not only with the previous generation of turbojet engines as the driving force, and there is flight slow, the radar reflection area, the payload is small, and weak penetration ability of obvious shortcomings. Therefore, we must continue to improve large-scale domestic heavy bombers, which is the origin of H-eight heavy bombers.

    However, only develop with the United States B-1 or B-2, similar to the Russian Figure -160 with the level of large aircraft is not enough, we still have some forward-looking vision, to follow the world the latest aerospace technology, and strive to develop our representatives of their own world-class large-scale high-speed air and space bombers, this is what we are developing in the space H-nine heavy bombers.

    H-IX space of four bomber design developed using the latest engine turbofan -12, within the atmosphere for a normal take-off aircraft, cruise and landing, but also specifically the installation of two high-thrust rocket engine for the atmosphere Press outside the cruise flight. As the aircraft needs to fly attack missions outside the atmosphere Executive cruise, therefore, the aircraft's shape is different from conventional aircraft.

    It is slightly similar to flat elongated body ballistic missiles, the head tip of the tail gradually widened slightly, the use of distant canard wing, after the wing is very short, was X-type arrangement in the rear fuselage. No apparent aircraft windows machine, the pilot observed the external environment, relying on the body uniformly distributed in the three television window to the cabin to form a 360-degree view. Through the atmosphere due to the machine outside the bottom of the front and there are laying insulation composite patch, you can ensure that the aircraft through the atmosphere without having to replace dozens of patches.

    The aircraft's bomb bay is completely built-in, and can carry six composite satellite and radar imaging guided cruise missiles, machine tools because the bombs need to run outside in the atmosphere, therefore, that missile launch in the machine tool, the external insulation of a composite housing, and that this case only in the missile into the atmosphere through the black area, the only open automatically shuffled around to complete the same as the conventional precision-guided missiles bombing mission.

    The new space rely on ordinary plane bomber off the runway, the flight speed in the atmosphere at up to Mach 2-3, when it flew more than 15,000 meters altitude, it will automatically turn off the turbofan ramjet engine, making The aircraft flying out of the atmosphere, reaching about 100 km altitude.

    The aircraft can achieve with this height and flight speed of about Mach 8, fast approaching to bomb the target, the missile carried by the release of finished even after returning from space. Near the base, the machine takes a little heavy on the attitude of Yang into the atmosphere, reaching a certain height, the rocket engine shut down and re-open the four turbofan reactionary machine, the conventional approach to landing, complete the bombing mission.

    Flying the aircraft global positioning systems rely on GPS, because most of the time the flight outside the atmosphere, therefore, generally does not consider the opponent's air defense capabilities, and that the orientation of targets in the pre-mission technical data has been input, the missile is smart type, it contains the basic machine with a sophisticated electronic control without the guidance equipment.

    Eight New H strategic bombers in the successful development of our country FBC-1 (ie H-VII), the National Development developed the latest generation of stealth bombers. The time machine started to develop around the mid nineties in the last century, the aircraft's position is: heavy, not less than 18 tons of payload, Seattle is not less than 1.2 times, stealth, cruise missiles carrying the new , a range of not less than 10,000 kilometers, with aerial refueling capability.​