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Featured UN World Intellectual Property Indicators 2016 - Global Ranking of 171 Countries

Discussion in 'China & Far East' started by long_, Nov 23, 2016.

  1. long_

    long_ SENIOR MEMBER

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    http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/agency-china-tops-world-patent-applications-43735019
    UN Agency Says China Tops World Again in Patent Applications
    • By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
    GENEVA — Nov 23, 2016, 5:28 AM ET

    The U.N.'s intellectual property agency says China continued to set the pace worldwide for patent applications last year, filing a record 1 million that nearly all focused on its giant home market.

    The World Intellectual Property Organization says China made up over one in three of a total 2.9 million patent applications in 2015, followed by the United States and Japan with about a half-million each. Domestic-only applications made up about two-thirds of the global total; only about 42,000 Chinese applications were for patents outside China.

    Releasing an annual report on Wednesday, WIPO officials say the increase shows the strong demand for protection for intellectual property rights.

    The agency says the computer technology, electrical machinery and digital communications sectors recorded the highest number of published patent applications.
     
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  2. Shotgunner51

    Shotgunner51 INT'L MOD

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    World Intellectual Property Indicators 2016
    Author(s): WIPO | Publication year: 2016
    http://www.wipo.int/publications/en/details.jsp?id=4138
    http://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo_pub_941_2016.pdf

    wipo.png

    A comprehensive picture of IP activity around the world based on statistics from national and regional IP offices, WIPO and the World Bank. Covers filing, registration and renewals data for patents, utility models, trademarks, industrial designs, microorganisms and plant variety protection.

    Patents

    Patent filings since 1883

    From 1883 to 1963, the USPTO was the leading office for world filings. Application numbers at the JPO and the USPTO were stable until the early 1970s, when the JPO began to see rapid growth, a pattern also observed for the USPTO from the 1980s onwards. Among the top 5 offices, the JPO surpassed the USPTO in 1968 and maintained the top position until 2005. Since early 2000s, the number of applications filed at the JPO has trended the number of applications filed at the JPO has trended downward. Both the EPO and KIPO have seen increases each year since the early 1980s, as has SIPO since 1995. SIPO surpassed the EPO and KIPO in 2005, the JPO in 2010 and the USPTO in 2011 – and it now receives the largest number of applications worldwide. There has been a gradual upward trend in the combined share of the top 5 offices in the world total – from 70.4% in 2000 to 82.5% in 2015.

    WIPO 1883-2015.png

    Global ranking by total amount:

    1. China
    2. USA
    3. Japan
    4. South Korea
    5. Germany
    6. France
    7. UK
    8. Sweden
    9. Netherlands
    10. Russia
    Patent by origin 2015.png

    Global ranking by per capita:
    1. South Korea
    2. Japan
    3. Switzerland
    4. USA
    5. Germany
    6. China
    7. Finland
    8. Sweden
    9. Denmark
    10. Netherlands.
    per capita.png
     
    Last edited: Dec 28, 2016
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  3. TaiShang

    TaiShang ELITE MEMBER

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    In terms of percentage, China has made the largest leap, now nearly equating the US and Germany.

    The per capita improvement becomes even more impressive given the domestic market size of China. In a sense, Japan and Korea are forced to have higher patents while China not that much. Nonetheless, growth in patent applications clearly shows the innovation direction of China's economy. I anticipate China to settle for the second spot by 2020, taking over Japan.
     
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  4. Shotgunner51

    Shotgunner51 INT'L MOD

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    Yes China has ascended to number 6, a big jump from number 9 last year. For 2015 Edition see this link:

    Now China (706 per million population) is only slightly behind US (897) and Germany (887), but still quite some distance behind Switzerland (1,018), let alone Japan (2,039) or SK (3,305). However I don't see China ascending to top three in this per capita count, after all China has a large population base.

    per capita.png
     
    Last edited: Nov 24, 2016
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  5. Shotgunner51

    Shotgunner51 INT'L MOD

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    qeqer2.png

    Technology News | Wed Nov 23, 2016 | 9:32am EST
    China top innovator with one million patent requests in year: U.N.
    By Stephanie Nebehay | GENEVA

    s3.reutersmedia.net.jpg
    Director-General of World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Francis Gurry addresses a news conference at the United Nations European headquarters in Geneva December 9, 2013. REUTERS/Denis Balibouse

    China is driving Asian-led growth in innovation worldwide, becoming the first country to file 1 million patent applications in a single year, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) said on Wednesday.

    Chinese innovators filed most of their 2015 applications in electrical engineering, which includes telecoms, followed by computer technology and semiconductors, and measurement instruments, including medical technology, the U.N. agency said.

    "The figures for China are quite extraordinary. It is the first patent office in the world to receive more than 1 million applications," WIPO director-general Francis Gurry told a news briefing to launch its report, "World Intellectual Property Indicators".

    But there is a "slow and gradual" increase in China's applications for international patents, Gurry said. "They are in process of making innovation a central point of their economic strategy."

    "Once again we see an increasing dominance almost by Asia as the origin of filing activity for intellectual property. If you look at the figures, you see 62 percent of global filing activity for patents is located in Asia, 55 of global activity in trademarks is located in Asia and 68 percent of design applications are in Asia," he added.

    Worldwide, some 2.9 million patent applications were filed last year, a 7.8 percent increase over 2014, WIPO said. Roughly two in three patents are ultimately approved, Gurry said.

    The United States ranked second last year with 526,296 patent applications, followed by Japan at 454,285 and South Korea with 238,015.

    Read the full article at http://www.reuters.com/article/us-global-economy-innovation-idUSKBN13I1L9
     
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  6. Echo_419

    Echo_419 ELITE MEMBER

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    Congrats @TaiShang @Shotgunner51 :china:

    On topic
    Some silver lining for India in our otherwise shitty performance
    wdwd.PNG ww.PNG
     
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  7. Shotgunner51

    Shotgunner51 INT'L MOD

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    Thanks for your compliment and modesty. India is doing fine, it's been among the top 20 origins of patent filings for many years (14th in the world on par with Italy, Canada; 4th in Asia). Trend is good, I expect to see India among world top 10 soon.

    Good to India innnovates so nicely in sectors like IT Methods for Management, Computer, congrats!
     
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  8. Echo_419

    Echo_419 ELITE MEMBER

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    We should aim for top 5, by 2025 if we want to become a developed country and take advantage of our demographic dividend. 14th is freakin pathetic for a country of 1.2 billion

    Japan's decline is worrying
     
  9. Bussard Ramjet

    Bussard Ramjet SENIOR MEMBER

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    I congratulate China, not for filing a million patents for its home market, but for rising quickly in international patent filings.

    Frankly, as we have discussed before @Shotgunner51 the patent filings in domestic territory is not a good indicator to compare due to vastly different standards of patents. Better indicators for technical prowess are research funding stats, and international patent filings, where China is positioned at number 3.
     
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  10. Shotgunner51

    Shotgunner51 INT'L MOD

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    Thanks. On your question about PCT, which is facility used by innovator in cross-border protection, see this:

    Most patents before entering PCT are written in Chinese, Japanese and Korean. To facilitate translation, WIPO has developed a translation machine based on artificial intelligence that outperforms any other technology for translating the complex language used in patents, handing innovators around the world the highest-quality service yet available for accessing information on new technologies.

    WIPO has initially “trained” the new technology to translate Chinese, Japanese and Korean patent documents into English. Patent applications in those languages accounted for some 55% of worldwide filings in 2014. Users can already try out the Chinese-English translation facility on the public beta test platform.

    “One of the aims of the patent system is to make technology available. Language is a barrier to the universal achievement of that aim. This breakthrough for WIPO Translate means that a vast, and ever-increasing, trove of patent documents will soon be more easily accessible to innovators who search these records for inspiration or technical know-how,” said WIPO Director General Francis Gurry.

    “As part of a global trend, patent applications are increasingly being filed in East Asian languages, particularly in Chinese, and WIPO Translate helps ensure that state-of-the-art knowledge created in these languages is shared as widely and rapidly as possible.”

    Read more at:


    Yes among the Top 20 we do see several nations in decline, like Japan, Finland, Netherlands, UK, Israel, Canada. Japan was world's #1 innovator between 1968-2005, then in decline, by 2015 they are still 3rd largest innovator after China, US, and second only to SK in per capita. Reasons? I don't know, perhaps it has to do with
    1. Demographic decline
    2. Unique socio-economic structure, aka "Keiretsu", resources highly concentrated only in corporations.
    See global Top 100 applicants, the list is dominated by Japanese corporations. Six of out top ten were from one single nation of Japan, with Panasonic, Canon and Toyota Jidosha at top three.

    qe1e123r-1.png
     
    Last edited: Nov 24, 2016
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  11. deckingraj

    deckingraj SENIOR MEMBER

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    you need to pump in money...patents comes from research and for that you need money....enough talent but that needs support...
     
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  12. Echo_419

    Echo_419 ELITE MEMBER

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    Hopefully, research spending in India will increase in line with the increase in GDP
     
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  13. deckingraj

    deckingraj SENIOR MEMBER

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    surely it will...however my idea was to point out that economic prosperity is directly proportional to patents as research is the backbone of these things and that warrants money...
     
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  14. Echo_419

    Echo_419 ELITE MEMBER

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    I think we need to start with basics first, fix the education system, everything from primary education to univ level education needs reform, Pvt sector needs to be encouraged to invest more in R&D
     
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  15. deckingraj

    deckingraj SENIOR MEMBER

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    of-course ....no doubt about that...