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A walk in Xinjiang ancient desert oasis silkroad city Hotan old town, the most air polluted city not by industries but by daily sandstorms

beijingwalker

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A walk in Xinjiang ancient desert oasis silkroad city Hotan old town, the most air polluted city is not caused by industries but by daily sandstorms
Hotan has a cold desert climate with a mean annual total of only 36.5 millimetres (1.44 in) of precipitation falling on 17.3 days of the year.

Hotan is largely dominated by the Uyghurs, and as of 2015, 311,050 of the 348,289 residents of the county were Uyghur, 35,897 were Han Chinese and 1,342 were from other ethnic groups.

 
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The Chinese city of Hotan in Xinjiang province has been named the most polluted city in the world, The air pollution in China’s Hotan, with a PM2.5 of 110.2µg/m3, was largely attributed to local sandstorms given its proximity to the Taklimakan Desert, the world’s largest shifting sand desert.
The air pollation in Hotan is not caused by human activities and industries, in recent years, with the government effort such as massive tree planting campaign to form protective "Green Belts" around the city, the air quality has been improved significantly year on year.

Hotan satelite photo, the Green Belts are expanding year on year

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What kind of Cuisine is served there?
 
Hotan is in the desert, the biggest problem is the city gets hit by sandstorms every a few days, in recent years the government planted tens of million trees to protect this ancient town, it's getting better but still people can feel sand in their eyes, mounths and noses.

Old photo from 2 decades ago shows people praying in standstorm in Hotan in the past, it was way of life for them to deal with sandstorms for thousands of years.

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Some routine work for Hotan police officers
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The government "Green Belts" project in Hotan claims the lands from one of the world's biggest desert bit by bit, with the spread of the Green trees and vegetations, the air quality in Hotan improves sigificantly year on year.

The Green Belts project is successfully pushing back the encroaching deserts

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The west will surely call it Mass enforced larbor on Uyghurs to plant fukcing trees. And in a sense it can be true, I was kind of "forced" to plant trees when I was in school when Beijing was repeatedly hit by standstorms in the past.
 
Xinjiang Hotan ancient old town, China haters say all Xinjiang old towns are fake cause they are all the rebuild and renovated ones under the petext of CCP's claim that the original old town adobe houses wouldn't withstand even minor earthquakes and they didn't have modern sewage , running water, gas network system, fibre broadband internet and fire trucks and ambulences couldn't reach some houses.

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Xinjiang Hotan ancient old town, China haters say all Xinjiang old towns are fake cause they are all the rebuild and renovated ones under the petext of CCP's claim that the original old town adobe houses wouldn't withstand even minor earthquakes and they didn't have modern sewage , running water, gas network system, fibre broadband internet and fire trucks and ambulences couldn't reach some houses.

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Xinjiang Hotan ancient old town, China haters say all Xinjiang old towns are fake cause they are all the rebuild and renovated ones under the petext of CCP's claim that the original old town adobe houses wouldn't withstand even minor earthquakes and they didn't have modern sewage , running water, gas network system, fibre broadband internet and fire trucks and ambulences couldn't reach some houses.

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Xinjiang Hotan ancient old town, China haters say all Xinjiang old towns are fake cause they are all the rebuild and renovated ones under the petext of CCP's claim that the original old town adobe houses wouldn't withstand even minor earthquakes and they didn't have modern sewage , running water, gas network system, fibre broadband internet and fire trucks and ambulences couldn't reach some houses.

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Xinjiang Hotan ancient old town, China haters say all Xinjiang old towns are fake cause they are all the rebuild and renovated ones under the petext of CCP's claim that the original old town adobe houses wouldn't withstand even minor earthquakes and they didn't have modern sewage , running water, gas network system, fibre broadband internet and fire trucks and ambulences couldn't reach some houses.

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Xinjiang Hotan ancient old town, China haters say all Xinjiang old towns are fake cause they are all the rebuild and renovated ones under the petext of CCP's claim that the original old town adobe houses wouldn't withstand even minor earthquakes and they didn't have modern sewage , running water, gas network system, fibre broadband internet and fire trucks and ambulences couldn't reach some houses.

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Ancient silk road town Hotan, a vital role played in the history

The oasis of Hotan is strategically located at the junction of the southern (and most ancient) branch of the Silk Road joining China and the West.

It provided a convenient meeting place where not only goods, but technologies, philosophies, and religions were transmitted from one culture to another.

Tocharians lived in this region over 2000 years ago. Several of the Tarim mummies were found in the region. At Sampul, east of the city of Hotan, there is an extensive series of cemeteries scattered over an area about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) wide and 23 km (14 mi) long.

The excavated sites range from about 300 BCE to 100 CE. The excavated graves have produced a number of fabrics of felt, wool, silk and cotton and even a fine bit of tapestry, the Sampul tapestry,

showing the face of Caucasoid man which was made of threads of 24 shades of color. The tapestry had been cut up and fashioned into trousers worn by one of the deceased. An Anthropological study of 56 individuals showed a primarily Caucasoid population.

In the Hellenistic period, there was an Indo-Greek colony in Hotan.

The ancient Kingdom of Khotan was one of the earliest Buddhist states in the world and a cultural bridge across which Buddhist culture and learning were transmitted from India to China.

Its capital was located to the west of the modern city of Hotan. The inhabitants of the Kingdom of Khotan, like those of early Kashgar and Yarkant, spoke Saka, one of the Eastern Iranian languages.

Khotan's indigenous dynasty (all of whose royal names are Indian in origin) governed a fervently Buddhist city-state boasting some 400 temples in the late 9th/early 10th century—four times the number recorded by Xuanzang around 630. The kingdom was independent but was intermittently under Chinese control during the Han and Tang dynasties.

In the 10th century, Khotan began a struggle with the Kara-Khanid Khanate, a Turkic state. The Kara-Khanid ruler, Sultan Satuq Bughra Khan, had converted to Islam.
 
Hotan History Museum
Hotan played a vital role for thousands of years as a major stop en route the ancient silk road
Hotan is rich in culture and history.
Hotan museum, funded and constructed by Beijing city government, a gift for Hotan from Beijing city.

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