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Year-end special: How India flexed its muscles in 2012

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Jan 21, 2011
Year-end special: How India flexed its muscles in 2012
Last updated on: December 28, 2012 08:43 IST

Year-end special: How India flexed its muscles in 2012 - Rediff.com News


The year 2012 saw India's war machinery notching up new milestones.

Rediff.com takes a look at how India bolstered its defence preparedness this year.

Let's begin with the Agni-V missile.

India proudly entered the exclusive club as the sixth country on April 19, 2012, when its Long-Range Ballistic Missile -- Agni-V -- took to sky on its maiden flight and reached the pre-designated target point over 5000 km away in the Indian Ocean with remarkable accuracy.

The missile, which was launched from Wheeler Island off Orissa Coast, incorporates many indigenously developed technologies.

These include the composite rocket motor, state-of-the-art avionics, 5th generation 'On Board Computer' distributed architecture, highly-accurate ring laser gyro-based inertial navigation system (RINS), reliable redundant micro navigation system and the re-entry kit shield that withstands temperature with more than 4000 degree Celsius ensuring that avionics function normally by maintaining an inside temperature less than 50 degrees Celsius.


The 4000 km range nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-IV was successfully flight tested on September 19, 2012.

The long-range missile propelled by composite rocket motor technology was tested for its cool capability.

Launched from road mobile launcher, it reached the predefined target in about 20 minutes.


With Agni-I, Agni-II, Agni-III and Prithvi P-II surface-to-surface missile and also its naval version, Dhanush already in the arsenal of the Indian armed forces, the missile from the production lots were flight tested by the armed forces as part of training exercises to ensure defence preparedness.

Agni-I, India's 700 km-range ballistic missile had its flight tests on July 13 and December 12.

The 2000 km-range ballistic missile Agni-II and Agni-III with a range of 3000 km were test fired on August 9 and September 21 respectively.

The 350 km range surface-to-surface strategic missile Prithvi (P-II) was successfully flight tested on August 26 and October 4 from ITR Chandipur, Odisha.

Dhanush, the naval version of the Prithvi missile, was test fired from a ship off the coast of Balasore, Odisha on October 5.

Brah-Mos Block III version with advanced guidance algorithm was flight tested on March 28 from ITR, Balasore. The missile flew through the designated 290 km distance at Mach 2.8 and achieved high precision with steep dive


The Defence Research and Development Organisation developed a two-layer Ballistic Missile Defence capability against missiles with range upto 2000 km class.

Both the exo and endo atmospheric interception have been demonstrated with direct hits leading to disintegration of target missile.

The Interceptor Missile AAD launched by the Scientists of DRDO on November 23 from Wheeler's Island, Odisha, successfully destroyed the incoming ballistic missile at an altitude of 15 Km.

The target missile, a modified version of Prithvi, mimicking the enemy's ballistic missile, was launched from launch complex III, Chandipur.

A long-range radar located far away could detect the missile from take-off and tracked it through its entire path. The total trajectory of the incoming missile was continuously estimated by the guidance computer and subsequently the AAD Missile was launched at an appropriate time to counter and kill the ballistic missile.


The LCA-Navy had its first flight on April 27 followed by flights during month of June/July 2012.

Initial Operation Clearance of this aircraft is expected by December 2014.

The country's first indigenous light combat aircraft with four variants (air force, Navy and their trainer versions), is a precision weapon launch platform to carry a range of air-to-air missile, unguided rockets and bombs.

The aircraft is integrated with advanced cockpit, digital avionics and weapons interface, to provide effective point and shoot capability with quick turnaround time.

A Shore-based Test facility -- one of its kind in Asia and third in the world -- developed by DRDO at Naval Air Station INS Hansa, Goa is now ready for use. Besides testing of LCA-Navy, the test facility will also be used for training of pilots on LCA -- Navy and the MiG29K aircraft.


India made significant achievements in the field of UAVs this year.

Nishant and its ground control system has been made ready for the Army after confirmatory trials. An indigenous Wankel rotary engine has been developed by DRDO jointly with NAL, Bangalore, for powering UAVs like Nishant. Rotary engine technology, especially suited for such applications, is the first of its kind in India.

Orders for Lakshya II pilotless target aircraft -- capable of flying in sea skimming mode and tree top heights -- are expected from the Services after successful demonstration to them.

A forerunner to Medium Altitude Long Range (MALE) UAV, Rustom-2 had series of successful trials. Also tested was the indigenously designed and developed RUSTOM-1. This UAV has the potential to be used for military missions like reconnaissance, surveillance, target acquisition, target designation, communications relay, battle damage assessment and signal intelligence.

Netra, a mini UAV especially suited for low intensity conflict operations, was inducted by the Central Reserve Police Force. Netra has four high-speed propellers allowing it to take off and land vertically. Similarly a fixed wing mini UAV for low intensity conflict was demonstrated to security forces at various locations for surveillance within the range of 10 km. It is also useful in reconnaissance over hills.


Arjun Mk-II, the advanced version of India's first main battle tank Arjun, commenced its user trials in record time of two years.

The Arjun Mk-II incorporates 89 improvements over the Arjun Mk-I, of which, two regiments are already in service.

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Jan 21, 2011

Indian Navy inducted INS Chakra to its under-water fleet on April 4 at Vishakhapatnam.

Defence Minister A K Antony inducted the submarine into the fleet of Eastern Naval Command.

This four-plus generation Russian-origin submarine is capable of fulfilling multiple roles and will go a long way in strengthening Navy's blue water operating capability.


INS Sahyadri, the third of the follow-on class indigenous stealth frigate, was commissioned on July 21 at Mazagaon Dock Limited, Mumbai.

Conceived and designed by Indian Navy design team, this Shivalik class frigate will be mainstay frigate of the Navy in the 21st Century.


INS Teg and Tarkash, the first and second of the three Talwar-class stealth frigates constructed at Yantar Shipyard, Kalinigrad, Russia, were inducted into Indian Navy on April 27 and November 9 respectively.

These multi-role stealth frigate with advanced combat suits are fitted with formidable array of weapons and sensors onboard the ship, including the super-sonic BrahMos missile system and advanced surface-to-air missile system.


Indian Coast Guard Ship Samudra Paheredar, the second of the series of three Pollution Control Vessels being built by M/s ABG Shipyard, Surat was commissioned in July 2012.

The 95m-long indigenous PCV displaces 4300 tons and can achieve a maximum speed of 20.5 knots with an endurance of 6500 nautical miles.

The ship's primary role is pollution response at sea and is equipped with the most advanced and sophisticated pollution response and control equipment for mitigating oil spills, which include containment equipment like hi-sprint booms and river booms, recovery devices like skimmers and side sweeping arms.

The ship is capable of unhindered oil recovery operations with storage tank capacity of 500 KL in addition to inflatable barges.


Naval base INS Dweep Rakshak was commissioned in Lakshadweep Islands and INS Baaz was commissioned in Andaman Islands (Campbell Bay) in 2012.

Commissioning of these full-fledged naval bases was another milestone in the commitment of Indian Navy in maintaining effective coastal surveillance and defence capability.

The positioning of radar stations and other surveillance measures will add positive control over movement of ships and intelligence gathering.


Induction and production of Akash, the medium range air defence system with multi-target, multi-directional capability is another shining achievement.

The production value of Akash missile systems ordered by Army and Air Force is over Rs 23,000 crore.

Orders for two Army regiments and six IAF squadrons are under execution.


Mar 6, 2012
Nirbhay still not tested :hitwall:
GSLV still didn't fly :hitwall:
No testing of hypersonic vehicle hstdv :hitwall:
Arihanth still not inducted :hitwall:
tejas didnt get FOC :hitwall:


May 20, 2012
Nirbhay still not tested :hitwall:
GSLV still didn't fly :hitwall:
No testing of hypersonic vehicle hstdv :hitwall:
Arihanth still not inducted :hitwall:
tejas didnt get FOC :hitwall:

Nirbhay tests will commence soon.

GSLV?! Not defense related, besides it has been launched successfully.

Developing of a hypersonic vehicle need time and money.

Same with the Arihant.

DRDO does not have unlimited capabilities and moreover its budget is not that big! Never forget that! nothing works without money.


May 20, 2012
test @ 2014 only

Enthonnarade ethu??????????????????

Its yet to be tested succesfully

No, it has been launched 2 times successfully and one time with limited success. I guess you are referring to the MKIII version.
From wiki:

Flight Launch date/time (UTC) Variant Launch Pad Payload Payload Mass Result Note(s)
D1 18 April 2001
10:13 Mk.I(a) First GSAT-1 1,540 kg Failure Developmental Flight, payload placed into lower than planned orbit, and did not have sufficient fuel to reach a usable orbit.[7]
D2 8 May 2003
11:28 Mk.I(a) First GSAT-2 1,825 kg Success Developmental Flight[8]
F01 20 September 2004
10:31 Mk.I(b) First EDUSAT 1,950 kg Success First operational flight[9]
F02 10 July 2006
12:08 Mk.I(b) Second INSAT-4C 2,168 kg Failure Both rocket and satellite had to be destroyed over the Bay of Bengal after the rocket's trajectory veered outside of permitted limits.
F04 2 September 2007
12:51 Mk.I(b) Second INSAT-4CR 2,160 kg Partial Failure Partial launch failure,[10] apogee lower and inclination higher than expected, due to carrier rocket underperformance.[11] Eventually the 2160 kg payload reached the designated geostationary transfer orbit.[12][13] There were reports that the mission life of the satellite had decreased by five years as the thrusters had to burn extra fuel to place the satellite in the correct orbit. However, ISRO later refuted this claim dismissing it as false.[14]
D3 15 April 2010
10:57 Mk.II Second GSAT-4 2,220 kg Failure First flight test of the ISRO designed and built Cryogenic Upper Stage. Failed to reach orbit due to malfunction of Fuel Booster Turbo Pump (FBTP) of the Cryogenic Upper Stage.[15]
F06 25 December 2010
10:34 Mk.I (c) Second GSAT-5P 2,130 kg Failure First flight of GSLV Mk.I (c) Destroyed by range safety officer after loss of control of liquid fuelled boosters.[16]


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