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World Bank report: Pakistan can be richer with rapid urbanisation

Discussion in 'Pakistan Economy' started by Manidabest, Dec 6, 2015.

  1. Manidabest

    Manidabest FULL MEMBER

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    World Bank report: Pakistan can be richer with rapid urbanisation
    By APP
    Published: December 6, 2015
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    Country has failed to fully realise prosperity benefits of urbanisation. PHOTO: AFP

    ISLAMABAD: Urbanisation provides Pakistan with the potential to transform its economy to join the ranks of richer nations, but the country, like others in South Asia, has so far struggled to make the most of that opportunity, says a new World Bank report.

    The report “Leveraging Urbanisation in South Asia: Managing Spatial Transformation for Prosperity and Liveability” was presented at the third Pakistan Urban Forum.

    Difficulty in dealing with the pressures that increased urban populations put on infrastructure, basic services, land, housing and the environment has fostered what the report calls “messy and hidden” urbanisation in Pakistan and throughout the region. This, in turn, has helped to constrain Pakistan’s full realisation of the prosperity and liveability benefits of urbanisation.

    “Properly managed urbanisation can enhance both the prosperity and liveability of cities,” said Peter Ellis, Lead Urban Economist at the World Bank. “This is certainly the case for Pakistan, which is the most urbanised large country in South Asia and derives so much of its economic growth from cities.”

    Estimates indicate that cities generate up to 78% of Pakistan’s gross domestic product and the government’s Vision 2025 places a premium on urban job growth. Planning ahead for urban growth can help create vibrant and productive cities that fuel the country’s growth, but that will require dealing with the problems posed by the messy and hidden urbanisation to date.

    Messy urbanisation in Pakistan, according to the report, is reflected in the existence of low-density sprawl and the fact that cities are growing outward beyond administrative boundaries, creating challenges for planning, transportation and provision of public services.

    Hidden urbanisation stems from official national statistics understating the share of the population living in areas with urban traits. Officially, 36% of Pakistanis lived in urban settlements in 2010, but the World Bank estimates that the actual share of population living in areas with urban characteristics may be as high as 55%.

    Acknowledging the true extent of urban areas can help to facilitate better planning and metropolitan management and failure to address these problems can make cities less liveable. Pakistan faced an urban housing shortage of approximately 4.4 million units in 2010.

    The 2015 liveability index of the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Karachi 135th out of 140 cities; Dhaka was the only major city in South Asia with a lower ranking.

    The Lahore agglomeration, for example, expanded to absorb those of Chiniot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Lalamusa and Sialkot. In fact, the Lahore agglomeration meets its Delhi equivalent to form one continuously lit belt with an estimated population of 73.4 million, slightly less than the population of Turkey.

    “Taking steps to help Pakistan’s cities to realise their potential is critical as the urban population is expected to increase approximately 40 million to an estimated 118 million by 2030,” said Patchamuthu Ilangovan, World Bank Country Director for Pakistan.

    Published in The Express Tribune, December 6th, 2015.

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  2. Manidabest

    Manidabest FULL MEMBER

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    WB report highlights ‘messy, hidden’ urbanisation
    AMIN AHMED

    ISLAMABAD: With the Punjab government developing an economically sustainable industrial city in the proximity of M2 highway, a World Bank report has said that urbanisation provides Pakistan with the potential to transform its economy and to join the ranks of rich nations.

    But the country, like others in South Asia, has so far struggled to make the most of that opportunity, says the report, “Leveraging Urbanisation in South Asia: Managing Spatial Transformation for Prosperity and Liveability”.

    The report, released on Saturday, points out difficulties in dealing with pressures that enhanced urban population puts on infrastructure, basic services, land and housing. The environment has fostered what the report calls “messy and hidden” urbanisation in Pakistan and the region.

    This, in turn, has helped to constrain the country’s full realisation of the prosperity and liveability benefits of urbanisation, it says.

    Estimates indicate that cities generate up to 78 per cent of Pakistan’s GDP and the government’s ‘Vision 2025’ places a premium on urban job growth. Planning for urban growth can help create vibrant and productive cities that fuel the country’s growth, but that will require dealing with the problems posed by the country’s messy and hidden urbanisation.

    Messy urbanisation in the country is reflected in the existence of low-density sprawl and the fact that cities are growing outwards beyond administrative boundaries, creating challenges for planning, transportation and provision of public services.

    It is also reflected in the widespread existence of poverty and slums. In Pakistan in 2010, about one in eight urban dwellers lived below the national poverty line and an estimated 46.6 per cent of the urban population lived in slums.

    Hidden urbanisation, the report says, stems from official statistics understating the share of people living in areas with urban traits. According to official data, 36 per cent of Pakistanis lived in urban settlements in 2010 but the World Bank estimates that the actual share of the population living in areas with urban characteristics may be as high as 55 per cent. Acknowledging the true extent of urban areas can help to facilitate better planning and metropolitan management.

    Failure to address these problems can make cities less liveable. Pakistan faced an urban housing shortage of approximately 4.4 million units in 2010. The 2015 liveability index of the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Karachi 135th among 140 cities. Dhaka was the only major city in South Asia with a lower ranking.

    To better tap into the economic potential that urbanisation offers, the report says that policymakers should consider actions at two levels — the institutional level and the policy level. At the institutional level, the country will benefit from improvements in the ways in which towns and cities are governed and financed.

    “Taking steps to help Pakistan’s cities to realise their potential is critical as the country’s urban population is expected to increase by approximately 40 million people to an estimated 118 million by 2030,” says Patchamuthu Ilangovan, World Bank Country Director for Pakistan.

    Published in Dawn, December 6th, 2015
     
  3. Arsalan mehmud

    Arsalan mehmud FULL MEMBER

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    I expect the very first success will be energy surplus production by 2018 and We can see major difference by 2020 in our economy too. Insha-Allah...:pakistan: