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Women, Peace, and Security Index 2019


Oct 8, 2018
Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) Index 2019 / 2020

15 October 2019

About the index
The Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) Index systematically measures and ranks women’s well-being worldwide. The WPS Index reveals the wide spectrum of performance around the world. The 167 countries (encompassing more than 98 percent of the world’s population) ranked in 2019 have scores ranging from .904 (Norway) to .351 (Yemen), where 1 is the best possible score and 0 is the worst.

Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) Index 2019 / 2020


Dimensions and indicators
The WPS Index captures three dimensions of women’s well-being and empowerment in 11 indicators.


Definitions of indicators

Average number of years of education of women ages 25 and older, converted from educational attainment levels using official durations of each level.

Financial inclusion
The percentage of women ages 15 and older who reported having an account alone or jointly at a bank or another type of financial institution or personally using a mobile money service.

The percentage of a country’s female population ages 25 and older that is employed.

Cellphone use
The percentage of women ages 15 and older responding “Yes” to the Gallup World Poll question “Do you have a mobile phone that you use to make and receive personal calls?”

Parliamentary representation
The percentage of seats held by women in lower and upper houses of national parliaments combined.

Legal discrimination
Aggregate score of laws and regulations that limit women’s ability to participate in society or the economy or that differentiate between men and women, as measured by Women, Business, and the Law (World Bank 2019a). This score aggregates 78 laws and regulations that differentiate between men and women in accessing institutions, using property, going to court, providing incentives to work, building credit, and getting a job. Greater weight is given to six laws: requirement that married women obey their husband, mandate for paternity leave, equal remuneration for work of equal value, nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, and prohibitions of dismissal of pregnant workers and of child or early marriage. The lower the score the better; the worst potential score is 84.

Son bias
Sex ratio at birth (ratio of male births to female births). An excess number of births of boys over girls relative to demographic norms (ratio of 1.05 boys to 1.00 girls) reflects discrimination against girls and women in favor of boys and men.

Discriminatory norms
Percentage of men ages 15 and older who responded “No” to the Gallup World Poll question: “Is it perfectly acceptable for any woman in your family to have a paid job outside the home if she wants one?”.

Intimate partner violence (current)
Percentage of women who experienced physical or sexual violence committed by their intimate partner in the preceding 12 months.

Community safety
Percentage of women ages 15 and older who responded “Yes” to the Gallup World Poll question “Do you feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where you live?”

Organized violence
Total number of battle deaths from state, nonstate, or one-sided conflicts per 100,000 people. State-based conflict is armed conflict between two states or between a state and a rebel group. Nonstate conflict is fighting between rebel groups or militias or between groups with different ethnic, clan, or religious identification. One-sided violence is the use of armed force by the government or a formally organized group against civilians.

Index and ranking of countries with dimensions and indicator scores


Source and full report:

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