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Why Radicalisation in India through Bangladesh is Not a Myth

Black_cats

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Why Radicalisation in India through Bangladesh is Not a Myth

Security personnel keep watch, after gunmen stormed the Holey Artisan restaurant and took hostages, in the Gulshan area of Dhaka, Bangladesh, on July 1, 2016. File photo: Reuters

Security personnel keep watch, after gunmen stormed the Holey Artisan restaurant and took hostages, in the Gulshan area of Dhaka, Bangladesh, on July 1, 2016. File photo: Reuters

The relentless action by the Bangladesh security forces against the Islamists have quietened the radicals, only momentarily.

RAMI N. DESAI & JAIDEEP SAIKIA
Updated: January 19, 2022, 18:55 IST

In a recent interaction with the authors of this article, senior security officials drew a rather sceptical and caustic picture of the radicalisation scenario not just in Assam but all over India.

Almost 99 per cent of the experts were of the belief that Islamist radicalisation which is being tom-tommed is unfounded, without substance and that reports do not corroborate any of the aspects that have been stated in the media. The stance was particularly surprising as it emanated from the ground. The simplest of explanations given was that even though Bangladesh abuts Lower Assam closely, the manner in which Islamist radicals are being controlled, thanks to the dispensation of Sheikh Hasina, is preventing an overflow of radicalisation into India.

However, analysis holds its own and in this case foundations of radicalisation demand further scrutiny. Even though the Sheikh Hasina dispensation has been in earnest focused on curbing the rise of Islamist groups within Bangladesh, in addition to being a responsible friend to India, the fact is one has to understand the semantics of radical Islam and its militant form.

To begin with there are five key mazhabs or schools in Islam. The primary ones are a) Hanafi b) Shafei c) Maliki d) Hanbali and e) Zafariya (which is chiefly Shia). The Muslims of India are predominantly from the Hanafi sect of Islam. The sect adheres to the school of thought propounded by Imam Abu Hanifa and is considered to be the most liberal of the four Islamic schools of thought.

However, it is the Hanbali school that clearly is the chief sect driving the actions and motivations of formations such as al-Qaeda and ISIS (although there are member of other sects in both the groupings as well). The fact of the matter is that with the “entrance" of both al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) and ISIS by way of the Waliyah-i-Hind(Guardianship of Hindustan) into India, there is a possibility that the current atmosphere could witness radicalisation of an important group of Muslims in India.

Subsequently, the phenomenon of radicalisation can be attributed to the growing influence of the Hanbali school in the country by way of the resurgence of the Popular Front of India (PFI).

However, PFI — whose top leadership are primarily from Kerala — denies allegations that the organisation has any relationship with the Hanbali school (another name for Wahabi and/or Salafi), irrespective of the fact it has been radicalising Indian Muslims towards the conservative strain of Islam.

Further, the Hifazat-e-Islam Bangladesh (HIB) and Islami Andolan Bangladesh (IOB) in erstwhile East Pakistan — Islamist formations that have re-emerged in current times — are close associates of PFI. The HIB and IOB are working inside Bangladesh as over ground activists of al-Qaeda- and ISIS-affiliated organisations such as Jama’atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) and Ansarullah Bangla Team (ABT). Bowing to immense pressure from Sheikh Hasina’s Counter Terrorism and Transnational Crime apparatus of Bangladesh, both JMB and ABT have curtailed their activity for the present, propping up instead surrogates by way of HIB and IOB. The stratagem is simple. The methodology is to instill a sense of complacence in the establishment that promotes the idea that JMB and ABT have disappeared. On the contrary, the reality is that they have activated “Op Confusion" in Bangladesh as well as rejuvenated Islamism.

Indeed, a deliberate interlude or a tactical retreat is a time-tested stratagem of war. The authors are reminded of a book “A German General on the Eastern Front: The Letters and Diaries of Gotthard Heinrici, 1941-1942" by Johannes Hurter. It makes interesting reading in the contest of the article and, therefore, merits a passage at this juncture.

The excerpt states, “General Heinrici was a master of tactical retreat. The German general would attack the Russians and craft a gain and halt when his attack ran out of steam. He would swiftly construct a fake fortification on the freshly attained forward positions in order to create a ruse. Heinrici would then instantly pullback his forces five to six miles to a pre determined line of defence. The next morning the Russians would unleash an artillery barrage on the fake German front line, and deploy numerous divisions after the cessation of the artillery barrage. The ruse worked and the Russians on reaching the “fake front line" — with no one there — would run out of steam. At the same time Heinrici would be closely surveying the Russian artillery barrage and the send his army forward toward the exhausted Russians and stage a counter attack, often attaining a victory. The general used this tactic repeatedly. The Russians apparently never quite figured out how he succeeded in duping them."

The point being made is that although ISIS has experienced territorial defeat, it has been able to confuse the enemy with its continual subterfuges, turning disadvantages into advantages. Both al-Qaeda and ISIS have once again joined forces (they were always one and the same despite what some short-sighted observers seem to have surmised) and it is incumbent upon the enemy to fathom their presence amongst a population that has become even more resolute. The determination emanating a) from the spectacular successes that had been achieved by the al-Qaeda and ISIS since 9/11 and b) the accentuated line that has been drawn by way of “us and them".

Incidentally, in this regard, the opposing forces are also responsible for accentuating the divide with certain right-wing factions fanning deliberate fires of suspicion. A clear-eyed analysis would, therefore, bring to the fore the simplicity with which the Islamists have been able to not only rest, recuperate and turnover, but are readying themselves for the next onslaught.

Therefore, whereas there was exhibition of massive violent movement and radicalisation between 1999 and 2005 which the authors describe as the “First Wave", the “Second Wave" began with the “oath of allegiance" or Bay’ah by groups such as JMB and ABT to ISIS in the wake of the formation of the neo-caliphate of Abu Bakr-al-Baghdadi. It was also the time to undertake the hijrah in response to the “call from ar-raqqa". The territorial setbacks witnessed persistent “lone-wolf" attacks throughout the world including places such as Orlando and Nice and observers of Islamist action in Bangladesh would recall the “hostage situation" in Dhaka on July 1, 2016 and the machete killings and suicide bombings in the years following the event. The new “call to arms" was to decimate the infidel wherever found as the hijrah was no longer an undemanding affair.

However, relentless action by the Bangladesh security forces against the Islamists have quietened the radicals momentarily and the “battle" has been — temporarily — handed over to the good offices of HIB and IOB who are keeping the movement alive by demanding aspects such as the enactment of “Blasphemy Laws", non-erection of statues (primarily that of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman) which they state is un-Islamic, and making “Islamic education mandatory from primary to higher secondary levels cancelling the women policy and anti-religion education policy" and “freedom for all arrested ulema and madrassa students and withdrawal of all cases filed against them, compensation for the victims, and bringing the assailants to justice".

However, with the almost-total territorial ouster of ISIS from the areas that it had occupied in Iraq and Syria, the strategy is about to witness a sea change. Egged on by al-Qaeda and ISIS, which is already inside India, their affiliates (including PFI) would throw open the gates of radicalism and don a form that would be hitherto the most menacing. It would be a combination of a) mass recruitment b) protests against acts, laws and ministration that a combined grouping of radicals considers un-Islamic — thereby bringing into their fold fence-sitters and moderates among the minority community and c) let loose sophisticated forms of violence that most agencies would not be able to even imagine.

Guidebooks and couched aggression that steer the “warrior genes" inside both a deviant mind and a radical are aplenty, and so are off-the-desktop explosive manuals that can showcase how a lethal weapon is assembled with relative ease. Triacetone Triperoxide, an explosive known as the “Mother of Satan", which was reportedly first used in the Paris bombings of November 13, 2015 and one which fits easily into a jacket — reports suggest — seems to have emerged as the flavour of the times. Memories of Shakira, wife of Rashedur Rahman Sumon, a hardcore pro-ISIS, Neo-JMB cadre blowing herself up with her infant in her lap on December 26, 2016 should be sufficient proof about the manner in which an “aping-exercise" would be engendered by Indian counterparts in what the authors presage as the dawn of the “Third wave" of Radicalisation.

India can be sure of its own approach towards the inflow of radicalisation from Bangladesh and its networks in India. Radicalisation can never cease, it can only be suspended. And it is from that premise that Indian agencies must prepare for an onslaught that is inevitable. The only certainty that remains to accepted is “where there is a “Third Wave", there will be a “Fourth".

>Rami N. Desai is a conflict analyst and anthropologist with over a decade of experience in the northeast region. Jaideep Saikia is also a conflict analyst and a celebrated author of over 14 books on security. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not represent the stand of this publication.

 

El Sidd

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The writer has a unique talent of starting multiple paragraphs with the word however. It takes confusion infused with paranoia to come up with so many howevers.

The only certainty that remains to accepted is “where there is a “Third Wave", there will be a “Fourth".

Probably but will there be an India by the end of the third wave requires more debate.
 

Bilal9

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Idiot Pajeets hatch another article bad mouthing Bangladesh.

I think we in Bangladesh should keep writing about Indian extremists Hindutva tactics and articles exposing their extremists first. And we should publish them in Washington Post and the Guardian.

Some people in Bangladesh say (with some basis) that the Holey Artisan attack in Dhaka was orchestrated by RAW.

Only Indian industrialists gain by having FDI recede from Bangladesh.
 

SQ8

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This article reminded me of this:


With customer success as our primary focus, work has been proceeding on the crudely conceived idea of an instrument that would not only provide inverse reactive current, for use in unilateral phase detractors, but would also be capable of automatically synchronizing cardinal grammeters. Such an instrument comprised of Dodge gears and bearings, Reliance Electric motors, Allen-Bradley controls, and all monitored by Rockwell Software is Rockwell Automation’s "Retro Encabulator".

Now, basically the only new principle involved is that instead of power being generated by the relative motion of conductors and fluxes, it’s produced by the modial interaction of magneto-reluctance and capacitive diractance. The original machine had a base plate of prefabulated amulite, surmounted by a malleable logarithmic casing in such a way that the two spurving bearings were in a direct line with the panametric fan.

The lineup consisted simply of six hydrocoptic marzelvanes, so fitted to the ambifacient lunar waneshaft that sidefumbling was effectively prevented. The main winding was of the normal lotus o-deltoid type placed in panendermic semiboloid slots of the stator, every seventh conductor being connected by a non-reversible tremie pipe to the differential girdlespring on the ‘up’ end of the grammeters. Moreover, whenever fluorescence score motion is required, it may also be employed in conjunction with a drawn reciprocation dingle arm to reduce sinusoidal depleneration.

The Retro Encabulator has now reached a high level of development, and it’s being successfully used in the operation of milford trenions.
 

bluesky

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The relentless action by the Bangladesh security forces against the Islamists have quietened the radicals, only momentarily.
If someone forgets Holy Artisan murders, BD has been radicalized by Islamic terrorists is a myth itself. About 15 progressive bloggers were killed during the last few years. The BAL govt systematically claims it was done by the Islamists.

The BAL govt hooligans killed the bloggers systematically and blamed Islamists for the killing that gained support from the Western countries. The BAL used this support to intimidate the opposition people.

But, who really killed vlogger Avijit, a US national? The govt hanged some people but the US knows two still remain fugitives and these two belong to the BAL Chetona group. So, the announcement of a $5 million bounty on these two.

BAL govt has been systematically killing progressive vloggers and blaming Islamists. Now, America knows about the reality.
 

Atlas

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But, who really killed vlogger Avijit, a US national? The govt hanged some people but the US knows two still remain fugitives and these two belong to the BAL Chetona group. So, the announcement of a $5 million bounty on these two.
Since you are all knowing, and know that Hasina was behind Pilkhana massacre ( you knew it from photoshopped YouTube documents)!

So perhaps you know that who is the killer of that/those men! Because if you gather your youtube photoshop evidence against Haisna , probably you should know these people too, because they are lesser entity than Hasina, hence more evidence should be available!

If you still don't know, what are you waiting for @bluesky? Jump in the ocean of knowledge (youtube!) , gather concrete evidence and provide the evidence to USA govt and get $5m!

Come on man, why wasting the chance to become a multi millionaire? :sarcastic:
BAL govt has been systematically killing progressive vloggers and blaming Islamists. Now, America knows about the reality.
I'm surprised by your new found love to Islamists. You are a die hard anti Muslim person ( as well as islamophobic) , still now taking the side of radical islamists? Are you trying to become next chief of Hefajot e islami?

Don't worry you don't have to be really pious man. Just look at maulana Mamunul haq! He was caught red handed with girlfriend!

Many modern Mullahs don't have to be very pious!
 
Last edited:

GumNaam

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Why Radicalisation in India through Bangladesh is Not a Myth

Security personnel keep watch, after gunmen stormed the Holey Artisan restaurant and took hostages, in the Gulshan area of Dhaka, Bangladesh, on July 1, 2016. File photo: Reuters

Security personnel keep watch, after gunmen stormed the Holey Artisan restaurant and took hostages, in the Gulshan area of Dhaka, Bangladesh, on July 1, 2016. File photo: Reuters

The relentless action by the Bangladesh security forces against the Islamists have quietened the radicals, only momentarily.

RAMI N. DESAI & JAIDEEP SAIKIA
Updated: January 19, 2022, 18:55 IST

In a recent interaction with the authors of this article, senior security officials drew a rather sceptical and caustic picture of the radicalisation scenario not just in Assam but all over India.

Almost 99 per cent of the experts were of the belief that Islamist radicalisation which is being tom-tommed is unfounded, without substance and that reports do not corroborate any of the aspects that have been stated in the media. The stance was particularly surprising as it emanated from the ground. The simplest of explanations given was that even though Bangladesh abuts Lower Assam closely, the manner in which Islamist radicals are being controlled, thanks to the dispensation of Sheikh Hasina, is preventing an overflow of radicalisation into India.

However, analysis holds its own and in this case foundations of radicalisation demand further scrutiny. Even though the Sheikh Hasina dispensation has been in earnest focused on curbing the rise of Islamist groups within Bangladesh, in addition to being a responsible friend to India, the fact is one has to understand the semantics of radical Islam and its militant form.

To begin with there are five key mazhabs or schools in Islam. The primary ones are a) Hanafi b) Shafei c) Maliki d) Hanbali and e) Zafariya (which is chiefly Shia). The Muslims of India are predominantly from the Hanafi sect of Islam. The sect adheres to the school of thought propounded by Imam Abu Hanifa and is considered to be the most liberal of the four Islamic schools of thought.

However, it is the Hanbali school that clearly is the chief sect driving the actions and motivations of formations such as al-Qaeda and ISIS (although there are member of other sects in both the groupings as well). The fact of the matter is that with the “entrance" of both al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) and ISIS by way of the Waliyah-i-Hind(Guardianship of Hindustan) into India, there is a possibility that the current atmosphere could witness radicalisation of an important group of Muslims in India.

Subsequently, the phenomenon of radicalisation can be attributed to the growing influence of the Hanbali school in the country by way of the resurgence of the Popular Front of India (PFI).

However, PFI — whose top leadership are primarily from Kerala — denies allegations that the organisation has any relationship with the Hanbali school (another name for Wahabi and/or Salafi), irrespective of the fact it has been radicalising Indian Muslims towards the conservative strain of Islam.

Further, the Hifazat-e-Islam Bangladesh (HIB) and Islami Andolan Bangladesh (IOB) in erstwhile East Pakistan — Islamist formations that have re-emerged in current times — are close associates of PFI. The HIB and IOB are working inside Bangladesh as over ground activists of al-Qaeda- and ISIS-affiliated organisations such as Jama’atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) and Ansarullah Bangla Team (ABT). Bowing to immense pressure from Sheikh Hasina’s Counter Terrorism and Transnational Crime apparatus of Bangladesh, both JMB and ABT have curtailed their activity for the present, propping up instead surrogates by way of HIB and IOB. The stratagem is simple. The methodology is to instill a sense of complacence in the establishment that promotes the idea that JMB and ABT have disappeared. On the contrary, the reality is that they have activated “Op Confusion" in Bangladesh as well as rejuvenated Islamism.

Indeed, a deliberate interlude or a tactical retreat is a time-tested stratagem of war. The authors are reminded of a book “A German General on the Eastern Front: The Letters and Diaries of Gotthard Heinrici, 1941-1942" by Johannes Hurter. It makes interesting reading in the contest of the article and, therefore, merits a passage at this juncture.

The excerpt states, “General Heinrici was a master of tactical retreat. The German general would attack the Russians and craft a gain and halt when his attack ran out of steam. He would swiftly construct a fake fortification on the freshly attained forward positions in order to create a ruse. Heinrici would then instantly pullback his forces five to six miles to a pre determined line of defence. The next morning the Russians would unleash an artillery barrage on the fake German front line, and deploy numerous divisions after the cessation of the artillery barrage. The ruse worked and the Russians on reaching the “fake front line" — with no one there — would run out of steam. At the same time Heinrici would be closely surveying the Russian artillery barrage and the send his army forward toward the exhausted Russians and stage a counter attack, often attaining a victory. The general used this tactic repeatedly. The Russians apparently never quite figured out how he succeeded in duping them."

The point being made is that although ISIS has experienced territorial defeat, it has been able to confuse the enemy with its continual subterfuges, turning disadvantages into advantages. Both al-Qaeda and ISIS have once again joined forces (they were always one and the same despite what some short-sighted observers seem to have surmised) and it is incumbent upon the enemy to fathom their presence amongst a population that has become even more resolute. The determination emanating a) from the spectacular successes that had been achieved by the al-Qaeda and ISIS since 9/11 and b) the accentuated line that has been drawn by way of “us and them".

Incidentally, in this regard, the opposing forces are also responsible for accentuating the divide with certain right-wing factions fanning deliberate fires of suspicion. A clear-eyed analysis would, therefore, bring to the fore the simplicity with which the Islamists have been able to not only rest, recuperate and turnover, but are readying themselves for the next onslaught.

Therefore, whereas there was exhibition of massive violent movement and radicalisation between 1999 and 2005 which the authors describe as the “First Wave", the “Second Wave" began with the “oath of allegiance" or Bay’ah by groups such as JMB and ABT to ISIS in the wake of the formation of the neo-caliphate of Abu Bakr-al-Baghdadi. It was also the time to undertake the hijrah in response to the “call from ar-raqqa". The territorial setbacks witnessed persistent “lone-wolf" attacks throughout the world including places such as Orlando and Nice and observers of Islamist action in Bangladesh would recall the “hostage situation" in Dhaka on July 1, 2016 and the machete killings and suicide bombings in the years following the event. The new “call to arms" was to decimate the infidel wherever found as the hijrah was no longer an undemanding affair.

However, relentless action by the Bangladesh security forces against the Islamists have quietened the radicals momentarily and the “battle" has been — temporarily — handed over to the good offices of HIB and IOB who are keeping the movement alive by demanding aspects such as the enactment of “Blasphemy Laws", non-erection of statues (primarily that of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman) which they state is un-Islamic, and making “Islamic education mandatory from primary to higher secondary levels cancelling the women policy and anti-religion education policy" and “freedom for all arrested ulema and madrassa students and withdrawal of all cases filed against them, compensation for the victims, and bringing the assailants to justice".

However, with the almost-total territorial ouster of ISIS from the areas that it had occupied in Iraq and Syria, the strategy is about to witness a sea change. Egged on by al-Qaeda and ISIS, which is already inside India, their affiliates (including PFI) would throw open the gates of radicalism and don a form that would be hitherto the most menacing. It would be a combination of a) mass recruitment b) protests against acts, laws and ministration that a combined grouping of radicals considers un-Islamic — thereby bringing into their fold fence-sitters and moderates among the minority community and c) let loose sophisticated forms of violence that most agencies would not be able to even imagine.

Guidebooks and couched aggression that steer the “warrior genes" inside both a deviant mind and a radical are aplenty, and so are off-the-desktop explosive manuals that can showcase how a lethal weapon is assembled with relative ease. Triacetone Triperoxide, an explosive known as the “Mother of Satan", which was reportedly first used in the Paris bombings of November 13, 2015 and one which fits easily into a jacket — reports suggest — seems to have emerged as the flavour of the times. Memories of Shakira, wife of Rashedur Rahman Sumon, a hardcore pro-ISIS, Neo-JMB cadre blowing herself up with her infant in her lap on December 26, 2016 should be sufficient proof about the manner in which an “aping-exercise" would be engendered by Indian counterparts in what the authors presage as the dawn of the “Third wave" of Radicalisation.

India can be sure of its own approach towards the inflow of radicalisation from Bangladesh and its networks in India. Radicalisation can never cease, it can only be suspended. And it is from that premise that Indian agencies must prepare for an onslaught that is inevitable. The only certainty that remains to accepted is “where there is a “Third Wave", there will be a “Fourth".

>Rami N. Desai is a conflict analyst and anthropologist with over a decade of experience in the northeast region. Jaideep Saikia is also a conflict analyst and a celebrated author of over 14 books on security. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not represent the stand of this publication.

:omghaha: @ indians complaining about "radicalization"!
 

Bilal9

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This article reminded me of this:


With customer success as our primary focus, work has been proceeding on the crudely conceived idea of an instrument that would not only provide inverse reactive current, for use in unilateral phase detractors, but would also be capable of automatically synchronizing cardinal grammeters. Such an instrument comprised of Dodge gears and bearings, Reliance Electric motors, Allen-Bradley controls, and all monitored by Rockwell Software is Rockwell Automation’s "Retro Encabulator".

Now, basically the only new principle involved is that instead of power being generated by the relative motion of conductors and fluxes, it’s produced by the modial interaction of magneto-reluctance and capacitive diractance. The original machine had a base plate of prefabulated amulite, surmounted by a malleable logarithmic casing in such a way that the two spurving bearings were in a direct line with the panametric fan.

The lineup consisted simply of six hydrocoptic marzelvanes, so fitted to the ambifacient lunar waneshaft that sidefumbling was effectively prevented. The main winding was of the normal lotus o-deltoid type placed in panendermic semiboloid slots of the stator, every seventh conductor being connected by a non-reversible tremie pipe to the differential girdlespring on the ‘up’ end of the grammeters. Moreover, whenever fluorescence score motion is required, it may also be employed in conjunction with a drawn reciprocation dingle arm to reduce sinusoidal depleneration.

The Retro Encabulator has now reached a high level of development, and it’s being successfully used in the operation of milford trenions.

Love it !!!

Great explanation. :lol:
:omghaha: @ indians complaining about "radicalization"!

If pot calls the kettle black - then pot thinks it will stop getting the blame as "kala".

F*cked up veggie-brain logic as usual...
 

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