There are many factions in China in the process of learning from the West. In the end they all lost to the Communist Party between 1840-1949.Pakistan will NEVER reach the skies as long as it does not address the deep cultural, socio-political and religious retardness which is endemic to Pakistani society. This was the very lethal mix that provided environment for vultures to come and rape the land. First it was the Sikhs and then after 1849 along came the British.
To be fair all societies have faced resurgent Europe as it spread across the globe driven by scientific culture and thought. The differance is some societies decided to learn the cause of why they got raped and then address that cause. The reason was quite obvious. It was the European scientific culture and thought often called "Western" today.
Turkey, Japan, China, South Korea etc decided to adopt "western" ideas and to rebuild their societies heavily informed by the West. Thus we saw Kemal Ataturk launch his reforms in 1920, the Chinese also began the reform process in 1920s and Mao consolidated them.
It must be noted here Chinese in Taiwan also followed the western model. Only they chose the capitalist iteration as opposed to Marxist iteration. But both evolutions are sourced in Europe.
The Japanese were the FIRST non Europeans to literally copy the west with the process begining in 1880s Meiji reformation. Out went the traditional Japanese dress and in came bowler hats and tuxedos of the time that were popular in the West. Not surprisingly the first non European people to go onto become a indistailiazed country were Japanese and defeated European Russian Empire in the Russo-Jap war in 1905 by sending good portion of the Tsars Navy to the bottom of the sea.
It was after this that Japanese were accorded the title of "honorary Europeans" and would take part in all global conferances to decide the fate of countries.
Interestingly the most advanced Muslim country today is Turkey which is in form literally a clone of western civilization. Even Erdogan swore himself as president with words that could have been crafted in Berlin, Paris or Wahshington.
Then there are societies who do the opposite. They insist on employing the very mix caused the defeat in the first place. Indeed they want even more of it. This is Pakistan for you. No surprises then that leads to the Pakistan you have today. A unstable, corrupt, poverty ridden country of 220 million people that almost produces nothing to export and is terminally dependent on western banks to survive and nowdays Chinese loans.
Only fools insist on repeating the same failed retardness. And utterly refuse to see the wining formula when it's there right in front of you. This thread demonstrates what I am saying.
You may then wonder about me? The problem is first I am primarily a product of the west and on top of that a anomaly. Anaomalies don't get to set the direction of countries. Mainsteam does and people like @Hiptullha are that.
Thus the state of Pakistan will continue as it is.
@beijingwalker @Dungeness @Char @redtom @PAKISTANFOREVER @Yankee-stani @313ghazi
They call that diplomatic answer. Holding a PDF title imposes the weight of comformity.
CCP has won the most brutal war. It is based on the effective organization and motivation of the Chinese.
The most important thing CCP learned from the West is the scientific method of analyzing society. Mao Zedong used these methods to find the right path for China.The sinicization of communism not only did not destroy China's traditional culture, but combined with Chinese culture to form a new Chinese culture, and it is this kind of culture that laid the foundation for China's development.
For example, why do Chinese people appear to be industrious?Because in communist theory, wealth comes from human labor. In the consciousness of the Chinese people, labor is for a better life. And when your labor cannot bring wealth, then Chinese people will habitually feel exploited, and then demand more violent social revolution.This will prompt the government to adjust the distribution of wealth to improve the lives of the people at the bottom.It is the poverty alleviation movement in China now.
And this kind of thinking penetrated into the Chinese people's thinking through the Cultural Revolution.This is why many people in China are rethinking the meaning of the Cultural Revolution. The Cultural Revolution destroyed the aristocratic sense of all classes in China. Anyone and any group can be questioned, denied, and attacked. China no longer has the possibility of aristocracy.
So the Chinese are now very disgusted with anyone who tries to preach to China from a high position. We only accept equal dialogue.This also explains the change in China's foreign policy. This is not Xi's personal characteristic, but China's consistent style. It's just that China didn't have strong strength before, and the world didn't pay much attention to it.