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War to resist US aggression and aid Korea

Discussion in 'China & Far East' started by TaiShang, Jul 3, 2016.

  1. TaiShang

    TaiShang ELITE MEMBER

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    War to resist US aggression and aid Korea
    2016-07-02 21:22:20
    CRIENGLISH.com Web Editor: Xu Yaqi

    The 20th century was a turbulent time in the history of the world. China was not excepted, with involvement in both world wars, a civil war, and a conflict on the neighboring Korean Peninsula.

    It was the year 1950, the first anniversary of the founding of The People's Republic of China. The country was weak in almost all aspects, but agreed to assist North Korea in resisting US-led UN forces.

    Thus commenced a 3-year War against US aggression in support of North Korea. For China, this battle was not just about helping North Korea, it was likewise a battle fought in self-defense.

    The Outbreak of Korean Civil War


    On 25 June, 1950, a series of cross-border raids and gunfire from both the North and South Korea sides broke out. Though scholars dispute over which side was the first to fire, the North Army crossed the 38th parallel a border between the two sides within the hour.

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    Korean People's Army of the North occupy Hanseong — the old name of Seoul — the capital city of South Korea in June, 1950. [Photo: kmyc.china5000.cn]

    International Interactions


    The Korean War sparked a resolution from the UN, where the Security Council, influenced by the US and UK, acknowledged that North Korea invaded the south and summoned UN troops (mostly Americans) to defend South Korea.

    US president Truman paralleled the North Korean invasion with that of Hitler's in the 1930s, obliging America to act. Truman would later acknowledge that he believed that US intervention was an essential part of the country's efforts toward the global containment of communism as outlined in National Security Council Report 68.

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    US General MacArthur receives the UN flag as he leads the Army to Korea. [Photo: kmyc.china5000.cn]

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    US troops landed at the port of Incheon, South Korea in September, 1950. [Photo: kmyc.china5000.cn]

    As President Truman ordered the US Seventh Fleet to the Taiwan Straits, then Chinese premier Zhou Enlai criticized both the UN and U.S. initiatives as "armed aggression on Chinese territory."

    In late August of 1950, US aerial forces entered China's territorial skies with surveillance operations and conducted several bombings. As the situation developed and in order to honor North Korea's request, China decided to take action and deployed the Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) to North Korea.

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    The file photo shows Mao Zedong (L), then Chairman of the Communist Party of China, and his son Mao Anying, a soldier of the PVA, who died fighting during the war in 1950. [Photo: kmyc.china5000.cn]


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    The Chinese People's Volunteer Army deploys to North Korea in October, 1950. [Photo: kmyc.china5000.cn]
    The End of the War

    After bouts of conflict and off-and-on negotiations, a final armistice agreement was signed by the UN Command, supported by the US, the North Korean People's Army, and the Chinese People's Volunteer Army in July 1953. This marked the end of the war although no peace treaty was ever attained.

    Chinese soldiers would then remain in North Korea to assist with post-war reconstruction, returning home only 5 years later.
     
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