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US military’s next generation jet engine, GEs XA100, just blew away existing jet engine technology

Aug 19, 2017
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GE just completed its initial test runs of the first full-scale XA100 three-stream adaptive combat engine–an entirely new fighter power plant that promises to give the United States a distinct advantage in the skies of the 21st century. Fighters have always had to maintain a tightrope walk between unleashing the power of their engines and saving enough fuel to be effective in a fight. With GE’s XA100, that’ll get a whole lot easier.


The first full-scale XA100 is one of two technology demonstrators contracted to GE through the U.S. Air Force’s Life Cycle Management Center’s Adaptive Engine Transition Program (AETP), with elements of development handled through both the Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology (ADVENT) and the Adaptive Engine Technology Development (AETD) programs.

This first demonstrator was intended to not just offer an incredible amount of power, but a huge improvement in engine efficiency that can grant greater fuel range and longer loiter times than ever before.

fighter engine
XA100 three-stream adaptive combat engine (GE)




And deliver they did. GE tested their XA100 at their high altitude test cell in Evendale, Ohio over the span of more than three months, starting at the tail end of 2020, and according to their reports, the engine actually exceeded their performance targets. Chief among their goals was successfully demonstrating the engine’s ability to operate in both a high-thrust mode that delivers unparalleled power in combat and a low-burn mode that allows for covering greater distances or remaining airborne for extended periods of time.


The aim of GE’s XA100 engine was to increase thrust by 10% and fuel efficiency by 25%, but in testing, the engine did even better than that.


fighter engine
GE’s XA100 engine prototype (GE)



American combat aircraft are already renowned for their powerful and efficient engines. China and Russia both have new fifth-generation (stealth) fighters in service, but both nations continue to struggle with fielding engines that are adequate to meet the performance needs of top-tier fighters in the 21st century. However, China claims to be nearing development on their WS-15 engines that were specifically designed to bring their Chengdu J-20 stealth fighter on par with America’s F-22, threatening to erode that advantage.

GE’s new XA100 can produce a whopping 45,000 pounds of thrust, edging out the Pratt and Whitney’s F-135-PW-100 that currently powers America’s single-engine F-35 Joint Strike Fighter and making it a viable option for the conventional-runway iteration of the jet, the F-35A. This news comes amid ongoing concerns about F-35 engine availability and maintenance issues that could threaten as many as 20% of F-35s if a resolution isn’t found soon. While GE’s XA100 would not enter service in time to address these shortfalls, the new engine shines a light on the concept’s promising future, as well as other potential applications for this engine that span three fighter generations.




That part about “legacy, current production, and future fighter aircraft programs” is particularly important as the United States Air Force continues to hash out how best to approach the problem of airpower in this new era of near-peer competition. The F-35, once intended to serve as the backbone of the U.S. Air Force for decades to come, now faces renewed criticism over operational costs that threaten the program’s supremacy on the Air Force’s budgetary priority list.

Meanwhile, older fighters like the F-15 have returned to prominence through significant upgrades, with the F-15EX Eagle II making its way into service. And like the Air Force, the U.S. Navy is also doubling down on their legacy fourth-generation platforms, taking deliveries on the first new Block III Super Hornets last summer.

Not to keep too much focus on the past and present, however, the Air Force and Navy are also continuing their hushed development on the NGAD fighter program that promises to yield America’s next air superiority platform, which some believe will be the first of a sixth-generation of fighters. All told, that means the United States will likely be operating three different generations of fighters simultaneously within the coming twenty years. While fifth and sixth-generation platforms will offer the greatest survivability in highly contested airspace, fourth-generation jets would also benefit from an increase in power and efficiency, making the world’s most capable 4th-gen birds even morecapable.


Importantly, however, that additional capability won’t come with extra stuff for the pilot to keep track of. In recent years, the Pentagon has devoted huge swaths of funding to limiting the cognitive load on fighter pilots during combat operations, streamlining their interface with the aircraft’s controls, and fusing data to offer pertinent information in the pilot’s line of sight. In keeping with this concept, GE’s XA100 handles the transition between modes without any need for pilot input.


But the XA100 isn’t just a big deal because of its fuel efficiency and power. While this new engine’s ability to seamlessly transition between tearing through the sky like a top fuel dragster and minding the fuel gauge like a Toyota Prius might catch the attention of aviation enthusiasts, it might be the engine’s thermal management and use of advanced component technologies that really make the XA100 a leap forward in fighter engines.


According to Tweedie, the XA100’s “three-stream architecture” enables a doubling of thermal management capacity, or in other words, a real reduction in the heat created by the engine’s operation. That heat reduction is essential as modern aircraft shift away from traditional metal airframes and fuselages and toward more advanced composite materials. Heat is currently a limiting factor in power production, but that will no longer be the case with this new generation of powerplant.


Advanced component technologies including additive and Ceramic Matrix Composites leveraged in the XA100’s design also play an important role in what makes this new engine stand head and shoulders above previous power plants. Not only does this reduce the overall weight of the engine, it also increases its durability over previous designs.

The result combination of power, fuel efficiency, heat management, and resilient but lightweight construction make the XA100 the physical embodiment of a fighter engine wish-list. While any of these improvements in capability would be welcome in most fighter designs, the collection of them in a single system could well make for a power plant that is even greater than the sum of its parts.

And with nations all over the world hurriedly developing new fifth and sixth-generation fighters, the United States will need every advantage it can muster to retain the competitive edge.

https://www.sandboxx.us/blog/ges-new-fighter-engine-just-blew-away-existing-jet-technology/


20% more thrust, 30% more range, 50% longer loitering time, 2x mission systems growth due to thermal management. This is insane progress for jet engine technology. :eek:



Man you guys always come up with innovative ways to make rest of us feel jealous...anyways...congratz
 

VCheng

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20% more thrust, 30% more range, 50% longer loitering time, 2x mission systems growth due to thermal management. This is insane progress for jet engine technology.

Those are some impressive gains indeed, if realized in actual use.
 

hyperman

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Never argue with that guy Mr.Austin Powers. it always ends with that Mark Twain quote. “Never argue with stupid people, they will drag you down to their level and then beat you with experience" lol
 

CAPRICORN-88

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Beware of US journalism and over optimistic. We all know the history of FW-100 engine for F-16 which go thru a painful process of multiple plane crashed and immature of technology before trial and error over a period of time , making it mature enough to serve the armed forces well.
Or a concurrency process based on trial and errors resulting in many defects e.g. F-22, F-35, GE F-135, etc.

The truth is USA is desperate trying to stagger its decline due to lack of funding in R&D but hits a nail when it comes to China. This is where PPP matters e.g. a similar chip made in USA cost 6x more in USA.
IMO US is prematurely blowing its cover. Development will take ages. :coffee:
 

shanlung

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And what about Murica F-35 supposed to blow away anyone who dared to fly in the sky with them??

:rofl: :rofl::rofl::omghaha::omghaha::omghaha:

F-35 blew themselves away instead

Lockheed Martin declares Mission (almost) Accomplished, brings F-35’s 100+ safety flaws down to 8... and hundreds of lesser issues


https://www.rt.com/usa/488373-f35-safety-flaws-fixed-fail/

The outstanding ability of Murica is their ability to boast and blow hot air at everything that moved.
Legacy and touchstone of India influence on Murica
 

KAL-EL

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Never argue with that guy Mr.Austin Powers. it always ends with that Mark Twain quote. “Never argue with stupid people, they will drag you down to their level and then beat you with experience" lol

Thanks, but believe me, I’m well aware.
 

Goritoes

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Shhh don’t say that! That will upset a few people here :lol:

I think what other competing countries need to focus on is getting ahead of the US when it comes to Technology. The thing is US is maintaining a lead in Military Technological advancements, with its huge budget and experience.
 

shanlung

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The thing is US is maintaining a lead in Military Technological advancements, with its huge budget and experience.


:omghaha: :omghaha::omghaha:




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Despite overlapping coverage. And those missiles were sub sonic slow poke missiles.
USA did not know then that the missiles were there and coming.
USA to date with records of radar traces got no clue where the missiles came from or going to.
Until those missiles hit their intended targets with big BANGS. If not , USA and KSA got no clues that the missiles were even there.

And USA charging billions for stuff which was all bluff and smoke and mirrors when the crunch came.
 

KAL-EL

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I think what other competing countries need to focus on is getting ahead of the US when it comes to Technology. The thing is US is maintaining a lead in Military Technological advancements, with its huge budget and experience.

And some of those countries are well on their way. Nothing wrong with competition in my book.

As of now, yes, the US maintains a technological lead in military technology.

Only someone who is an extremely biased hyper nationalistic type would not acknowledge that.

Exciting times are ahead
 

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