• Wednesday, January 29, 2020

US interests in Pakistan go well beyond Afghanistan; US deep state hates to admit this

Discussion in 'Strategic & Foreign Affairs' started by maximuswarrior, Jan 16, 2020.

  1. maximuswarrior

    maximuswarrior BANNED

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    Without Afghanistan, Pakistan and the US need a new basis for relationship

    January 12, 2020 - 05:00 PM EST

    BY DANIEL F. RUNDE, OPINION CONTRIBUTOR

    For the last 40 years, The U.S.-Pakistan relationship has been distorted through the lens of Afghanistan. Although it remains unclear exactly how or when the United States’ relationship with Afghanistan will change, the U.S. will reduce its footprint on Afghanistan and have a different kind of engagement in the future. It is important for Pakistan to recognize that if the Taliban “wins,” the United States will largely hold Pakistan responsible.

    All the many sacrifices of the Pakistan military in the war against terrorism — and their security concerns in the region — will be largely forgotten. Pakistan will face another wave of millions of refugees in addition to those that are still here, with little sympathy from the international community. So we should urge that Pakistan think very hard about what else it can do to ensure that Ambassador Khalilzad succeeds in getting Afghans to the table, that the result of that negotiation is not an Islamic Emirate run by the Taliban, and that any such new Afghan government is not again undermined by forces that still have a home in Pakistan.

    Having said that, the United States has many interests outside of Afghanistan with Pakistan, and the U.S. needs to build a relationship with Pakistan on a stand-alone basis, not a derivative of our relationship with some other country.

    Population-wise, Pakistan is currently the fifth largest country in the word. It will grow to 245 million people in the next ten years. Pakistan also has the largest percentage of youth globally. If their energy is harnessed properly, these young people could prove to become a demographic dividend; however, if their energy is not channeled in a productive way, this will become a demographic timebomb.

    Pakistan’s population is in the same league as other democracies such as Brazil, Indonesia, and Nigeria. The United States has security ties with each of these democracies, but it also has economic ties, people-to-people ties, and ties in technology, education, and innovation. We should have similarly broad and deep relations with Pakistan.

    Although there are valid criticisms in the United States of Pakistan, we need to engage the country in a more rounded way. A broader, more comprehensive engagement would likely require Pakistan to also have a more comprehensive vision of its own role in the world — one also less-viewed through the prism of a single country, namely, India. Pakistan places a disproportionate lens on its military and defense, it spent 4 percent of its GDP on the military in 2018. In contrast, Pakistan only spent 2.9 percent of GDP on education in 2017.

    Pakistan’s Potential

    Pakistan could become another Argentina or Ukraine in terms of agricultural potential. Agriculture accounts for 20 percent of Pakistan’s GDP and employs 43 percent of its workforce. Agriculture also plays a huge role in Pakistan’s exports, accounting for about 80 percent. But Pakistan’s agricultural productivity currently only ranges between 29-52 percent and could be much higher, with broader use of improved seeds and farming techniques.

    Pakistan also has very significant tourism potential. It is best known for its ancient historical and religiously significant buildings, such as the Madshahi and Grand Jamia Mosque. It also has immense natural beauty, such as the Hunza Valley and Desoi National Park. However, Pakistan is one of the least competitive countries in South Asia in regard to travel. Pakistan had 1.7 million visitors in 2017, compared to Sri Lanka’s 2.3 million and Jordan’s 4.2 million. Introducing a recent e-visa program was a great start to opening the doors for tourism but much more needs to be done.

    Pakistan has significant hydropower potential but has only developed one-tenth of its 60,000 MW potential. If this resource were properly tapped, it could play a huge role in tackling the power deficit in Pakistan and the broader region.

    What would a reframed relationship with Pakistan look like?

    On the U.S. side a reframed relationship would require a broader and larger set of stakeholders. We would see Pakistan not as a problem to be managed but also as an opportunity as a potential South Asian economic tiger.

    Most members of congress who had an interest in Pakistan — especially outside of the military relationship — have left politics, so a new coalition in Congress needs to be rebuilt. The relationship is poisoned by disappointments, accusations, fear and distrust.

    Education is also key to reframing the relationship. Student exchange programs are beneficial in improving relations between countries. In 2016, the last year for which we could find numbers, there was an 8.5 percent increase in the number of Pakistani students studying in the United States — which is still just 11,000 Pakistani students. That is half of the 22,000 Pakistani students studying in China.

    The United States must revisit its foreign aid program to support Pakistan in reaching its full potential. From recent informal conversations, it’s clear that neither OPIC, now the USDFC, nor EXIM Bank have sent a mission to Pakistan for many years. That needs to change. Our foreign aid has dropped drastically and is at levels far below what’s required, given the challenges. Creating a new relationship could take as a long as a decade but must begin now.

    In recent years, the U.S. has had an overmilitarized relationship with Pakistan.

    Most people in the Beltway who know about Pakistan work in the intelligence community or the military. Having said that, the United States should increase our military training with Pakistan’s military. The Pakistani military is no longer in the coup business. We get a lot of mileage out of engaging the military in Pakistan — who admire U.S. hardware and U.S. training — but we need to strike a good balance. From the 90s until 2001, a generation of Pakistani and U.S. military people missed out on forming strong bonds due to our disengagement.

    That served neither Pakistan nor the US.

    The good news is that after a short break, International and Military Education and Training (IMET) slots will soon be offered again to young Pakistani military officers. In spite of our overly militarized relationship, the U.S. should engage and increase military training.

    Reframing the U.S.-Pakistan relationship is a two-way street, and the United States has to keep its side of the street clean. U.S. aid must also continue.

    Colombia and Indonesia had unfavorable country brands 20 years ago, and today those countries are seen in a different light by investors and tourists alike. It is entirely possible that Pakistan could have a different positive country brand a decade from now.

    The relatively new government in Pakistan has the political will to begin making positive change happen, distancing itself from both the violent extremist groups and the corruption that marked so many previous governments.

    Daniel F. Runde is a senior vice president and William A. Schreyer chair in Global Analysis at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He previously worked for the U.S. Agency for International Development, the World Bank Group, and in investment banking, with experience in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East.

    https://thehill.com/opinion/interna...stan-pakistan-and-the-us-need-a-new-basis-for
     
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  2. maximuswarrior

    maximuswarrior BANNED

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    The US doesn't realise how much clout it has lost in Pakistan since the deceptions, backstabbings and lies. There is a lot of wishful thinking, but the truth is that Pak US relations are beyond recovery. They are tainted and marred with duplicity.

    The US deep state calls the shots in USA. The deep state is in bed with Hindustan. The goal is to contain China. US India interests align. These are to undermine China and Pakistan. The US still needs Pakistan for a multitude of reasons though and this is bitter irony.

    Pak US relations will exist as transactional in years to come. There will be a lot of frustration, anger and accusations. A healthy normal relationship between US and Pakistan is unthinkable.
     
    Last edited: Jan 16, 2020
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  3. Baz

    Baz BANNED

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    US can go and crack its own behind
     
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  4. PakGuns

    PakGuns FULL MEMBER

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    US still the largest importer of Pakistan made products...I hope we could balance it out between China and US, So we just pit our interests first and take as much advantage from.both as possible rather than be a boot licker for either one of then
     
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  5. Abdul Rehman Majeed

    Abdul Rehman Majeed FULL MEMBER

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    We should nuke India and make US ally less in South Asia. Problem solved.
     
  6. Starlord

    Starlord ELITE MEMBER

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    Obama has screwed this relationship for decades to come, I doubt it will get any better anytime soon but i hope it does .
     
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  7. jupiter2007

    jupiter2007 SENIOR MEMBER

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    USA is not giving anything that Pakistan need.

    Pakistan need to better monitor any Monetary support coming from USA to NGOs or media companies in Pakistan.
     
    Last edited: Jan 17, 2020
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  8. -blitzkrieg-

    -blitzkrieg- FULL MEMBER

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    They want our help on withering Chinas "negative influence" in the region..
    They think we will fall for this.. with some good perks.
     
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  9. maximuswarrior

    maximuswarrior BANNED

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    We won't. Not this time.
     
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  10. Minho

    Minho BANNED

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    I thought changing titles of articles is against forum rules?

    #ThanksObama
     
  11. seven0seven

    seven0seven BANNED

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    Show me which IOK freedom organizations as terror organization according to UN

    only MOD have a right to change the misleading title of the the thread not even single ELITE MEMBER have this right
     
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  12. PakSword

    PakSword PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST

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    The moment we agree to ditch China, US will become our BFF again. I don't think Pakistan will agree to any such demand.

    CPEC will continue, China will keep posting good GDP growth rates despite US's containment and trade wars and hopefully Pakistan will also take full benefit of it when CPEC becomes fully operational.

    There's only one issue that may create problems between China and Pakistan in future, i.e. Uyghyur issue. Pakistan should work with China and may use its influence to bring it as an observer in OIC.. It will be a good platform to work things out amicably.
     
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  13. Pakistan Ka Beta

    Pakistan Ka Beta FULL MEMBER

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    Only an idiot will trust USA . 1989 widrawl of USSR from Afghanistan , 1990-1998 , 1998-2001 , 2011-2018 years are few examples of deception of USA . I m happy nobody in Pakistan now trust america .
     
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  14. Baz

    Baz BANNED

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    Spot on...this is all legal when they do it but for us they have FATF
     
  15. jupiter2007

    jupiter2007 SENIOR MEMBER

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    Pakistan should improve ties with Russia, Brazil, Venezuela and Japan. This will further pissoff USA.