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Hakan

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Turkish UAV's
Threads open for discussion on UAV's:
TAI Sahit Tactical UAV 'IHA-X1' (1992)

TAISahit.png


TAI Keklik target drone (1995)

keklik.jpg


TAI Turna/Turna G target drone 'S-38' (1995)
Turnasandg.jpg


TAI Marti UAV (2003)
Marti.jpg


TAI Pelican UAV 'IHA-X2' (2003)
TAIPelikan.png


Pelikan.jpg


TAI Baykus tactical UAV (2003-2004)
Baykus.jpg


TAI Gözcü tactical UAV (2007)
Turkey _ TAI-TUSAS _ Cozcu r2w.jpg


Gozcu 1.jpg



Max.t/o weight: 85 kg.
Powerplant: Wankel/38 hp.
Mission speed: 90 kts.
Endurance: 120+ mns.
Max. altitude: 12000 ft.
Payload: EO/IR
Data link range: 50 km.
Launch/Recovery: Catapult/Parachute.

The composite platform, which can reacha maximum altitude of 12000 ft (ASL),
with 8 kg maximum payload capacity,is capable to carry both daylight and night camera and transfer
real-time video images up to 50 km.All the critical hardware and software of the system,
which has way point navigation and autonomous flight capabilities, have also been developed byTAI engineers.

TR Defence Forum • View topic - An overview of Turkish UAV R&D and production

(Credit for many images and info used in this thread go to fuzuli from TR Defence Forum)
 
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Hakan

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TAI Simsek high-speed target drone

simsek.jpg


Being an indigenous Design and Development program, ŞİMŞEK High Speed Target Drone System program was initiated in 2009 to meet the increasing training needs of the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF).

The System will meet the requirements of high speed target drone simulating enemy aircraft and missiles for air to air, ground to air, anti-aircraft gunnery and missile systems’ tracking and firing trainings. Open architecture design of ŞİMŞEK High Speed Target Drone System can be modified with respect to customer requirements.

Indigenous TAI design and production

  • 60 minutes Endurance
  • Max. Speed 205 m/sec (400 kts)
  • Mission altitude between 30ft (10m) to 15000 feet (4500 m) (ASL)
  • 100 km LOS Data Link Range with GCS
  • Take-off with launcher recovery by parachute on land or sea
  • Ability to take-off and control from Navy vessels
  • Structure manufactured with advanced composite technology
  • Compatible with military standards
  • Full autonomous flight mode with Waypoint / Heading / Speed / Altitude hold modes including take-off and landing with Indigenous “GCS Flight Control System” and “Autopilot System”
  • Preprogrammed flight ability to assign waypoints and change during / before flight
  • Return Home & Fail Safe Modes for automatic recovery to a predefined return home point
  • Mission planning and control with EMI/EMC filtered, air conditioned, portable/mobile/stationary Ground Control Station
  • Record and playback of real-time coded digital flight data telemetry
  • Ability to recognize and load digital maps
Payloads:

  • Passive Radar Cross Section Augmenter - Luneberg Lens
  • Passive IR Signature
  • Miss Distance Indicator
  • Counter Measure Dispensing System
  • Tracking Smoke Generator
  • Radar Altimetre
ŞİMŞEK - Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc.

TAI R-300 VTOL Combat UAV

4297.jpg
R-300 has fully-autonomous flight including automatic take-off and landing capability.

Characteristics

  • Length (m) : 6,10
  • Rotor Diameter (m) : 5,95
  • Payload Weight (kg) : 80
  • MTOW (kg) : 325
Performance
  • Endurance (hr) : 4+
  • Service Ceiling (ft) : 10.000 (MSL)
  • Datalink Range (km) : 200
  • Max. Cruise Speed (kts) : 70
System Features
  • Full HD EO/IR payloads
  • Fixed or moving target tracking capability
  • Fully autonomous operation
  • Automatic take-off and landing
  • High data rate digital datalink
  • Remote Video Terminal option
  • Easy-to-Maintain
Control Station Features

  • STANAG 4586 compliant GCS
  • Mission planning, management, simulation and playback capabilities
  • Data recording capability
  • User-frendly MMI
  • External C4I Interfaces
R-300 - Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc.


 

Hakan

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TAI ANKA (MALE)

ANKA, advanced Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) class Unmanned Aerial System, performs day and night, all-weather reconnaissance, target detection / identification and intelligence missions with its EO/IR and SAR payloads, featuring autonomous flight capability including Automatic Take-off and Landing.

ANKA incorporates a heavy-fuel engine and electro-expulsive Ice Protection System with an Advanced Ground Control Station and dual datalink allowing operational security and ease.

The system is expandable with a Transportable Image Exploitation Station, Radio Relay, Remote Video Terminal and SATCOM.

CHARACTERISTICS

  • Wing Span : 17.3m
  • Length : 8m
  • Powerplant : Heavy fuel engine (155 hp)
  • Payload Capacity : 200kg (full endurance)
  • Power 9kW
PERFORMANCE
  • Endurance : 24 hours
  • Service ceiling : 30,000ft (MSL)
  • Data range : 200km
MISSION CAPABILITIES
  • Day and night, all weather ISR mission capabilities with EO/IR/LD/LRF and SAR/ISAR/GMTI payloads
  • Fixed or moving target tracking capability
  • ATC radio relay over datalink
  • On-board data recording capability
  • Expansion capabilities including SATCOM, SIGINT & communications relay
  • Remote Video Terminal option
SYSTEM FEATURES
  • Fully automous operation
  • Dual-redundant flight control system
  • Dual-redundant automatic takeoff and landing system
  • Dual-redundant electrical power generation
  • Dual-redundant high data rate digital datalink
  • Electro-expulsive ice protection system
  • C-130 Transportability
  • Easy to Maintain
CONTROL STATION FEATURES
  • NATO compliant ACEIII type shelter
  • STANAG 4586 compliant
  • Redundant command and control consoles
  • Mission planning, management, simulation and playback capabilities
  • User-friendly MMI
  • External C4I Interfaces



Anka will use the Aselsan SAR Radar:
sar_birimleri_fonsuz.jpg
Video about Sar:

Aselsan | SAR - Sentetik Açıklıklı Radar - Synthetic Aperture Radar - YouTube

Domestic Engine being developed for the ANKA:

Turkish Company Hopes To Build New Anka Engine, Win Exports | Defense News | defensenews.com

anka engine.jpg



TIHA.jpg
 
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Hakan

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Baykar Malazgirt mini VTOL UAV

malazgirit.jpg


Malazgirt Mini Unmanned Helicopter System is a complete autonomous flying robotic system solution. With its automatic vertical landing/take off and anytime anywhere automatic hovering capability makes it a very attractive choice especially in geographically harsh environmental conditions. Fielded since 2006, Malazgirt Mini Helicopter UAV System is the world's first operational mini unmanned helicopter system.
Rotor Span: 1.8 m.
Length: 1.2 m.
Range: 20 Km.
Operational Altitude: 3600 ft.
Maximum Altitude: 12000 ft.
Endurance (Gasoline Engine): 90 mns.
Endurance ( Electric Motor): 35 mns.

malazgirt1-copy(1) (1).jpg

BAYKAR
TR Defence Forum • View topic - An overview of Turkish UAV R&D and production


Bayraktar Mini UAV

bayraktar 1.jpg

Bayraktar Mini Unmanned Aerial Vehicle is a complete smart robotic field proven solution for short range reconnaissance and surveillance applications.

  • 200 Units Deployed since 2007
  • More than 50,000 sorties
Bayraktar is a mini UAV produced by Baykar Makina for the Turkish Armed Forces. Designed for short range reconnaissance and surveillance missions, Bayraktar is currently operational with the Turkish Land Forces.

The mini UAV was developed by a joint venture of Baykar Makina and the Kale Group. The hand-launched, fully autonomous UAV took in to the skies first in October 2005. The Bayraktar fleet has completed more than 20,000 flight hours.

In August 2006, the Turkish Army placed a contract with Kale-Baykar joint venture for the delivery of 19 Bayraktar hand-launched mini UAV systems.

The first acceptance tests of the UAV systems were successfully completed and the prototype aircraft delivered in December 2007. The flight demonstrations were concluded in 2009 and the UAV was accepted by the Turkish Land Forces Command in 2010.

Bayraktar UAV design
The fuselage components are made of composites including carbon fibre and glass fibre, Kevlar, foam and epoxy materials. The front section houses modular payloads such as a thermal camera module or day camera module, which can be installed pre-flight.

"Bayraktar has a length of 1.2m and a wingspan of 2m."
The wing assembly consists of the right wing, middle wing and left wing. The V-Tails are equippeded to the tail boom, which is connected to the main fuselage. The main fuselage is mostly covered with a Kevlar laminate to absorb the shock of belly landing. The main structural parts of the UAV are interchangeable. The UAV is driven by an electric motor powered by battery.

Bayraktar features a unique parachute system for the recovery. The parachute system enables the UAV to land on areas with restricted flatness. The UAV however has automatic belly landing feature too.

Payload
The Bayraktar mini UAV was tested and demonstrated with electro-optical / infra-red payload. It can be configured for carrying either thermal camera (Payload 1) or day camera (Payload 2).

Navigation
The Bayraktar mini UAV can be controlled either manually from the ground control station or through autopilot system. Equipped with advanced software algorithms, the autopilot system enables the mini UAV to be used as a reliable flying platform for reconnaissance missions. The UAV system uses frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) digital data link for the data transfers.

The UAV can autonomously perform taxi, takeoff and landing operations with the help of onboard sensors. It can automatically return home and land safely in case of lost communication; hence useful in GPS-denied environments. The UAV is also equipped with stall and spin control mechanism for safe flight operations.

Ground control station
The portable ground control station (GCS) retrieves, processes and stores the real-time data provided by the mini UAV. The portable GCS features a rugged touch screen laptop / PC for mission planning / control and payload control / image review.

"Bayraktar features a unique parachute system for the recovery."
The control screen is used for displaying the flight status data as well as switching the UAV from manual to automatic mode. The GCS operator controls the payloads and sensors while gathering information from the battlefield.

The control station is also fitted with a real-time micro-controller based system, membrane button panel, industrial joystick, power supply and rechargeable battery unit (three hours working time). The GCS requires two crew members to operate the UAV.

Performance
Bayraktar has a length of 1.2m and a wingspan of 2m. The maximum take-off weight of the UAV is 4.5kg. The stated endurance is 60-80 minutes. The UAV can fly at an operational altitude of 4,000m. It has a cruise speed of 60km/h and a maximum range of 150km. It can fly in temperatures ranging from -20°C to +55°C.

Bayraktar Mini Unmanned Aerial Vehicle - Army Technology

bayraktar.jpg


takeoffhakk.jpg


 
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Hakan

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Bayraktar Tactical UAS

9.jpg


1 (1).JPG


General Info

Bayraktar Tactical UAS is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance class system developed for tactical reconnaissance and surveillance missions. Prototype Development Phase started within 2007 based on competition model. Bayraktar Tactical UAS with its critical all subsystems including Flight Control, INS-GPS, Automatic Take Off-Landing systems developed in house demonstrated fully automatic taxi, take off, cruise, landing, parking phases in 2009 and was selected as the winner of the program. Final production stage officially started in 2012.

Flight Performance Characteristics:

22,500 Feet Operational Altitude
20 Hours Endurance
150 Km Communication Range
Fully Autonomous Flight Features with Triple Redundant Flight Control System
Sensor Fusion Architecture




shelter_02.png

baykar avionics.jpg



Credit for picture goes to Cabatli_53





 
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Hakan

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Vestel Karayel

karayel7.png

Karayel UAV System is an unmanned air vehicle system designed and manufactured by Vestel for the purpose of aerial observation. Karayel has the ability to perform the task entirely on its own without an assistance on an onboard pilot. Critical components of the system, the aircraft and avionics, are completely developed by VESTEL.

Karayel Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System, a reconnaissance and surveillance system, was developed in 2007 and began test flights in 2009. Remote sensing systems on board are able to detect a target and mark for laser-guided munitions. All phases of the flight, take-off, landing and flight profile are performed autonomously. Critical compnents such as autonomous systems and airframe are designed and manufactured by Vestel. Karayel System has been developed as a reliable system in terms of flight safety and aviation regulations will be released in the coming years are compatible. Payload bay is configurable for the military and civilian applications.

Karayel System is on development with extended features for the Land Forces Command. In 2013, 6 aircrafts will be delivered.

Propulsion
Engine 1×70 Hp Mutual (Opposed Cylinders)
Propeller
Dimensions
Wing Span 10,5 m
Length 6,5 m
Propeller 1,45 m diameter
Weights
MTOW (Maximum Take Off Weight) 500 kg
Payload 70 kg
Performance
Cruise Speed 60-80 knot
Endurance > 20 hours
Operation Altitude 22.500 ft
Data Link
Class LOS
Radius > 150 km
Power
Power 2,5 kW
Navigation
Navigation Fully Autonomous or Manual
Payload
Payload Coloured Day CameraIR Night CameraLaser Range FinderLaser Pointer
Take Off
Runway Fully Autonomous or Manual
Launcher Fully Autonomous or Manual
Landing
Runway Fully Autonomous
Parachute Fully Autonomous and Controllable
Structure
Material Composite
Other
De-Ice / Heating De-Ice / Heating
Lighting Anti-Collision and Navigation
Ground Control Station Mobile Shelter


 

Hurshid Celebi

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Turkish unmanned combat fighter to be developed until 2030 !
Roadmap between SSM , Turkish Forces, participating industries and Universities agreed !




Kendi tankını, savaş gemisini, insansız hava aracını üreten Türkiye, tamamen milli imkanlarla Türk insansız savaş uçağını üretmek için kolları sıvadı. Robot Türk savaş uçakları 2030’da göklerde olacak.

SAVUNMA Sanayii Müsteşarlığı (SSM) Türk İnsansız Savaş Uçağı’nın (TİSU) milli imkanlarla gerçekleştirilmesi için çalışma başlattı. SSM koordinasyonuyla Türk ...Silahlı Kuvvetleri, sanayi kuruluşları ve üniversitelerin işbirliği ile Türkiye İHA Sistemleri Yol Haritası çalışması gerçekleştirildi. 2011-2030 yılları arasındaki 20 yıllık süreci kapsayan bu yol haritasına göre 2030 yılına kadar Türk İnsansız Savaş Uçağı’nın (TİSU) milli imkanlarla gerçekleştirilmesi için gerekli teknolojik altyapının oluşturulması ve yakın zamanda kaynak planlamasının yapılarak fizibilite çalışmalarına başlanması amaçlanıyor. İHA Sistemleri Yol Haritası çalışmasının, insansız kara-deniz araçları da dahil tüm otonom sistemleri kapsayacak şekilde ‘İnsansız Sistemler Yol Haritası’nın oluşturulmasına öncülük etmesi planlanıyor.

İHA sistemlerinde yurtdışına bağımlılığın getirdiği çeşitli sıkıntılar (ülkeler arası veya küresel krizler, çeşitli kısıtlamalara tabi alt sistemlerin temininde yaşanan sorunlar, bakım/işletmede bağımlılık, kritik yazılımlara hakimiyet) sebebiyle TSK’nın ihtiyaç duyduğu İHA sistemlerinin en kısa sürede ve en düşük maliyetle tedarik edilebilmesi amacıyla yaklaşık 10 yıldır yurtiçi özgün sistem geliştirme çalışmalarına hız verildi.

Hedef uçak ve GİHA’lar yolda

Hava ve Deniz Kuvvetleri Komutanlıklarının ihtiyacı olan eğitim atışları, hava savunma sistemleri eğitimleri ve ilgili silah sistemi performans kontrollerini yapmak amacıyla ‘Hedef Uçak sistemi’ geliştirilecek. Söz konusu sistemin sözleşmesi bu yıl içinde imzalanacak.

Deniz Kuvvetleri Komutanlığının ihtiyacı olan deniz harekat alanında etkili su üstü keşfi yapabilecek, gemiye konuşlu ve dikey iniş-kalkış yapabilen insansız hava aracı tedarik edilecek. Bu projenin sözleşmesinin ise gelecek yıl imzalanması planlanıyor.

İHA yatırımı 90’larda başladı

TÜRKİYE’NİN 1990’lı yıllarda, hazır alım projeleri ile başlayan insansız hava araçlarına (İHA) ilgisi, özellikle 2004 yılında alınan kararla Yurt İçi Geliştirme Modeli sayesinde hız kazandı. Gelecekte gelişmiş ülkeler silahlı kuvvetlerinin kullandığı sistemlerin büyük çoğunluğunun insansız sistemlerden oluşması öngörülürken bugün 40’tan fazla ülke İHA sistemi geliştirme ve üretimi yürütüyor.

26 shipborne UAV s (GIHA) will become soon operational. Every frigate will be equipped with 1-2 UAVs , 12 hours operational in 7000 meter heigth and up to 100 km datalink to ship.
At least 10 will be operational in Aegean Sea. Local industry and SSM are preparing for contracts. Estimated delivery between 2017-2018


 
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Hurshid Celebi

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With new acquisitons to be
acquired by SİHA system such as
weapon integration and satellite
communication, another significant
step would be taken for the
development of technologies required
for “Turkish Unmanned Combat
Aircraft (TİSU)”, which is identified in
UAV Roadmap.

Published in Defence Turkey
VOLUME 7 ISSUE 38 YEAR 2012
 

FutureMe

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Turkish unmanned combat fighter to be developed until 2030 !
Roadmap between SSM , Turkish Forces, participating industries and Universities agreed !




Kendi tankını, savaş gemisini, insansız hava aracını üreten Türkiye, tamamen milli imkanlarla Türk insansız savaş uçağını üretmek için kolları sıvadı. Robot Türk savaş uçakları 2030’da göklerde olacak.

SAVUNMA Sanayii Müsteşarlığı (SSM) Türk İnsansız Savaş Uçağı’nın (TİSU) milli imkanlarla gerçekleştirilmesi için çalışma başlattı. SSM koordinasyonuyla Türk ...Silahlı Kuvvetleri, sanayi kuruluşları ve üniversitelerin işbirliği ile Türkiye İHA Sistemleri Yol Haritası çalışması gerçekleştirildi. 2011-2030 yılları arasındaki 20 yıllık süreci kapsayan bu yol haritasına göre 2030 yılına kadar Türk İnsansız Savaş Uçağı’nın (TİSU) milli imkanlarla gerçekleştirilmesi için gerekli teknolojik altyapının oluşturulması ve yakın zamanda kaynak planlamasının yapılarak fizibilite çalışmalarına başlanması amaçlanıyor. İHA Sistemleri Yol Haritası çalışmasının, insansız kara-deniz araçları da dahil tüm otonom sistemleri kapsayacak şekilde ‘İnsansız Sistemler Yol Haritası’nın oluşturulmasına öncülük etmesi planlanıyor.

İHA sistemlerinde yurtdışına bağımlılığın getirdiği çeşitli sıkıntılar (ülkeler arası veya küresel krizler, çeşitli kısıtlamalara tabi alt sistemlerin temininde yaşanan sorunlar, bakım/işletmede bağımlılık, kritik yazılımlara hakimiyet) sebebiyle TSK’nın ihtiyaç duyduğu İHA sistemlerinin en kısa sürede ve en düşük maliyetle tedarik edilebilmesi amacıyla yaklaşık 10 yıldır yurtiçi özgün sistem geliştirme çalışmalarına hız verildi.

Hedef uçak ve GİHA’lar yolda

Hava ve Deniz Kuvvetleri Komutanlıklarının ihtiyacı olan eğitim atışları, hava savunma sistemleri eğitimleri ve ilgili silah sistemi performans kontrollerini yapmak amacıyla ‘Hedef Uçak sistemi’ geliştirilecek. Söz konusu sistemin sözleşmesi bu yıl içinde imzalanacak.

Deniz Kuvvetleri Komutanlığının ihtiyacı olan deniz harekat alanında etkili su üstü keşfi yapabilecek, gemiye konuşlu ve dikey iniş-kalkış yapabilen insansız hava aracı tedarik edilecek. Bu projenin sözleşmesinin ise gelecek yıl imzalanması planlanıyor.

İHA yatırımı 90’larda başladı

TÜRKİYE’NİN 1990’lı yıllarda, hazır alım projeleri ile başlayan insansız hava araçlarına (İHA) ilgisi, özellikle 2004 yılında alınan kararla Yurt İçi Geliştirme Modeli sayesinde hız kazandı. Gelecekte gelişmiş ülkeler silahlı kuvvetlerinin kullandığı sistemlerin büyük çoğunluğunun insansız sistemlerden oluşması öngörülürken bugün 40’tan fazla ülke İHA sistemi geliştirme ve üretimi yürütüyor.

26 shipborne UAV s (GIHA) will become soon operational. Every frigate will be equipped with 1-2 UAVs , 12 hours operational in 7000 meter heigth and up to 100 km datalink to ship.
At least 10 will be operational in Aegean Sea. Local industry and SSM are preparing for contracts. Estimated delivery between 2017-2018



The reason why the timeframe set for the development of UCAV systems being too long like 15 years must be that all subsystems must be indigenous. An UCAV systems is too much of a capability for any foreign country to let you have on fast track. So it depends also on when an indigenous turbofan engine is fully developed. Apart from a need to have high processing power indigenous Artificial intelligence capable flight and combat computers.
 

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