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Türkiye uncovers world's second-largest rare earth element reserve

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Türkiye uncovers world's second-largest rare earth element reserve's second-largest rare earth element reserve




Türkiye uncovered the world's second-largest rare earth element reserve in the Beylikova district of Eskisehir in central Anatolia, the Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Fatih Donmez revealed on Friday.

The reserve is estimated to hold reserves of 694 million tons, second only to China, which currently has the largest rare element field with reserves of 800 million tons.

Rare earth elements are used in fields such as aviation, defense, the space industry and biomedicine.

Donmez confirmed that as the field is extremely close to the surface, it will be less costly to extract elements.

'Of the 17 known rare elements, we will be able to produce 10 here,' he said.

Additionally, the new reserve will allow the processing of about 570,000 tons of ore annually.

He also declared that 250 tons of thorium will be produced, an element used as fuel in the nuclear industry.

The discovery will allow local production of rare elements that will primarily be used in the country's industrial sectors but also for export.
'We will have the opportunity to export more than we need abroad,' he stated.


694 million tons of rare earth element reserves were discovered in the Beylikova district of Eskişehir. The reserve, which contains 17 different earth elements, was recorded as the second largest reserve in the world after China's 800 million-ton reserve.

Rare earth elements are used in more than 20 fields, from fiber optics to satellite communications, from smart missiles to fuel cells. In this context, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Fatih Dönmez came to Beylikova to conduct investigations.

Minister Dönmez visited ETİMADEN Beylikova Fluorite Barite and Rare Earth Elements Operations Directorate and met with media representatives. Then Dönmez received information about the Pilot Facility, which will be completed within the year and will process 1,200 tons of ore annually. Later, Minister Dönmez made observations in the gallery opened during the field researches in the Beylikova Ore Field. Minister Dönmez received detailed information from Deputy Minister Şeref Kalaycı and ETİMADEN General Manager Serkan Keleşer.

Minister Dönmez pointed out that their goal is to produce end products and said, “To develop the technology that will produce those end products and to provide the necessary production from this field. Of course, we will first produce the materials that our industry needs. But we will have the opportunity to export more than we need. It will be one of the good examples of our new economy model focused on investment, employment, production and export, which we frequently express in the Turkish Economy Model. We will have the opportunity to realize all the products of the supply chain from the first product to the endproduct here.”

Minister Dönmez continued his words as follows: “If you earn 1 unit when you sell the ore you extract without processing, you can make it 10 times more valuable when you turn it into an intermediate product, and 100 times more when you turn it into an end product. Especially when you use it in a technological tool, the number of multipliers there eventually becomes equivalent to the technological product you produce. Our goal is to produce high-tech, value-added products from this field and offer them to our people."

Huge blow to China, this discovery can give Turkey enough leverage to get back into the F-35 program.
 

MH.Yang

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Huge blow to China, this discovery can give Turkey enough leverage to get back into the F-35 program.
First of all, we must determine whether this is light rare earth or heavy rare earth.
Light rare earths are widely distributed. China, Brazil, Russia, the USA, Canada and other countries have a large number of light rare earth resources. However, the global reserves of heavy rare earths are almost concentrated in Jiangxi and Fujian provinces of China.
Judging from the news, the mineral found in Turkey should also be light rare earth.
Secondly, China's monopoly on rare earth lies not only in rare earth reserves, but also in production technology and patents. This is the key for China to control most of the world's rare earth mines. Without China, it is difficult for Turkey to turn rare earth into money.
If Turkey wants Chinese rare earth companies to enter, it must implement the standards of China's rare earth industry.


BTW:
China's light rare earth reserves account for 23% of the global reserves.
China's heavy rare earth reserves account for 92% of the global reserves.
If the Turks found so many heavy rare earths. Not only F35, Americans will even be willing to sell Greece directly to Turkey.
Heavy rare earths are needed for vacuum detectors and satellite energy devices, missile guidance instruments, nuclear reactor structural materials, aircraft engines, etc.
 
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dBSPL

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Rare Earth Elements (REE) reserve determination studies were continuing in the Eskişehir-Beylikova/Sivrihisar region of Turkiye, which has been known for at least 40 years and on which quite different scientific studies have been carried out.

There are also about 350,000 tons of thorium (Th) discovery. Since Torium will serve as a very important energy raw material in Molten Salt Reactors in the near future, it is considered as a valuable by-product of REE production.

Academic circles in Turkiye have organized many workshops on these issues. As an example, Thorium and Rare Earth Elements Separation Workshop and Rare Earth Elements and Refractory Group Metals Working Group Workshop (Defense Industry Presidency) can be give.

Another confirmed ore deposit whose mineralogical and hydrometallurgical investigations have been completed is in the Burdur-Çanaklı region. The first pilot site determination studies here are around 300 000 tons of REE and 17 000 tons of Th. However, we expect the final reports of the studies to be announced in the coming years.

When the first phase is completed in the reserve area in Eskişehir Baylikova, it is aimed to produce 10 thousand tons of rare earth oxides, 72 thousand tons of barite, 70 thousand tons of fluorite and 250 tons of thorium annually.

As an article on Stratigraphic and Petrographic properties, and Hydrothermal ore mineralization, the following document can be viewed: https://www.jmo.org.tr/resimler/ekler/07e9aab49fb5729_ek.pdf?

The report is old but can serve as a reference to describe preliminary findings. In the conclusion, there is the following statement: "As a lanthanide deposit among various examples in the world, "New Mexico, Gallinas Mountains fluorite bastnaeslt deposit is the most similar deposit to our complex ore deposit in many aspects." (...) "According to the current literature, our complex ore deposit is not only the largest thorium deposit in the world, but also one of the largest lanthanide deposits in the world in terms of the rare earth elements it contains. On the other hand, barite and fluorite reserves reach large numbers. Due to its complex structure, the ore deposit can be operated at any time for different elements V3> or minerals according to market conditions."

I'm not a technical person on the subject, but as far as I can tell, It will not be possible for Turkiye to have a global impact in this area in the short term. It will need a very comprehensive strategy, tens of billions of dollars in investment, and years. On the other hand, a serious transformation is taking place in industrial areas with high added value. Gaining domestic production and processing opportunities in some strategic minerals and ores related to these sectors can definitely add big advantage to increase competitiveness.
 

dBSPL

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While social media circles in Turkiye are more interested in thorium, the reserve ratio of REEs in general in the west has drawn attention. Also, possible cooperation with China seems to be troubling by them.


Turkish reserve has 10 out of 17 REEs and the mean ore richness is %3,14 which means it is probably one of the richest REE ore in the world
 

dBSPL

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Erdoğan keeps discovering gas and oil before elections.
There is one year until the elections.

Turkiye found gas a few years ago not now; the aim is to make it available to households next year. The shore station is under construction and the laying of pipes has begun. Probably Greece will also use this gas. Currently, Greece's most important non-LNG source is re-export gas pumped by BOTAŞ via TANAP. So you don't have to worry too much.
 

Foinikas

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There is one year until the elections.

Turkiye found gas a few years ago not now; the aim is to make it available to households next year. The shore station is under construction and the laying of pipes has begun. Probably Greece will also use this gas. Currently, Greece's most important non-LNG source is re-export gas pumped by BOTAŞ via TANAP. So you don't have to worry too much.
You guys actually believe all that?
 

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