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Think Big....Z.A Bhutto

Maarkhoor

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Whenever i think about Mt. Bhutto always reminds me a story titled Think Big, wants to share with you.
There was a man who always said Think Big, he developed vegetables with genetic engineering and produces gigantic sized veggies. After initial success in this business he suddenly disappeared and few days later shot and killed by terrified hunter who saw a big giant in woods (he is in habit of eating his own vegetables and as side effect he grew that big and eventually he was killed because of his big size)
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto:

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born on January 5, 1928, in Larkana, Pakistan. In 1967, he founded the Pakistan People’s Party. He was president of Pakistan 1971–1973 and prime minister 1973–1977. In 1971 he refused to give East Pakistan autonomy, resulting in a civil war and the forming of Bangladesh. On April 4, 1979, he was executed in Punjab, Pakistan, after being overthrown by General Zia’s military coup.

Early Political History serving the dictators:
In 1957, Bhutto became the youngest member of Pakistan's delegation to the United Nations. He addressed the UN Sixth Committee on Aggression that October and led Pakistan's delegation to the first UN Conference on the Law of the Sea in 1958. That year, Bhutto became Pakistan's youngest cabinet minister, taking up the reins of the Ministry of Commerce by President Iskander Mirza, pre-coup d'état government. In 1960, he was promoted to Minister of Water and Power,Communications and Industry. Bhutto became trusted ally and advisor of Ayub Khan, rising in influence and power despite his youth and relative inexperience. Bhutto aided his president in negotiating the Indus Water Treaty in India in 1960 and next year negotiated an oil-exploration agreement with the Soviet Union, which agreed to provide economic and technical aid to Pakistan.

As a foreign minister:

In 1963 he was appointed foreign minister and he developed close relationship with socialist countries like China and Russia.
Bhutto signed the Sino-Pakistan Boundary Agreement on 2 March 1963 that transferred 750 square kilometers of territory from Pakistan-administered Kashmir to Chinese control. Bhutto asserted his belief in non-alignment, making Pakistan an influential member in non-aligned organisations. Believing in pan-Islamic unity, Bhutto developed closer relations with the likes of Indonesia and Saudi Arabia.

Role in war of 1965:
The men behind the fiasco were foreign minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, army chief, General Mohammed Musa and foreign secretary Aziz Mirza. Ayub Khan, who had won the presidential election against Fatima Bhutto in January 1965, was quite unaware of the reckless military plans and their failure. Ziring says that Ayub wanted the operations to be called off after Musa confessed to the debacle and asked General Mohammed Yahya Khan to end the campaign. It was at this moment, Ziring says, that India opened the new West Pakistan front on September 6. Pakistan reached the end of its tether by September 15. Ziring notes: “Moreover by 15 September, Ayub’s generals were reporting the almost total exhaustion of military supplies, and the virtual emptying of petroleum reserves. The troops would soon be left without ammunition, the aircraft without spare parts and fuel, and the armour without the necessities of battle.”

Ayub and Bhutto traveled to Beijing on September 20. The Chinese advice seems to have been to allow the Indian army enter Pakistan as that would build popular resistance and lead to people’s guerrilla war. Ayub did not buy the Chinese advice and instead accepted the UN Security Council’s call for a ceasefire on September 22 and Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin’s invitation for a peace conference at Tashkent. After Tashkent, Ayub was a broken man and it also marked the end of his political career.

Resignation and birth of PPP:
After Tashkent Bhutto distance himself from Ayub Khan and resigned.
Following his resignation, large crowds gathered to listen to Bhutto's speech upon his arrival in Lahore on June 21, 1967. Tapping a wave of anger and opposition against Ayub, Bhutto began traveling across the country to deliver political speeches. In a speech in October 1966, Bhutto proclaimed "Islam is our faith, democracy is our policy, socialism is our economy. All power to the people." On November 30, 1967, Bhutto founded the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in Lahore, establishing a strong base of political support in Punjab, Sindh and amongst the Muhajir communities. Bhutto's party became a part of the pro-democracy movement involving diverse political parties from all across Pakistan. PPP activists staged large protests and strikes in different parts of the country, increasing pressure on Ayub to resign. Bhutto's arrest on November 12, 1968, sparked greater political unrest. After his release, Bhutto attended the Round Table Conference called by Ayub in Rawalpindi, but refused to accept Ayub's continuation in office and the East Pakistani politician Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Six point movement for regional autonomy.

1971 elections and separation Of Bangladesh:
Following Ayub's resignation, the new president Gen. Yahya Khan promised to hold parliamentary elections on December 7, 1970. Bhutto's party won a large number of seats from constituencies in West Pakistan.However, Sheikh Mujib's Awami League won an outright majority from the constituencies located in East Pakistan. Bhutto refused to accept an Awami League government and famously promised to "break the legs" of any elected PPP member who dared to attend the inaugural session of the National Assembly of Pakistan. Capitalizing on West Pakistani fears of East Pakistani separatism, Bhutto demanded that Sheikh Mujib form a coalition with the PPP. Under substantial pressure from Bhutto and other West Pakistani political parties, Yahya postponed the inaugural session of the National Assembly after talks with Sheikh Mujib failed. Amidst popular outrage in East Pakistan, Major Ziaur Rahman, at the direction of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the independence of "Bangladesh" on March 26, 1971, after Mujibur was arrested by the Pakistani Army, which had been ordered by Yahya to suppress political activities. While supportive of the army's genocide and working to rally international support, Bhutto distanced himself from the Yahya regime. He refused to accept Yahya's scheme to appoint Bengali politician Nurul Amin as prime minister, with Bhutto as deputy prime minister. Indian intervention in East Pakistan led to the defeat of Pakistani forces, who surrendered on December 16, 1971. Bhutto and others condemned Yahya for failing to protect Pakistan's unity. Isolated, Yahya resigned on December 20 and transferred power to Bhutto, who became the president, army commander-in-chief as well as the first civilian chief martial law administrator
Bhutto visited India to meet Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and negotiated a formal peace agreement and the release of 93,000 Pakistani prisoners of war. The two leaders signed the Shimla Agreement, which committed both nations to establish a Line of Control in Kashmir and obligated them to resolve disputes peacefully through bilateral talks. Bhutto also promised to hold a future summit for the peaceful resolution of the Kashmir dispute and pledged to recognize Bangladesh.

Nuclear program
Bhutto was the founder of Pakistan's nuclear program. Its militarization was initiated in January 1972, and, in its initial years, was implemented by General Tikka Khan. The Karachi Nuclear Power Plant was inaugurated by Bhutto during his role as President of Pakistan at the end of 1972. Long before, as Minister for Fuel, Power and National Resources, he played a key role in setting up of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. The Kahuta facility was also established by the Bhutto Administration.

In his book, If I am Assassinated (1979), written from his prison cell, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto revealed how Henry Kissinger had said to him in 1976: "We can destabilize your government and make a horrible example out of you". Kissinger had warned Zulfikar Ali Bhutto that if Pakistan continued with its nuclear program the Prime Minister would have to pay a heavy price, a statement that is interpreted to indicate an American hand in Mr. Bhutto's trial and execution.

O.I.C & role in US oil blockade:
With the launch of war on Israel in October 1973 - an attack that caught Israel completely by surprise and could have resulted in an Israeli defeat had it not been for massive American military intervention in the war - Faisal unveiled his master plan. He imposed an Arab oil boycott on the US. The US dollar, which had been floating at US$40 per ounce of gold, suddenly sank by 400% to US$160 per ounce of gold, and American motorists were queuing in lines a mile long to buy gas for their motor cars.
The political genius of Pakistan's Prime Minister, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto recognized the unique opportunity that had emerged with the dramatic successes of the war and the oil boycott and grasped that opportunity to forge a Pakistani-Saudi anti-systemic alliance. Bhutto's political acumen, when combined with the moral and spiritual authority of Faisal's sincere faith, would now function as the foundation for launching an effort to restore political and economic independence to the world of Islam. Within an amazingly short period of less than four months, Bhutto succeeded in hosting the Lahore Islamic Summit Conference that brought together the largest and most representative gathering of Muslim leaders since the collapse of the Islamic Caliphate in 1924.

The US administration vigorously opposed that Islamic Summit. Henry Kissinger warned Bhutto of dire consequences of hosting such a summit. Prime Minister Kosygin of the USSR did the same. The Shah of Iran was used to try to obstruct the convening of the Summit. However, nothing could stand in Bhutto's way. He courageously defied the Anglo-American-Israeli alliance and the Summit was successfully held in Lahore in February 1974. Bhutto set modest and realistic political and economic goals that he sought to achieve in the Summit, and he was successful in achieving those goals.

Bhutto the actor also brought drama to the Summit when he reconciled with Bangladesh's Mujibur Rahman and cleverly used the platform of the Summit to extend political recognition to a Bangladesh that had emerged from a truncated Pakistan.

Popular unrest and military coup:
Bhutto began facing considerable criticism and increasing unpopularity as his term progressed. He initially targeted the leader of the opposition Abdul Wali Khan and his opposition National Awami Party (NAP). Despite the ideological similarity of the two parties the clash of egos both inside and outside the National Assembly became increasingly fierce and started with the Federal government's decision to oust the NAP provincial government in Balochistan for alleged secessionist activities and culminating in the banning of the party and arrest of much of its leadership after the death of Hayat Khan Sherpao, a close lieutenant of Bhutto, in a bomb blast in the frontier town of Peshawar.
Dissidence also increased within the PPP and the murder of dissident leader Ahmed Raza Kasuri's father led to public outrage and intra-party hostility as Bhutto was accused of masterminding the crime. Powerful PPP leaders such as Ghulam Mustafa Khar openly condemned Bhutto and called for protests against his regime. The political crisis in the NWFP and Balochistan intensified as civil liberties remained suspended and an estimated 100,000 troops deployed there were accused of human rights abuses and killing large numbers of civilians.
On January 8, 1977, many opposition political parties grouped to form the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA). Bhutto called fresh elections and the PNA participated in those elections with full force and managed to contest the elections jointly even though they had grave differences in their opinions and views. The PNA faced defeat but did not accept the results, accusing their opponents of rigging the election. Provincial elections were held amidst low voter turnout and an opposition boycott, violent PNA declared the newly-elected Bhutto government as illegitimate. Muslim leaders such as Maulana Maududi called for the overthrow of Bhutto's regime. Intensifying political and civil disorder prompted Bhutto to hold talks with PNA leaders, which culminated in an agreement for the dissolution of the assemblies and fresh elections under a form of government of national unity.[12] However, on July 5, 1977, Bhutto and members of his cabinet were arrested by troops under the order of General Zia.

General Zia announced that martial law had been imposed, the constitution suspended, and all assemblies dissolved. Zia also ordered the arrest of senior PPP and PNA leaders but promised elections in October. Bhutto was released on July 29, and was received by a large crowd of supporters in his hometown of Larkana. He immediately began touring across Pakistan, delivering speeches to large crowds and planning his political comeback. Bhutto was arrested again on September 3, before being released on bail on September 13. Fearing yet another arrest, Bhutto named his wife, Nusrat, president of the Pakistan People's Party. Bhutto was imprisoned on September 17, and a large number of PPP leaders and activists arrested and disqualified from contesting in elections.

A Short justice from justice and execution:
MR JUSTICE DR. NASIM HASSAN SHAH Former Chief Justice of Pakistan - 12th Chief Justice of Pakistan In office April 26, 1993 – April 14, 1994 - Dr. Nasim Hassan Shah in a startling press interview to the daily Jang (August 23, 1996) He did not mince words to indicate the bias of the presiding judge trial court, Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain, who bore personal grudge against Mr. Bhutto. The grudge was that he as Prime Minister, had him superseded by a junior judge while appointing Chief Justice of the Lahore High court. The former Chief Justice has no hesitation in averring that Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain should have avoided naming himself as a member of the trial bench (to maintain the dignity of the court in the principled tradition of justice). It was in this context that during the trial, Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain had made uncalled for personal remarks provoking Bhutto to boycott the proceedings. Dr. Nasim Hassan when confronted by the interviewer admitted that never before in the judicial history of the country any abettor was awarded capital punishment. He further hinted that both General Ziaul Haq and Maulvi Mushtaq had fears that Bhutto’s survival could be risky for them. So he should better be eliminated first and no chances taken. "I am very sorry it had to be done, had to be done".----a belated remorse by the judge who perhaps now suffers pricks. Emphasis by the judge on "had to be done" speaks for itself.

Bhutto becomes too big not only in Pakistan but in all Muslim world, many powers sees him as a direct threat specially his role in US oil blockade and close relations with Russia. He is the most capable man but fails to understand that he belongs to Pakistan a small country against the large theater. His own pampered child General was used against him.





Sources:
SJSU edu
two circles
encyclopedia
New world
 

somebozo

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Z A Butto the inventor of Islamic socialism and subsequent Islamist violence in Pakistan..

کچھ مارکسی لیننی کہتے ہیں، انہیں چاھیئے
"اصلی والا بھٹّو"
:
- - اسلام ھمارا دین ہے (پی پی پی کے ھندو ممبروں کو مبارک!)
- - قادیانی کافر ھیں (ماشاءالّلہ)
- - ھندو انڈیا کے ساتھ ھزار سال جنگ کریں گے (بلّے بلّے)
- - جنرل ٹکّا خان کو ڈھاکہ بھیج کے پاکستان بچائیں گے، پھر اسے پی پی پی کا جنرل سیکریٹری بنائیں گے
- - بلوچوں کو فوجی آپریشن کرکے سبق سکھائیں گے (واہ)
- - کابل فتح کرنے کیلئے صبغت الّلہ مجدّدی کی قیادت میں جہاد کرکے سردار دائود کا تختہ الٹیں گے
- - جمعہ کی چھٹّی ہوگی، نشہ بند، شراب صرف میں اور ملّاکوثر نیازی پئیں گے
- - جاگیردار سارے، آنکھ کے تارے
 

Sinnerman108

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so basically he single-handedly screwed the sub-continent.
Bhutto was the epitome of; the one and true manifestation of feudal lord; a dictator in belief and a hypocrite.

Looking at his time one is reminded of what the small princely states would have gone through under drunk princes and rajas.

Whereas he claimed to be a servant of people; a socialist of types; a believer of democracy as well.

He owned vast amounts of wealth and land; and his followers and political heirs are absolute feudal lords.
 

Maarkhoor

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Bhutto was the epitome of; the one and true manifestation of feudal lord; a dictator in belief and a hypocrite.

Looking at his time one is reminded of what the small princely states would have gone through under drunk princes and rajas.

Whereas he claimed to be a servant of people; a socialist of types; a believer of democracy as well.

He owned vast amounts of wealth and land; and his followers and political heirs are absolute feudal lords.
He joined dictator Ayub Khan ruined him...
He joined dictator Yahya Khan ruined him...
He ruined 1971 fair elections and Pakistan eventually.
He become first civilian dictator.
He joined King Faisal resulted in his death....
 

VCheng

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He joined dictator Ayub Khan ruined him...
He joined dictator Yahya Khan ruined him...
He ruined 1971 fair elections and Pakistan eventually.
He become first civilian dictator.
He joined King Faisal resulted in his death....
And he was killed by an even greater villain. :D
 

Sinnerman108

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He joined dictator Ayub Khan ruined him...
He joined dictator Yahya Khan ruined him...
He ruined 1971 fair elections and Pakistan eventually.
He become first civilian dictator.
He joined King Faisal resulted in his death....
PPP is what he left behind; the absolute feudal lords of sindh and south punjab is what he left behind.


And he was killed by an even greater villain. :D
A lot of time an action is usually a reaction to one before it.
 

Guynextdoor2

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Bhutto was the epitome of; the one and true manifestation of feudal lord; a dictator in belief and a hypocrite.

Looking at his time one is reminded of what the small princely states would have gone through under drunk princes and rajas.

Whereas he claimed to be a servant of people; a socialist of types; a believer of democracy as well.

He owned vast amounts of wealth and land; and his followers and political heirs are absolute feudal lords.
and if you look at it, mot wars began because of his individual political ambitions. Man wants to build political profile, starts Operation Gibraltar aND Grandslam. I don't think Ayub Khan on his own was too keen on a war. But we end up with a war anyway. Man doesn't want to give up PM position, starts a civil war that ends in a full war.

In a way most of the hostility in the subcontinent is his legacy. Shows how when the wrong people come to power, the consequences are severe.
 

Sinnerman108

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and if you look at it, mot wars began because of his individual political ambitions. Man wants to build political profile, starts Operation Gibraltar aND Grandslam. I don't think Ayub Khan on his own was too keen on a war. But we end up with a war anyway. Man doesn't want to give up PM position, starts a civil war that ends in a full war.

In a way most of the hostility in the subcontinent is his legacy. Shows how when the wrong people come to power, the consequences are severe.
his ego was no different than an old time maharaja
who would pick a fight with neighboring raj just because he was feeling like it.
 

Maarkhoor

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his ego was no different than an old time maharaja
who would pick a fight with neighboring raj just because he was feeling like it.
He thinks himself above all, no doubt he is canniest of all but the same time he is selfish and big mouth. He made dictators like Ayub Khan foolish decisions once they prove fail he ditched him and start agitation against him, same thing with Yahya also. He is the sole responsible for fall of Dhaka just because of his selfishness and superiority complex he refuse to share power with Najeeb. And above all he was the mentor a god father of the most deadliest evil.
 

Guynextdoor2

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his ego was no different than an old time maharaja
who would pick a fight with neighboring raj just because he was feeling like it.
That's because he was from a family of near maharajas right? His big grudge against India was that when annexed Junagarh ( a principality the size of Bangalore) we refused to honor the privileges of PM of the principality - his father. Loss of royal privileges stung him and he wanted to return to power. That ambition is fine but he most definitely had an ambiguous attitude of what 'power' meant. He exercised power like his father (the Diwan) and the king of Junagad. Socialism was just a charade for him coz that was the cool thing in those times.
 

Zibago

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He thinks himself above all, no doubt he is canniest of all but the same time he is selfish and big mouth. He made dictators like Ayub Khan foolish decisions once they prove fail he ditched him and start agitation against him, same thing with Yahya also. He is the sole responsible for fall of Dhaka just because of his selfishness and superiority complex he refuse to share power with Najeeb. And above all he was the mentor a god father of the most deadliest evil.
He preached Pakistaniyat by imposing Urdu on Bangalis while on the other hand Sindhi was made provincial language in Sindh what a hypocrite
 

Sinnerman108

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That's because he was from a family of near maharajas right? His big grudge against India was that when annexed Junagarh ( a principality the size of Bangalore) we refused to honor the privileges of PM of the principality - his father. Loss of royal privileges stung him and he wanted to return to power. That ambition is fine but he most definitely had an ambiguous attitude of what 'power' meant. He exercised power like his father (the Diwan) and the king of Junagad. Socialism was just a charade for him coz that was the cool thing in those times.
Like I have said, he's what is wrong with Pakistan today.

his legacy lives on in the form of Sindh ruled by feudal lords; every family has a district to rule over.
Reminds me of the princely states one more time.
 

Slav Defence

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@Maarkhor ,Wonderful write up.I appreciate your hard work and dedication.
Regarding Mr.Bhutto ,I will simply say that he has no doubt given Pakistan the baseline :the 1973 constitution and Pakistan's nuclear program. However, he was also accused of political murder and his controversial role during 1973 fiasco(read: zero point by Javed Chaudhry) is something due to which he cannot be ranked as great leader.

Regards
 

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