For every political manoeuvre, a counter step has to be developed to win the outcome, similarly for every weapon there is a counter-weapon deployed to destroy it. This is why talks, negotiations, meetings, treaties, agreements, etc keep taking a new turn while we sit online with limited knowledge on what’s happening in reality and what’s being handed out to media to report.I hope so...
It is not a continuous trend. It has ups and downs and takes time. No body wants it, but the direction is towards it. We have lost the eastern wing, some areas in Kashmir, Kashmir case, writ in Balochistan, etc heck, in Punjab. Any idea India was changing the Indus treaty unilaterally?
Anyway, the writ in Punjab means qabza mafia, uncontrolled price, thana culture, etc. It is like having small states which are operating on their own, just short of rebellion. In due time, it can occur too.
I reiterate that Aurangzeb died in 1707, but Mughal Empire's total collapse took 140 years more. Nonetheless, Audh/Awadh, Bengal, and Lakhnao immediately gained independence from Dehli after Aurengzeb.
So, the seeds are there. Let's see whether we go towards unification or dismemberment.
Consider the nuke, it was developed to stop a cut off of Pakistan like in 71, but the enemy then struck inside Pakistan rendering nuke useless in this case, so Armed Forces expanded and modernised along with other federal and provincial policing forces. Feb 2019 scenario also didn’t require nuke so conventional forces were used. In future, digital warfare is on the cards.
Military became strong in Pakistan seeing greed of assets and hunger for power by politicians. Military made its own infrastructure of business and production on the side and eventually that led to military controlling affairs in Pakistan whenever the time required, some good decisions, other bad ones. One of the important steps that military took was to create an intel network within itself to crush a mutiny before it could take an effective form. Mutinies were planned many times, but none could remove top brass. I have been mentioning that military is a career with most education and exams, at every step, almost every year at some ranks, so military keeps its officers highly educated at all levels. You get to see the picture how military carved itself to remain ahead in every field concerning Pakistan, even ahead of politicians. All those anti- Pakistan Army books that I read mention repeatedly how Army knew it had human resources in troops, it had money in the form of its own projects and defence industry even if it let go of budget hike to meet modern demands and how it used education/courses to get its officers ahead in academics than most other careers in Pakistan including R&D. Modern militaries have access to best technologies and this a trend in every country but only in Pakistan the civilian cadre is bit weaker in R&D which military tried to compensate through NUST. So the state within the state is one system in place that keeps Pakistan afloat, waking up to steer and make ways for recovery when a collapse is imminent. I posted somewhere else how IK had the opportunity to strengthen IB against ISI apart from other steps to strengthen the civilian federal government. These are a few factors I mentioned about Pakistan and Army, there are more, including Chinese investment, USA interest, Indian involvement against Pakistan etc
Mughal Army had a weak navy to start with which led Brits to the shores of India and create a permanent beachhead from which the Mughals never recovered. An important factor was different forces divided under different rulers where as Pakistan may have setup different governance levels for commanding different forces but the most well equipped is Army and will remain so. Then the joint ops of domestic forces of different cadres has created joint commands within federal and provincial level to counter terrorism. So in comparison, Pakistan Army has managed, run and invested massively to fortify itself and created backups from its own end to forbid a collapse. Mughal empire and its Mughal Army are not comparable.