• Thursday, January 23, 2020

Su-34 Fullback: Russia's Hottest Bomber

Discussion in 'Air Warfare' started by Sulman Badshah, Sep 26, 2015.

  1. Sulman Badshah

    Sulman Badshah STAFF

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    The Su-34 is a state-of-the-art Russian fighter bomber, developed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau in the mid-1980s.
    The two-seat Su-34 is primarily designed to destroy a variety of ground and naval targets. It is capable of performing solo and group missions in daytime and at night, under favorable and adverse weather conditions and in a hostile environment.








    1027346975.png
     
  2. Muhammad Omar

    Muhammad Omar ELITE MEMBER

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    Look at all the Load it can Carry....
     
  3. Indus Falcon

    Indus Falcon SENIOR MEMBER

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    Sukhoi Su-32/Su-34 Platypus
    Role: multi-role tactical bomber
    Builder: Sukhoi, NAPO
    Variants: Su-32/Su-34 (T-10B, Su-27IB), Su-32FN, Su-34MF, Su-27R, Su-34P (Su-27IBP)
    Operators: Russia


    Su-27IB Bomber Flanker
    In 1983 the first conceptual design for a new tactical bomber was made. The new aircraft was planned to replace the third generation fighter-bombers and tactical bombers; the Su-17, MiG-27,Su-24 and their derivatives, in the 1990s. The Su-27 would serve as the basis for the new aircraft, designated Su-27IB (factory designation T-10V). IB standing for Istrebitel-Bombardirovshchik or fighter-bomber. The Su-27IB incorporates the heavy payload and combat radius of the tactical bomber and the high manoeuvrability and speed of the fighter, so it could be deployed against ground, naval and also airborne targets. In this view, the Su-34 can be compared to the US F-15E Strike Eagle, which was also developed from a successful and agile fighter into a multi-role tactical strike aircraft.

    New Cockpit Design
    The design was considerably changed from the basic Su-27/Su-27UB. To improve interoperability between the pilot and navigator, the cockpit arrangement was completely changed by side-by-side placed K-36DM ejection seats (as on the Su-24 tactical bomber). In addition the cockpit has been pressurized. The crew is able to lie down or prepare some food in the area behind the cockpit. To improve sanitary conditions the aircraft has also been fitted with a toilet. The cockpit is accessed via a hatch and ladder in the front nosegear well, which was placed more forward and is retracted backwards into the well.

    Airframe Changes
    To accomodate the new cockpit configuration, additional equipment and increased fuel internal fuel load, the fuselage has changed drastically. The nose section is shaped elliptical, which gave the aircraft the nickname 'Platypus'. The fuselage midsection has been changed to accomodate the increased size No 1 fuel tank. The engine intakes were changed from variable to fixed geometry air intakes. Also the rear of the aircraft underwent changes in the shape, the most recognisable is the new enlarged central tailboom. The wing panels and canards of the Su-27Mwere adapted for improved flight characteristics and larger fuel cells. All these changes ment an 1.5 increase of the take-off weight. The maximum take-off weight increased from 28 tonnes of the basic Su-27 to 45 tonnes. To cope with the increased weight the mid section was strengthened and a new undercarriage was fitted, the main landing gear single-wheels have been replaced by two wheels placed in tandem.

    Fighter-Bomber Avionics
    The aircraft carries a multifunction phased array radar and built-in IRST/sighting system with incorporated TV and laser detection and guidance capability. A thermal imaging system for night operation would however be carried externally. Also the aircraft has been fitted with powerful ECM equipment and a rearward-looking radar, like the Su-35. The new systems ensured day and night, all-weather capability against both surface and airborne targets.

    Fighter-Bomber Weapons
    The Su-27IB can carry a large arrange of weapons. The air-to-air weapons inventory consists of Russia's modern air-to-air missiles, such as the RVV-AE, R-73 and derivatives of the R-27 missile. For ground targets the aircraft is capable of both guided and unguided weapons. Guided weapons include the Kh-29, Kh-25, Kh-59M missiles as well as KAB-500 TV/laser and KAB-1500TK TV/command guided bombs. Unguided weapons include 1,500, 500, 250 or 100kg bombs, rockets and rocket pods. Against maritime targets the aircraft can carry up to six Kh-31A or Kh-35 anti-ship missiles. Against enemy air defenses six Kh-31P passive radar homing anti-radiation missiles can be carried.

    Su-34, Su-32FN and Su-32MF designations
    As common with Su-27 derivatives, also the Su-27IB has been given an alternative designation by Sukhoi and aviation press. The Su-27IB has also been known as the Su-34 since its maiden flight.
    When however the Su-34 was sent to its first international airshow, Le Bourget in 1995, the aircraft was given the designation Su-32FN. This commercial designation was adopted by Sukhoi, to stress the aircraft's potential as a shore-based maritime patrol and strike aircraft for potential export customers in search of a fast aircraft to be deployed against ships and submarines. The design called for special equipment and weapons to detect and destroy waterborne targets. No customer have been found yet, and the specific variant has remained on the drawing board.
    In 1999, the Su-34 was now presented as Su-32MF on the MAKS 1999 Moscow International Air Salloon. This time to stress its multi-role capability. MF standing for the Russian equivalent of Multi Function. Though, no export customers have been found yet.
    In 2003 it was reported by Western aviation press, that the Russian military adapted the Su-32 designation for the Su-27IB variant. However this was soon contradicted by other sources, and Russian Air Force officials have been using the Su-34 designation ever since.
    Reportedly the NATO/ASCC reporting name for the Su-34 is Fullback.

    Status of the Su-34 Programme
    Although after the break-up of the Soviet Union funding has been limited for a new tactical bomber, the development has continued at a slow pace. After the two prototypes (T-10V-1 converted from a Su-27UB, bort number '42', and T-10V-2 bort number '43'), two more prototype Su-34s have been series-produced in 1994/1995 (Su-34 '343' carrying bort number '44' and Su-32FN '349' bort number '45'). Later at least one more flying prototype was produced by NAPO, carrying number '47'. [Editor: Number '46' could have been a static prototype for ground tests.] These were based at the Sukhoi OKB testing base for flight trials until state trials began. The Su-34 was successfully tested in the ChechĂȘnia according to Russian authorities, and it also participated in combat exercises at Ashuluk in 1999.

    In December 2003, the Russian Air Force revised the specification requirements for production aircraft. Low-rate initial production of two production Su-34 by NAPO for the Russian Air Force was started in 2005. The first production aircraft was rolled by NAPO on July 6, 2006, making its maiden flight on October 12, 2006. This aircraft believed to have been the eighth Su-34 produced (bort number 48) and the second production aircraft (bort number 49) were handed over to the Russian Air Force on December 15, 2006, after having been painted and recoded 'Red 01' and 'Red 02'. The two aircraft were slated for delivery to he 4th TsBP I PLS (4th Combat and Aircrew Conversion Training Centre) in Lipetsk for state acceptance trials.
    On August 3, 2007, the first production standard aircraft was delivered to to Lipetsk officially starting operational evaluation followed by conversion training.

    Between 2007-2015 the Russian Air Force will procure a large number of upgraded Su-34 bombers, to replace the Su-24 'Fencer' fleet in primarily the strike attack role. The first aircraft are expected to enter operational service before the end of 2009. Initially it was planned to acquire six aircraft in 2007 followed by ten aircraft in 2008. In 2010, 24 Su-34 would have been delivered for the first air regiment to be based at Voronezh and a total of 58 Su-34s would be in service by 2015, equipping two or three bomber regiments, said Deputy Prime Minister and defence minister, Sergey Ivanov on March 23, 2006, on a visit to the NAPO plant.
    However when full-rate production of the type was started in January 2008, a slightly different schedule was announced. It was announced that at least five aircraft would be produced in 2008, building up to a maximum of 20 aircraft per year with around 70 Su-34 to be acquired by 2015.
    Considering these new plans, it now seems unlikely that the first regiment will have its full complement as early as 2010.

    Several plans have been drafted for tactical reconnaissance and electronic warfare variants. The aircraft has set a number of world records for flight altitude and payload capabilities. The Russian Air Force sees the Su-32/34 aircraft as its future main tactical bomber which will in conjunction with fourth generation upgrades of the Su-27, MiG-29 and MiG-31 fighters present the bulk of the Russian Air Force inventory in the 21st century.

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    Su-32 from Sukhoi's official Webpage
    The Su-32 plane is a special-purpose version of the Su-27; its production is being set up in Novosibirsk.

    The two-seat Su-32 fighter-bomber is designed for tactical deployment against air, ground and naval targets (including small and mobile targets) on solo and group missions in daytime and at night, under favourable and adverse weather conditions and in a hostile environment with counter-fire and EW counter-measures deployed, as well as for air reconnaissance.

    Historical background

    Work on a two-seat strike version of the Su-27 has been underway at the Design Bureau since the early 80s, the aeroplane being initially regarded as a variant of the two-seat trainer Su-27UB. Officially work to produce a two-seat fighter-bomber was initiated by a decree of the government of 19th June 1986, the Design Bureau having assigned the new plane the manufacturer's designation T-10V.

    In May 1988, the plane's conceptual design was presented for critical design review. The conventional Su-27UB-style cockpit configuration, with the pilots seated in tandem, one behind the other, was for the first time combined with an alternative option of a "side by side" pilot-seating arrangement. The latter option was selected as the principal solution. The new configuration made the crew more comfortable: the cockpit overhead space behind the seats allows the pilot to stand up, with the crew boarding the plane using an inbuilt ladder through the bay in the nosewheel landing gear unit and the service hatch in the back wall of the cockpit. The main distinctive features of the fighter-bomber are:
    - large ordnance load and a broad line-up of guided air-launched weapons,
    - high load capabilities engineered through reinforced design of the airframe and landing gear, and increased fuel tankage.
    - probe-and-drogue flight refuelling capability,
    - improved damage control (cockpit and essential systems armoured, explosion safety improved by engineering protection and filling the fuel tanks with PU-foam),
    - advanced avionics line-up, including multi-purpose PAA radar, onboard optical search and track station and an integrated defensive aids suite,
    - a state-of-the-art HUD system incorporating multi-role indicators with push-button panels.

    R.G. Martirosov was appointed head of the 10V project, the plane's detailed design being completed in 1987-1988. The first prototype T10V-1 was built in 1989-1990 on the platform of the production Su-27UB. Its first flight was performed by the design bureau's test pilot A.A. Ivanov on 13th April 1990. Production of the aeroplane was set up in Novosibirsk, at NAPO, which produced the Su-24 family. The first pre-production craft was built at the end of 1993; its first flight was made on 18th December by the design bureau's test pilots I.V. Votintsev and Ye.G. Revunov. In June 1995, having been renamed the Su-32, the aeroplane was for the first time shown abroad at the air show in Le Bourget. In the summer of 1999, the Su-32 was used to establish 7 world records of lifting loads to high altitude.
    In June 2003, the plane successfully completed the first stage of governmental testing. Preliminary Opinion on the machine's compliance with Air Forces requirements having been delivered, next stage testing got under way. By 2004, the Novosibirsk facility had produced a development batch of 8 Su-32 aeroplanes. In the long term, the Su-32 is expected to become the main strike asset of front-line aviation of the RF Air Forces, replacing all the Su-24 and Su-24M planes currently in service.

    Su 34 Specs1.PNG Su 34 Specs2.PNG Su 34 Specs3.PNG

    http://www.sukhoi.org/eng/planes/military/su32/
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    su34-1.gif

    su34-15.jpg
    Su-34info.jpg

    su34_radar.jpg

    su342.jpg
     
  4. Indus Falcon

    Indus Falcon SENIOR MEMBER

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    su34_3.jpg su34_weapon.gif





    IR warning Sensor - No longer used
    IR threat warning Sensor.jpg
    ECM Pod built in to the wing tip
    KNIRTI-L005S-Sorbstiya-Aperture-1 ECM pod SU34a.jpg

    Su-32FN-Weps-PLA-N.png Su-32FN-Systems-PLA-N.png
     
  5. Indus Falcon

    Indus Falcon SENIOR MEMBER

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    Production MFD in moving map display mode
    Su-34-MFD-Map-1S.jpg

    Production MFD in navigation mode
    Su-34-FRP-Cockpit-1S.jpg

    Production Su-34 WSO station
    Su-34-FRP-Cockpit-8S.jpg
    Production Su-34 pilot station
    Su-34-FRP-Cockpit-4S.jpg
    Production Su-34 pilot station
    Su-34-FRP-Cockpit-5S.jpg
    Development configuration - Weapons System Officer station
    Su-34-Proto-Cockpit-3S.jpg
    Development configuration - centre console
    Su-34-Proto-Cockpit-2S.jpg

    KAB-GBU-1.png
     
  6. Indus Falcon

    Indus Falcon SENIOR MEMBER

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    The UOMZ Sapsan E Electro-Optical Targeting System pod
    UOMZ-Sapsan-E-EOTS-VVK-1S.jpg Electro-optical system ventral aperture. Note the GNPP KAB-1500L 3,000 lb laser guided bomb on the centreline station
    Su-34-EO-Targeting-System-1S.jpg

    The heavyweight high power KNIRTI SAP-14 Support Jammer ECM pod is a Russian analogue to the US ALQ-99E pod carried on the EA-6B Prowler and EA-18G Growler. It was developed for Flanker family aircraft and is carried on a large centreline pylon. To date little has been disclosed about this design, but it has been observed on the Su-30MK Flanker G/H and Su-34 Fullback. It operates between 1 GHz and 4 GHz KNIRTI-SAP-14-SJ-Pod-VVK-1S.jpg

    The KNIRTI SAP-518 ECM pod is a new technology replacement for the established L005 Sorbstiya series wingtip ECM pods. It operates between 5 GHz and 18 GHz
    KNIRTI-SAP-518-ECM-Pod-VVK-1S.jpg

    KNIRTI-SAP-518-ECM-Pod-VVK-2S.jpg

    L-136 MAK-F infrared threat warning sensors
    IRW.jpg
     
  7. Sulman Badshah

    Sulman Badshah STAFF

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    Su 34 Simulator

    xm97r6.jpg
     
  8. Zarvan

    Zarvan ELITE MEMBER

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    It is one hell of a bomber good for deep strikes inside enemy territory
     
  9. illuminatidinesh

    illuminatidinesh SENIOR MEMBER

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    I really find it amusing , till yesterday Russian planes were considered crap now they becomes beautiful ,,,,, Between nice pics
     
  10. Basel

    Basel ELITE MEMBER

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    @gambit can this bird be modified as MPA? With awesome weapons load, endurance, range and capability to defend it self can make it potent, maritime asset in extreme hostile environment.
     
  11. Windjammer

    Windjammer ELITE MEMBER

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    I read to the effect that the American F-111 had much influence on the concept of the Russian aircraft.

    [​IMG]
     
  12. dadeechi

    dadeechi BANNED

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    Is Pakistan procuring SU-34s too apart from SU-35s?
     
  13. Basel

    Basel ELITE MEMBER

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    No, Pakistan cannot afford luxury of dedicated strike plane, if it can perform MPA role to satisfying extent of PN then may be in future that can be considered because it has good range endurance, weapons loads and capability to defend it self.
     
  14. dadeechi

    dadeechi BANNED

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    Thanks Basel. If ever this happens this would be a game changer and India would be scrambling for answers...
     
  15. Basel

    Basel ELITE MEMBER

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    Why India did not work with Russians to develop a MPA version of Su-34? It could be a beast because if your MPA can handle all threats it will need lesser support from other assets like escort, AWACS etch and will be cheaper to operate because it will be doing many things on its own not needing support.

    With TVC will be able to fly low and slow to hunt subs while MAD can be installed in tail section with required increase in tail length and 3rd person station can be created in modified version if required.

    Also would be able to carry EW system in external pods, so no need to install all MPA related stuff in plane, as per mission requirements it would be able to carry pods and weapons.