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SD-10 vs AIM-120 (Latest versions)

Mani2020

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sir can it possible to have a SD-10 ground launch version like aim-120 with extended range ?
Yes
this might help you

Like the AIM-120 AMRAAM, PL-12 is also used as SAM, and tests have already successfully completed as the possible replacement of LY-60, but such system has not entered service because China has already been developing the vertical launched version. The vertical launching system is developed by the Luoyang Optronic Technological Development Center in Henan, and the system is called CCL, short for Concentric Cylindrical Launcher, which is similar to American Mk 48 VLS in appearance, but due to the very limited information publicized, it is difficult to tell if the Chinese VLS is a "cold launch" system or a "hot launch" system like that of American Mk 48 VLS.
 

Tempest II

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as suggested in some of the Chinese sources that SD-10 with 100KM range has been tested or may be operational.
Thanks for the responce. yes, I remember that now - it was a report mention some exercise a, I believe with J-10s, launching missiles with range over 100km (or was it 110km?).

Thanks.
 

jagjitnatt

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I believe the Chinese are providing the 70KM or so range version of the SD-10 on the international market, while for their own use, they are having a more ranged version of the SD-10. Since the start of this missile program or for years, the 70KM range is being quoted, its for sure that in so many years they would have increased the range of their missile to atleast 100KM or even more, as suggested in some of the Chinese sources that SD-10 with 100KM range has been tested or may be operational.
There is just one version of SD-10A, and it has a range of 70 kms. They are not developing several versions, just for different customers.
About the ranges, its 70 kms, and it has not been upgraded. Let the missile be mass produced. Its a new missile and it won't be upgraded so quickly. Other versions of the missile with more range are in development. But they are not SD-10A missiles.

So the specs of this missile are frozen.
Plus, if we look at the figures in the above pic, the altitude range is 0-21KM and range is 70KM, what my understanding is, it means if the missile is fired from a ground station at 0 KM then it can go to a height or altitude of 21KM and range of 70KM (maximum performance), thus if you imagine it on a graph like page, it has to fly up (vertical slope wise) to 21Km and horizontally 70Km, which in reality would mean a lot of distance covered, since the missile has to travel vertically as well as horizontally. But if the missile is launched from an aircraft at lets say 10K feet on a target also hovering at 10K or 9K feet, then the missile has to fly in nearly a straight horizontal flight path, thus its energy of going vertical flight path would be saved, meaning it can cover more ground resulting in greater range then 70KM, may be even 90KM or more.
Let me try to explain how missile ranges are calculated. The missile is tested in favorable conditions, which are:
- no cross winds
- altitude of launch somewhere around 14-18 kms
- launch velocity of Mach 1.5+
- straight trajectory

Under these circumstances the range is 70 kms. Under normal conditions, the range won't be greater than 50 kms. And if you've studied something about missiles, you'll see that missile ranges drop drastically with lower altitudes.
Range at ground level would be less than 15 kms for SD10A.

Let me show you what you are saying. You are saying that the missile would first gain altitude, and then travel horizontally towards the target. But that is not possible because in vertical flight, the target would move out of missile's seeker range, and the missile would lose its track.
Even if missile is fired from the ground, and it moves straight towards the target, the distance traveled would be 74 kms. (21 km altitude + 70 kms distance). This can be calculated by simple pythagoras theorem.

So what you are trying to say is not correct.

This is my understanding, as these figures mean the maximum performance the missile can give if launched at its maximum altitude from 0KM to 21Km, it can achieve a range of 70KM, if it is fired from an aerial target at a certain height, then it can cover more range as there would be no flight path or vertical distance to achieve.

Hope, i made some sense.
70 kms is the maximum range, under favorable conditions. The figures for AIM120, and R77 are also calculated in such conditions, which is why no missile is fired from 100 kms.

I am not trying to say SD-10A is a bad missile, I am just clearing somethings that should be clear to all on a defense forum. I hope you'll take my post in the right spirit.
 

jagjitnatt

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At 156kg and Mach 4, the maximum kinetic energy for the AIM-120 = 144.481 megajoules.

At 199kg and Mach 5, the maximum kinetic energy for the SD-10 = 287.555 megajoules.

The SD-10 has twice the kinetic energy and with an indentical body (???) it is interesting that the SD-10 will not have at least the same range!!!

Any thoughts?
You just answered yourself.

AIM-120 is a lighter missile, and travels at a lower speed, so it needs to spend less energy to travel its distance. Hence a lower kinetic energy.

Remember, Kinetic energy gained by missile = energy spent by propulsion system to propel the missile forward.

In case of SD-10A, the missile is heavier, and travels at a higher speed, so that means it is spending a lot more energy when compared to AIM-120, and since its carrying just as much fuel, it would run out of fuel earlier.

You can also take example of Brahmos, which is a supersonic missile, but has a short range, and other missiles like Tomahawk, which are subsonic but have much longer ranges.
 

Tempest II

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You just answered yourself.

AIM-120 is a lighter missile, and travels at a lower speed, so it needs to spend less energy to travel its distance. Hence a lower kinetic energy.

Remember, Kinetic energy gained by missile = energy spent by propulsion system to propel the missile forward.

In case of SD-10A, the missile is heavier, and travels at a higher speed, so that means it is spending a lot more energy when compared to AIM-120, and since its carrying just as much fuel, it would run out of fuel earlier.

You can also take example of Brahmos, which is a supersonic missile, but has a short range, and other missiles like Tomahawk, which are subsonic but have much longer ranges.
Thanks for joining the discussion. I think I understand you explation. You are saying the AIM-120 has a longer power time than the SD-10? While the SD-10 reaches the top speed, it then relies on glide more than the AIM-120.
 

jagjitnatt

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Thanks for joining the discussion. I think I understand you explation. You are saying the AIM-120 has a longer power time than the SD-10? While the SD-10 reaches the top speed, it then relies on glide more than the AIM-120.
Yes. You can say that. I'd love to get into more detail, like how drag increases at such speeds, and how it affects the performance of the missile, how much fuel is consumed, and what are the efficiencies at different speeds, but I guess it takes a LOT of time, and I gotta write a LOT for it. I wish I could do a video on it. May be someday I will.
 

TaimiKhan

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There is just one version of SD-10A, and it has a range of 70 kms. They are not developing several versions, just for different customers.
About the ranges, its 70 kms, and it has not been upgraded. Let the missile be mass produced. Its a new missile and it won't be upgraded so quickly. Other versions of the missile with more range are in development. But they are not SD-10A missiles.

So the specs of this missile are frozen.

Let me try to explain how missile ranges are calculated. The missile is tested in favorable conditions, which are:
- no cross winds
- altitude of launch somewhere around 14-18 kms
- launch velocity of Mach 1.5+
- straight trajectory

Under these circumstances the range is 70 kms. Under normal conditions, the range won't be greater than 50 kms. And if you've studied something about missiles, you'll see that missile ranges drop drastically with lower altitudes.
Range at ground level would be less than 15 kms for SD10A.

Let me show you what you are saying. You are saying that the missile would first gain altitude, and then travel horizontally towards the target. But that is not possible because in vertical flight, the target would move out of missile's seeker range, and the missile would lose its track.
Even if missile is fired from the ground, and it moves straight towards the target, the distance traveled would be 74 kms. (21 km altitude + 70 kms distance). This can be calculated by simple pythagoras theorem.

So what you are trying to say is not correct.



70 kms is the maximum range, under favorable conditions. The figures for AIM120, and R77 are also calculated in such conditions, which is why no missile is fired from 100 kms.

I am not trying to say SD-10A is a bad missile, I am just clearing somethings that should be clear to all on a defense forum. I hope you'll take my post in the right spirit.
Taking the past experience, i would say, yeah am wrong and you are completely correct.

On the other hand i wonder, where has it been mentioned that SD-10A design has been frozen, as we had recently started to hear about the SD-10B from some good and reliable sources who got this designation/info from PAF contingent directly at Zhuhai, that a newer and better version of SD-10 is gonna be inducted, either you are wrong or the PAF contingent is lying. Again, i wonder, why would the Chinese have to give the SD-10A designation if the specifications were frozen, why not keep SD-10 simple, why add A.

Why have the Chinese A & B versions of the PL-8 or the B, C & E / EII designated versions of PL-5 or the simple PL-9 & then C designated versions.

Below is Jane's latest article about SD-10 missile and they did not said its frozen or something like that, rather says that SD-10A is the current production model and main theme is that the capabilities of the missile as for known may be less then what actually they may be, so even in this one month back article, doubts are being shown about what the possible specifications of the missile would be. In simple words, we don't even know the real specifications of this missile and you have frozen the missile specifications and stopped the future advanced versions right now.

China discloses new SD-10 combat capabilities

Even the Chinese in defence exhibitions write Range >70Km , meaning the range is not exactly 70KM, it can be greater. Chinese, don't stop at one thing, they keep on improving till there is space of improvement and SD-10 has plenty of space left in it to be improved. The range of 100KM is being quoted at many places and the source is being said to be some official PLA magazine, hope some Chinese member can throw some light on it.

So, in the end we don't know what the real specifications of the SD-10A are, has the specifications been frozen or not and the newer version of the missile coming or not would be solved in few months time, but i can assure you that PAF is not getting the SD-10A with just 70KM range, its more.

But i would agree that the range from land of such systems is less, SD-10A launched from land would be having a range of 25KM or so, thanks for correcting that.
 

notorious_eagle

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To add more Taimi Bhai, the basic version of SD10 with a range of 70km was tested in 2007 on a Mirage. It was outright rejected not based on the range but due to its inferior seeker and the missile was easily jammed. PAF's engineers that are based in Chengdu had previously tested the AMRAAM and other European Options, they brought their experience and knowledge and worked along side with our Chinese partners and further improved the missile.

Result: SD10A and than later S10B which is going to be the standard BVRAAM on JF17 for the time being. The Chinese never freeze a design, they run simultaneous projects because they have the necessary financial and technical resources required to. Look at their Aviation Projects; they are running simultaneous projects for J10, JF17 and J20. Engine is one aspect where they lack and that is why they running multiple projects such as WS 13, WS 10 and WS 15. Its quite evident to me that in future China and United States will be the primary producers of military technology, Europe and Russia simply cannot compete on equal footing anymore.
 

jagjitnatt

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On the other hand i wonder, where has it been mentioned that SD-10A design has been frozen, as we had recently started to hear about the SD-10B from some good and reliable sources who got this designation/info from PAF contingent directly at Zhuhai, that a newer and better version of SD-10 is gonna be inducted, either you are wrong or the PAF contingent is lying. Again, i wonder, why would the Chinese have to give the SD-10A designation if the specifications were frozen, why not keep SD-10 simple, why add A.
Alright, so you yourself said that the new missile is development is named the SD-10B, now that is what I had said.
The SD-10A's range will remain 70 kms. Although newer versions of it will be in development, they won't be named SD-10A, they would be SD-10B, then C, then D, and so on.

That means the specs of the missile are frozen, any missile that moves into mass production has their specs frozen. The newer missile with higher range would be called SD-10B, but the range of SD-10A will always remain 70 kms. And these missiles would co-exist. SD-10B would be a newer product.

It happens in every country, every business, the product keeps evolving, it doesn't mean that the specs are not frozen. The newer specs result in a newer product. For eg F-16s. When PAF bought them, they were F-16A, the development continued, and C/D, E/F variants came out, but they were new products, the specs of the aircraft in PAF's inventory remained the same. They didn't change. I hope you got my point.


But i would agree that the range from land of such systems is less, SD-10A launched from land would be having a range of 25KM or so, thanks for correcting that.
Thank you.
 

TaimiKhan

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To add more Taimi Bhai, the basic version of SD10 with a range of 70km was tested in 2007 on a Mirage. It was outright rejected not based on the range but due to its inferior seeker and the missile was easily jammed. PAF's engineers that are based in Chengdu had previously tested the AMRAAM and other European Options, they brought their experience and knowledge and worked along side with our Chinese partners and further improved the missile.

Result: SD10A and than later S10B which is going to be the standard BVRAAM on JF17 for the time being. The Chinese never freeze a design, they run simultaneous projects because they have the necessary financial and technical resources required to. Look at their Aviation Projects; they are running simultaneous projects for J10, JF17 and J20. Engine is one aspect where they lack and that is why they running multiple projects such as WS 13, WS 10 and WS 15. Its quite evident to me that in future China and United States will be the primary producers of military technology, Europe and Russia simply cannot compete on equal footing anymore.
Do remember the South African link in this development. They have a hand in this too.
 

d7o0ome_04

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Default SD-10 vs AIM-120 (Latest versions)

hahaha nice joke:rofl::lol:
if we talking abot la:rolleyes:test versions we talk abot aim-120 d
 

Tempest II

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Yes. You can say that. I'd love to get into more detail, like how drag increases at such speeds, and how it affects the performance of the missile, how much fuel is consumed, and what are the efficiencies at different speeds, but I guess it takes a LOT of time, and I gotta write a LOT for it. I wish I could do a video on it. May be someday I will.
I do understand (not the maths of it but I can visualise the physics) that the more speed, the more wind resistance, drag, turbulance, etc. It fact when I asked the question the first time, I was expecting that the answer will come more along the lines of increased drag/turbulance.

I also understand the effects of altitude and speed of the launch platform.

I will try to find the PLA article that mentions the over 100km range.
 

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