• Monday, June 17, 2019

Saving FATA by Lt. Gen (R) Tariq Khan

Discussion in 'Strategic & Foreign Affairs' started by El_Swordsmen, Feb 11, 2017.

  1. El_Swordsmen

    El_Swordsmen FULL MEMBER

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    It’s ‘saving FATA Season’; everyone is out to contribute to the welfare of FATA. The TV channels, talk shows, interviews, the public and, of course, the Parliament. All indignant of the poor treatment meted out to FATA. The human rights campaigners are up in cudgels, “Bring FATA into the mainstream.” They confuse their own miserable existence with “mainstream.” Which “mainstream” I would not know, but they feel what has not worked for Pakistan in 70 years, may work in FATA. KPK is bending over backwards to absorb FATA, the unelected, non-representatives of FATA in the National Assembly are once again paraded like monkeys in a circus, as the bow and scrape in the glory of self-importance; ‘Yes!’ they scream, ‘let’s save FATA’. My curiosity has no bounds, save it from whom? From the people of FATA themselves?

    Let’s see why FATA needs saving:

    The FATA Secretariat was never empowered to administer FATA. It had no pool of doctors, teachers or administrative staff to post, designate or regulate in their area. These came through the Provincial Government, in violation of the rules, and usually involved people who were posted on punishment or had no sifarish (influence).

    Funds were not released to the FATA Secretariat, instead being disbursed through the artificial representation in the National Assembly or the Provincial Government which is against the law. Thus, FATA got nothing.

    • Lack of opportunity building – a federal responsibility
    • Lack of development – a federal responsibility
    • Interference in the administration by manipulating the Political Agents – Governor’s responsibility
    • Intrusion by outside powers, a product of intelligence services and poor understanding of the environment
    • Promotion of smuggling, a role played by our politicians
    • Facilitation of drugs, an outcome of an indifferent bureaucracy and police, the money generated allowed a parallel system to develop along the lines of communication.
    The system corrupted the government, the administration, as well as the law enforcement agencies, especially the intelligence.

    So exactly who are we saving FATA from? Are we throwing the region and its people into the very jaws of the wolves who are responsible for the miseries of FATA? Before we go any further, I would like to point out to our well wishers, that surely they could not have missed the situation in Swat which is the outcome of exactly the same enthusiasm being displayed to save FATA. If anything, I would strongly recommend first righting the wrong in Swat, stabilize it and demonstrate the practical manifestation of this desire to bring FATA into the “mainstream.” If Swat cannot be handled, then I cannot for the life of me, come to grips with the logic that FATA can. Swat, the most docile and peaceful area in the Frontier Regions, managed to bring the State of Pakistan to its knees because of the shenanigans of such self acclaimed experts who brought the Constitution of Pakistan to Swat without thinking it through.

    As a test case, can we withdraw the Army from Swat today and would the KPK Government be comfortable with it?

    Now, we have Chitral as part of Malakand, a people with a different language, culture and ideology, with a geography that begs a separate status, yet lumped with Malakand because it was convenient to some asinine expert. We have a DCO in the tribal portion of Malakand and a PA in the settled part. I am tempted to recommend that we first find the fool who did this to Swat and hang him before we start on our self-righteous journey to self-destruction in FATA.

    Let me emphasize, FATA is not half as docile as Swat, please for God’s sake, don’t tempt a people who are always in search of a cause to engage in physical conflict just for the sport of it. I may also point out to all that the ‘A’ areas in Baluchistan have been reversed back into ‘B’ areas, i.e. settled areas back to tribal areas with police having no jurisdiction and levies under the local chiefs to hold sway.

    This was done by an act of parliament!

    Someone must answer these questions before he shoves his pearls of wisdom down our throats on FATA. Let’s first undo the wrong that we have done in the past before we embark on new issues which involve a people who have neither been asked to be saved or that there is a need to save them in the first place. Here, to, I would like to put forward the question:

    Was the FATA crisis an outcome of the FCR, system of governance or was there any popular demand/protest launched to bring Pakistan’s Constitution to FATA?

    No, it was not, and that was never the casus-bellie for the militancy we have witnessed, and why should some assume that such reforms are the ultimate solution to the problems of FATA, amazes me more than anything else. The causes of the upheaval lie elsewhere and are still in need of correction as they were earlier; distracting people into other matters, such as presenting FATA with a constitutional rule will not help or facilitate in the stability of the region, without first eliminating the actual problems of the area.

    FATA, as a region and its people as its civilization, is a complicated proposition and cannot be dealt with summarily by some whiz kid, waving a pointer at a PowerPoint presentation. It has to incorporate the wishes of the people and their aspirations, failing which we shall be looking at a catastrophe.

    Some of the many issues that need to be understood:

    • That the current status of the tribal belt was agreed upon by Quaid-e-Azam and the people; it did not just come about nor was it inherited as is commonly quoted. The withdrawal of the Army from Wana and Razmak was an outcome of this agreement and was on the instructions of the Government of Pakistan. The SAFRON ministry was structured to wean the tribal belt into conventional governance but they woefully failed and have proven to be the most corrupt organization in this field.
    • That this urge to ‘liberate’ FATA is an afterthought after 9/11. It must be clear that until the Durand Line is not established as a recognized international border, FATA will have no defined western border and the country will have an open one.
      The FCR is a law to protect the settled areas from the tribal and not a document to administer the tribal belt.
    • The tribal belt is governed by jirga laws, mutually agreed upon by the tribes and the administration. Most people have no idea about the jirga law nor have they ever seen it.
      To the best of my knowledge, the tribals are not in favor of the Constitution being imposed upon them, though there will be some who will try and prove me wrong, yet that does not matter, one can condition the people over time to accept it.
    • The tribal belt will never settle for a KPK imposed government and would rather settle for a province of their own, if it comes to being a province or part of one.
    • The people entrusted with any such change must be able to differentiate between ‘ruling’ the area and ‘governing’ it and be able to structure a system for the latter only.
    What I have posted so far may indicate that I am against FATA getting a proper conventional modern government and I would like to emphatically say, that that is not the case.

    I would really want FATA to get the best of good governance. My concern is born of the fact that I belong to these areas and do not want to be sold out by some ignorant expert who has no idea what he is dealing with. The people here are not cattle that their views are not even heard what to talk of being taken into consideration. Here I proffer, some of the issues at hand and these are only some major ones with many more in detail later if asked for:

    FATA must be allowed a standard political status under the constitution of Pakistan but that this must be a process of evolution and not political expediency. I cannot see this process take less than 5 years at best.

    The 7 agencies to forward two mushers each of good standing who should be the components of a reforms committee in the Governor’s sect. They should be guided in legislation within the parameters of the jirga law, interfaced with the Constitution of Pakistan, with a view to facilitating gradual conventional governance in FATA.

    The mushers must go back to the people from time to time and keep getting a popular consensus for each part of the law so that the it’s a people’ s decision and not one imposed by Islamabad.

    • FATA must become a province in its own and not be merged into KPK. If FATA is merged, I fear we may even have a civil war. So, I would urge that at the least have this decision processed through a referendum and let it not be an outcome of a frivolous debate in the parliament. Those who understand will know what I am talking about when I say let the Pushtuns have what belongs to them and let the Pukhtuns have what is theirs.
    • There should be no divisions of FATA such as East or West, North or South, each agency should be a separate district, interconnected by a motorway from Gul Kach to Broghil.
      Chitral must be separated from Malakand and Malakand such be dissolved into the districts of Swat while Buner, Shangla and Besham etc must be absorbed into KPK etc.
    • FATA must have another additional district, i.e. Central Waziristan, to allow for a separate Mahsud entity. The district must have its own independent accessibility to the Indus Highway as well as the Afghan Ring Road.
    • The Quomi Zamin factor has to be resolved and right to individual ownership has to be established not just by a law but within the understanding of the people.
    • The system of Nikhat must evolve into a revenue system based on compatible values. Revenue collection of various heads has to be structured and established on ground to allow for the new province to manage its income.
    • Provincial and district Courts must be established.
    • Police have to be inducted.
    • Decision to put Frontier Regions in to FATA or KPK has to be determined on the basis of geography and ethnicity/tribes etc.
    • Law enforcement will have to be reformed incorporating the FC and the Constabulary.
    • And must include some brigade level Cantonments, i.e. Wana, Razmak, Parachinar, Timergara etc.
    All these must figure out in a master plan developed by those directed to wean FATA away from the tribal system. The master plan must indicate funding, financing and timelines to include opportunity, development and security matters. Special emphasis has to be put onto sustainability of the reforms and the instruments of implementation. Nothing should move forward without this master plan being made and that it should be given wide publicity as well as time to integrate changes and adjustments in keeping with the demands of the people for time to time.

    Lt. Gen(R) Tariq Khan
    Lieutenant General (R) Tariq Khan, an erudite general from Pakistan's Armored Corps and a decorated War Veteran, recently spoke on critical issues related to Terrorism & Insurgencies. Gen Tariq Khan during the Battle of Bajaur, transformed and re-shaped Frontier Corps into a relentless fighting force and raised FC's own special forces popularly known as SOG. Commanded and led major operations in FATA from the frontline, his model on counter-insurgency is still applied to this day.

    https://www.commandeleven.com/analysis/saving-fata/
     
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  2. sarosh yakoob mehdi

    sarosh yakoob mehdi FULL MEMBER

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    Brilliant analysis. Your rhetoric is based on the ground reality sir. No one understands the area better than you. Not that u hail from Tank but because of your life long military experience of the terrain n the temperament of the people. I have always admired your crisp views on any situation. I fully agree with your views specifically the point of Durand Line
    Thank you so much sir for such an indepth analysis which is quite an eye opener for all the misguided people.
     
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  3. I S I

    I S I SENIOR MEMBER

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    Amazing Analysis.
     
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  4. Signalian

    Signalian SENIOR MEMBER

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    Lets take a shot cut,

    Raise an infantry division under XI Corps Peshawar, which already has two infantry divisions.

    Put HQ of this infantry division in kurram or Orakzai agency and deploy Brigade HQ's in North/South waziristan and Mohmand Agency. Due to permanent deployment of Regular Army, road will be made, schools will be made, hospitals will be made, training and technical institutions will be made, electricity will be provided, water will be provided permanently.New housing and lodging will be created and contractors of all sorts will get a fresh breath of life.

    Now, once regular Army strengthens its tentacles into FATA, the democracy in pakistan will become threatened by itself. Very soon, every politician in nook and corner of the Pakistan will feel a threat from "non existent" vote bank in FATA and will raise hue and cry. The democratic Government will itself start start giving attention to development of FATA before the area becomes a breeding ground for Martial Law or if the locals start supporting Military instead of democracy.

    why is this not already happening when FC and paramilitary is deployed in FATA?
    The paramilitary forces of Pakistan are directly answerable to Ministry to Interior. Even orders(in fact request) from GHQ have to through Interior ministry of Pakistan which is ruled by bureaucracy. The whole set up is governed by Civilian Government or retired military officials in Ministry of interior.

    Example:This is one of the major reason why Rangers action in Punjab has not taken place.
     
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  5. somebozo

    somebozo ELITE MEMBER

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    First we need to save the country from FATA...and then we can talk about saving what ever is left of FATA...
     
  6. AUz

    AUz SENIOR MEMBER

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    Very indepth analysis. Hopefully relevant authorities take note
     
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  7. RangeMaster

    RangeMaster FULL MEMBER

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    Good work general.Your analysis is truely impressing.:pakistan::pakistan:
     
  8. El_Swordsmen

    El_Swordsmen FULL MEMBER

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    Last edited: Feb 12, 2017
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  9. karakoram

    karakoram SENIOR MEMBER

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    Will you elaborate how ?
     
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  10. Areesh

    Areesh ELITE MEMBER

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    General Tariq Khan is an excellent and a legend. His services in WOT played a very important role.
     
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  11. NoorQureshi

    NoorQureshi FULL MEMBER

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    FATA issue –
    We need a new horizon for Tribal region and its people based on humanitarian Islamic principles, Ideas completely adjacent with the current and new challenges, conditions and innovations
    Demands
    · Give the full fledge citizen rights to the FATA people.
    · Integrated FATA into Pakistan by the options, stated above, where
    o FATA people gets a DISTINCT status, that will cover the laws and policies of Pakistan and as well the distinct culture of FATA tribes.
    o Restoration and Innovation of JIRGA system with a broad positive vision, composed of the elected council members, intellectual of the area and representation from the government authority where The Jirga’s role will be to advise, suggest on criminal offense, support in bringing those criminals to justice (courts) AND resolving non-criminal issues/cases (including the non-criminal culture issues), and formulating grand national LASHKAR to protect the order. JIRGA will introduce collective social welfare system and will look
    after the religious institutes
    o Political agent’s role to be replaced with civil administration as practiced in the entire country.
    o MALEKs (selected by the Political authorities) to be replaced by the elective council members.
    o Local representatives, MNAs and MPAs will represent the region and will work for socio-economic development of the area.
    o Provision of extra money for
    § rebuilding the damaged houses, roads and areas
    § Schools, Hospital, and drinking water facilitie

    5 OPTIONS


    FATA inclusion in KPK:


    Benefit:
    • FATA will be benefited from wide resources and land of KPK
    Reservations:
    • FATA community is categorized with unique tribe’s systems, unique culture and unique values that have conflict with the provincial system of practice.
    • Administratively, some parts of FATA are not in easy reach to the headquarter, Peshawar


    FATA inclusion in KPK with separate status of FATA areas


    Benefit:
    • FATA will be benefited from wide resources and land of KPK
    o FATA tribe’s original status (Values, Cultural and Jirga system) will be remain unchanged
    Reservations:
    • Administratively, some parts of FATA are not in easy reach to the headquarter, Peshawar


    FATA inclusion in KPK and KPK division in 2 provinces:
    a. Upper KPK (Chitral till Kohat and FATA inclusion of Bajur, Mohmand, Khyber and Orakzai, adjunct FRs)
    b. Lower KPK ( Karak till DIKhan/Tank and FATA inclusion of Kurram, NWA and SWA, adjunct FRs)


    Benefit:
    o FATA will be benefited from wide resources
    o FATA areas will be in reach of their respective headquarters
    Reservations:
    • Strong Political objection will be there from political parties
    • Hazra will demand for their province
    • FATA community is categorized with unique tribe’s systems, unique culture and unique values that have conflict with the provincial system of practice.


    FATA inclusion in KPK and KPK division in 2 provinces with separate status of FATA areas
    a. Upper KPK (Chitral till Kohat and FATA inclusion of Bajur, Mohmand, Khyber and Orakzai, adjunct FRs)
    b. Lower KPK ( Karak till DIKhan/Tank and FATA inclusion of Kurram, NWA and SWA, adjunct FRs)


    Benefit:
    o FATA will be benefited from wide resources
    o FATA areas will be in reach of their respective headquarters
    o FATA tribe’s original status (Values, Cultural and Jirga system) will be remain unchanged
    Reservations:
    • Strong Political objection will be there from political parties
    • Hazra will demand for their province
    • Would be difficult to work 2 different systems in one province


    FATA as a separate province with unique system


    Benefit:
    o FATA tribe’s original status (Values, Cultural and Jirga system) will be remain unchanged
    Reservations:
    • Administratively, some parts of FATA will not be in easy reach to the headquarter ( Bajur to SWA)
    • There will an issue of resources.
     
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  12. Orakzai

    Orakzai FULL MEMBER

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    Lets impose FCR on whole country ?? how about that?