• Monday, April 22, 2019

Saudi Arabia finalises $15 billion deal for Lockheed missile defence system

Discussion in 'Arab Defence Forum' started by The SC, Nov 29, 2018.

  1. The SC


    Feb 13, 2012
    +16 / 16,865 / -0
    The deal is part of the much-touted $110 billion Saudi arms package
    The National

    November 29, 2018
    Updated: November 29, 2018 02:57 PM

    A Terminal High Altitude Area Defence (THAAD) interceptor is launched during a successful intercept test, in this undated handout photo provided by the US Department of Defence. US Military

    Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD)

    What is THAAD?
    It is considered to be the US' most superior missile defence system.
    It was first created in 2008.
    THAAD missiles can travel at over Mach 8, so fast that it is hypersonic.
    THAAD is designed to take out projectiles, namely ballistic missiles, as they are on their downward trajectory towards their target, otherwise known as the "terminal phase".
    To protect high-value strategic sites, such as airfields or population centres.
    THAAD can target projectiles both inside and outside of the Earth's atmosphere, at an altitude of 93 miles above the Earth's surface.
    Lockheed Martin was originally granted the contract to develop the system in 1992. Defence company Raytheon sub-contracts to develop other major parts of the system, such as ground-based radar.

    UAE and THAAD:

    In 2011, the UAE became the first country outside of the US to buy two THAAD missile defence systems. It then deployed them in 2016, becoming the first Gulf country to do so.

    Saudi Arabia is set to buy a new $15 billion (Dh 55 billion) missile defence system from US defence giant Lockheed Martin, a State Department official has said.

    The State Department said the Saudis and US officials signed the letters of offer and acceptance documents on Monday, formalising terms for Saudi’s purchase of 44 Terminal High Altitude Area Defence (THAAD) launchers, missiles and related equipment.

    The deal has been under discussion since 2016 but is now completed, a US State Department spokesman told reporters anonymously. Congress approved the sale in 2017.

    A Saudi official told Reuters in October that Mr Trump and King Salman discussed the deal the previous month in a phone call and that the deal could be completed by the end of the year.

    The deal was one of a small number of agreements under the much-touted $110 billion arms package that has progressed to completion.

    In recent weeks, the administration of President Donald Trump and the US defence industry have worked to defend the deal under increasing scrutiny of the US-Saudi relationship after the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

    Defying the White House, the Senate voted on Wednesday to hold a debate and vote on US military support for the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen, possibly within days.

    Secretaries of State and Defence, Mike Pompeo and James Mattis, briefed the Senate in a closed session on Wednesday and urged them to reject the bid.

    “The suffering in Yemen grieves me, but if the United States of America was not involved in Yemen, it would be a hell of a lot worse. What would happen if the US withdrew from the Yemen effort? Guess what: the war wouldn’t end," Mr Pompeo told the Senate.

    The State Department official who announced the completion of the THAAD deal said the US supports the “long-term security of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf region in the face of the growing ballistic missile threat from the Iranian regime and Iran-backed extremist groups”.

    Iranian-backed Houthi rebels have fired hundreds of ballistic missiles at Saudi cities this year alone, causing numerous casualties and a number of fatalities.

    US missile defence system called Terminal High-Altitude Area Defence system, or THAAD, are seen at a golf course in Seongju, South Korea, Thursday, Sept. 7, 2017. AP

    Saudi Arabia currently has Patriot missile defence systems in place and they regularly intercept Houthi projectiles.

    The Patriot missile defence system, known as PAC-3, intercepts missiles at a much lower altitude to the THAAD system and is considered to be a medium-tier defensive shield system.

    As well as the threat from the rebels on their southern border, last week Iran’s Revolutionary Guard head of airspace division, Amirali Hajizadeh, warned that US bases and allies across the Gulf region were well within range of new, more sophisticated Iranian missiles. Other Iranian officials have directly warned that the Gulf could be a target if there was an armed conflict with the US.

    The UAE already operates two THAAD defence systems and in October Lockheed Martin was tapped for the $129.5 million (Dh 475 million) contract to maintain the systems, including “software and hardware development, contractor logistics support, engineering services, and missile field surveillance.