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Russo-Pakistan Relations " A Review

MBI Munshi

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Russo-Pakistan Relations " A Review

NFB - July 23 2007

Abdul Ruff Colachal, India

Though both Russia and Pakistan are nuclear powers, a virtual super power Russia’s economic, technological, security and diplomatic resources are much greater than Pakistan. However, apparently, one factor seems to be common between Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Pakistani counterpart, Perez Musharraf: their thoroughness. Both possess strong will power and consolidated their powers by using their military power. While Putin crushed the Chechens fighting for independence stock and barrel, Musharraf toppled Pakistani prime-minister Sheriff who was apparently trying to dislodge General Musharraf himself. Besides, firmness in combating rampant corruption in these growing economies has earned praises for both Putin and Musharraf.

Whereas Putin has the capacity to slam the USA for its interference in Russia's international affairs, Musharraf, pressed by domestic as well across-the-border compulsions, cannot do so, though he, better than the Indian media, knows the role being played by India in the current turmoil in Pakistan. Both could withstand the pressures exerted by both India and USA to forge a steady, though slow, relationship between the countries. Putin is over-conscious about US concerns about Russia entering what is for decades USA’s space, while Islamabad is concerned over New Delhi’s consistent drive to go closer to Washington in order to reduce US-Pakistan bond.

Pakistan and Russia were in totally opposite camps during the so-called “Cold-war”. Today, Russia can be seen to be distancing itself from India as much as Europe from USA and, regular quarrels between USA and Pakistan. But Islamabad is ever-ready to negotiate with Washington to off-set the shifting scenario. Not only Pervez Musharraf, but all previous leaders of Pakistan have had tough time dealing with its foreign policy to advance its legitimate national interests against the anti-Pakistan strategies of India. It seems, only Musharraf could make Pakistan a some what strong nation capable of facing challenges from across the border and he could even mend ways with India and India’s “friend” Russia.

Both Musharraf and Putin keenly allowed friendship and cooperation to take roots between the countries. Musharraf's Moscow visit in 2003 set in motion emerging new relations. Russia's gross domestic product last year crossed US$1 trillion, with the federal government retaining a $75 billion fiscal surplus. In addition, Moscow's stabilization fund and its gold and currency reserves totaling almost $400 billion represent the world's third-largest foreign-exchange holding. Pakistan registered an economic growth rate of 7 percent in the financial year 2006-07, the fourth consecutive year of seven percent growth ) Pakistan's annual exports in 2005 amounted to $15 billion (USD), and crossed $18 billion in 2006 and $20 billion in 2007. Pakistan inked a memorandum of understanding in Moscow bringing the Russian natural gas monopoly Gazprom into a planned project to build a US$3.2 billion gas pipeline from Iran to India. In Russia political parties are funded by the oligarchs against the wishes of Putin, In Pakistan the corrupt politicians have adopted a case of a former chief justice involved in corruption to create anarchical situation in the country testing the patience of the General. Even as economic situation improved considerably in both the countries, more in Russia, the fancy for western democracy has made life a bit difficult in both countries.

But by April 2007 the relations between Islamabad and Kremlin became predictably stable with a first ever visit by Russian prime-minister Mikhail E. Fradkov to Islamabad for three days. Pakistan and Russia pledged to boost economic ties. Fradkov focused on ways of stepping up trade and economic links between Russia and Pakistan, "Our economic interaction is very modest, but has very serious prospects," he said. Bilateral trade stood at $411 million in 2006, up from $278 million a year earlier. Fradkov stated that the volume of trade between the two countries is only 400-500 million dollars, which is very low and needs to be expanded Relations between them. But considering the situation two decades back frozen after Islamabad supported Afghan militants fighting Russian military intervention in Afghanistan in the 1980s, the recent position has been remarkable.

Putin's recent business trip to Middle East has been used by Kremlin to comfort Pakistan as well as Central Asian states about its positive intentions for the Islamic world. Meanwhile, India has successfully used Moscow to pressure Pakistan to concede to Indian project of Iran-India oil pipe line. Besides, Kremlin has also achieved a major foreign policy success by making Pakistan to leave the Chechnya issue to Moscow for resolution and also by retreating from its earlier position on Kashmir.

The political war being waged by the opposition parties in Pakistan for quite some time to oust Musharraf has not stopped him from advancing the legitimate interests of Pakistan by expanding economic and security ties with Russia, keeping intact Pakistan’s stable US friendship. USA preferred to support the Musharraf regime to Putin's, because Musharraf does not have any hidden agenda as well as India's continuous bullying of Islamabad. With a view to placating both the USA and India, Putin had before voiced his concern” about the so-called Islamic fundamentalist terrorism. India supported Moscow's Chechnya position but in return it failed get Moscow’s endorsement for Indian position on Kashmir.

THE BACK-GROUND

Russo-Pakistan relations have come through unfavorable circumstances in a phased manner. In a historical perspective, the first significant Soviet–Pakistan aid agreement was signed in March 1961 for the oil exploration in Pakistan. In September 1966, the Soviet Union and Pakistan concluded an agreement for economic and technical cooperation. At the time of Kosygin's visit to Pakistan in April 1968, the Soviets offered to assist in the building of a steel plant near Karachi and an atomic power plant in East Pakistan. Pravda (April 19, 1968) noted that the Soviet Union was giving aid to Pakistan for the construction of 21 large industrial undertakings. Despite a sharp deterioration in their relations following Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan, Soviet economic aid to Pakistan continued

During the 1980s, tensions increased between the Soviet Union and Pakistan because Pakistan supported Afghan fighters against occupation forces from Soviet Union. Afghanistan experience was terrible for Russia. The withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan, the collapse of the former Soviet Union and emergence of 15 sovereign states, six of them Muslim-majority states resulted in significantly improved bilateral relations. But Pakistan's support for and recognition of the Taliban regime in neighboring Afghanistan remained an ongoing source of tension. The Muslim-majority Central Asian nations emerged and began developing their own foreign policy to engage the major nations of the region - Russia, India and China - as well as the US, in building their future. Following attacks in the Sept 11, 2001, Russia as a partner in US led terror war, Moscow softened its stance on Pakistan.

Of course, Russia-Pakistan relations could not have taken off while the India-Pakistan relationship remains stormy. Surely Moscow realizes that the India factor impinges on both sides of the relationship. And Pakistan's objective, as was evident from Musharraf's approach in Moscow, is to see that Russia establishes a "balance" in ties with India and Pakistan. Putin's projection of Russia as an honest broker friendly to both, rather than a country with a tilt toward one side, was a big step forward. Throughout the entirety of these two definitive decades of “Cold war”, Russia-Pakistan relations remained frozen in a state of inactive hostility. In Russian eyes, Pakistan was just another unruly and unreliable Muslim nation that was not only close to the US and China, but also tended to define itself by its enmity toward Russia's natural ally, India. From the Pakistani viewpoint, Russia was a diminished power committed wholly to friendship with India. Islamabad has always considered Moscow to be completely biased on the India-Pakistan issue and, therefore, not worth courting seriously.

THE MOVE

In Moscow's redrawn scheme of international priorities Russo-Pakistan ties had to be determined by Russia' own priorities in domestic as well as foreign affairs. The new Russian administration under Putin has been busy redefining its role in the merging global order. Foreign policy experts in Moscow observed that sending Vladimirovich to Islamabad virtually on the eve of Putin's visit to New Delhi is a clear signal of Russia's new foreign policy priorities. On assuming office President Putin was invited by Pervez Musharraf had sent invitation to visit Pakistan. The announcement on Sept 28, 2000 of an official visit of Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin to Pakistan in October following his sojourn in New Delhi, had taken diplomatic circles here by surprise. Strong foundations were expected to be laid in Putin's proposed visit in 2000 to Pakistan along with India for an era of mutually beneficial, relations and smooth functioning of ties. Putin had planned the trip as a way to boost Russia's profile in South Asia and East Asia, as well as securing trade and investment ties with both countries.

Moscow policy for Pakistan was re-oriented, with a greater focus on South Asian region.

Russian as well as Indian media reported that Pakistan “harbored and trained” some of the anti-Russian secessionists from Chechnya and noted Islamic militants from the Freehand Valley in Central Asia. Weakened internally and lacking adequate leverage on Islamabad, Moscow could only blame Pakistan. Putin realized that as a great power, Russia bordering Central Asian countries must provide security to its own geographical territory. Putin promptly took a forward step by establishing ties with Islamabad for several reasons.

However it took a couple of years even for Putin's Russia to get over its former pro-India mindset and reach out to Pakistan. A Joint Working Group on Counter-Terrorism between Pakistan and Russia was established after a meeting held between presidents of Pakistan and Russia in June 2002. Pakistan appreciated Russian view on terrorism: the war against international terrorism could be won when the root causes of terrorism like poverty, regional conflicts, systematic injustices and problems related to globalization were resolved.

TURNING POINT

The turning point in Islamabad–Moscow ties came about in February 2003 by Putin's invitation to General President Pervez Musharraf to visit Moscow which in turn led to a counter-invitation by Pakistan, to make it the first time in Pakistan's history that a Russian head of state would have visited Islamabad. (The first visit by a Pakistani leader for 30 years since Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in the 1970s).Pervez discussed trade and defense ties with President Putin at the Kremlin. Cultural agreement includes a draft on bilateral cultural exchanges in 2003-2006. Pakistan's elation over the Russian visit by General Musharraf has led to the official Pakistani media terming it as "historic"; "path breaking"; "history in the making" and "forward looking". Pakistan organized the first ever solo Pakistan exhibition in St. Petersburg in early September 2004.

Musharraf’s Russian visit may be path breaking in Pakistani perceptions, but a "terrible" exercise for India. In relation to Kashmir, India was worried that the Pakistani President’s visit to Moscow took place in the backdrop of Pakistan's celebrating of the "Kashmir Week" expressing solidarity with Kashmiri people. India is very conscious of the historic baggage that blights radical developments in Pak-Russia relationships. Followed by, the Putin's visit to Islamabad, following Musharraf's historical visit to Moscow 2003 was eagerly awaited only to be shelved by Moscow.

The Pakistan-Russia rapprochement envisaged by presidents Pervez Musharraf and Vladimir Putin at a Moscow summit in February 2003 has not yet been fully implemented. Nevertheless, since the visit of Musharraf to Moscow, relations between the two countries began making progress. Pakistan's relations with Russia did witness a qualitative improvement and there has been a greater understanding of Pakistan's policies at the highest level in Russia. An Inter-governmental Joint Commission was established for accelerating the economic and technical cooperation between the two countries.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Safonov met Pakistan Foreign Secretary Riaz Khokhar in Islamabad in Feb 2004 and emphasized that that the visit of President Pervez Musharraf to Moscow last year was a historic milestone in bilateral relations which are expanding since then and that Pakistan was committed to cooperating with Russia in the campaign against international terrorism, it was officially announced here.

Officials from both the countries reiterate that t he relations are developing "quite successfully" in diplomatic, political, economic and trade fields after the visit and the improvement of bilateral ties is due to leadership of both the countries. Obvious interference from New Delhi some how was blocking any fruitful relationship between the two. It was felt that to promote bilateral economic cooperation, Pakistan should grant Russia Most Favored Nation status or consider mutually lowering tariffs, besides, bilateral economic cooperation, primarily in the fields of heavy industry, oil and gas, aerospace technologies, textile and agriculture. They sought cooperation in steel sector. Pakistan invited Russians to invest in the automobile sector in Pakistan for affordable cars for the common man. Both aimed at the expansion of bilateral ties, problems of conflict resolution in the region, as well as disarmament, particularly in the nuclear sphere.

Pakistan expressed its desire for early expansion in the Pakistan Steel Mill. He also renewed President General Pervez Musharraf’s invitation to President Vladimir Putin to visit Pakistan at the earliest. The two sides discussed bilateral ties, Pakistan-India relations, counter-terrorism measures taken by both, the menace of drug trafficking and other issues of regional and international importance were discussed during the meeting, a Foreign Office statement said. In Dec 2004, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Kislyak was in Pakistan to attend the second session of the Pakistan-Russian Consultative Group on strategic stability

Meanwhile, collaborative actions in Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), grouping organized by China and Russia that also includes Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, offered Pakistan and Russia to understand each others concerns. Under insistence from Putin, Islamabad's move to join SCO, a regional grouping, dominated by China and Russia further cemented the ties with Moscow. SCO offered Pakistan to join Russia, China and Central Asian States to advance its national interest as well. Russia is shoring up its assets within Afghanistan to ensure smooth conduct of trade and transportation. Mostly Russia desired that Pakistan joins SCO as a full member.

"I think bilateral (Pakistan-Russia) relations are good, we have diplomatic and political understanding between our countries," Musharraf said on 07 June 2006 in an interview with Russian news agency ITAR-TASS Moscow. "There is a mutuality of interest in this region between Russia and Pakistan." Islamabad enjoys influence in Central Asia, a region with which Pakistan has historical and cultural bonds and wants to expand trade, commercial and economic ties with, Pervez insists. By becoming a full member of SCO, Russo-Pakistan ties would further expand and diversify.

In Nov 2006, the visiting Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov wanted to broaden and diversify mutually advantageous cooperation with Pakistan, a country playing a significant role both in the region and in the Islamic world as a whole. They agreed to promptly promote Inter-governmental Commission on Trade, Economic and Scientific Cooperation for early implementation of projects already agreed upon between the two sides. His Pakistani counter-part Kasuri welcomed Russia's strong political and economic interest in Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) pipeline project. They discussed the possibility of using Iran as transit corridor between Russia and Pakistan to shorten the time taken for the movement of goods between the two countries. Pakistan could benefit from Russia to equip its Railway with new signal and rolling stock. He pointed out that bilateral trade between the two had more than doubled last year to over $500 million.

Both sides discussed the possibilities of developing rail links with Iran and other areas in the SCO region from Pakistan; rail links to Central Asia from Gwadar and Russia has shown some interest in this area; energy cooperation in detail including cooperation in exploration of oil and gas reserves, mineral, coal, and assistance in hydro-electricity production as well as laying pipeline for gas and other energy resources.

Identifying prospective areas of trade and economic cooperation, Musharraf said Pakistan's large textile, oil and gas sectors could export products to Russia. In defense, he said, Pakistan is interested in purchases from Russia, and added that in this area Russia "should also not have an Indo-centric approach to Pakistan". Pakistan is eager to reinvigorate relations with Russia and expand bilateral relations in all fields particularly defense and communications. The nature of Russian relations with CIS states and its impact on Pakistan is important to observe. Pakistan is interested in strengthening ties with CIS for economic cooperation. Many Russian companies were satisfied with Pakistan government's policies in oil and gas sectors.

Finally, in May 2007 the Russian Prime Minister visited Islamabad to reciprocate the sentiments expressed by Musharraf in terms of opening a new chapter in Pakistan-Russia bilateral relations. He said Pakistan enjoyed an important place in Russia's foreign policy and that Russia deeply appreciated Pakistan's endeavors towards peace, amity and prosperity in the region. Russia is against the weapons of mass destruction and added that Pakistan is also following the same approach. Both signed two agreements, one on promoting cooperation in the fields of culture, arts, archaeology, archives and cinema and the other for increasing cooperation in combating illicit trafficking, abuse of narcotics and psychotropic substances. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov arrived in Pakistan earlier than Fradkov and held talks with President Pervez Musharraf and his Pakistani counterpart Khurshid Mehmood Kasuri and discussed steps to broaden bilateral ties. While Moscow retains a strategic partnership with India, it is increasingly focusing on relations with Pakistan to check the influence of radical Islam in the former Soviet republics of Central Asia. Pakistan and Russia are to fight terrorism together and the two countries agreed to activate it for expanding cooperation consultations should be on regular basis.

Under the agreement, Pakistan and Russia agreed to implement the program of cultural, educational and scientific exchanges during 2007-09. Russia and Pakistan agreed to finalize bilateral investment treaty as well as a treaty on avoiding double taxation for the benefit of investors to invest in each other's country. They discussed energy cooperation in detail including cooperation in exploration of oil and gas reserves, mineral, coal, and assistance in hydro-electricity production as well as laying pipeline for gas and other energy resources. Pakistan and Russia agreed also to promote economic diplomacy and expand cooperation in the war on terrorism and extremism.

SOME OBSERVATIONS

The analysts on emerging Russo-Pakistan ties argue that Russia's South Asia policy has been under-going change in response to the trend of a more proximate strategic partnership between USA and India (Russia’s major weapon consumer) emerging, and Russia looked for wider markets for the sale of its military equipment, and Russia's invitation motivated by United States prodding to assist Pakistan in getting a dialogue opened with India in view of close relations in the past.

Pakistan's ties with Russia were hampered for want of bold will from both sides. Lucrative military trade between Russia and India prevented Russia from going for any positive relations with Islamabad. The position has changed after Putin became the Chief of the Kremlin in 2000.Putin, who, armed by a balanced foreign policy across the globe and aimed at making Russian Presidency strong by driving Russia into a super power once again, began promoting cooperation between Moscow and Islamabad a major shift in Moscow’s Asian policy.

In Kremlin's new policy, Pakistan is not one of the focus areas, mainly because as a major non-NATO ally Pakistan is assured of all necessary military support by the US-led NATO and as such it needs no Russian weapons systems that India procures regularly for targeting Pakistan. However, Pakistan and Russia have come to realize that they need each other to maintain stability in the highly volatile region. Moscow sees importance of Pakistan, having close ties with both China and the US, though not a major economic power. Russia seems to trust Pakistan which is also in the middle of the war against terrorism - in fact, Pakistan holds many potentially critical cards in this key battle.

Pakistan's closeness to China is yet another factor that Russia takes seriously. Significantly, China welcomed Musharraf's visit to Moscow and hoped that it would further help peace and development in the region. When asked to comment on the visit, a spokesperson of the Chinese government said that Pakistan and Russia are both friendly neighbors of China.The creation of a new dimension of the regional system of international relations including the Central Asian Republics, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and China is visibly underway. The fruitful development of bilateral relations between Russia and Pakistan is considered necessary for dealing with regional problems.

The obvious gains of Russia's new foreign policy cannot be denied even in South Asia. Following Sept 11, issues of terrorism brought the Kremlin to forge initial ties with Pakistan. Pragmatism and flexible maneuvering cultivated by Putin has brought much better results than his predecessor Yeltsin's neo-imperial style with its claims to the role of a great power and utter helplessness of its attempts to have at least some influence in the modern world. Pakistan’s external policies got fair recognition in Moscow, too. Thus, when in Moscow, Musharraf, offered Russia to expand cooperation in various spheres, and also recognized that Chechnya was Russia's internal affair. Recently, Moscow promptly praised the Military operation at Lal Mosque in Islamabad on 12 July, killing several persons.

The Moscow's relationship with Islamabad is yet fully overcome the India-axis. Earlier annoyed by the emerging bond between the two, India "skillfully" used the trade lever to pressure Moscow to retreat, but when failed, it tries to take advantages out of it by way of clinching the long pending Iran-India pipeline via Pakistan. The Indian public opinion is still molded by the media heavily against any dialogue with Pakistan because of Pakistan's so-called "unwarranted proxy war", but it is presumably to pressure Islamabad to cooperate on Iran-India pipeline. Both USA and India watch the progress in Pak-Russian relations impatiently, because if that bond gets strengthened, USA might lose a helpful strategic partner in the region, while India would be put in tight spot, losing its bargaining power with Russia even more.

Impressed by the new cash of India got from privatization-cum-liberalization trend, Russia has managed to retain its one of the most wanted customer for its weapons.New Delhi expects that the ongoing rapprochement could even develop positively to India's advantage, if Russians succeed in converting Pakistan into a responsible actor in South Asia. India, making all efforts to “clinch” the nuclear deal with USA, seems to be confident that today it is in a unique position where its power potential in the coming decade cannot be dismissed lightly by both Russia and USA, politically and strategically. This signals that in order to further the interests of, both Russia and Pakistan have to plan their future strategy very carefully. Both countries have sought to further narrow the political chasm that separated them since the Cold War days when the former Soviet Union had close ties with India.

From the “Cold” climate to a warm atmosphere, the Russo-Pakistan ties have come a long way and the gains so far have been remarkable. The present level of Pakistan-Russia relations does not meet the existing favorable opportunities for interaction between the two countries. Moscow and Islamabad are expected to undertake certain vigorous efforts to push mutual cooperation forward. Moscow is fully aware of Islamabad's political and religious compulsions. Both concurred on issues like terrorism, nuclear non-proliferation; and regional cooperation. President Putin or any other future President of Russia has to make a trip to Pakistan to stabilize the current ties. Meanwhile, the bilateral relationship still has to travel a great distance before yielding desired fruits.


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Dr. Abdul Ruff Colachal is aResearch Scholar,School of International Studies Jawaharlal Nehru University, NewDelhi

http://www.bangladesh-web.com/view....&hidType=EDT&hidRecord=0000000000000000166511
 

IceCold

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Good going! Pakistan should develop her ties with Russia as Russia is still a major player in the region and both the countries can gain alot incoperating with each other.
 

KashifAsrar

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This was all predictable after India came close to USA. Geopolitics is changing fast. It might be a new Cold war with loyalities of last cold war , switched. South Asia will again be the biggest benficiary.
Kashif
 

Bull

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Putin and Mushraff cant be compared. Its a laughable comparison.

With regards to Russia - Pakistan ties, what is in it for Pakistan? Economic aid? Military aid? Cultural exchanges?

Economic aid...no. Russian gas reserves are huge and if Pakistan can provide them any sort of solutions or proposals it woul dbe workable. But Russia's biggest customers are in east europe.

Military aid. This will be determined by India;s action alone. If Russia feels India has deprived it of a possible sale of military hardware by going to US, it might show the stick by offering the same to Pakistan.

Cultuarl, i dont know.

And yeah wud the US aid backed general have it in himto go the Russian way. Can they afford to hurt the Americans when they are sitting across the borders in Afghanistan? Can they afford to do that when they are set to recieve 92 upgraded F-16s.
 

IceCold

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Its time an indian responded. The general may be american backed, still knows what lies in the interest of pakistan. Thank you. Plz show some respect hes the president of pakistan.
 
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Russo-Pakistan Relations " A Review

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Dr. Abdul Ruff Colachal is aResearch Scholar,School of International Studies Jawaharlal Nehru University, NewDelhi

http://www.bangladesh-web.com/view....&hidType=EDT&hidRecord=0000000000000000166511
I hope Dr Abdul consulted the Generals of the Soviet Army and KGB who lost thousands of men to the Taliban trained in Pakistan before making it sound so simple. The old saying " The Russian Bear never forgets or forgives still has strong roots in the new Russia. Infact under Putin nearly all the steps of democracy of Gorbochev were reversed.

Some people may remember the saying of the Russian General a decade ago that one day the Soviet Army would like to stand on the Arabian Sea meaning after Afghanistan they would target Iran or Pakistan.

It never happened but the Russian Bear will never forgive Pakistan or USA for the bloody nose in Afghanistan. Also see the plights of Muslim in Chechnya.

Regards
 

Bull

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Its time an indian responded. The general may be american backed, still knows what lies in the interest of pakistan. Thank you. Plz show some respect hes the president of pakistan.
What did i say to disrespect Mushraff. You cant compare the achievements or turn around of fortunes of respective countries.
 

niaz

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Russian desire to have good relations Pakistan goes back a long way. Liaqat Ali Khan ignored USSR invitation in 1949 and chose to go to US instead.

PAK- USSR relations turned sour mainly because Pakistan went firmly into the US camp thru SEATO and Baghdad Pact ( Later renamed CENTO). And then there was U-2 incident which took off from Buda Beir US base in Peshawer. It cannot also be denied that before India launched 1971 invasion of East Pakistan, Indra Gandhi renewed the Friendship pact with USSR, thus on the whole USSR has been viewed as anti Pakistan by the Pakistanis.

Relations revived during ZA Bhutto era. (Whatever any one's feelings about ZAB, he was peerless in his foreigh policy!) and Pakistan got its Steel Mill from USSR. Of course during the Zia and Hamid Gul at ISI, our relations were at the lowest ebb as we were fighting a proxy war for the US.

Regrettably, for decades, Pakistan's foreign policy has been so India centric that we consider any country friendly with India as a potential enemy of Pakistan and this has harmed Pakistan's national interests in the long run. It is possible that perceived Russian design for warm water sea port was more of a desire by Baluchi Sardars (who saw it as a way of gaining independence) than a real Soviet design.

In the everchanging world, it is need of the hour for Pakistan to have good relations with all of her neighbours and Russia can still be considered a neighbour. The Wakhan corridor which seperated old USSR and Pakistan is less than 10 miles wide !!.

IMO Russia is a great country and can help Pakistan in Science & Technology, Medicine and Oil Exploration. There are other things in world beside the Military Hardware !!
 

roadrunner

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Pakistan is definitely getting friendlier with Russia. This can only be a good thing since Russia still is well ahead in some areas of technology.
 

kidwaibhai

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i think this was important step that was taken by musharraf but this was all in response to the emerging relationship between the US and India. It will still take a long time for this relationship to mature.
 

Neo

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i think this was important step that was taken by musharraf but this was all in response to the emerging relationship between the US and India. It will still take a long time for this relationship to mature.
Imho Russian think tank is pushing for better ties with Pakistan but Putin is too India mined, wait till the next government takes over. Russia will definately open her doors for Pakistan.
 

Adux

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It is quite naive for Pakistan to believe that India has to choose camps, either Russia or US. We cant letgo of Russia and Russia cant letgo of us. The future of the multi-polar world will far more intertwined than everbefore. A cold war of sorts, is just not going to happen.
 

Cheetah786

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Russia, Pakistan relations developing quite successfully
Karachi, June 10 PPI: The relations between Russian Federation and Pakistan are developing "quite successfully" in diplomatic, political, economic and trade fields after visit of President Pervez Musharraf to Moscow in early 2003. The relations are "as good as ever before and not divided by any difference or contradicting ideologies. The improvement of bilateral ties is due toleadership of both the countries", observed Russian Federation's Consul General in Karachi Vladimir P Mikhaylov. The positions of Russian Federation and Pakistan on some major international problems like Iraq and Middle East are "very close. We have regular consultations on various issues including struggle against terrorism, narcotics WMD", Mikhaylov noted while speaking at seminar on "Nature of Russian relations with Commonwealth of Independent States CIS countries: Impact on Pakistan" organized by Pakistan Institute of International Affairs PIIA at its premises Thursday in Karachi. However, he felt that volume of bilateral trade and economic cooperation does not correspond to the potential between both countries. At the same time "we do not have much military cooperation with Pkaistan and it would take time to materialize". He said many Russian companies were satisfied with Pkaistan government's policies in oil and gas sectors. "We are planning first ever solo Pakistan exhibition in St. Petersburg . We hope more Pakistani businessmen will visit Russia and plan to arrange visits of their Russian counterparts to Pakistan." Mikhaylov spoke on nature of Russian relations with CIS states and its impact on Pakistan. He hoped Pakistan is interested in strengthening ties with CIS for economic cooperation. Earlier Chairman PIIA Fatehyab Ali Khan in his remarks said CIS was based on principles of sovereign equality of all members. In March 1994, the CIS was accorded observer status in the United Nations. He said a Customs Union to regulate payments betwee member states with non- convertible independent currencies and a regulatory Economic Court have also been established among CIS countries. The seminar was also addressed by Fateh Ali Hashim Honorary Consul Kingdom of Morocco, Dr Talat A Wizarat professor of international relations, University of Karachi and Ms Farzana Shakoor NED Engineering University Karachi. (THROUGH ASIA PULSE)
 

Cheetah786

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It is quite naive for Pakistan to believe that India has to choose camps, either Russia or US. We cant letgo of Russia and Russia cant letgo of us. The future of the multi-polar world will far more intertwined than everbefore. A cold war of sorts, is just not going to happen.
you Mean you want the cake and eat it to.hate to burst ya bubble Adux but in return for investment and as been told by some Indian members here return on investment is the reason Americans are investing here.well guess what the return on investment means.:rofl:
 

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