• Wednesday, September 26, 2018

"Rocket-Missile Man of Pakistan"

Discussion in 'Pakistan Strategic Forces' started by ghazi52, Jun 24, 2018.

  1. ghazi52

    ghazi52 ELITE MEMBER

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    Air Commodore Józef Marian Turowicz

    Turowicz was a prominent and noted Polish Pakistani military scientist and an aeronautical engineer. He is considered as one of the chief architects of the Pakistan Air Force and Pakistan's space program. Turowicz, an eminent rocket scientist and an aeronautical engineer, was the leading and central figure in Pakistan's drive to develop high-tech rocket and missile technology of its own. He is considered one of the pioneers of Pakistan's space program, playing a central role in Pakistan's aviation and aerospace industry.

    He was one of thirty Polish pilots in total who came and went after serving a contractual period in the PAF, usually of one year, starting in 1948 or so when it was still the RPAF. Some spent a longer time of contract. None of the Poles became naturalized Pakistani citizens. None of them ever took part in any combat. The only exception was Turowicz. Both he and his wife very early on adopted Pakistani nationality.

    Turowicz made significant contributions to Pakistan's missile/rocket program as a chief aeronautical engineer and has recently been referred to as the "Rocket-Missile Man of Pakistan" by some of the prominent defense analysts for his work towards the development of ballistic missile and space rocket technology. In Pakistan, he is highly respected as a scientist and noted aeronautical engineer.

    Zofia, his wife, taught Mathematics at both the Karachi Grammar School (in fact, Mrs Norma Fernandes, later headmistress KGS, was one of her students) and the American school and also trained gliding to Air Cadets in Karachi and Rawalpindi.

    As a qualified fighter pilot and a qualified engineer he did introduce several engineering and operational innovations that surprised the enemy during 1965 war as well as the original manufacturers of the aircraft and avionics for which he was awarded a medal.

    He was seconded to SUPARCO as its chief whilst still in PAF. He continued as SUPARCO's chief after his retirement from PAF.

    He was instrumental in launching first Pakistani Satellite and achieving breakthroughs in Pakistan’s rocket and missile programs. Turowicz was the administrator of Pakistan's Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) from 1967 to 1970, and towards the end of his career, he was appointed to the post of Air Vice Marshal of the Pakistan Air Force.

    Turowicz died in Karachi aged 72 in 1980.


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    Statue of Turowicz at PAF Museum Karachi.
     
    Last edited: Jun 24, 2018
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  2. ghazi52

    ghazi52 ELITE MEMBER

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    [​IMG]
     
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  3. salarsikander

    salarsikander SENIOR MEMBER

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    His Grand Daughter and rest of the family resides in Islamabad
     
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  4. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri BANNED

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  5. django

    django ELITE MEMBER

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    Zibago is a huge admirer of this great fellow.Kudos bhai
     
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  6. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri BANNED

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    Rightfully so and can be rightfully proud of the contributions and developments.
     
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  7. Umair Nawaz

    Umair Nawaz ELITE MEMBER

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    where? what do they do?
     
  8. AZADPAKISTAN2009

    AZADPAKISTAN2009 ELITE MEMBER

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    Great story never new we had our own Polish Pakistani person making Rockets
    Thank you to the man for his wonderful service to Pakistan
     
  9. ghazi52

    ghazi52 ELITE MEMBER

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    According to the biographical file, Turowicz was born in 1909, in Wadziejewsko village, Siberia, to an aristocratic family. The very Polish name of the village might suggest it was colony for Poles imprisoned or exiled by the Tsar; it is also unlikely that Polish aristocrats would live far in the Amur valley, on the border of Russia and China, for reasons other than political.

    In 1920, with his parents and siblings, Turowicz began the journey to Poland which finally was a sovereign republic again after 150 years when Russia, Prussia and Austria annexed its lands.

    They reached Poland in 1922, and settled down in Warsaw. After matriculation, Turowicz was enrolled at the Faculty of Aviation of the Warsaw University of Technology. A brilliant aeronautical engineer, he graduated with honours.

    He liked air racing. In 1936, at the Warsaw Aero Club, he met his future wife Zofia who, at the age of 20, was already a famous glider pilot. At the outbreak of the Second World War, Turowicz — then a Polish Air Force lieutenant — was stationed in south-western Poland. He received the order to retreat to Romania and was soon locked up in an internment camp. Zofia found him there in 1940, and somehow managed to receive permission for them to marry.

    In autumn 1940, they began the journey to the West. Through Hungary, Yugoslavia, Switzerland and France, they reached England. Turowicz joined the Royal Air Force as a flying instructor and a test pilot.

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    Turowicz with other officers (Chaklala, 1954) -Photos by Tahir Jamal/White Star. Courtesy Pakistan Air Force Museum.

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    A monument in honour of Turowicz at the Pakistan Air Force Museum -Photos by Tahir Jamal/White Star. Courtesy Pakistan Air Force Museum.

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    Turowicz is buried at the Karachi Christian Cemetery -Photos by Tahir Jamal/White Star. Courtesy Pakistan Air Force Museum.
     
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  10. American Pakistani

    American Pakistani ELITE MEMBER

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    Salute to this great officer.:pakistan:
     
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  11. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri BANNED

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    That's really interesting. I always assumed he was born in Poland proper....but polish emigres in Amur area, didn't know that!
     
  12. Taimur Khurram

    Taimur Khurram SENIOR MEMBER

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    Reminds me of those German scientists that helped develop America's rocket programme after WW2.
     
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  13. Asimz

    Asimz FULL MEMBER

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    Amazing i didn't knew that we need to make documentary, films, youtube videos on them educate our youngs and masses and honor the ones that are alive.
     
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  14. MBT 3000

    MBT 3000 SENIOR MEMBER

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    nice
     
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  15. hazzam

    hazzam BANNED

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    good info.
     
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