• Thursday, July 19, 2018

Rise in extremism

Discussion in 'Pakistan's Internal Security' started by Solomon2, Jan 3, 2018.

  1. Solomon2

    Solomon2 ELITE MEMBER

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    Rise in extremism
    Arsla Jawaid Updated January 02, 2018
    [​IMG]
    The writer is a policy researcher.
    THE year 2017 has ended on a low note for Pakistan’s fight against extremism. Where once the concern was restricted to impoverished neighbourhoods and lack of education, today extremist thought is flourishing in the media, political spheres, elite circles and educational institutes.

    Numerous professors in universities in Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi show increased concern for radical and extremist thought that incite violence; a phenomenon previously associated with poverty, lack of education and/or limited to madressahs. Literature on latent radicalisation in college campuses across Pakistan helps to provide context to current trends; one need look no further than the brutal lynching of Mashal Khan at the Abdul Wali Khan University. The misuse of blasphemy laws, often for revenge or personal gain, can anger young students enough to resort to murder.

    That is no surprise in a country that cedes space to the extremist ideology of radical clerics and allows them to bring the capital on lockdown for weeks. An open incitement to violence against minority communities, women, students and many more, is likely then to germinate in young minds already vulnerable to a myriad of regressive circumstances, eg Bacha Khan University in Charsadda recently banned mixed gatherings on its campus.

    Military means alone won’t end terrorism.

    Intolerance, however, is not limited to college campuses or to firebrand clerics. It is not uncommon for political leaders, eg our information minister, to resort to slurs demonising non-Muslims, in order to attack their political rivals or to further personal gain. All this in a country that faces a large youth population that is susceptible to extremism.

    There is no scenario where Pakistan’s fight against terrorism can be won solely through military means. For a state in flux, even obvious observations require repetition.

    According to the Global Terrorism Index, terrorism-related violence in Pakistan has decreased considerably since 2014, in part attributable to Operation Zarb-i-Azb. In fact, hundreds of terrorist plots were reportedly foiled in Pakistan in 2017.

    While Pakistan’s security dimension has improved, extremism has been on the rise, despite tremendous chatter on the subject. Stamping out dissent in college campuses (amongst many other venues) and the dangerous political mainstreaming of intolerance against minorities create conducive environments that exacerbate factors generally accepted as increasing youth vulnerability towards violence.

    Rise in extremism cannot be quantified. The greatest impediment in investing in counter-extremism programming is the inability to measure and evaluate progress.

    How many fewer young men and women have engaged in acts of violence? How many vulnerable young people toying with the idea of violence have not been recruited either online or in-person?

    Its latent nature is what makes it not only difficult to identify early warning signs but also present tangible results.

    What is measurable though is the increase in safe spaces to voice dissent, public venues that encourage inclusive community engagement, or the existence of public goods specifically for young people such as public libraries and parks, amongst many more. In Pakistan’s case, the latter are either rapidly shrinking or are absent.

    Further, investments in prevention, as urgent as they may be, yield long-term, generational results. For a nation obsessed with instant gratification, there is little political buy-in for such programming.

    The country’s national counter-extremism policy has been devised through consultations with political leadership, religious leaders, scholars, academics, media, civil society organisations, and civil and military bureaucracy.

    The policy, though well intentioned and all-encompassing, lacks cohesive political will to take it forward and not only implement its measures but sustain its successes.

    Global debates and UN resolutions on preventing violent extremism, despite efforts to include civil society, remain state-centric with an overwhelming focus on building state capacity.

    States are often unwilling to grapple with the ultimate internal causes of extremism, which frequently include their own policies. In some cases, authorities and leaders are themselves beholden to ideologies that legitimise violence and even propagate it among their own and other populations.

    If states are truly looking to tackle violent extremism, they must address their own behaviour.

    In Pakistan, alienation, exclusive politics and oppression are structural problems that extremists are trained and adept at exploiting and cultivating. Any conversation on the prevention of violent extremism must move beyond building state capacity and begin to address changing state behaviour.

    Safeguarding and supporting Pakistan’s next generation requires a sustained effort and not vote-garnering, political statements.

    In environments that are conducive to intolerance and violence, fault lines are increasingly fractured leaving the state dangerously dithering on its duty to create secure and inclusive spaces for young people to flourish.

    The writer is a policy researcher.

    Published in Dawn, January 2nd, 2018
     
  2. Starlord

    Starlord SENIOR MEMBER

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    Do i need to read the Article ? No cause @Solomon2 posted it , so it must be anti-Pakistan or something negative :)
     
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  3. Vortex

    Vortex FULL MEMBER

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    @Solomon2

    Violence and extremism are spreading in all countries. Not in Pakistan alone.

    @Starlord

    Negative or not, unfortunately extremists voices, even if they are minority in general in Pakistan, their voice is louder than others...because of media and their"breaking news"... And our Jahiliat
     
  4. Reichsmarschall

    Reichsmarschall SENIOR MEMBER

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    in 2017 US police killed 900+ people that says alot where extremism is rising
    i am not even mention the genocide carried out by a certain illegitimate aparthied state in Middle east
     
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  5. undercover JIX

    undercover JIX SENIOR MEMBER

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    Just replace USA instead of Pakistan and it will make more sense. Failures against terrorism, extremism, racism, home grown terrorism increasing ...at a rapid pace.
     
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  6. Solomon2

    Solomon2 ELITE MEMBER

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    What kind of response to the author is that?
     
  7. Divergent

    Divergent SENIOR MEMBER

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    You guys need to stop getting so defensive about someone saying the slightest negative thing about Pakistan. Patriotism shouldn’t equate to ultra nationalism which blinds you to faults. This article may not be entirely perfect or it’s absolute truth in its entity but it’s stating facts and statistics.

    Mashal Khan lynching was done within an institute - a place where education, ideas and students are the responsibility of teachers. The fact that any political party or teacher/student planning had any form of participation is what makes it revoltingly sick. How is this any different to Hindutva lynching - same thing, different name.
     
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  8. Iqbal Ali

    Iqbal Ali SENIOR MEMBER

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    What about the Zionist regime massacring the Palestinians? Come on Zionist @Solomon2, grow up!
     
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  9. Vortex

    Vortex FULL MEMBER

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    I wasnt answering to the author but to you instead.
     
  10. Thorough Pro

    Thorough Pro ELITE MEMBER

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    Everyone talks about extremism, no one talks about the cause, USA. All the extremism in the world today is only because of USA's direct and unjust actions, policies, interference and injustices.



     
  11. Silverblaze

    Silverblaze FULL MEMBER

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    West has produced fascism which many of them acknowledge. In the muslim world the phenomenon is best described by Allama Iqbal - Deen e Kafir Firko Tadbeer e Jihad - Deen e Mullah Fi sabilillah fasaad!

    Theocracy in the islamic world is one of the reasons for the decline because it is attacking its own institutions. These mullas and their sympathizers are so vacuous minded baboons that even if israel covertly creates an islamic extremist group, these individuals will follow that group blindly and at worst have great fondness for them in direct confrontation with their own countries'.
     
  12. MBT 3000

    MBT 3000 SENIOR MEMBER

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    yes liberal and secular exstremism
     
  13. I.R.A

    I.R.A ELITE MEMBER

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    What statistics? And what facts? The author hasn't even properly addressed the issue ....... in the end all I could gather was ...... politicians and their statements are reason for extremism. This is hardly a balanced piece of writing, okay it highlights an issue which may be there and may grow but it doesn't in anyway address the reasons and solutions. The author correctly identified that a large part of Pakistan's population is youth but failed to say for example that this youth resource needs to be utilised for better productivity, research and development, sports, security, peace and reforms etc.

    Its like one of those tv news channel program that wants me to believe that everyone is selling donkey meat in Pakistan.

    Mashal Khan was a well planned murder ....... the cover story was blasphemy but the real motive of murder was something else. What statistics and what facts?
     
  14. somebozo

    somebozo ELITE MEMBER

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    Extremism is manufactured by GHQ and distributed on the streets by Madrassa Networks..
     
  15. Vortex

    Vortex FULL MEMBER

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    No ! it's because our awam is one of the most jahil one ! Unfortunately.