• Saturday, November 23, 2019

Radd-ul-Fasaad | Now or Never.

Discussion in 'Pakistan's Internal Security' started by Horus, Mar 3, 2017.

  1. Horus

    Horus ADMINISTRATOR

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    Radd-ul-Fasaad | Now or Never.

    Major General (R) Saad Khattak

    image (21).jpeg

    With a full media blitz Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad has been launched nationwide. What differentiates it from Operation Zarb-e-Azb is perhaps the resolve now visible within the political leadership to go for a comprehensive elimination of the “latent and residual threat through a broad spectrum security and counter terrorism operations” across the country as mentioned in the ISPR Press Release. Before dilating on the resolve and the comprehensiveness of Radd-ul-Fasaad it is essential to first evaluate the implementation of National Action Plan so far, so that the weakness are brought to fore before a few suggestions are proffered for the successful execution of Radd-ul-Fasaad.

    Out of 274 convictions so far by the military courts, and 161 death sentences awarded, only 12 have made it to the gallows, while the remaining are under process with the government in various forms of review. With NACTA envisioned to be strengthened as part of NAP, it is still far from an effective body commensurate to its spirit and the threat spectrum confronted. Security operations against militant organizations and armed gangs across the country especially in FATA have witnessed great successes in dismantling their strongholds while reducing their abilities to plan and conduct terrorist operations. With militant leadership intact mostly in Afghanistan, this effort is also far from being over. There has been hardly any progress on controlling financial flow to the terrorist and its affiliated organizations across the country. Similarly there has not been any impressive progress on the registration and regulation of religious seminaries, considered an important part of NAP.

    There has been a clearly visible lack of political will on the ongoing operation in Karachi and commencement of a meaningful operation in Punjab. Though there has been meaningful progress on the raising of counter-terrorism force by the respective provinces, but its training and employment lacks focus as most of them are visibly seen performing VIP duties rather than counter-terrorism operations for which they were raised. Not completely but to a great extent the government has progressed in reducing cyber space to terrorist organizations and media glorification of their terrorist actions with effective cooperation of both print and electronic media. On the administrative and political reforms in FATA and return of IDPs, the government’s actions are still on papers while some IDPs are still languishing in camps to be relocated to their towns and villages.

    Similarly the issue of repatriating Afghan refugees is still in the process of working out modalities by Ministry of SAFRON with UNHCR and other government bodies. On empowering Balochistan government for political reconciliation with dissident elements, the government has made sincere efforts, though without achieving much, mainly due to weak foreign policy initiatives as most of these elements resides outside Pakistan. Finally, while the government has come quite heavily against sectarian violence and religious persecution, it clearly failed to initiate any meaningful initiative to reform our criminal justice system considered to be the mother of all ills in our society.

    A brief and dispassionate evaluation above clearly indicates why we have so far not been able to comprehensively defeat the menace. The spectacular achievements of Zarb-e-Azb militarily could not be pursued in the politico developmental areas with the same momentum by other elements of national power for capacity issues, and in some cases lack of will for reasons of political expediencies. Additionally since the menace has a foreign dimension to it, mainly due to the ongoing tug of war in Afghanistan and the increasing footprints of India with the tacit support of US, no domestic effort alone will guarantee us lasting peace both within the country and region unless the foreign policy instrument is geared up on war footing in support of the overall national effort.

    It therefore is of utmost importance, that the government and the security apparatus undertakes a dispassionate review of its policy framework and strategy to make it palatable and responsive to the threat that is not only real but dynamic. It needs to be clearly understood that the enemies design is to perpetuate the threat on the inner front in order to create and widen the cleavages besides sapping the potential and energies of security apparatus simultaneously attempting to weaken our national resolve to defeat the menace.

    With the announcement and commencement of Radd-ul-Fassaad across the length and breadth of the country, the enemies within and outside have gone more active to inject an ethnic tinge to their failed efforts to isolate Pakistan. The response, therefore, has to be not only long term and comprehensive but dynamic as well so as to effectively respond to the evolving threat in a befitting manner.

    At national and strategic level there must be a counter narrative that must be wholesome in its conception and implementation. Broad strands of the narrative could be as covered.

    One, the state needs to communicate with its people to expose the deviant takfeeri ideology. More civilians and soldiers have been killed during this war than in our wars with actual enemy. It is generally believed by the people that the threat is transitory and due to US presence in Afghanistan alone, though there is much more to it and about which the larger community need to be informed and educated.

    Two, to confront and challenge the takfeeri ideology needs a scholarly work of intellectual domain rather than leaving it in the military domain alone. There is a greater need to clarify the differences between takfeer and jihad for better understanding of common folks.

    Three, to contain their ability to communicate with the common people through effective measures like blocking their print material, websites, blogs and financial flow both from within and outside.

    Four, to counter the takfeeri narrative not through increasing liberalization which has neither worked nor likely to deliver but through the solid and authentic teachings of Islam. The counter narrative should not only target the general public but the takfeeri community to reintegrate them back into the main stream. At minimum it will create doubts in their thought process about the cause they are fighting for. While more print material should be distributed in affected areas, efforts be made to deny any opportunity to the militants to print and distribute anti-state hate material.

    Five, to engage with the larger community through the intellectual community, Ulemas, political leaders and social workers etc. Engagements with ex militants and using them to pursue radicalized elements to give up their deviant approach and return to mainstream. Similarly the implementation effort can incorporate the parents and relatives of known militants to pursue the militants to denounce violence and revert to society as productive citizens.

    Six, the state is like a mother and hence it must continue all efforts to rehabilitate those who have either surrendered or are arrested. This will reduce the fear of reprisals and encourage militants to surrender. Some sort of amnesty scheme can also be thought by the government.

    Seven, there is a greater need to correct some policies and the misperceptions created in the minds of majority common people especially in the rural areas. A perception that large number of women and children were killed during Lal Masjid operation, led to 43 suicide bombing attacks within five months after the incident as compared to only 33 suicide attacks in six and a half years from 2002-2007. There is a lot that can be done to address gaps in the policies and remove the misperceptions.

    Eight, there is a greater need to incorporate the issue of takfeer and related matters in the curriculum of text books at different levels. Islamic teachings which forbid takfeer of a person or group are of special concern to the subject. Similarly in our madrassa curriculum, there is more need for incorporating subjects like serving humanity, social responsibilities, respect for judicial laws and human rights etc. Such like subjects would face minimal resistance as compared to other subjects, which they brand as a ploy of the west.

    To confront the threat up front in the short-term some immediate priority measures are,

    First
    , the institutions directly responsible for countering the menace in the physical domain need to be revamped and reorganized on war footings to make these more responsive to the evolving threat. Law enforcement agencies including intelligence apparatus needs a serious review.

    Second, the general confusion prevailing among the political leadership on the ownership of this war need to be dispelled and removed. A more overt ownership across the political divide is the need of the time.

    Third, on the inner front, such operations have their own negative fallout that is more often exploited by the enemies. All concerned especially those operating on ground need to be thoroughly briefed against any display of ethno sectarian biases while conducting routine search and other security related operations. Defaulters need to be given exemplary punishments as any unprofessional conduct assists the enemies more in exploiting these individual misconducts.

    Four, with space for conventional wars shrinking we are more likely to continue operating in a Fourth Generation War. There is a greater need for the government and security apparatus to prioritize its developmental effort commensurate to the threat spectrum.

    Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad will only make a difference when both the politico military leadership persist with the resolve seen after the Sehwan blast. This resolve need to be clearly manifested in formulating our policies, response strategies and subsequent implementation. It needs to be kept in view that to win this war comprehensively a wholesome response incorporating all elements of national power is mandatory. We not only have the wherewithal but the desired military potential to defeat the enemy. All that is required is a greater sense of ownership and resolve from the political leadership.

    The article was published in Part-1 and Part-2 by the Nation Daily.
     
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  2. Hakikat ve Hikmet

    Hakikat ve Hikmet ELITE MEMBER

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    As for "Takfiri", it's nothing but Colonial/Imperial powers designed, planned, funded and executed Fitne and Fesat programs to destroy Muslim states and countries from within. It all started to destroy the Ottoman empire from inside. "Wahabists", formed from the most ignorant and ruthless and moral-less desert dacoits, were the first successes. Now, off course, intellectual narratives, based on the fundamentals of Din, are required. I need to admit Turkey is very rich in such intellectual and academic endeavors, and its practical implementations. There are 3 ways to face internal Zulm within a Muslim country: (1) counter Zulm with Zulm (aka Fitne and Fesat), which is against the teachings of Islam, (2) become submissive, which isn't permitted either, and (3) carry on relentless Mujadele without creating Fitne and Fesat, and keeping within the bounds of the law. Against the overwhelming odds the Muslims in Turkey opted for the third option, based on the 14 centuries of teachings of Ehl-i Sunnet, in all realms of life - Siyaset, Iktisat, Ilm etc., at the individual and social levels with literature, conferences, study groups, civil organizations, NGOs etc. Results of Sabr and Shukr are bearing fruits, and it's getting more obvious with every passing day...
     
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  3. Haniya Saleem

    Haniya Saleem FULL MEMBER

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    Nice read. I appreciate your efforts while conducting research for this post. Indeed the Pakistan Army (Rangers) have done a great job in conducting the operation. But when it comes to conduct operation in Punjab, why does our government hesitate? Are they themselves the culprits? Or do they support the terrorist groups? Kindly shed a light on this as well.
     
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  4. Cool_Soldier

    Cool_Soldier FULL MEMBER

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    It is political game actually.
    But this operation will not only wipe out terrorists but also criminals from society.
    soon proper peace will be restored in state-Insha Allah
     
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  5. Mohammad Adil

    Mohammad Adil FULL MEMBER

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    We Should have Started Raddul Fasad Way back. But it is good that Finally we are doing it ...
     
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  6. Hussain Farooqui

    Hussain Farooqui FULL MEMBER

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    The fall of the Ottoman empire was not a colossal loss of only the Turkish Muslims but that of the whole Muslim global community. Being spread over an area of 10 million sq. kilometers, it was a garrison of over 3 millions soldiers of the Muslim world. The fall of the Ottoman empire was shortly followed by the abolition of the institution of caliphate. With the abolition of caliphate, the Muslims were deprived off their central and constitutional leadership. Now we have no central leadership.

    The followers of a particular sect were instrumental in the fall of the Ottoman Empire. All the terrorist organizations like Dahish, Boko Haram, Tehrik e Taliban Pakistan belong to the followers of the same doctrine. The sole purpose of these organizations is to destabilize different Muslim countries.
     
  7. New World

    New World SENIOR MEMBER

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    and now those desert warlord holds entire ME.
     
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  8. RescueRanger

    RescueRanger PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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    Excellent read as always!
     
  9. BRITISH

    BRITISH FULL MEMBER

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    nothing gonna happened with this operation
     
  10. Hollow Field

    Hollow Field FULL MEMBER

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    Duly noted Sir.

    Since you can see the future, what else can you tell us?
     
  11. Malik Usman

    Malik Usman FULL MEMBER

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    Peace is not possible alone by doing such operations you can cut the branches and they will grow again. coz the nurseries and ideology is still there......as long as the sympathizers of those TAKFIRIS are sitting in Parliament and running such Madrasas those insects will be coming again. To truly isolate those peoples and their sympathizers. Govt and Media should play their role and highlight those people and their agendas...........
     
  12. Pashtun 786

    Pashtun 786 FULL MEMBER

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    Indeed i concur with your statement but in addition to ---emergence of Wahhabi sect in connivance with british colonists ---The major factor of overthrow of Caliphate was revolution of 1908. Turkey witnessed internal discord orchestrated by the members of Donmeh (crypto-jews) the likes of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk being in the higher echelons of Young Turks revolution.
    In order to stabilize the society from within someone has to take the first step to build the "character" of this nation so they could not be bought out to facilitate the terrorists. Second step is to identify the enemy and explicitly inform the masses through media outlets about their specific involvement. It is pertinent to mention here, Some segments of our nation are either oblivious to US role in Afghanistan & continue to negate US involvement or deliberately tow the US narrative like some media outlets.
     
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  13. mamoona batool

    mamoona batool FULL MEMBER

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    Well articulated points specially short term measures.
    Political Elites has to recognize their part of duty before its too late.
     
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  14. VCheng

    VCheng ELITE MEMBER

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    What the article fails totally in realizing is that the present situation has arisen from decades of promoting religious zeal as a means of creating the impetus for national policies directed towards certain goals. The problem arose when control of such a potent ideology was lost to those puppets that became independent zealots, and influenced greater and greater numbers of an ignorant and deprived population.

    Reversal of such a gargantuan problem can begin only by creating a national narrative that does not rely on one particular interpretation of religion that requires imposition using powers of the State. Nothing will be effective unless this basic conundrum at the heart of Pakistan's national identity is tackled.
     
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  15. Pak_Sher

    Pak_Sher SENIOR MEMBER

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    The terrorists need to be wiped out this time in FATA and the rest of Pakistan. Enough is enough.