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Pictures from Hyderabad - Sindh

pkpatriotic

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Early morning in Hyderabad in Sindh, Pakistan
This is old campus of Sindh Univeristy before it was shifted to its new campus in Jamshoro. The campus is still in use where classes for some subjects such as B .Ed are held.
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" Ghanta Ghar" or Clock Tower
Commonly known as " Ghanta Ghar" or Clock Tower in Hyderabad, Sindh, the Naval Rai Market Clock Tower was built in 1914. It is the ending point of Shahi Bazar that starts from the main gate of Pakka Fort. It is early morning so it is relatively calm.
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The tomb of Ghulam Shah Kalhora, ruler of eighteenth century Kalhora Dynasty of Sindh.
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The entrance of the mausoleum of Ghulam Shah Kalhora in Hyderabad, Sindh.(Taken from the inside of the mausoleum).
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King's last abode.
Mian Ghulam Nabi Kalhora ruled Sindh for one year (1775-76) before he was killed. His tomb is in Hyderabad, Sind in Pakistan.
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Jamshoro Jaunt
The Ghulam Muhammad Barrage at Jamshoro, Sindh in Pakistan was constructed over River Indus to irrigate the lands in the southern Sindh. The place is a popular picnic spot as well, where boating in quiet Indus water is a must for most of the visitors.
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pkpatriotic

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Hyder Chowk - Gari Khata
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Gol Building - Society Hyderabad
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Hyderabad Cantt
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Jamshoro Road
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Hyderabad HighWay
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pkpatriotic

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Fighter Model @ Rani Bagh (Zoo) - Hyderabad
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Eid Ghah
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Hyat Park - Cantt
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Abbs Bhai Park - Established & Organizing by Fateh Group Hyderabad
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Super Falcon

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thanks alot for posting a pic of my home town i born in hyderabad civil hospital (LAL BATI) on 11 sep 1983

my few family memebers live in tando wali muhammad near that towe market and mu aunt live in khurram plaza saddarand my mother in law lives in wahdeed colony.
 

Super Falcon

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i grew up in hyd from 4 to 10 standard i took my educatioan in public school hydereabad in boarding house.
 

khanz

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nice pics i hope it can develop and become more of a richer and developed and more of a major city like karachi sometimes it feels like theres only 3 cities in pak.
 

pkpatriotic

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Fort (Pakka Qilla) Hyderabad


Thandi Sarak Hyderabad
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Al-Raheem Shopping Center
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Auto Bhan Road
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Hyderabad Eid Gah
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pkpatriotic

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Wind Catcher of Hyderabad, Pakistan
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This is an original 1928 photogravure of the unusual windscreens or wind catchers on the flat roofs of the houses in Hyderabad. Photograph by Martin Hürlimann.

From The Vanishing Glory of Hyderabad (Sindh, Pakistan) by Mir Atta Muhammad Talpur*
"Once the most striking feature of Hyderabad was its peculiar skyline dominated by wind-catchers. These wind catchers or Manghu, as they are called in the local Sindhi language, were fixed on housetops, to catch the southwesterly breeze in the hot summer days and evenings. The breeze entering the wind-catchers would penetrate into the room and keep it cool. Due to the numerous wind catchers, Hyderabad be-came famous as manghan jo shaharu or the city of wind catchers.

This tradition started to wane with the advent of electricity during the World War II when the British authorities built a powerhouse at Tando Agha. Most of the new houses and buildings have switched to other methods of room cooling, e.g. electric fans, room coolers and air conditioners and, therefore, the wind catchers are no longer numer-ous over the cityscape."

IN SUMMER We open the shutter before sunset around 5:00 pm and close the shutter next day morning around 11:00 am. In this season wind comes from the southwest, that's why mangh face the wind direction (see illustration).
IN WINTER In winter, it works in reverse. We open the shutter at around 11:00 am and close the shutter at around 3:00 pm. From this we get the hot daylight b/w in this timespan ( because the sun is in the south). And, at the same time, wind comes from the north and this type of wind catcher never catches the wind in the winter because of walls.

Zero-carbon housing

The Lighthouse, by Arup and Sheppard Robson (Sheppard Robson got a commendation as sustainable architect) is acclaimed as the most advanced house design ever produced. It was designed to achieve unrivalled levels of efficiency in terms of the construction method, energy use, CO2 emissions and carbon footprint. It is a little a bit different from the standard housing model: the living areas are located at the top, where they can receive the natural light coming in through the windows and skylights, and all the sleeping areas are at ground level. The residence has been highly insulated with high performance structural insulated panels (SIPS).
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This house has a heat loss parameter (HLP) of 0,8.
Katherine Holden, Arup Associate and an expert of sustainable design, explains this characteristic. The Kingspan Lighthouse walls, roof and floor have U-values of 0.11 W/m² K with 284mm wide Kingspan Tek panels, glazing U-values of 0.7 W/m² K, which is with triple glazing, very low emissivity coatings and argon filled cavities, and even an insulated door with a U-value of 0.35 W/m² K.
The 40 degree pitched roof houses 46m2 of photovoltaics (PV) producing up to 4.7kW of electricity; 4m2 of high-efficiency thermal solar panels providing hot water.
Katherine says: "Solar thermal panels can be very effective, even in the UK. For the Kingspan Lighthouse, the supplier, Thermomax, estimated that 4 m² of panels with a collector efficiency of 67% will produce about 2,940 kWh of hot water, which is about 2/3rd of the estimated annual domestic hot water demand. This is equivalent to saving 560 kg CO2/yr compared with gas heating." (via Building)

Let's try to understand these figures with an example.
5 people consume 370 kg of hot water every day. So, we need 12,9 kWh/day or 4.708,5 kWh/yr (it is obtained by using Bernoulli formula c*ΔT*M). With a factor of 0.7, we know that the energetic requirement from the solar source is 3.296 kWh/yr. The solar radiation available could be 1100 kWh/m2 and with a collector efficiency of 67% and 4m² of panels, we can argue that the production is 2948 kWh (more or less the same of what Katherine says).
How much CO2 can we save?
We produce 0,53Kg of CO2 for every kWh: so every year, Lighthouse just produces 0,53x980 = 519 kg of CO2 per year. A conventional house produces 1558 kg of CO2 per year or it needs to burn 735 kg of fossil fuel (2940x0,25).
From an economical point of view, we can cover all the costs in a couple of years. Infact, if the cost of the panels is 750÷1.100 €/m2, the investment would be 3000÷4400€. But with the financial aid from the government (55% in Italy), the final cost would be 1350÷1980€.
- without solar panel: 4708 [kWh/yr] * 0,06 [€/kWh] = 282 €/yr
- with solar panel: (4708 - 3296) [kWh/yr]*0,06 [€/kWh] = 85 €/yr
 
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pkpatriotic

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Art and Culture
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“Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit.”

As the soil, however rich it may be, cannot be productive without cultivation, so the mind without culture can never produce good fruit.”

“People can only live fully by helping others to live. When you give life to friends you truly live. Cultures can only realize their further richness by honoring other traditions. And only by respecting natural life can humanity continue to exist.”

Culture is the sum of all the forms of art, of love, and of thought, which, in the coarse or centuries, have enabled man to be less enslaved”



If we are to achieve a richer culture, rich in contrasting values, we must recognize the whole gamut of human potentialities, and so weave a less arbitrary social fabric, one in which each diverse gift will find a fitting place.”

Every age, every culture, every custom and tradition has its own character, its own weakness and its own strength, its beauties and cruelties; it accepts certain sufferings as matters of course, puts up patiently with certain evils. Human life is reduced to real suffering, to hell, only when two ages, two cultures and religions overlap.”
Hermann Hesse

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Beloved within you and you seek him here and there He is “closer to you than your vein jugular,” Yourself is the hurdle, between your love and you.”

………..Bhitai [Sur Sasui Abri]
 

pkpatriotic

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The Conquerer Of Sindh Captured entire South Asian region!!!


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Muhammad Bin Qasim ( 695 - 715)
Muhammad bin QasimMuhammad bin Qasim was orphaned as a child and thus the responsibility of his upbringing fell upon his mother. She supervised his religious instruction herself, and hired different teachers for his worldly education. It was the uncle, Hajjaj bin Yousaf, who taught him the art of governing and warfare.

Qasim was an intelligent and cultured young man who at the age of fifteen was considered by many to be one of his uncle’s greatest assets. As a show of faith in his nephew’s abilities, Hajjaj married his daughter to Qasim. At the age of sixteen, he was asked to serve under the great general, Qutayba bin Muslim. Under his command Muhammad bin Qasim displayed a talent for skilful fighting and military planning. Hajjaj’s complete trust in Qasim’s abilities as a general became even more apparent when he appointed the young man as the commander of the all-important invasion on Sindh, when he was only seventeen years old. Muhammad bin Qasim proved Hajjaj right when he, without many problems, managed to win all his military campaigns. He used both his mind and military skills in capturing places like Daibul, Raor, Uch and Multan. History does not boast of many other commanders who managed such a great victory at such a young age.

Besides being a great general, Muhammad bin Qasim was also an excellent administrator. He established peace and order as well as a good administrative structure in the areas he conquered. He was a kind hearted and religious person. He had great respect for other religions. Hindu and Buddhist spiritual leaders were given stipends during his rule. The poor people of the land were greatly impressed by his policies and a number of them embraced Islam. Those who stuck to their old religions erected statues in his honor and started worshiping him after his departure from their land.
Muhammad bin Qasim was known for his obedience to the ruler. Walid bin Abdul Malik died and was succeeded by his younger brother Suleman as the Caliph. Suleman was an enemy of Hajjaj and thus ordered Qasim back to the kingdom. Qasim knew of the animosity between the two. He was aware that due to this enmity, he would not be well treated. He could have easily refused to obey the Caliph’s orders and declare his independence in Sindh. Yet he was of the view that obeying ones ruler is the duty of a general and thus he decided to go back to the center. Here he became a victim to party politics. He was put behind bars where he died at age of twenty. Many historians believe that had he been given a few more years, he would have conquered the entire South Asian region.
 

pkpatriotic

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History Of Hyderabad Sindh

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Hyderabad is a city, district and division in the Sind province. The city is an administrative headquarters lying on the most northern hill of the Ganjo Takkar ridge just east of the River Indus. Being the third largest city of Pakistan, Hyderabad is a communication center, connected by rail with Peshawar and Karachi.

Founded in 1768 on the site of the ancient town of Nirun-Kot by Ghulam Shah Kalhora, the saintly ruler of Sind, it was named after the prophet Mohammed’s son-in-law, Ali, also known as Haidar. It remained the capital of Sind under the Talpur rulers who succeeded the Kalhoras till 1843 when, after the nearby battles of Miani and Dabo, it surrendered to the British, the capital was then transferred to Karachi.

Incorporated as a municipality in 1853, it is an important commercial and industrial center. Its economic activities include textile, sugar, cement, and hosiery mills, manufacturing of glass, soap, ice, paper, and plastics. There are hide tanneries and sawmills. Ornamented silks, silver-work, gold-work and lacquer ware are also some of its exclusive products. Noteworthy antiquities include the tombs of the Kalhora and Talpur ruler, palaces of the former amirs of Sind. Newly developed settlements and industrial estates surround the congested old city area. An noteworthy characteristic of this city is, badgirs (wind-catchers) fixed to housetops to catch sea breezes during the hot summer season. A hospital, municipal gardens, zoo, sports stadium, and several literary societies are in the city. The University of Sind with 32 affiliated colleges was founded in 1947 in Karachi and moved to Hyderabad in 1951, where it lies across the Indus. Other education needs are served by numerous government colleges, the Liaquat Medical College and specialized vocational institutions.

Its remained the capital of the emirate of sind until the British general Sir Charles James Napier conquered Sindh in 1843. From 1947 to 1955 Hyderabad was the capital of Sindh Province, the new capital was shifted to Hyderabad. In 1766 the Kalhora ruler constructed a fort half a square km in area and still stands today. In 1843 the British arrived and defeate the Talpurs, Completing their Conquest of Sindh.

It’s also a second largest city of Sindh Province. It has over 6 Millions population. The city has one of the most interesting bazaar of the country, which is known to be the longest bazaar in Asia. There are two very well arranged ethnological museums in the city One The Sindh Museum and the other the Institute of Sindhology Museum. Both museums present an excellent portrait of cultural and tribal life of Sindh. The city is transit point for the tours from Karachi to the Interior of Sindh A visit to Kalhora Monuments close to the city gate is worth a visit, Mausoleums are beautifully decorated with glazed tiles and frescos. There are also two forts from 18th & 19th Century to see here.

Famous for its cool breeze and balmy nights, and known for its Bombay Bakery Cakes, Its dellcate bangles and the paagalkhana called Giddu Bandar, Hyderabad is Sindh’s Second largest city, a city its inhabitants claim is the most beautiful in the world, Its spacious houses are known for their manghan, roshandans or ventillators and it is also known as “mangham jo shahar.”

‘The heart of Sindh’ as many call Hyderabad, was the former capital of SIndh, ruled by the Kalhoras and Talpurs from the Pucca Qila until the British conquest.

A nerve center of Sindhi nationalist and literary movements, the city is now divided along on Sindhi-Mohajir lines to the extent that the warning ethnic groups even have different hospitals and in many cases, even their places of worship and graveyards are divided. The original old city, now dominated by the mohajirs, seems besieged by the surrounding Sindhi suburbs. At one time a hub of economic, educational and cultural activities, a breeding ground of academicians, philanthropists, writers, lawyers, politicians, journalists, actors and actresses, Hyderabad also had its industrialists, trade unionists, political activists, bureaucrats, bankers and diplomats who made a significant contribution to sub continental society. But this gracious city now seems to be slowly dying, although it still produces over a couple of dozen major and minor newspapers in both Sindhi and Urdu.

Hyderabad, once the capital of Sindh and now the third largest city of Pakistan, is one of the oldest cities of the sub-continent. Its history dates back to pre-Islamic times, when Ganjo Taken (barren hill), a nearby hilly trract, was used as a place of worship. The city traces its early history to Neroon, a Hindu ruler of the area from whom the city derived its previous name, “Neroon Kot”.


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