What's new

PAKISTAN’S UAV DEVELOPMENT, DEPLOYMENT, AND FUTURE

Zarvan

ELITE MEMBER
Apr 28, 2011
52,331
85
60,221
Country
Pakistan
Location
Pakistan



Quwa Premium Excerpt
PAKISTAN’S UAV DEVELOPMENT, DEPLOYMENT, AND FUTURE
ShareTweet

Author Profile: Syed Aseem Ul Islam is PhD candidate at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA, specializing in adaptive and model-predictive flight control systems. He received his bachelor’s degree in aerospace engineering from the Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, and his master’s degree in flight dynamics and control from the University of Michigan.

The importance of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the modern battlespace is widely recognized in our times. With the success that UAVs have had in military operations in Libya and Syria, the importance of UAVs has become abundantly clear to today’s planners.

Pakistan is no exception. Pakistani defence planners have had the foresight to start substantive UAV programs in the late 2000s, the fruits of which are apparent today.

This article will detail the development of Pakistan’s UAV program, i.e., the roles it played thus far, and what roles it could play in the future. However, due to the secretive nature of these programs, some portions of this article are limited to educated inferences, and not conclusive facts.

To appreciate the importance of UAVs, we must analyze the numerous roles UAVs could assume for each of Pakistan’s service arms. The most important of these is intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR). UAVs are especially suited to ISR roles as they can autonomously loiter over areas for extended time-periods, and with minimal exposure to detection (mainly due to their relatively small sizes).

Drones: How Pakistan Can Learn From Turkey | Turkey is setting an example of how to use armed UAVs against opposing military forces both today, and in the future. In contrast, Pakistan has not yet reached the level Turkey is at in drone design… | Read More

Another important role for UAVs is target designation through lasers (or ‘lazing’). Before the widespread use of UAVs, militaries had lazed targets using specially-trained infantry on the ground (e.g., Joint Terminal Attack Controllers or JTAC), targeting pods onboard aircraft armed with laser-guided bombs (LGB), or via a dedicated targeting aircraft that had to remain on station till the time the target was hit.

However, with the induction of UAVs, militaries can detect and laze targets safely and reliably (with much reduced risk to human operators), and for extended periods of time. It appears that the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) had used UAVs for ISR, targeting, and precision-strike through the 2010s.

UAVs can also be used as signal intelligence (SIGINT) platforms, i.e., gather emissions of an adversary’s radar systems (and build a countermeasure threat library). However, it does not appear Pakistan currently has UAVs large enough to carry SIGINT payloads, at least at this time.

Separately, UAVs can also serve a critical maritime surveillance role. Unfortunately, it seems that Pakistan Navy’s (PN) UAV programs are not synergized with those of the Pakistan Army (PA) and PAF. Furthermore, maritime surveillance drones tend to be larger for greater endurance and larger payloads, and Pakistan currently does not produce UAVs in this class. Thus, the PN is predisposed to inducting UAVs of this size.

The backbone of Pakistan’s drone fleet comprises by three UAV platforms: the Leonardo Falco, NESCOM Burraq, and GIDS Shahpar. Air Chief Marshal (ACM) Mujahid Anwar Khan visited PAF Murid Airbase on 1st July 2020 and was photographed with all three UAVs.


Left to right: Falco, Burraq, and Shahpar

Leonardo Falco
The Falco is Pakistan’s first medium-altitude, medium-endurance UAV. According to Pakistan Aeronautical Complex’s (PAC), it assembled the first eight Falco UAVs from imported kits in 2008. PAC adds that it also acquired the capability to locally manufacture these UAVs [end of excerpt, subscribe to Quwa Premium to read the full article]…

NESCOM Burraq
Pakistan’s sole unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) is the Burraq, at least in operational service. The origin of the Burraq is unclear. The Burraq appears to be a licensed variant of the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) CH-3, but with some local inputs, such as the Global Industrial Defense Solutions (GIDS) Zumer-1EP electro-optical/infrared (EO/IR) turret [end of excerpt, subscribe to Quwa Premium to read the full article]…

Project Azm: The Expansion of Pakistan’s Drone Program | Pakistan is expanding its unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) fleet through the procurement of new medium-altitude long-endurance (MALE) drones, most notably with Project Azm (resolve), under which a MALE UAV is being developed… | Read More

GIDS Shahpar
The Global Industrial Defence Solutions (GIDS) Shahpar holds the notable position of being the first indigenously designed medium-altitude, medium endurance UAV in Pakistan.

The value of this UAV cannot be understated as the successful operationalization of this system brought with it valuable experience in the design and implementation of flight control systems, flight-software, and flight-hardware to Pakistani engineers [end of excerpt, subscribe to Quwa Premium to read the full article]…

Analysis
As a laudable policy decision, it appears that planners in Pakistan have decided against buying large numbers of foreign drones, choosing instead to manufacture foreign designs locally, or developing completely local designs. Unfortunately, the PN seems to be “doing its own thing” with its purchase of ScanEagle and Luna NG UAVs. A squadron of locally manufactured Uqaab UAVs is in service with the PN, but it is unclear what role these play. A possible reason for this disconnect is the specialized UAV needs of PN.

Naval UAVs need to be either large with long endurance so that they can operate from the coast, deep into the sea, and for extended periods, or they need to be small, efficient, and with special provisions like catapults or vertical-take-off-and-landing (VTOL), so that they can be launched and recovered from ships. Therefore, specialized UAVs need to be developed for the PN to generate the benefits of common and interoperable platforms and economies of scale [end of excerpt, subscribe to Quwa Premium to read the full article]…

End of Excerpt (797/2,058 words)

You can read the complete article by logging in (click here) or subscribing to Quwa Premium (click here).

Pakistan Signs MoU With Havelsan on Drone Technology | Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) signed a memorandum-of-understanding (MoU) with Havelsan, a Turkish defence electronics vendor, to co-develop subsystems for PAC’s unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) program and to contribute towards the Kamra Aviation City initiative… | Read More.

https://quwa.org/2020/07/05/pakistans-uav-development-deployment-and-future-2/
 

nomi007

ELITE MEMBER
Jan 11, 2010
8,282
8
9,138
All these UAVs are small scale project, our UAVs are still far behind Turkish & China.
We have to integrate our engineering universities in the aerospace sector.
Pak also has to focus on UGV and USVs to counter threats in Baluchistan and Costal areas.
 

BordoEnes

SENIOR MEMBER
Apr 29, 2011
3,702
0
5,032
Country
Turkey
Location
Netherlands
Pakistan should focus on acquiring ToT for Turkish UAVs.
I dont know why Pakistan isnt persuing this option. There are actual commerical companies in Turkey that are capable in building drones, such as Vestel. They already have close cooperation with Saudi-Arabia and are planning to produce hundreds of drones. There is transfer of technology and the drones are planned to be produced locally and domestically. The point being there are plentyfull of channels(be it commercial or govermental) Pakistan could use to receive drone technology from Turkey, so its a shame they dont bother.

Vestel Karayel


https://www.uasvision.com/2020/05/07/saudi-arabia-launches-local-uas-manufacture/
 

Incog_nito

FULL MEMBER
Jun 27, 2016
1,207
-1
366
Country
Pakistan
Location
Pakistan
I dont know why Pakistan isnt persuing this option. There are actual commerical companies in Turkey that are capable in building drones, such as Vestel. They already have close cooperation with Saudi-Arabia and are planning to produce hundreds of drones. There is transfer of technology and the drones are planned to be produced locally and domestically. The point being there are plentyfull of channels(be it commercial or govermental) Pakistan could use to receive drone technology from Turkey, so its a shame they dont bother.

Vestel Karayel


https://www.uasvision.com/2020/05/07/saudi-arabia-launches-local-uas-manufacture/
In the current scenario even Drones directly bought from Turkey is not a bad option as Pakistan needs good drones.
 

Darth Vader

SENIOR MEMBER
Jun 19, 2011
3,870
2
4,496
Country
Norway
Location
United Kingdom
I don't understand why Pakistan isn't Pushing its Drones development harder, Heard about Burraq in 2005 or 2006 if not mistaken.
Drones can be a force multiplier for Pakistan in many ways, With Limited number Pakistan can monitor more area.
Armed Drones deployed asQRF in the terrain of NWFP, and Balochistan will be game-changer more active drones will surely be able to save the life of its soldiers and citizens, Even Pakistan will be able to purse threats deep inside Afghanistan and close to Iran border where Pakistan cant risk its other assets
With regular monitoring, Pakistan can limit the smuggling area from Iran & Afghanistan.
Another with a high number of inductions of multiple drone types it will build and support quite a few sectors.
Which will help in having better software, parts for current and next-gen drones? with better engines and new materials and long duration lighter batteries, Pakistan should be able to full fill its local and international needs progress can be made with JV with china and turkey
 

Indos

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Jul 25, 2013
13,301
22
17,190
Country
Indonesia
Location
Indonesia
Pakistan should focus on acquiring ToT for Turkish UAVs.
I think if you can make small UAV, it means you can also develop MALE UAV.

I dont know why Pakistan isnt persuing this option. There are actual commerical companies in Turkey that are capable in building drones, such as Vestel. They already have close cooperation with Saudi-Arabia and are planning to produce hundreds of drones. There is transfer of technology and the drones are planned to be produced locally and domestically. The point being there are plentyfull of channels(be it commercial or govermental) Pakistan could use to receive drone technology from Turkey, so its a shame they dont bother.

Vestel Karayel


https://www.uasvision.com/2020/05/07/saudi-arabia-launches-local-uas-manufacture/
This drone previously I thought as developed fully by Saudi. Now I know there is Turkish company behind it. Is the design made by Turkish or is it a co development or in other word is it designed together by Turkish and Saudi ?
 

RadarGudumluMuhimmat

FULL MEMBER
Mar 21, 2019
738
1
1,018
Country
Turkey
Location
Turkey
I think if you can make small UAV, it means you can also develop MALE UAV.



This drone previously I thought as developed fully by Saudi. Now I know there is Turkish company behind it. Is the design made by Turkish or is it a co development or in other word is it designed together by Turkish and Saudi ?
Karayel was developed by Vestel. It is not a common development. A private company in Saudi Arabia produces it under license and sells it to its army. Actually, it is not a state-based product for both countries.
 

RadarGudumluMuhimmat

FULL MEMBER
Mar 21, 2019
738
1
1,018
Country
Turkey
Location
Turkey
I dont know why Pakistan isnt persuing this option. There are actual commerical companies in Turkey that are capable in building drones, such as Vestel. They already have close cooperation with Saudi-Arabia and are planning to produce hundreds of drones. There is transfer of technology and the drones are planned to be produced locally and domestically. The point being there are plentyfull of channels(be it commercial or govermental) Pakistan could use to receive drone technology from Turkey, so its a shame they dont bother.

Vestel Karayel


https://www.uasvision.com/2020/05/07/saudi-arabia-launches-local-uas-manufacture/
An unnecessary move. Pakistan is already producing UAVs. I do not think the technology of a uav like TB2 or Karayel will be important for them. However, We just have an Anka +, which has a 350 kg payload and 32+ hours flight time, and we can say at the level of IAI Hermes just for this UAV, may attract their attention that no TOT is given to the Anka platform as far as I heard from my teacher working as a project engineer at TAI.
 
Last edited:

DESERT FIGHTER

ELITE MEMBER
Jan 1, 2010
46,167
93
89,426
Country
Pakistan
Location
Pakistan
I think if you can make small UAV, it means you can also develop MALE UAV.



This drone previously I thought as developed fully by Saudi. Now I know there is Turkish company behind it. Is the design made by Turkish or is it a co development or in other word is it designed together by Turkish and Saudi ?
Its a matter of time the new UCAV is revealed...
PAC-Dubai-Air-Show-2019-2-768x1024.jpg

images.jpeg-88.jpg

See something imteresting in the background?
MALE-UAV-02-and-IREK-768x409.jpg
Target-Drone-768x403.jpg
IREK-Wings-768x407.jpg

Those are jigs for the UCAV under production.. pics from dec 2019.

And if @Ark_Angel is to be believed seems we already have a buyer for it.

I think if you can make small UAV, it means you can also develop MALE UAV.



This drone previously I thought as developed fully by Saudi. Now I know there is Turkish company behind it. Is the design made by Turkish or is it a co development or in other word is it designed together by Turkish and Saudi ?
Previous series of saudi saqr uavs were developed by Pak engineers.. found one of the guys profile on linkedin.
 

Zarvan

ELITE MEMBER
Apr 28, 2011
52,331
85
60,221
Country
Pakistan
Location
Pakistan
Its a matter of time the new UCAV is revealed...
View attachment 650489
View attachment 650493
See something imteresting in the background?
View attachment 650490 View attachment 650491 View attachment 650492
Those are jigs for the UCAV under production.. pics from dec 2019.

And if @Ark_Angel is to be believed seems we already have a buyer for it.


Previous series of saudi saqr uavs were developed by Pak engineers.. found one of the guys profile on linkedin.
What I am hoping for is that at least ours is able to carry at least 6 Missiles and Bombs in one time.
 

Users Who Are Viewing This Thread (Total: 1, Members: 0, Guests: 1)


Top Bottom