• Saturday, December 15, 2018

Pakistan’s army is getting serious about defeating domestic terrorism

Discussion in 'Pakistan's Internal Security' started by Windjammer, Feb 28, 2018.

  1. Windjammer

    Windjammer ELITE MEMBER

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    Pakistan’s army is getting serious about defeating domestic terrorism
    Chinese investment will not materialise if workers keep getting killed

    Asia
    Feb 28th 2018| MIRANSHAH, NORTH WAZIRISTAN

    A TRIP around Miranshah with an escort of heavily armed soldiers is a surreal experience. The town is the administrative centre of North Waziristan, a lawless region once controlled by jihadists that Barack Obama called “the most dangerous place in the world”. But Pakistan’s army, which fought a 22-month campaign from 2014 to evict militants from North Waziristan, is trying to transform the town from a byword for extremism to a showcase of the stability to which the generals say the country is returning.

    The army lost nearly 500 men in the fighting. About 3,400 militants were killed; many more fled across the border to Afghanistan. Signs of the violence are everywhere. But so too are efforts to provide greater prosperity for traumatised civilians (nearly 1m people living in the region were displaced). New roads fan out from the town. Lots of buildings, including shops, clinics and a sports stadium, are going up. A children’s playground has been laid out next to the river that flows through the town, dotted with Disneyfied fake cows


    The army has also painstakingly reconstructed a jihadist complex, complete with bomb-making factory, escape tunnels, an armoury stuffed with assault rifles and a blood-spattered torture-chamber. The courtyard is shared by a bullet-scarred Humvee stolen from American forces in Afghanistan and two tethered goats.

    There are ambitious plans for development elsewhere in North Waziristan. The army wants to build schools and bring water and electricity to neglected villages. It even talks of tourism. But the forts dotted across the barren hills are a reminder that security is more tenuous outside Miranshah than the briefing given by the army in an underground bunker suggests. Indeed, a rocket attack on an army vehicle just a few miles away on the day of your correspondent’s visit killed two soldiers and injured three more.

    The number of civilians killed by jihadists in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), which includes North Waziristan, rose from 86 in 2016 to 138 last year, according to the FATA Research Centre, an independent think-tank. North Waziristan has remained fairly quiet, but the neighbouring district, Kurram, accounted for 76% of casualties, suggesting that some of the fighters ejected from North Waziristan are still uncomfortably close by.

    Among those now holed up in Kurram is the Haqqani network, an ally of the Afghan Taliban that America accuses the Pakistani army of shielding. In his first tweet of 2018, Donald Trump accused Pakistan of “lies and deceit”, and suspended $2bn in military aid. An American drone strike in North Waziristan last month reportedly killed a Haqqani commander and two of his accomplices. It came just a day after a deadly attack on a hotel in Kabul that Afghan officials claimed was carried out by the Haqqanis.

    The army insists it no longer makes any distinction between “good” terrorists who confine their attacks to Afghanistan or India, and “bad” ones who target Pakistan. As part of a new military campaign launched last year, the army has stepped up its counter-terrorism efforts across FATA. In 2017 it carried out 164 “intelligence-led operations” targeting jihadists within the country, especially the Pakistani arm of the Taliban, the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). But not, it would seem, the Haqqanis.

    The army’s pounding of the insurgents has had an effect. According to the South Asia Terrorism Portal, a website that monitors terrorism across the region, civilian deaths from extremist attacks in Pakistan have dropped from over 3,000 in 2013 to 540 last year. The figure is on track to fall again this year, with just 24 deaths so far.

    Officials maintain that the majority of terrorist attacks in Pakistan now originate from Afghanistan, where the TTP and other groups have found a haven in the country’s “wild east”. Since the bulk of NATO forces left Afghanistan in 2014, border provinces such as Paktika, Khost, Nangarhar and Kunar have become largely ungoverned spaces from which jihadists can operate with relative impunity.

    Nasir Khan Janjua, a retired general who is national security adviser to the prime minister, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, says that he has evidence that 143 attacks in Pakistan have been organised by groups in Afghanistan. In a mirror image of the long-standing claim that Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence agency actively supports (and even runs) groups that carry out attacks in Afghanistan and India, Mr Janjua accuses Indian and Afghan spooks of helping the TTP and Islamic State, which is also active in another turbulent part of Pakistan, the southern province of Balochistan.

    The army is seeking to reduce what it sees as the mayhem spreading across the “porous” border with Afghanistan, by building a fence along all accessible parts of the 1,500-mile (2,400km) frontier. Major-General Asif Ghafoor, an army spokesman, says that the first phase, covering the most vulnerable 270 miles, should be completed by the end of the year and the rest of the $550m project a year after that. It will consist of two tall fences with barbed wire, about two metres. Pressure sensors and CCTV cameras will run along its length. There will be manned posts every mile or so and 443 forts along the wall’s route.

    One potential beneficiary of the army’s campaign against domestic terrorism is the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). This is the Pakistani leg of China’s Belt and Road Initiative to revive Asia’s ancient trading routes.

    China is investing over $60bn to upgrade Pakistan’s neglected infrastructure. New roads, railways, much-needed power stations and a deep-water commercial port at Gwadar in Balochistan are all part of the plan, which would link western China with the Arabian Sea. The projects could account for 20% of Pakistan’s GDP over the next five years and boost economic growth by three percentage points.

    But it is hard to imagine China seeing the projects through, or other investors piling in, unless security can be much improved. At either end of CPEC are two violence-prone regions: Pakistan-administered Kashmir and Balochistan. Last year Baloch separatists killed 10 labourers helping to build Gwadar. There is talk of a Chinese-inspired scheme to install CCTV to monitor all the main roads that are part of CPEC.

    The army’s sprawling commercial empire provides a further encouragement to tame lawlessness. The top brass are well aware of the business opportunities CPEC presents both for the country and for itself. That, more than Mr Trump’s angry tweets, may persuade Pakistan to redouble its commitment to the war on terror.

    https://www.economist.com/news/asia...rs-keep-getting-killed-pakistans-army-getting
     
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  2. Indus Pakistan

    Indus Pakistan PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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  3. Areesh

    Areesh ELITE MEMBER

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    Not really. We are still not doing enough to defeat terrorism in Quetta. Terror groups are pretty strong in Balochistan and both police and FC are at back foot.
     
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  4. Arsalan 345

    Arsalan 345 FULL MEMBER

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    Taking any action against Taliban is destroying own country.america wants Pakistan to fight with all talibans so in return Pakistan will pay a price and surely Pakistan will pay.only fool can attack taliban.example is afghanistan.you can't win against talibans.
     
  5. Gufi

    Gufi PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST

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    Pakistan has been doing a lot for a long time for fighting the terror groups that have haunted Pakistan. The issue that America has not gotten any of its objectives in controlling Afghanistan will come and haunt Pakistan in the near future and presently it has started to a lesser degree.
    Until and unless we start the dialogue with take back the refugees first, and America being unable to help it's ally with the capture of TTP leaders in Afghanistan for years now, asking them to do more or else relations will be effected, we will get no where. The idea of appeasement meaning that the pain will stop is idiocy.
    Again these statements are made in conjecture with no real facts on the ground. Despite sporadic attacks, the project has cut through most of the so called trouble areas, with little backlash. Investors are more worried about the red tape, the corruption, the lack of electricity, and the tax code made by idiots. One who sets up an industry with local workforce will be more worried about the above mentioned then a random attack.
     
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  6. thebaj

    thebaj FULL MEMBER

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  7. MBT 3000

    MBT 3000 SENIOR MEMBER

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    yes ttp not People declered by randia
     
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  8. Wolfhunter

    Wolfhunter FULL MEMBER

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    Domestic terrorism is something that the Army will find hard to defeat using conventional military tactics. You need to better understand the cause behind why people choose to follow the path of violent extremism in order to develop appropriate countermeasures.

    But I have read a lot of reports recently and the overall trend shows a decline in terrorism incidents in Pakistan and a large number of counter terrorism operations. All in all, that is a good result for Pakistan.
     
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  9. BetterPakistan

    BetterPakistan SENIOR MEMBER

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    Domestic terrorism is mostly sponsored from our external enemies but with limited resources Pakistan military has completed their job very well and terrorism has reduced from more than half since 2010. Present year 2018 is a great start because as of today only 26 fatalities have been caused by terrorism which is 82% less than 150 fatalities recorded in the first two months of 2017.

    In February Pakistan army initiated an operation Radd-ul-Fasaad to clear terrorists presents in our cities after eradicating them from north west Pakistan in Opeartion Zarb-e-Azb due to which Pakistan is gradually becoming a very peaceful countries.

    I am sure 2018 will be best and Pakistan will suffer the least terrorism incidents and Pakistan will become more peaceful than many other countries in the world.

    Peace
     
  10. Zibago

    Zibago ELITE MEMBER

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    Police is still incompetent and instead of taking over their role or giving them a hard slap we are compromising in name of democracy
     
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  11. TMA

    TMA SENIOR MEMBER

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    The problem really is corruption and Mir jafar.

    The problem is Saudi financed ideology in the common mosques.

    The problem is putting others first instead of Pakistan.

    External enemies can do very little if one is internally strong.
     
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  12. salarsikander

    salarsikander SENIOR MEMBER

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    Realm want those toyata dala to be replaced with modern personnel carrier car
     
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  13. Bashido

    Bashido FULL MEMBER

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    isn't it funny.. ?? after 18 years .. 70000 civilians 35000 armed persons.. 150 billion dollar loss... sanctions ... and now they are getting serious.. waoooooo.. I am happy
     
  14. Zulfiqar1919

    Zulfiqar1919 BANNED

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    Wrong
     
  15. TMA

    TMA SENIOR MEMBER

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    Double right.