It’s not that boys don’t want to go.
I know for medical universities, for example, competition is pretty stiff and the girls have decided advantage over boys here. For some reason, people have a fetish with this whole medical thing and they really like having their daughters go to medical school but never practicing after they get their degrees. This is happened with practically all the women in our family. I don’t know maybe a fashionable status thing.
The boys meanwhile are definitely not competitive but make it because they reserve seats for boys- frankly this makes sense because the women don’t practice after uni anyways.
I assume Pakistani Universities never face losing accreditation if their students don’t pass the USMLE.
Families of male doctors want their son to also marry a lady doctor, so the marriage market is partially to blame for the drive for doctors that don’t work. There are some Pakistani lady doctors here in New York that have never even got licensed, but the always bring up that they are doctors. It’s like earning a way into a higher social status. I’ve seen women wearing their white coats in Pakistan, on the way to or from school, but what other way can a common person elevate themselves on merit of just education, in Pakistan.
Hopefully, when the economy shifts to earning exports, other professions will be elevated and the pressure will come off kids to go into field they don’t have any interest actually working in, or maybe with the healthcare funding IK wants to increase, the government will fund hospitals better, and women will come out and work more.
As part of reforms, if the next government could increase facilities (and cultural changes) to increase labor Force participation by women, it would go a long way to speeding up the economy to decrease things like childhood morality.