• Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Pakistani Ballistic Missiles: Indigenous Content & Development

Discussion in 'Pakistan Strategic Forces' started by The Deterrent, Sep 23, 2011.

  1. Sunny4pak

    Sunny4pak FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    749
    Joined:
    Dec 31, 2008
    Ratings:
    +1 / 436 / -0
    An Insight to NASR Missile Pakistan
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 1
  2. HRK

    HRK PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

    Messages:
    10,878
    Joined:
    Sep 24, 2010
    Ratings:
    +81 / 25,990 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    Pakistan
    As no suitable thread is available I am putting this information in this thread for the sake of record

    Following link give information about all the launch from Sonmiani launch facility since 1962 in chronological order
    http://www.astronautix.com/s/sonmiani.html
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 7
  3. Sunny4pak

    Sunny4pak FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    749
    Joined:
    Dec 31, 2008
    Ratings:
    +1 / 436 / -0
    Pakistan & India Missile Program
     
  4. Sunny4pak

    Sunny4pak FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    749
    Joined:
    Dec 31, 2008
    Ratings:
    +1 / 436 / -0
    Last edited: Oct 13, 2019
    • Thanks Thanks x 6
  5. Sunny4pak

    Sunny4pak FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    749
    Joined:
    Dec 31, 2008
    Ratings:
    +1 / 436 / -0
    Pakistan & Indian Missile Ranges Comparison
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 1
  6. Syed_Adeel

    Syed_Adeel FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    427
    Joined:
    Aug 7, 2015
    Ratings:
    +1 / 276 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    United Arab Emirates

    NASR.jpg
     
  7. denel

    denel PROFESSIONAL

    Messages:
    4,616
    Joined:
    Jul 12, 2013
    Ratings:
    +7 / 7,179 / -12
    Country:
    South Africa
    Location:
    South Africa
    can we agree to avoid using the quasi media youtube bogus rubbish please. It is pathetic.
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 14
  8. fatman17

    fatman17 PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

    Messages:
    27,901
    Joined:
    Apr 24, 2007
    Ratings:
    +74 / 31,573 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    Pakistan
    None of Pakistan’s warheads are thought to be deployed but kept in central storage, most in the southern parts of the country. More warheads are in production. Detailed overview here.
    NukeInventories2019-768x497.jpg
     
  9. Syed_Adeel

    Syed_Adeel FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    427
    Joined:
    Aug 7, 2015
    Ratings:
    +1 / 276 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    United Arab Emirates
    Dear These are just estimates. No Country declares the real numbers and No 3rd party could know them in real.
     
  10. fatman17

    fatman17 PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

    Messages:
    27,901
    Joined:
    Apr 24, 2007
    Ratings:
    +74 / 31,573 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    Pakistan
    it says Estimated on the graph. where is the issue please?
     
  11. SABRE

    SABRE FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    737
    Joined:
    Apr 16, 2007
    Ratings:
    +5 / 951 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    United Kingdom
    The demated storage of the missiles and warheads has been a stated policy of Pakistan since 1998-1999. Most of the nuclear weapons being stored in the Southern parts of the country is pure speculation.
     
  12. fatman17

    fatman17 PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

    Messages:
    27,901
    Joined:
    Apr 24, 2007
    Ratings:
    +74 / 31,573 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    Pakistan
    Overview

    Last Updated: April, 2017

    Pakistan embarked on a nuclear weapons program in the early 1970s, following its defeat and break-up in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Islamabad regards nuclear weapons and their delivery systems as essential to offsetting its conventional inferiority against India and maintaining the South Asian balance of power. The technological achievement associated with nuclear weapons and ballistic and cruise missiles is also closely tied to Pakistan's post-colonial identity as the first Muslim country to have acquired such capabilities. There is no reliable open source information to suggest that Pakistan has biological or chemical weapons.

    Nuclear
    In the mid-1970s, Pakistan took the uranium enrichment route to acquiring a nuclear weapons capability under the direction of A.Q. Khan. By the mid-1980s, Pakistan had a clandestine uranium enrichment facility, and Khan would later assert that the country had acquired the capability to assemble a first-generation nuclear device as early as 1984. [1] Shortly after India's testing series in May 1998, Islamabad conducted its own nuclear tests and declared itself a nuclear weapon state. Pakistan is not a party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The country has also refused to sign the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and has blocked consensus at the Conference on Disarmament on starting negotiations for a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT). [2] According to estimates by the International Panel on Fissile Materials (IPFM) in 2013, Pakistan has accumulated a stockpile of 3 ± 1.2 tons of highly enriched uranium (HEU) and 0.15 ± 0.05 tons of weapon-grade plutonium. [3] Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal is increasing, but the scope and pace of this growth is uncertain. In September 2016, satellite imagery depicted Pakistan constructing a new uranium enrichment facility. [4] Open source estimates predict that Pakistan will have between 220-250 warheads by the year 2025. [5] In October 2015, Pakistan’s foreign secretary, Aizaz Chaudhry, confirmed for the first time that Pakistan had developed low-yield, “tactical” nuclear weapons. This has sparked concerns among the international community about the potentially destabilizing effects of such weapons. [6]

    Biological
    Pakistan signed the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in April 1972 and ratified it in 1974. In 2015, the US State Department found that there was no indication that Pakistan was out of compliance with its BTWC commitments. [7] Like many states, Pakistan possesses significant dual-use biotechnology capabilities, including well-equipped laboratories and trained scientists.

    Chemical
    Pakistan signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993 and ratified the treaty in 1997. In December 2013, the Pakistani representative to the OPCW stated that "Pakistan remains opposed to the use of chemical weapons by anyone under any circumstances, and finds it totally unacceptable.” [8] Pakistan is not listed in the US State Department's Condition 10 (C) Report. [9]

    Missile
    Pakistan is developing both solid- and liquid-fueled ballistic missiles, based extensively on foreign systems, including those from China and North Korea. Nuclear-capable ballistic missiles inducted by Pakistan into its strategic forces include the Ghaznavi (Hatf-3, range 400km); the Shaheen-I (Hatf-4, range 750 km); and the Ghauri (Hatf-5, range 1,200 km). [10] Missiles under development include the Shaheen-II (Hatf-6, range 2,000 km); the Shaheen-IA (an upgraded Hatf-4, range 2,500-3,000km); and the Nasr (Hatf-9, range 60 km), a short-range missile with the stated capability to "add deterrence value… at shorter ranges." [11] Pakistan successfully tested the Abdali (Hatf-2, range 180 km) on 15 February 2013, and Shaheen I on 10 April 2013, reportedly improving the missile’s design and increasing range to 900 km. [12] In November 2013 and September 2014 the Army successfully test fired the Hatf-9 (Nasr) BSRBM. [13] Pakistan last tested the Ghaznavi in April and May 2014, the Shaheen-II in Novermber 2014, and the Ghauri in April 2015. On 9 March 2015, Islamabad test-fired a Shaheen-III MRBM with a range of 2,750 km. [14] Pakistan successfully tested another Shaheen-III missile on 11 December 2015. [15] In January 2017, Pakistan successfully tested a MRBM missile called the Abadeel reportedly capable of delivering a payload 2,200 km. [16]

    In addition to ballistic missiles, cruise missiles are increasingly part of Pakistan's nuclear delivery plans, including the ground-launched Babur (Hatf-7, range 600 km), and the air-launched Ra'ad (Hatf-8, range 350 km). Pakistan last tested the Ra’ad ALCM in February 2015, but has not tested the Barbur since 2012. [17] [18] Pakistan has also claimed that it is working on sea-based second-strike capabilities. [19] In January 2017, Pakistan tested a submarine launched cruise missile intended to serve in this capacity. [20]

    Sources:
    [1] "Interview with Abdul Qadeer Khan," The News (Islamabad), 30 May 1998, http://nuclearweaponarchive.org.
    [2] "Pakistan Rules Out Test Ban Treaty Endorsement," Global Security Newswire, 19 June 2009, www.nti.org; and "Statement by Ambassador Zamir Akram, Permanent Representative of Pakistan at the Conference on Disarmament (CD)," Geneva, Reaching Critical Will, 27 August 2009, www.reachingcriticalwill.org.
    [3] “Countries: Pakistan,” International Panel on Fissile Materials, 3 February 2013, www.fissilematerials.org.
    [4] Karl Dewey and Charlie Cartwright, “Satellite imagery suggests Pakistan building uranium enrichment facility,” IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly, 16 September 2016. www.janes.com
    [5] “Weapons: Who Has What at a Glance,” Arms Control Association, June 2014, www.armscontrol.org; Hans M. Kristensen and Robert S. Norris, "Pakistan's Nuclear Forces, 2015," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November 2015, www.thebulletin.org.
    [6] Mohammad Ilyas Khan, “Why Pakistan Is Opening Up Over Its Nuclear Program,” BBC, 21 October 2015, www.bbc.com
    [7] US Department of State, "2015 Report on Adherence to and Compliance with Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Disarmament Agreements and Commitments," 5 June 2015, www.state.gov.
    [8] Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, "Statement by H.E. Mr. Moazzam Ahmad Khan- Permanent Representative of the OPCW to Pakistan, at the Eighteenth Session of the Conference of the States Parties," C-18/NAT.9, 3 December 2013, www.opcw.org.
    [9] US Department of State, "Compliance with the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction Condition 10(C) Report," 15 April 2015, www.state.gov.
    [10] Hans M. Kristensen and Robert S. Norris, "Pakistan's Nuclear Forces, 2011," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 67 No. 4, July/August 2011, http://bos.sagepub.com; "Pakistan Successfully Test-Fires Hatf-IV Ballistic Missile," DAWN (Pakistan), 25 April 2012, www.dawn.com; "Press Release No PR98/2012-ISPR," Inter Services Public Relations, 25 April 2012, www.ispr.gov.pk.
    [11] "Press Release No PR94/2011-ISPR," Inter Services Public Relations, 19 April 2011, www.ispr.gov.pk; "Pakistan Successfully Test-Fires Hatf-IV Ballistic Missile," DAWN (Pakistan), 25 April 2012, www.dawn.com; "Pak Tests Nuclear-Capable Short Range Hatf-IX Missile," Indian Express, 29 May 2012, www.indianexpress.com.
    [12] “Pakistan Successfully Test Fires Hatf-II Abdali Missile,” Geo TV News, 15 February 2013, www.geo.tv; “Pakistan Conducts Successful Launch of Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile,” BBC Worldwide Monitoring, 10 April 2013, www.lexisnexis.com.
    [13] Shakil Shaikh, “Pakistan Test-Fires Hatf-IX,” The News International, 20 April 2011; "Pakistan test-fires short range missile Hatf IX," The Times of India, 26 September 2014, http://timesofindia.com.
    [14] "Shaheen 3 Missile Test," Inter Services Public Relations, Press Release No PR61/2015-ISPR, 9 March 2015, www.ispr.gov.pk; Hans M. Kristensen and Robert S. Norris, "Pakistan's Nuclear Forces, 2015," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November 2015, www.thebulletin.org.
    [15] “Pakistan Test-Fires Its Most Advanced Nuclear-Capable Ballistic Missile,” RT, 11 December 2015, www.rt.com.
    [16] Inter Services Public Relations, Press Release, 24 January 2017, www.ispr.gov.pk.
    [17] “Press Release No PR16/2016-ISPR,” Inter Services Public Relations, 19 January 2016, www.ispr.gov.pk.
    [18] Hans M. Kristensen and Robert S. Norris, "Pakistan's Nuclear Forces, 2011," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 67 No. 4, July/August 2011, http://bos.sagepub.com; Rahul Udoshi and James Hardy, “Pakistan Tests Ra’ad ALCM,” Jane’s 360, 2 February 2015, www.janes.com.
    [19] Franz-Stefan Gady, “Does Pakistan Have a Sea-Based Second Strike Capability?” The Diplomat, 13 March 2015, www.thediplomat.com.
    [20] Joshua Berlinger, “South Asia's nuclear one-upmanship ramps up with Pakistan missile test,” CNN, 10 January 2017, www.cnn.com

    Related Downloads
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 1
  13. babrum

    babrum FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    137
    Joined:
    Oct 31, 2019
    Ratings:
    +0 / 127 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    Pakistan
    my question is how much time is required for enrichment of weapons grade uranium
     
  14. Safriz

    Safriz ELITE MEMBER

    Messages:
    20,325
    Joined:
    Aug 30, 2010
    Ratings:
    +6 / 9,612 / -7
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    United Kingdom
    Their data is neither accurate nor reliable. Been following them for a while.

    Depends on your method and available resources.
    For nuclear weapons the Uranium required had to be 90% enriched at least.
    A single centrifuge only makes a few grams of weapons grade uranium per year.
    And for that reason centrifuge farms are used. Hundreds or may be thousands of centrifuge working together, each making a small quantity and commulativity making kilo's of weapons grade material.
    The cost of building such centrifuge farms and ruining them is too high.
    That's why the final cost of a single strategic yield nuclear warhead is anywhere from half a billion USD and more.
    There was a research program launched by General Musharraf in which the idea was to ditch the centrifuges and shift the fissile material via laser. The project was making enough progress to rattle US intelligence circles who were very concerned.
    If succeeded then the time and money required to produce Weapons grade fissile material will reduce by many magnitudes.

    25 to 27 warheads are deployed at any given time. The rest are in storage.
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 2
  15. Pakistani Fighter

    Pakistani Fighter SENIOR MEMBER

    Messages:
    7,418
    Joined:
    Jul 4, 2011
    Ratings:
    +1 / 5,154 / -4
    Hmmm the mentioned warheads of Pakistan, India and Israel I have been seeing from years
    BTW, Aren't NASRs always hot?