• Saturday, September 23, 2017

Pakistan to Build Massive Dams for Abundant Water and Power

Discussion in 'Pakistan Economy' started by RiazHaq, May 18, 2017.

  1. RiazHaq

    RiazHaq SENIOR MEMBER

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    http://www.riazhaq.com/2017/05/pakistan-to-build-massive-dams-for.html

    China and Pakistan have agreed to finance and build two mega dams in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. A memorandum of understanding (MoU) for this development was signed by the leaders of the two countries on the sidelines of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) summit in Beijing.

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    Actual vs Potential Hydropower in South Asia. Source: Economist Magazine


    The two dams, called Bunji and Diamer-Bhasha projects, will have the capacity to generate 7,100MW and 4,500MW of electricity respectively. China will provide $27 billion to fund the construction of the two dams, according to media reports.

    Pakistan's Hydropower Potential:

    Pakistan has the potential to generate 59,000MW of hydropower, according to studies conducted by the nation's Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA). Currently, it's generating only 6,600MW of hydroelectric power, about 11% of the estimated potential. Media reports indicate that China is prepared to finance and build another 40,000MW capacity as part of the development of the Northern Indus Cascade region which begins in Skardu in Gilgit-Baltistan and runs through to Tarbela, the site of Pakistan’s biggest dam, in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province.

    Diamer-Bhasha Water Storage:

    Diamer-Bhasha project is located on Indus River, about 200 miles upstream from the existing Tarbela Dam, 100 miles downstream from the Northern Area capital Gilgit in Gilgit-Baltistan region. It will generate 4,500 MW of electricity and its reservoir will hold so much water that it could have averted recent devastating floods that affected large parts of Pakistan. It would also provide enough electricity to end Pakistan's crippling shortages, according to a report in the Guardian newspaper. The Diamer-Bhasha reservoir would be 50 miles long, holding 8.5 MAF (million acre feet) of water.

    Response to Climate Change:

    Pakistan has made only a small contribution to climate change through carbon emissions. And yet, it counts among the dozen or so nations considered most vulnerable to its damaging effects. These include rising temperatures, recurring cycles of floods and droughts and resulting disruption in food production.

    One of the ways Pakistan can help reduce carbon emissions is by realizing its full hydroelectric potential by building more dams. The development of the Northern Indus Cascade region to generate 40,000MW of hydropower is a significant part of this effort.

    Prerequisite for Economic Development:

    Availability of abundant and cheap electricity has historically preceded rapid economic development in America, Europe and East Asia. Pakistan has an opportunity to meet this prerequisite by generating large amounts of clean renewable hydropower to meet its hunger for energy required for rapid economic growth in all sectors of the economy ranging from agriculture to manufacturing and services.

    Summary:

    Pakistan is endowed with significant amount of water and power resources that can be harnessed to enable rapid economic growth in all sectors of its economy. It appears that the Chinese investment, as part of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, is now putting this goal within reach. Tens of thousands of megawatts of added electricity and millions of acre feet of additional water will hopefully transform Pakistan's economy and bring prosperity to its people.

    Related Links:

    Haq's Musings

    Recurring Cycles of Drought and Floods in Pakistan

    Pakistan's Response to Climate Change

    Renewable Energy for Pakistan

    LNG Imports in Pakistan

    Growing Water Scarcity in Pakistan

    China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

    Ownership of Appliances and Vehicles in Pakistan

    http://www.riazhaq.com/2017/05/pakistan-to-build-massive-dams-for.html
     
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  2. Clutch

    Clutch SENIOR MEMBER

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    This is a huge development as far as Pakistan's water security and power generation needs are concerned. It addresses the immediate and long term risks associated with climate change, population growth, and economic development.

    Let's see if anything of substance actually comes out of it. Political bickering and corruption has a familiar pattern of stifling most well intentioned plans in pakistan.... And the paidoos keep on getting reelected by the paidoo electorate.
     
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  3. Imad.Khan

    Imad.Khan SENIOR MEMBER

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  4. Kabira

    Kabira BANNED

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    [​IMG]

    Interesting, India already have half of potential hydro. Nepal Have to much potential but not enough demand to bring investment. Pakistan now have demand as well as potential to bring $50b CPEC investment for hydro power.
     
    Last edited: May 19, 2017
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  5. ziaulislam

    ziaulislam SENIOR MEMBER

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    Just political Yahoo before election . every outgoing govt does this. No solid work apart from wat was done in mushi era
     
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  6. Horus

    Horus ADMINISTRATOR

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    This report is not true.
     
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  7. Talwar e Pakistan

    Talwar e Pakistan SENIOR MEMBER

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    What do you mean? Could you elaborate?
     
  8. Shotgunner51

    Shotgunner51 INT'L MOD

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    Here is an official source directly from China government site (Chinese is original, English is from google translate so it may not be very accurate but I tried):
    http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/gzdt/201705/t20170517_847635.html

    logo1.png

    努尔·白克力陪同巴基斯坦总理听取巴沙大坝项目汇报
    Nur Bekri accompanying Pakistani PM on Project report on BaSha Dam
    2017-05-17 来源:国家能源局

    W020170517336779322820.jpg

    5月13日,国家发展改革委副主任、国家能源局局长努尔·白克力陪同来华出席“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛的巴基斯坦总理谢里夫听取了中国能源企业和研究机构关于巴沙大坝项目的汇报,中巴双方与会人员就该项目进行了深入交流。会议期间,在谢里夫与努尔·白克力的共同见证下,国家能源局副局长李凡荣与巴基斯坦水电部常秘尤素福共同签署了《中国国家能源局与巴基斯坦水电部关于中巴经济走廊能源项目清单调整的协议》和《中国国家能源局和巴基斯坦水电部关于巴沙项目及巴基斯坦北部水电规划研究路线图的谅解备忘录》。

    May 13, the Deputy Director of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and Director of the National Energy Administration (NEA), Nur Bekri, accompanied Pakistan's Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif, attended a briefing on Basha Dam Project presented Chinese energy firms and research institutes. Both sides exchanged in-depth talks on the project.

    During the meeting, under the witness of Nawaz Sharif and Nur Bekri, the Deputy Director of the NEA, Li Fanrong, signed with Ministry of Water and Power, Yousuf Naseem Khokhar, on "Agreement between NEA and MWP on Adjustment of CPEC Energy Items" and "MOU between NEA and MWP on Basha Project and Northern Pakistan Hydropower Research & Planning"​
     
    Last edited: May 19, 2017
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  9. hackerdelight

    hackerdelight FULL MEMBER

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    The Bhasha dam project is probably true according to the above Chinese news.
    BTW, "Director of the National Energy Administration (NEA), Nur Bekri",
    Nur Bekri is an ethnic Uighur who was ever Chairman of Xinjiang before he transferred to Beijing to supervise department of NEA.
     
    Last edited: May 19, 2017
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  10. Shotgunner51

    Shotgunner51 INT'L MOD

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    Yes I'm 100% sure that both countries are co-working on Diamer-Bhasha Dam, it's confirmed by government source, Nazaw Sharif was there, so was Nur Bekri who is China's energy tsar, only questions are how far have they gone in the progress, how big is the scope of work.
    1. How far? Since there is an agreement to adjust CPEC energy items, likely the project is the main reason, now officially included into CPEC after preliminary surveys and studies are completed. Some Chinese unofficial sources describe this as CPEC Phase 2.
    2. How big? "Northern Pakistan" was mentioned, I guess it means Indus River Cascade, including Pattan, Thacoat, Bunji, Dasau and Diamer. Regarding the amount, perhaps the range $27-50 billion estimated by media is based on info from previous interactions with World Bank and Asian Development Bank.
     
    Last edited: May 19, 2017
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  11. hackerdelight

    hackerdelight FULL MEMBER

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    Well, if you recap the history of plan and construction of hydroelectricity projects in Pakistan, postpone or cancellation is normal. The approval of land requisition and residents relocation in 2015 is surely a good sign, however still no guarantee. It looks to me this meeting is only a technical feasibility report. It's better to move forward step by step for BOTH SIDES.
     
  12. Horus

    Horus ADMINISTRATOR

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    $50 billion Indus Water Cascade MOU hasn't yet been signed.
     
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  13. Kabira

    Kabira BANNED

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    They signed it in China.
     
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  14. AZADPAKISTAN2009

    AZADPAKISTAN2009 ELITE MEMBER

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    We need to start using the coal in Sindh for power projects and water desalination project as the commodity is available in Pakistan

    However the water hydral projects are a cleaner alternative approach
     
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  15. Fledgingwings

    Fledgingwings FULL MEMBER

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    Kab bane ge ye dam? agle 100 saal k bad?:D
     
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