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Pakistan Navy to hold MARSEW 2018

Discussion in 'Pakistan Navy' started by GriffinsRule, Dec 12, 2018.

  1. GriffinsRule

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    https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/20...-marsew-2018-for-averting-maritime-blindness/

    Pak Navy to hold MARSEW 2018 for averting maritime blindness

    by Sana Saghir
    The author is a junior researcher at Pakistan Navy War College Lahore.

    LAHORE: In bolstering the potential of the maritime sector and creating awareness amongst the higher echelons of policymakers, Pakistan Navy has undertaken remarkable initiatives aimed at disseminating knowledge of oceanic affairs. A meritorious effort of Pakistan Navy to ward off sea-blindness was the nine-day Maritime Security Workshop (MARSEW) which was held in September 2017 at Pakistan Navy War College, Lahore. The second of this series of workshops is planned from December 12 to December 20 this year.

    More than 70 per cent of the earth’s surface is covered by oceans, about 80 per cent of the world’s population lives within 100 miles and over 150 of the 193 member states are coastal countries. This fact makes the importance of the oceans a universal reality, both in terms of geo-economics and geopolitics. It has a particular significance for Pakistan given that the country is strategically placed in the Indian Ocean and is at the confluence of three regions: Asia, Africa and the Middle East.

    Unlike military power which fundamentally relates to combat potential, maritime power has two distinct dimensions i.e.; economy and security. The maritime economic dimension may involve but is not limited to a country’s port, harbours, shipping, ship-building, ship recycling industry, fishing capacity, seafaring community, marine living and non-living resources, offshore infrastructure, marine research and development (R&D), coastal economy etc. The security dimension refers to the fighting and policing/constabulary capacity at sea. This is manifest in the form of a navy, coast guards, maritime security agency and other law enforcement agencies like customs. The term maritime power & sea power is used interchangeably and is usually the sum total of economic and military potential of a country. It will accordingly vary from country to country.

    Since the 1970s, coastal states have extended their jurisdiction out to sea, in many cases as far as 350 nautical miles. This extended area at sea has been referred as the Exclusive Economic Zone or the continental shelf (as per the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982) and is central to the bulk of human maritime activity– shipping, fishing, mineral extraction, hydrocarbon exploration etc. is conducted within the maritime zones. All maritime-related activities including infrastructure development can be conducted on the sea and along the coast within the legally demarcated classification of the maritime zones: baseline (starting point), internal waters, territorial waters (up to 12 nautical miles from baseline), contiguous zone (up to 24 nautical miles), Exclusive Economic Zone (up to 200 nautical miles from baseline).

    Pakistan’s maritime zones are brimming with immense potential, but this untapped potential has been relegated in importance owing to the lack of maritime awareness amongst the policy makers, decision makers and the general populace. The optimal utilization of maritime sector is possible only through effective policy formulation and execution.

    In a similar vein, Pakistan Navy has endeavoured and has chalked out the Maritime Policy of Pakistan that entails measures to develop maritime sectors which include Ports and Harbours, Marine Resources, Ship Building, Ship Recycling, Maritime Security and other associated maritime domains. The Maritime Policy is intrinsically linked with Defense Policy as Naval Forces are an important component of Military and Maritime Strategy.

    The groundbreaking maritime policy of Pakistan was promulgated on 30 November 2002 and delves into various maritime issues and sectors of Pakistan. The purpose of National Maritime Policy (NMP) is to provide a framework for a sustained growth of the maritime sector in an integrated, secure, and conducive environment and to enhance coordination between national stakeholders. NMP has now been revised in the backdrop of developing the maritime regional environment and other factors. It has been duly approved by Naval Headquarters (NHQ) and is awaiting Cabinet approval. The revised NMP is guided by essential principles such as sustainable development, integrated management, knowledge-based decision making, ecosystem-based management, the establishment of maritime centres of excellence, enhanced public-private participation, creation of independent regulatory mechanism and ensuring synergy between all stakeholders.

    The main aim of this trailblazing workshops to instil maritime awareness through information sharing and developing a common understanding and narrative on maritime policy framework amongst the policy makers, academicians and senior civil bureaucrats.

    MARSEWis demarcated in two phases: study phase and sea phase. The main highlight of the former phase is scholarly gathering of maritime experts who allude to the immense potential of Pakistan’s coastal regions, developments unraveling in the Indian Ocean and their likely impact on Pakistan’s maritime environment as well as the basic contours of National Maritime Policy (NMP) and Maritime Doctrine of Pakistan (MDP). While the latter phase of MARSEW entail a visit to coastal areas of Pakistan where the participants will be apprised about the role, function and command structure of Pakistan Navy. Furthermore, participants would be enlightened about the current developments at Gwadar and adjacent areas. This workshop is a clear demonstration of Pakistan Navy’s commitment and efforts directed toward promoting maritime awareness.

    The main highlight of this year’s Maritime Workshop is the unveiling of first ever Maritime Doctrine of Pakistan that is aimed at synergizing efforts and optimising resources of various stakeholders in the development of country’s maritime sector.

    It is expected that the efforts of Pakistan Navy will be potent in disseminating knowledge of maritime challenges and in averting sea blindness amongst the mass population.
     
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