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Pakistan Navy Branches & Training

Rashid Mahmood

MILITARY PROFESSIONAL
Nov 19, 2013
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Country
Pakistan
Location
Pakistan
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PAKISTAN NAVY


PN Ensign Naval Jack
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VISION
A modern potent force managed by motivated professionals, that contributes effectively to deterrence and national security across the full conflict spectrum and capable of radiating influence region wide with global outlook
MISSION
Protect Maritime Interests of Pakistan, deter aggression at and from sea, provide disaster relief, participate in development of coastal communities and contribute to international efforts in maintaining good order at sea.

A Humble Beginning
Todayis a historic day for Pakistan, doubly so for those of us in the Navy. TheDominion of Pakistanhas come into being and with it a new Navy – the Royal Pakistan Navy – has been born. I am proud to have been appointed to command it and serve with you at this time. In the coming months, it will be my duty and yours to build up our Navy into a happy and efficient force

Muhammad Ali Jinnah, thefounderofPakistan,
Addressing the Naval Academy in March 1948.

The Pakistan Navy(پاک بحریہ‎) (PN) is the naval warfare branch of Pakistan Armed Forces, responsible for Pakistan's 1,046 kilometers (650 mi) of coastline along the Arabian Sea, and the defence of important civilian harbours and military bases. The Pakistan Navy came into the existence after the independence of Pakistan in 1947.


The Pakistan Navy came into existence on theFourteenth of August, 1947 with theestablishmentof theState of Pakistan.The Armed Forces Reconstitution Committee (AFRC) divided theRoyal Indian Navybetween India and Pakistan. The Royal Pakistan Navy secured twosloops, twofrigates, four minesweepers, twonaval trawlers, four harbour launches and some 358 personnel (180 officers and 34ratings). Because of the high percentage ofdeltaareas on its coast, Pakistan also received a number ofharbour defence motor launches (HDML). As part of theCommonwealth of Nations, the prefix "Royal" was used until the state was proclaimed a republic in 1956.The Navy endured a difficult history, only 200 officers and 3000 sailors were inherited to the Navy, the most senior being Commodore HMS Chaudhry.The Navy suffered perennial problems with inadequate staff, lack of operational bases, and poor technological and personnel resources. It was also the smallest branch of the armed forces in terms of technical staff, equipment, and officers, as compared to theArmyandAir Force.Despite these difficulties, the Navy faced the challenges, and launched a high profile recruitment program for the young nation, starting inEast-Pakistan.When it proved difficult to sustain the program in East Pakistan, the Navy shifted its focus to West Pakistan

The Navy is currently undergoing extensive modernization and expansion as part of Pakistan's role in the War on Terror. Since 2001, the Pakistan Navy has increased and expanded its operational scope, and has been given greater national and international responsibility in countering the threat of sea-based global terrorism, drug smuggling, and piracy. In 2004, Pakistan Navy became a member of the primarily NATO Combined Task Forces CTF-150 and CTF-151.

Chief of Naval Staff (CNS)
The Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), a four-star admiral, is the highest admiral (unless the four-star admiral is the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee), a field, operational and staff commander as well as the highest admiral in the Navy, directs the non-combat and combatant operations from Naval Headquarters (NHQ) in Islamabad,

The Chief of Naval Staff has seven Deputy Chiefs of Naval Staff, ranging from Rear Admirals to Vice-Admirals; the Chief of Staff (COS) under whom the Naval Operations and Intelligence Directorates functions;

· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Naval Operations (DCNS Operations)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Training and Personnel (DCNS Training & Personnel)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Materials (DCNS Materials)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Naval Supplies (DCNS Supply)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Projects (DCNS Projects)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Naval Strategic Forces Command
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Administration)

The Pakistan Navy has six major combatant commands, each command is commanded by a three-star rank Vice Admiral who directly reports to Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star Admiral.


· Commander Karachi (COMKAR) – The Commander Karachi is responsible for the command of the shore establishment, naval facilities within Karachi. The COMKAR also provide services and training facilities for the Navy. The COMKAR also looks after the military protocol at Karachi. This command's responsibilities also include harbour defence.


Units

• PNS BAHADUR
• PNS DILAWAR
• PNS HIMALAYA
• PNS KARSAZ
• PNS NIGRAAN
• PNS RAHAT
• PNS RAHBAR
• PNS RAHNUMA
• PNS SHIFA
• PNSL
• STC


· Commander of Pakistan Naval Fleet (COMPAK) – The command heads the surface, sub surface and aviation commands. In fact, this command is the war fighting machine having 4 dimensional components. It headquartered in Karachi, Sindh. Previously, it included the 25th and 18th Destroyer Squadron.


Type Commanders and Units:

§ DESRON-25
§ DESRON-18
§ SUBRON-5
§ Naval Aviation
§ AUXMIN-9
§ AUXRON-21
§ PATRON-10
§ PNS Raza
§ PNTS
§ PNS Haider
§ FMG
§ WATT
§ MHQ
§ BEAMER

· Commander COAST (COMCOAST) – The special command of SSG (N), Marines and Coastal stations.

Type Commanders and Units

· COMWEST
· PAK Marines
· SSG(N)
· CTS Coastal
· NPM Coastal

· Commander Logistics (COMLOG) – This command looks after the repair, maintenance and logistic infrastructure of PN.

Units
· PN Dockyard
· Naval Stores Depot
· Clothing Stores Depot
· Victualing Stores Depot
· Submarine Sub Depot
· Disposal Depot

· Flag Officer Sea Training (FOST) Conducts all types of operational training at Sea.

· Commander North (COMNOR) – Looks after the Naval installations in the north of Pakistan. The COMNOR commands the naval facilities in North-west Pakistan, Azad Kashmir, and Northern Areas of Pakistan. The COMNOR is also a major part of Pakistan's Northern Naval Command.

Units

§ PNS HAFEEZ
§ PNS ZAFAR
§ NSU

· Commander Central Punjab (COMCEP) – Duties of COMCEP are to ensure excellence in training and provide conducive and secure working environment for units in AoR through efficient logistic and admin support system along with looking after PN interest in AoR.

Units

· PN War College
· PNS Punjab

BRANCHES OF PAKISTAN NAVY

1. OPERATION BRANCH
2. MARINE ENGINEERING BRANCH
3. WEAPON ENGINEERING BRANCH
4. SUPPLY BRANCH
5. MEDICAL BRANCH
6. SPECIAL BRANCH (IT)
7. JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL BRANCH (NAVY)

The candidates join the Pakistan Navy as Cadets after their F.Sc. After recruitment as cadets, Pakistan Naval Academy serves as the cradle, grooming them professionally, morally, educationally, mentally and physically. Personality traits of individuals are developed which result in proficient Naval Officers equipped with the highest ideals of loyalty, honour, courage and dedication.

PAKISTAN NAVAL ACADEMY

PNS RAHBAR

Pakistan Naval Academy is the home of initial training of officers of Pakistan Navy. It has also provided basic training to about 3000 officers of various Allied Navies. It can proudly claim that the Chief of Naval Staff of Qatar Emiri Navy and many high ranking officers of Royal Saudi Navy as well as other navies in the Gulf are graduates of PNA.

The Naval Academy gives professional, moral, educational, mental and physical training to the subordinate officers of the Navy, so that, with time and experience, they develop into proficient Naval officers equipped with the highest ideals of loyalty, honour, courage and devotion to duty, which would be in conformity with the past Islamic history and future aspiration of the people of Pakistan.

History

At the outset in 1947, when Pakistan born as a sovereign state, the Pakistan Navy had only a few ships. The lack of expertise at that time, left Pakistan Navy with no option but to send its officers, for training to Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth in UK. Though the training at Dartmouth was considered beneficial, but our cultural differences and divergent operational requirements compelled us to start our own training in Pakistan, with whatever meagre resources were available. The training for Naval Officers in Pakistan was incepted in 1960 by establishing the Academy on board PNS BABUR, a Dido Class Cruiser of Second World War vintage.

In 1965, PNS BABUR was required for operational duties and cadets' training was shifted to a part of the present premises. By 1970, the officers’ training needs increased substantially due to own requirements as well as to cater for the training of a large number of officers from brotherly Muslim Countries. This necessitated the establishment of an independent training institution. Hence, in December 1970, Pakistan Naval Academy was commissioned as PNS RAHBAR at Manora. Since then, the Academy is fulfilling primary training requirements of officers of Pakistan Navy and other Muslim countries, such as Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, Palestine, Turkmenistan, Lebanon, Iran, Ghana, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya and Oman. Up till now a total of 1912 officers from friendly countries have been trained in PNA. The PNA is the first Armed Forces Academy, which is ISO 9001: 2000 certified.

The Academy got the status of degree awarding institute in 1965 and the degree of BSc (NA) was used to be given. In 1990, the Academy was affiliated to Karachi University for award of BSc (Hons) degree in Naval Sciences to Naval officers. The same status continued till July 1997. After that, split BE programme started in which cadets are required to complete 36 credit hours at the Academy credited towards BE degree programmes conducted at PNEC and degree is awarded by National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST). Whereas officers in the Logistic Branch get BBA (Hons) degree from IBA.

Status and Utilization

To give professional, moral, educational, mental and physical grounding to the subordinate officers of the navy, so that, with time and experience, they develop into proficient naval officers, equipped with the highest ideals of loyalty, honour, courage and devotion to duty which would be in conformity with the past Islamic history and future aspirations of the people of Pakistan.

Training Infrastructure

The Cadets are being trained under three different schemes of training at the Academy which are:

GL Scheme of Training for PN Regular Entry Cadets

Pakistan Navy has always been alive to train its manpower in accordance with the dictates of the time. The training curricula in PN, in particular the officers’ training schemes, have undergone a radical transformation to meet the challenges of 21st century. Henceforth, the new breed of officers’ corps will be either Engineering Graduates or holders of BBA (Hons) degrees. At the Naval Academy, the cadets spend three terms of six months each and are taught various academic and professional subjects providing them a firm base to undertake their future professional and degree courses available in various PN professional schools.

In the Academy cadets are taught subjects in three major disciplines:
• Humanities/Academics
• Professional
• Engineering

The brief introduction to the subjects taught at PNA is:
Academics Subjects

• English & Communication Skills
• Engineering Physics
• Mathematics
• Chemistry
• Pakistan Studies
• Religious Studies

Professional Subjects
• Seamanship
• Rules of the Road
• Navigation
• Naval Warfare & Operations
• Discipline & Organisation
• Leadership
• Applied Electronics and Naval Equipment
• Propulsion Plants
• Sea Survival
• Parade Training

Technical Subjects
• Engineering Drawing
• Thermodynamics
• Mechanics
• Electric Circuits
• Algorithm and Computing

After successful completion of training at PNA, the cadets are promoted to the rank of Midshipmen and are allocated different branches (Operations, Weapon Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Logistics).

Thereafter, on job training is carried out on board ships for a period of six months and Midshipmen are then commissioned to the rank of Sub-Lieutenant.

The Operations, Weapon Engineering Branch officers undergo BE (Electronics) programme while those in Marine Engineering qualify BE (Mechanical) from Pakistan Navy Engineering College.

The Logistics Branch officers undergo BBA (Hons) course at PN School of Logistics and Management, which is affiliated with IBA Karachi.


Midshipmen join the fleet for experiencing an important facet of their training. PN Fleet with its state of the art multi-dimensional platforms offers unique opportunities for all kinds of operational training. The fleet training services are backed by highly competent and committed staff and over 50 years of experience of training officers and sailors of Pakistan and Allied Navies.

After six months of training onboard PN ships, these Midshipmen are commissioned as Sub-Lieutenants in three branches, which have further training, individually given as under:

For further training Operations Branch Sub-Lieutenants join the Pakistan Navy Engineering College for 3 years. During this period these officers undergo Engineering Degree Program in Electronics, earning them a degree from NUST (National University of Sciences & Technology). After completion of BE (Electronics) these officers join PNS BAHADUR for one year training in Professional subjects.

GL Scheme of Training for Allied Cadets

Non Engineering Allied Cadets on completion of all 3 phases of training are awarded BSc (NA) Degree by PNA. The subjects of Chemistry and Algorithm & Computing form part of studies for the Scheme of Training for PN cadets, but are not required to be taught to the Allied Trainees as these are not the pre-requisite for award of BSc (NA) degree.

Graduate Cadets Scheme of Training

Graduate cadets with BE (Electrical/Electronics) and BE (Mechanical) qualifications from civil universities are inducted for submarine service. After completing their six months training at PNA and six months in PN fleet, they are commissioned as Sub Lieutenants.

Passing out from the Naval Academy

After 1½ years at PNA, the cadets pass out as Midshipmen and join PN ships. In the fleet, they experience the life at sea while working in different areas onboard. After 6 months training at sea, the Midshipmen are finally commissioned as Sub-Lieutenants.

This is the time when branches are allocated to newly commissioned officer’s. They further proceed to their respective training organisations.

OPERATIONS BRANCH

For further training Operations branch Sub-Lieutenants join the Naval Engineering College for 1-½ years. During this period these officers undergo engineering degree programme in Electronics.

After successful engineering courses, the officers from Operations branch proceed to PNS Bahadur to undergo professional courses at various schools which include:

• Surface Warfare
• Under Water Warfare
• Electronic Warfare
• Communications
• Navigation & Operations
PNS BAHADUR

PNS BAHADUR is arguably the largest establishment in the Pakistan Navy. Its primary role is to conduct basic, mid-career and advanced professional courses for all trades of operations branch and associated branches. All efforts are made to accommodate related requirements of Allied Navies and even our sister services.

History
PNS BAHADUR was originally the boys training establishment till 1970, when its role was assigned to another establishment named as PNS HIMALAYA and its own site was converted into Pakistan Naval Academy. The new Bahadur was re-commissioned at its present site in June 1983 and became the centre of Operations Branch training by housing all professional schools.

PNS BAHADUR had started off initially with only four basic seaman branch schools namely Navigation & Ops, Surface Weapons, Underwater Warfare and Communication. Other facilities school/centre were progressively added to meet the requirements of PN as mentioned below:

a. Navigation & Operations School
b. Surface Weapons School
c. Underwater Warfare School
d. Communication School
e. Hydrography School
f. Electronic Warfare Training Centre (EWTC)
g. School of Music
h. Regulating and Provost School
i. Academic Centre
j. Information Warfare School

Unit’s Role

The primary mission of BAHADUR, Maritime Operations Training Complex (MOTC) is:
‘To conduct Basic, Mid-Career, and Specialized Processional Courses for Officers and Sailors of Operations and all Associated Branches of PN and Allied Navies’.

The unit also grooms student officers and CPO/sailors in military subjects which includes parade training, physical training etc.

Training Philosophy

a. Based on the above mentioned mission, the training philosophy is:
b. Materially Supported
c. Assignment Based
d. Inter-active Approach
e. Centralized Examination
f. Computer Based Evaluations
g. Standardization and Computerization of all training related activities and records through LAN
h. Feedback of the product from Field

After completing their basic training the Operation Branch officers proceed to PN Ships and start their Sea-Training to effectively apply all theoretical training onboard.

After earning their Watch-keeping, Operations branch officers are sent to one of the 3 special volunteer services or to remain in the main stream. They are nominated for specialist branches after their Naval Academy tenure.

1. Naval Aviation.
2. Submarine Service.
3. SSG (N)

PAKISTAN NAVAL AIR ARM (Naval Aviation)

PNS MEHRAN is the home of Naval Aviators. In the past 37 years, Pakistan Naval Aviation had been able to keep itself abreast with the changing technology and grew from a fledgling force into a mature professional Aviation force of today.

The first Naval Air Station, PNS MEHRAN, was commissioned on 26 September 1975 to support Fleet Operations. Sea King helicopter was the first machine to fly from this base, Atlantic and Alouette soon joined the Naval Air Arm. Taking a start in 1975, Naval Aviation has grown to its present inventory of various multi role aircraft. The latest addition in the Air Arm is P-3C Orion Long Range Maritime Patrol aircraft (LRMPA), HBC 101 (IW/EW) Jet and Z9EC helicopter.

Pakistan Naval Air Arm Pakistan Naval Aviation is an important arm of the Pakistan Navy and assists in the surface and submarine flights to guarantee the safety of Pakistan sea borders. Currently the PN Aviation Force consists of:


· 6 Westland Sea King Mk.45
· 8 Aérospatiale SA-319B Alouette III
· 7 Lockheed P-3C Orion
· 5 Fokker F27-200 Friendship
· 1 Hawker 850
· Unmanned Aerial Vehicles include NESCOM Burraq and the UQAB-II drone.
· 6 Harbin Z-9EC
· 3 ATR -72 Aircraft.

Naval Aviation Training School (NATS)

This training center trains Naval Aviators to perform their duties on various aviation platforms in use in the Naval Air Arm. The following courses are conducted at NATS regularly:

§ Basic Air Navigation Course 26 weeks
§ Sea King Observer Conversion 13 weeks
§ Tactical Coordinator (TACCO) 12 weeks
§ Qualified Helicopter Instructor 14 weeks
§ Qualified Navigation Instructor 18 weeks
§ Qualified Observer Instructor 24 weeks
§ Fokker Captain Course 24 weeks
§ Atlantic Captain Course 17 weeks
§ Alouette Conversion 24 weeks
§ Sea King Conversion 24 weeks
§ Sea survival/Dunker SWET course 4 weeks
§ Helicopter Marshaller course 2 weeks
§ Winch operator course 2 weeks
§ Basic Air crewmen Course 10 weeks
§ Crewmen instructor course (Alouette Aircraft) 4 weeks
§ Crewmen instructor course (Sea King Aircraft) 8 weeks
§ Helicopter Controller Course 6 weeks
§ FDO Course (Flight Deck Officer) 2 weeks

SUBMARINES

The Submarines Service Force (SSF) is the major command and aggressive command of Pakistan Navy, with primary mission including the commencing of peaceful engagement, surveillance and intelligence management, special operations, precision strikes, battle group operations, and the control of Pakistan's border seas. The Submarine command also takes responsibility to protect country's sea lanes of communication as well as to protect the economic interests, foreign trade and development of the country.

PN Submarine Force was raised in 1964 as a lead sub-surface arm of Pakistan Navy and being the first in the region. It has a meritorious past history spanned over nearly 47 years and has unique distinction of operating nearly 5 different types of platforms to date.

After the acquisition of PNS/M GHAZI (Ex-USS DIABLO) on 1 June 1964 from the United States, this submarine took active part in the Runn of Kutch crisis and in 1965 Indo-Pak war. Mere presence of this submarine off Indian west coast and the threat she radiated, resulted in bottling up of IN Fleet in the safety of harbour, without posing any challenge to PN Fleet throughout the 1965 war. In recognition of meritorious feat performed by the submarine and valour of its crew against superior adversary, the Submarine Squadron was awarded 02 Sitara-e-Jurrat, 01 Tamgha-e-Jurrat and 7 Imtiazi Sanads.

In 1971, PNS/M GHAZI was deployed off Indian east coast to draw a pull on IN Fleet employed along her west coast, thus diluting IN force quantum against PN surface assets and Pakistan bound shipping to a great extent. The submarine presented her ultimate sacrifice while engaged in offensive mining operation off Vishakhapatnam in Dec 1971. The submarine and her crew, comprising 11 Officers and 82 sailors, embraced martyrdom during 1971 war.

Prior to 1971 war, three Daphne class submarines were also inducted in the PN Fleet from France, between 1969-70. These were commissioned as HANGOR, SHUSHUK and MANGRO on 1 Dec 1969, 12 Jan 1970 and 5 Aug 1970 respectively. These units also took active part in the 1971 war along Indian west coast. PNS/M HANGOR won the distinction of sinking IN Destroyer INS KHUKRI and seriously damaging INS KIRPAN astride Kathiawar coast and proudly ranked as first conventional submarine of the world to score successful hits against surface units in combat since WW-II. This act of courage and valour earned Submarine Squadron 04 Sitara-e-Jurrat, 06 Tamgha-e-Jurrat and 14 Imtiazi Sanads. PNS/M HANGOR is peculiar in the sense that she won highest number of gallantry awards during combat, unprecedented in Pakistan Navy till to date.

In 1975, Pakistan Navy learnt that Portuguese Navy was ready to sell her Daphne Submarine. Negotiations were started through French Navy for the purchase of one of these platforms. The first of these Daphne submarines, ex-Portuguese, "Cachalote" was purchased and taken to Toulon, France for a major refit. After the major refit, the submarine was commissioned as PNS/M GHAZI (S-134) on 17 January 1977, taking on the name of old GHAZI (S-130). The strength of Daphne type submarines in PN flotilla thus became four. After nearly 34 years of meritorious service in Pakistan Navy, Daphne submarines were finally de-commissioned from active list in Jan 2006.

In 1978, another opportunity came from France for acquisition of two Agosta-70 type submarines. These two submarines had been ordered for South African Navy, which was already operating French Daphne submarines. As a consequence of arms embargo on South Africa, these were offered to Pakistan Navy for purchase and induction in 1979 and 80 respectively.

Pakistan and DCN France subsequently signed a contract for 3 Agosta 90B submarines on 21 September 1994, alongwith purchase of Kit of Material (KoM) for the fourth unit and provisions of Transfer of Technology (ToT). Key provision of this contract called for production of first boat in France, assembly of second in Pakistan and complete production of third in Pakistan as part of progressive transfer of technology. First of the class of the submarine was commissioned on 6 Sep 99 as PNS/M KHALID, which was inducted in PN Fleet on 21 Dec 1999.

Agosta 90B design is based on Agosta-70 class submarines, which were already in service with French and Pakistan Navies. The platform features an AIP system and array of state of the art sensors and weapons. Fully integrated combat system presents tactical data complied through multifarious chain of underwater detection systems, including a VLF linear towed array sonar. OPTRONIC masts, integrated radar and EW support equipment provide higher operational flexibility and enhanced survivability against air and surface threats in a multi-threat environment. The inertial navigation system offers these platforms greater liberty of precise submerged navigation. PNS/M HAMZA, being the third submarine in Agosta 90B series is equipped with operational MESMA AIP, offering her enhanced submerged endurance over her two sister platforms. Retrofitting of MESMA on PNS/M SAAD and KHALID will be completed in due course. Importantly, all three Agosta 90Bs have received a new and highly proficient Heavy Weight Torpedo (DM2A4) as their main weapon.

PN Submarine Force also takes pride in operating 3 X-Craft, which were transferred to the Squadron in Mar 2005 from SSG(N). This has enhanced the number of sub-surface units to 8 instead of 5 being operated prior Mar 2005.

With the institution of Submarine Force in Pakistan Navy, an elaborate and well structured Submarine Support Base, named PNS ABDOZE was also commissioned with an aim to provide logistic, accommodation, medical and other essential facilities to the tender Submarine units while in harbour and in preparation for their operational deployments. Another important milestone achieved in training and readiness of Submarine Command, Ops and Technical teams was the institution of Submarine Training Centre (STC), which initially operated at PNS ABDOZE and later relocated to PNS BAHADUR in 1980, housing all basic and professional courses of Submarine personnel as well as elaborate simulator training in ops, diving, propulsion and sonar tape listening disciplines.

• Recent addition to the Squadron is institution of Fleet Acoustic Research and Classification Centre (FARCC), commissioned in May 2008. This is in fact a PN capability, being managed by Submarine Squadron for the time being.

• With regards to Organogram, PN Submarine Squadron was initially headed by Commander Underwater Forces (COMUF); an officer of the rank of Captain. COMUF managed both Submarine Squadron as well as assets and manpower placed under PNS IQBAL comprising SSG(N). This appointment was later re-designated as Commander Submarines (COMSUBS), which remains in vogue to date, by an officer of the rank of Commodore. Both arms, that is PN Submarine Force and SSG(N) are now well segregated, as Submarines and X-Craft form SUBRON and Midgets Group respectively under Fleet Command, while SSG(N) is managed by Cdr SSG(N) under Coastal Command.

• PN Submarine Force also takes pride in the fact that it is the only Squadron of Pakistan Navy being conferred with the National Standard on 3 Jan 1997 by then President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Mr. Farooq Ahmed Khan Laghari. This is a testament of extreme sacrifices, meritorious services and role of PN Submarine Force as back bone of seaward defence and most potent offensive arm of Pakistan Navy.

Submarine Training Center (STC):

Soon after the induction of the first submarine in the PN Fleet i.e Ex PNS/M GHAZI, the Submarine School was established at PN Dockyard in 1964 as an initial step towards submarine training in PN. Being a budding institution, this school was limited to classroom level conduct of very few basic courses for officers and sailors. With subsequent expansion of the PN S/M force, it was re-established in 1980 as The Submarine Training Centre in the present premises at PNS BAHADUR. Since establishment, STC has become self sufficient in all types of Submarine Training requirements and has been progressively equipped with modern Submarine training facilities.

This center was renamed as Submarine School and was placed under PNS BAHADUR for quite some time. In order to uplift the quality of S/M operational training as an autonomous unit and achieve common training objectives/goals along with COMSUBS and FOST, Naval Headquarters re-designated submarine school as Submarine Training centre in August 2000.


SPECIAL SERVICES GROUP (N)
PNS IQBAL is the headquarter of commander SSG(N). The commander SSG(N) is placed under the command of Commander Coastal areas. During the post 1965 war analysis Pakistan Navy felt the need of establishing a Special force, which could be used for covert offensive operations against enemy shore based facilities and the units at sea or in harbours. As a consequence, training volunteers for frogman / special Ops formed a new offensive arm for Pakistan Navy in 1966. Shortly after raising, the capabilities of this elite group were multiplied through the acquisition of midgets, chariots and combat/ auxiliary diving equipment.

The training of volunteers selected from all branches of the Navy for Special Service Group (Navy) was conducted on the lines of British Special Boat Squadron (SBS), British Special Air Services (SAS) and US Navy SEALS.

They were to be trained as frogmen, commandos, paratroopers and operators of special craft of multiple roles. During the initial years, basic training of SSG (N) was conducted at Diving School PNS HIMALYIA and the advance training at PNS IQBAL, which was commissioned on 29 March 1967 as the home of SSG (N). Since 1968, all SSG (N) training is being conducted at PNS IQBAL.

Within a few years of rising, SSG (N) participated in PAK-INDO war of 1971. During this war SSG (N) was divided into two groups for X-craft and SEAL Ops respectively.

SEAL Group participated in Counter Insurgency (CI) Ops in East Pakistan. Apart from the PN S/M, X-Craft were the only platform, which patrolled the enemy’s water for weeks.

During first two decades of its inception SSG (N) capabilities were confined to frogmen Ops with overwhelming focus on underwater covert insertion through X-Craft and chariots. However through a well thought out training philosophy SSG (N) transformed into a potent out fit capable of operating at Sea, Sub Sea, Air and Land dimensions. Through out its history of almost 4 decades unit has been performing diversified Ops as per the dictates and employment directives of higher HQs.

SSG(N) comprised of three sub commands.


§ CO PNS IQBAL
§ CO SEAL
§ CO VBSS

SEAL TEAM

It is the main stay of SEAL group. The primary objective of this team is clandestine operation in enemy’s waters without detection and Exit Trunk operation in the enemy’s waters.

ANTI TERRORIST TEAM

Threat of saboteurs/ terrorist attacks is increasing day by day. Sustained preparedness for rapid response to such threat is the prime responsibilities of ATT


VBSS boats are very modern fast speedboats with integrated sensors and equipment. The boats are used to seal group in enemy territory and conduct operation on suspected vessels. Pakistan Navy has always tried to remain abreast with the new concepts and the Special Services Group (Navy) at numerous occasions has been employed as an active part of PN force in assistance of coalition forces against terrorism. To enhance their capabilities further PN has inducted two speedboat for VBSS operations.

The roles of VBSS are:

• MIO/VBSS operation at high seas/ anchorages
• Seal insertion
• Surveillance/ covert surveillance
• Anti-Terrorist protection of the coastal & offshore installations
• Search and rescue
• Anti-Smuggling duties

Foreign Trainees

The unit has so far imparted training to friendly countries like Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Qatar, Iran and Sri Lanka. In addition it is a regular feature to conduct joint exercises with allied countries like Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Bahrain.

Courses Offered

• Clearance Diving Course 18 weeks
• Advance Frogman Course 10 weeks
• Re-Compression Chamber Course 04 weeks

Facilities

• Swimming Pool
• Training Camp
• Explosive Range
• Rappelling Site
• Diving Medical Department
• Hyperbaric Chamber Complex System
• Library
• CQB Hut
• Firing Range
• Assault Course
• Gymnasium
• Boarding & Lodging

PAKISTAN MARINES
The Navy established Pakistan Marines sometimes in 1 June 1971, by Admiral S.M. Ahsan, but it was decommissioned from its services in 1974 due to its poor production of performance. However, after Navy first re-organized, re-established, and re-visioned itself, the proposals of establishing the Marines roughly equivalent to United States Marines Corps were kept under consideration.Finally on 14 April 1990, the Pakistan Marines were again re-commissioned in the Navy with about 2,000 men who were draftedand plans to expand the force to the size of the Corps approximately 45,000, significantly by 2020. The Marines are under the control of Pakistan Navy, using the same military ranks. The Marines are currently headquartered at Qasim Marine Base in Karachi.

Pakistan Marines dressed in operational camouflage uniforms with their US counterparts.

On 14 April 1990, a training marine base was given commissioned to provide security cover to Naval assets. The Navy decided to establish the Marines at Qasim Fort,which was at that time under the operational control of PNS Himalaya. On 25 November 1990, the PNS Qasim was given commissioned and became the marines combatant headquarters, initially compromising the eight naval officers, 67 Chief petty officer and petty officer, and 43 Marines officers.

The Marines specialized in seaborne operations, using the mobility of the Navy, although it is the part of the Navy, not a separate branch. The Marines wears the camouflage uniforms when deployed to an operational environment but otherwise they wear Navy dress uniforms.The size of the Marines were tripled in 2004 – 05 by an additional battalion and its phase wise development plan. Since its inception, the Marines are deployed in the Sir Creek region of Indo-Pakistan borders.

PNS Qasim is the naval base for the Pakistan Marines. It is responsible for general administration and logistics requirements of the Marines. Its roles include:

· Act as logistics base for Marines.
· Operational readiness of all segments of Marines.
· Defense of designated operational area in Creek.
· Provision of security coverage to VA/VPs of PN and sensitive projects of national importance.
· Aid to civil power and rendering of assistance in case of natural calamities.
· Provision of Air Defense cover to designated PN units and Karachi complex through deployment of Mistral Missiles, and Air Defense Balloons.
· Responsible for conduct of basic and mid-career course for Marines.
· Maintain liaison with other PN and Army Institutions for coordinating various courses of instructions.
· Supervision/career management of Marines.
· Ceremonial duties.

Marines Training Centre (MTC)
The Marines Training Centre (MTC) was established in 1990 to impart Basic and Advance training to Pakistani Marines. During the 1990 era, Pakistan Army provided and trained the 1st Marine Offense Battalion as well as running the Training Center. In 2000, the Pakistan Navy took control of the center while the Army continued to train the Marines.

In 2004, as Marines Battalion was given the status of one of the seven recognized uniform service of Pakistan Armed Forces. As of today, there are large numbers ofUnited States Marine Corpsand theRoyal Marines, as military advisors, are providing the training of the Marines.

The MTC is also the Headquarters of Pakistan Naval Police (PNP), and conducts the basic and refresher training for PNP (Pakistan Naval Police).

Creeks Battalion
The Creeks battalion was raised in April 1999 by Pakistan Army with the objective to thwart external threat in creeks area through forward presence and active surveillance in peacetime and defend designated area of responsibility during war. Sir Creek Battalion is being commanded by an officer of Commander.

MARITIME SECURITY AGENCY (MSA)
The establishment of Pakistan Maritime Security Agency has its genesis in the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea -1982 (UNCLOS-82). This was a landmark convention that streamlined most of the grey areas in the law of the sea. Pakistan ratified UNCLOS-82 on 26 Feb 1997.

In order to consolidate the advantages offered by UNCLOS-82, the requirement of enforcing national and international laws at sea became a necessity. Thus a National Maritime Affairs Committee was constituted by the Government in 1983 to look into new avenues offered by UNCLOS-82. Deliberations of the Maritime Affairs Committee first led to the establishment of a Maritime Affairs Wing in the Ministry of Defence in May 1986.

Thereafter, Pakistan Maritime Security Agency was established on 1st January 1987 for enforcement of national and international laws, policies and conventions at sea. The PMSA Act was passed in 1994 by the Parliament which provided the necessary legal powers to PMSA to perform its tasks.

Area of Responsibility

PMSA area of responsibility extends from coastline to seaward and covers all maritime zones of Pakistan. These include:

1. Territorial waters 12 NM
2. Contiguous zone 24 NM
3. Exclusive Economic Zone 200 NM
At present this area is roughly 240,000 Sq Km which is almost 1/3rd the size of the country. This area is likely to
be extended to 295,000 Sq Km. In addition to this, Pakistan is also assigned a Search and Rescue area by International Maritime Organization(IMO), which extends up to 840 NM from the coast.

Functions:

The tasks assigned to MSA as per PMSA Act 1994 are:

1. Enforce National and International laws, agreements and conventions in the Maritime Zones.
2. Prevent unauthorized exploitation of economic resources within the Maritime Zones.
3. Protect Pakistan fishing vessels and crew against any threat within the Maritime Zones.
4. Assist and co-ordinate Search & Rescue for the vessels, property and lives in distress at sea.
5. Assist and coordinate with national and international agencies to prevent and control the effects of marine disasters including pollution.
6. Assist and co-ordinate with national and International agencies in hydrographic and oceanographic research and other scientific activities.
7. Assist other departments and agencies in safeguarding and protecting offshore installations/structures in the EEZ.
8. Provide assistance for petroleum and other mineral exploration in our Maritime zones.
9. Co-operate with and provide help to other departments and agencies at sea in the discharge of their duties and functions.
10.Perform such other functions as may be assigned byGovt to protect maritime interest of Pakistan.

MSA’s Operational activities at sea include the following:

1. Protection of Resources in EEZ.
2. Protection of own fishermen.
3. Search and Rescue.
4. Implementation of Deep Sea Fishing Policy.
5. Pollution Control.
6. Anti-Narcotics/Anti-Smuggling Operations.
7. CounterTerrorism/ HumanTrafficking.
8. Regional Cooperation.

PAKISTAN NAVY WAR COLLEGE

Pakistan Navy War College, like any other institution of higher learning, has passed through an evolutionary process. Its nascent days started with Pakistan Navy Staff School, which was established at Manora Island Karachi in 1968 to conduct Junior Staff Courses to teach elementary staff work; for regular staff courses, however, officers were sent abroad. As the requirement of staff course qualified officers increased with time, Pakistan Navy War College was established in 1971, in a small building in PNS KARSAZ, Shahrah Faisal Karachi. By 1995 the requirement of staff course qualified officers gradually increased manifold and it became inevitable to shift to a proper building.

In 1995, it was decided to shift the College to Lahore as the main induction in the Navy takes place from Punjab. Since the College curriculum does not require its proximity to sea, hence it was decided to re-locate the College to Lahore, a seat of learning for centuries. A building on the Mall Road was acquired, altered to meet the purpose and inaugurated in August 1996 as Pakistan Navy War College. 25th PN Staff Course commenced at Lahore in Aug 96. Since then, the College has been conducting Staff Courses every year on regular basis.

Course of Study

Presently, the College conducts a 40 weeks course at Lahore for officers of the rank of Lieutenant Commanders/Commanders. This course also includes Allied Officers from brotherly countries. On successful completion of Staff Course, the participants are awarded 'PSN' symbol by the College and B.Sc. (Hons) Degree in War Studies by the Bahria University, Islamabad.

Training Prospects

The College has earned a place of high repute as an institution of knowledge and learning in the Armed Forces of Pakistan and Allied countries. A large number of fellow officers from Bangladesh , Bahrain , China , Egypt , Fiji , Ghana , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Kenya , Kuwait , Libya , Malaysia , Nigeria , Oman , Palestine , Qatar , Sri Lanka , Saudi Arabia , Sudan , Tanzania , Turkey , Uganda and UAE have graduated from the College.

Course Details

The aim of the course is to train selected officers in carrying out staff duties and to impart them higher education, including a brief study of other Services, national and world affairs.

Curriculum

The curriculum of the Staff Course covers following:

§ The principles of effective reading, logical thinking, clarity and brevity of expression and staff procedures.
§ Management (Development of Managerial Skills).
§ Organizations and Functions of Pakistan Armed Forces.
§ Military Warfare covering concepts and principles of strategy and operations including the historical perspective and war gaming.
§ Principles of systematic planning and modern decision making processes to facilitate command decisions.
§ A background knowledge of politico-military factors and significant world political, economic and social influences on Pakistan.
§ Military Leadership.
§ Individual research paper on selected topics.
§ A course research paper on selected topic.

Syndicates
As many of the course activities are conducted in syndicates, the members are grouped into syndicates; each managed by a Directing Staff (DS). The syndicate grouping is changed after each term to provide each member an opportunity to work with other course members and with different DS.

Sponsor Students for Allied Officers. Pakistani student officers are nominated as sponsor for each Allied Officer. These sponsor students are to assist allied officers in their personal matters and brief them about the local laws, customs and traditions etc.

Pre-Course Study

Course members are required to read a lot during their stay at the College. They are advised to develop fast reading skills with an aim to grasp the essential of a subject, while reading a book or a document. The course members are advised to undertake preliminary studies on the following topics:

§ Pakistan's National and Military Strategy with particular emphasis on Maritime Strategy.
§ History of Military Warfare covering both strategic and operational aspects.
§ Concept of Modern Warfare.
§ Pakistan's neighboring countries.

PNS HIMALAYA

PNS HIMALAYA is situated in Manora which is an island at the entrance to Karachi harbour. It is connected by road and boat service to Karachi City, Various facilities of the Establishment are spread over 1.8 Kms along the sea front.

History PNS HIMALAYA was commissioned on 27 November 1943. Originally it had a Gunnery School and a Diving Section. When Pakistan gained independence in 1947, PNS HIMALAYA was further developed over the years with the addition of other professional schools. In December 1970, as a result of re-distribution of responsibilities of Naval Establishments on the Island of Manora, PNS HIMALAYA was entrusted with the additional responsibility of training of new entry sailors In 1980. Diving Section at PNS HIMALAYA was upgraded and renamed as PN Diving School in 1982. However the functions of New Entry and Diving Schools at PNS HIMALAYA were enhanced and improved to provide quality training.

Status & Utilization

Presently PNS HIMALAYA is entrusted with the primary task of providing Boot Camp Training to New Entry Sailors, The main objective of this training is to convert a young recruit into a tough and competent sailor who is able to withstand the rigours of the sea efficiently It also continues to meet the Diving Training requirements of PN and other friendly Navies. In addition to this training, PNS HIMALAYA provides Diving assistance to PN units and civilian authorities. It also conducts rescue operations during floods and emergencies.

New Entry School

New Entry Sailors join PNS HIMALAYA for nine months Boot Camp Training. During this period the sailors study basic professional subjects and their academic base is improved. Emphasis is also given to parade training, small arms firing, swimming, survival training and sports. Endeavors are made to convert the raw hand into a confident professional sailor, who can efficiently discharge his responsibilities onboard ships, submarines and in shore installations. The following seamanship courses are also conducted at New Entry School:

§ Basic Seamanship Course for Short Service Commissioned officers
§ Basic Seamanship Course for foreign officers & sailors
§ Ship's Husbandry Course for sailors

PN DIVING SCHOOL

In 1943, Diving Section was established at PNS HIMALAYA and upgraded as an independent Diving School in 1980, Since then, the school is providing effective diving training to Pakistan Navy personnel and officers and sailors from following brotherly countries:

• SAUDI ARABIA
• UAE
• BAHRAIN
• OMAN
• SRILANKA
• BANGLADESH
• MALDIVES
• PLO

PN Diving School is capable of providing:

• Rescue Operations
• Underwater Engineering Services
• Underwater Hull Survey
• Salvage Operations
• Ship's Bottom Clearance
• Mine Clearance in Harbour
• Bomb Disposal Services
• Sea Survival Training

In addition to rendering assistance on request, the PN Diving School regularly provides diving services to under mentioned Agencies:

• Research Institutes
• Water and Power Development Authority
• Various Shipping Lines
• Civil Administration for Rescue Operations

Following facilities are available to the Diving School:

Recompression Chamber

A 10 men recompression chamber is installed at PNS HIMALAYA. Apart from divers treatment other patients can also be treated under pressure with oxygen by a Medical Officer who is specialized in underwater medicine and is permanently posted in PN Diving School.

MARINE ENGINEERING BRANCH

For Marine Engineering Branch officers, 3 years further training at Pakistan Navy Engineering College in the discipline of Marine Engineering earns them the BE degree from NUST.

WEAPON ENGINEERING BRANCH

For Weapon Engineering Branch officers, 3 years further training at Pakistan Navy Engineering College in the discipline of Weapon Engineering earns them the BE degree from NUST.

PAKISTAN NAVY ENGINEERING COLLEGE

PNS JAUHAR


Pakistan Navy Engineering College (PNEC) welcomes you to the only constituent college of National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST) at Karachi with a progressive vision for your future academic goals. PNEC has established a professional reputation for excellence in teaching and research because of its high academic standards, highly qualified faculty and state-of-the-art academics related facilities available to students and faculty.

PNEC ensures high quality in academics and research works in the degree programmes in the disciplines of Mechanical, Electrical and Electronics Engineering. Academic ambiance and disciplined environment are added features of this institution. Appreciable reduction in the duration of Undergraduate and Postgraduate degree courses is the prominent feature of PNEC's academic achieved by better management, cutting all non-productive holidays and maintaining a constant momentum characterized by all round academic and intellectual activity.

PNEC management would appreciate any feedback/questions you might have about the admission and other requirements. We are committed to improving our services to meet your needs. Your suggestions are always welcome.

History

The genesis of Pakistan Navy Engineering College (PNEC) lies in the Officers Training Section (OTS) which was established in 1962 as part of PNS KARSAZ, sailor's training establishment. In 1966, the status of OTS was upgraded to that of a college and named Pakistan Navy Engineering College. The same year it got affiliated with the University of Karachi. In 1977, the affiliation of PNEC was transferred to NED University of Engineering & Technology. The college was shifted to its present location in 1982 and commissioned as PNS JAUHAR as an independent unit of Pakistan Navy. It became a constituent college of National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) in November 1995.

The primary role of PN Engineering College is to produce Quality Engineers for Pakistan Navy and NUST. To achieve this, it conducts degree courses in the disciplines of Mechanical, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, and MS/PhD degree courses in the disciplines of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. These courses are also availed by other Defense Services and brotherly countries. Since 1987, limited numbers of civilian students are also being enrolled in these courses each year. Apart from BE and MS/PhD degree courses, the college also provides specialized mid-career courses for PN technical officers after they have obtained competency certificate onboard PN Ships. These include Marine Engineering Systems Management Course and Weapons Engineering Systems Management Course, specially designed to meet the service requirements of the officers in their career.

To bring a structured approach to quality assurance and support our continuing evaluation of the curriculum and the administrative practices, the college achieved ISO 9001 certification in May 1999 as per 1994 standard. This is a matter of pride for the Pakistan Navy Engineering College and also for NUST that PNEC is the first such institution in country to achieve this certification. In June 2002, the college shifted to the new quality standards i.e. ISO 9001: 2000.

Status & Utilization

Pakistan Navy Engineering College is committed to produce high quality professional engineers who meet the standards set out by Naval Headquarters/NUST and Pakistan Engineering Council.

Following Programmes are offered at PNEC:

§ BE (Mechanical)
§ BE (Electrical)
§ BE (Electronics)
§ MS (Mechanical Engineering)
§ MS (Electrical Engineering)
§ PhD Programmes
§ Professional Development Courses
§ NAVAL TECHNICAL PROFESSIONAL COURSES
§ Marine Engineering Systems Management Course (MESMC)
§ Weapon Engineering Systems Management Course (WESMC)


PNS KARSAZ

PNS KARSAZ is arguably the largest establishment in the Pakistan Navy. Its primary role is to conduct basic, mid-career and advanced professional courses for all trades of operations branch and associated branches. All efforts are made to accommodate related requirements of Allied Navies and even our sister services.

PNS KARSAZ is a large complex, which is widely spread over 45.5 acres. It has the capacity to train about 3000 trainees at a time, and is the largest establishment of technical training in Pakistan Navy. The establishment houses the main building, four schools, auditorium, library, computer centre, language laboratory, sports fields, swimming pools, living spaces and spacious dining halls.

History

PNS KARSAZ was established as an independent establishment to undertake training of officers and men of technical branches of Pakistan Navy. PNS KARSAZ has since gone through an era of gigantic improvements and tremendous transformation in all fields of Engineering to keep pace with emerging technologies.

Status & Utilization

The cardinal aim is to impart professional, academic and practical training to Officers, CPOs, POs and Sailors of Operations, Marine Engineering, Aero technicians, Medical and Logistic branches of Pakistan Navy and similar trades of friendly countries. PNS KARSAZ is committed to produce trained Technical Sailors who fulfil the requirements of Fleet/Naval Headquarters.

Training Infrastructure

The establishment has large and airy classrooms, which are fitted with modern audio/visual devices. These training aids make lecturing an easier job and support in easy communication between instructor and students. Establishment environment ensures that instructor and trainees get to know each other very well in the learning process. It inculcates a sense of belonging and identity among the participants and staff. The course work, group projects, pressure of meeting deadlines and the necessity of team work results in friendship that lasts for a long time.

Four schools namely:

1. Marine Engineering School
The Marine Engineering School imparts training with the aim to operate and maintain the main and auxiliary machinery fitted onboard Naval Ships.

2. Weapon Engineering School
The Weapon Engineering School is fully equipped to impart training on operation and maintenance of electronic equipment, sensors and combat systems fitted onboard Naval Ships

3. NBCD & FF School
The NBCD School trains service personnel from PN and Foreign Navies in the discipline of Damage Control and Fire fighting onboard ships. The school also imparts training to personnel associated with Merchant Navy.

4. Physical Training School
The Physical Training School is responsible for the training of CPOs/Sailors of Physical Training Branch, so that they attain the professional competence to perform the duties of Physical Instructors.

All these schools conduct professional training in the respective disciplines. Each school is headed by Training Commander/Officer Incharge assisted by respective faculties. The schools update and carry out training need analysis continuously as per the requirement of Fleet. The faculties of respective schools also arrange seminars and guest speakers as part of the curriculum, and endeavour to acquire latest information and developments on respective subjects.

Foreign Trainees

PNS KARSAZ being fully equipped with modern workshops and professionally qualified instructors, has the capability to undertake the training of personnel from friendly countries. Trainees from Oman, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Maldives, SriLanka and Bangladesh normally undergo training in various disciplines.

LOGISTICS BRANCH

Logistics Branch Officers join the School of Logistics and Management, affiliated with Institute of Business Administration. After 2 Years of training these officers earn Bachelors degree in Business Administration.

L & M School

PNS School of Logistics & Management is the Alma Mater of Logistics Branch to cater both officers and sailors in administrative and logistics management. Since its inception to date it has passed many phases to emerge at its zenith. The dedication, devotion and hardworking personnel earned its name “Home of Logisticians” in due course of time. It caters, nurtures and grooms up officers and sailors at par in this discipline with the latest techniques available in the trade and profession of Writers, Stores, Chefs, Stewards and Log Tech.

Logistics and Management Advance Course (LMAC) and BBA (Hons) Courses offered by the School are unique in nature, providing training to the logistics branch officers in the field of personnel management, economics finance, human resource management and information technology to broaden their horizon.

History

The PN School of Logistics and Management, like other professional Schools of Pakistan Navy, started functioning at PNS HIMALAYA situated at Manora Island. In August 1970, the School was shifted to the existing premises under the command of PNS KARSAZ. In 1987 the school went under major modernization, providing a well-equipped Galley, Bakery, Simulator Ward Room, Audio/Visual Typing system and a Computer Lab to enhance the training capabilities. On 14th August 1995, the School was made an independent unit, responsible to Commander Karachi for its assigned mission.

Status and Utilization

The School is functioning independently since 14 August 1995 and is responsible to Commander Karachi for its assigned mission. The Command structure has been upgraded form “Officer Incharge” to “Commanding Officer” w.e.f 1st July 2004.

The School imparts training on Logistics, Inventory & Financial Management to PN Officers, Allied Officers, own CPOs, Sailors, Allied CPOs/Sailors and All PN Civilian employees.

Human Recourse Development Centre (HRDC)

PNS RAHNUMA is a Human Recourse Development Centre and achieves its aim through a number of courses aimed at developing the quality of the Human Resources in Pakistan Navy.

History

PNS RAHNUMA was commissioned in August 1982, as Junior Cadet College. However, with the emergence of new fields of studies the unit was set to undertake the newly assigned role. It resulted in abolishing the JCC and the unit was re-designated as Human Resource Development Centre with additional tasks to conduct D&.L and SDCC Courses. Furthermore, in 1994 Instructional Technique School of HIMALAYA merged with the unit and Junior Officers Staff Duties Course included in the sanction of HRDC in 1996. Arabic Language Course was included in the year 2000.

Status and Utilization

Unit is organized into four training wings and a section, each conducting courses in its own specialization and headed by an Officer-in-Charge. The working of these wings/section is supervised, monitored, and guided by the Director of Studies, under the overall supervision of the Commanding Officer. The wings/section are:

§ Human resource Management Wing
§ Common Courses Wing
§ Junior Officer Staff Duty Courses Wing
§ Instructional Techniques Wing
§ Arabic Language Courses Section

Courses at HRDC

Courses conducted in various Wings / sections are as under:

HRM Wing: The courses conducted at this wing are aimed at improving participant's understanding of structural and human aspects of the managerial process. Various factors of Leadership, Motivation, Communication, Decision Making, Organizational Structure and Group Dynamics are covered in these courses. The nomenclatures of courses are as under:

Courses

§ HRM Course for Senior Officers 3 days 1 per year
§ HRM Course for Junior Officers 2 weeks 1 per year
§ Leadership Course for Junior Officers 2 week 1 per year
§ Communication Skills for Junior Officers 2 weeks 1 per year
§ Communication Skills for CPOs/Sailors 1 week 18 per year

Instructional Techniques Wing: Men in uniform are called upon to act as instructor in one capacity or another throughout their career. Equipping them with modern techniques of instructions and various tools to facilitate scientific and efficient instructions in the service is the job which is undertaken in IT Wing. Various courses, primarily differing in level of students are conducted as under:

Courses

§ Basic Instructional Techniques for Junior Officers 4 weeks 1 per year
§ Special Instructional Techniques JO’s/DO’s 2 weeks 1 per year
§ Special Instructional Techniques 2 weeks 18 per year
§ Advance Instructional Techniques 4 weeks 2 per year
§ Allied trainees 4 weeks 3 per year
§ Bahria Colleges 2 weeks 1 per year
§ Cadet Colleges 2 weeks 1 per year
§ Civilian Instructors PNS JAUHAR 2 weeks 1 per year
§ PNET School 2 weeks 1 per year

JOSDC Wing: In this wing Junior Officer Staff Duty Course is conducted for all junior Officers, in addition separate Junior Officer Staff Duty Courses are conducted for GD Cadre Officers.

Courses

§ JOSDC for Cadet Entry Officers 8 weeks 2 per year
§ JOSDC for GD Cadre Officers 8 weeks
§ JOSDC for Direct Entry Officers 3 weeks 1 per year

Common Courses Wing: This is an important wing which conducts development courses for CPOs/Sailors contributing towards their transformation from noncommissioned cadre to junior commissioned/ commissioned officers. These courses are:

Courses

§ Divisional & Leadership course 13 weeks 4 per year
§ Divisional & Leadership course for domestic branches 10 weeks 3 per year
§ Special Duty Common Course 21 weeks 1 per year
§ Master Chief Petty Officer "Q" 05 weeks 1 per year

ALC Section. Arabic Language courses are conducted for the Officers/CPOs/Sailors proceeding on deputation to Arab countries as and when the need exists.

SPECIAL BRANCH (IT)

This branch caters for all the IT requirements of the Pakistan Navy. It has SSC entry after which the officers are trained in the following courses:

PNEC offers high standard of dynamic education through various professional development courses for professional growth of defense and civilian personnel in the competitive market. These courses are organized and conducted as a joint venture with various well reputed organizations/institutions. The certificates are endorsed by the concerned organizations/institutions like NUST, ORATECH, SBTE and PNEC itself. Following courses are conducted at Professional Development Centre in the most modern well-maintained state-of-the-art labs.

· Mechanical Desktop 6 Weeks BE (MECH) / DAE
· Visual Basic 6 Weeks Windows, Programming
· Oracle 8i /9i / DBA 6 Months Graduate with computer knowledge
· Oracle Developer 6 I 6 Months Graduate with computer knowledge
· Control Engineering using MATLAB 2 Weeks BE / DAE
· MS Office 2 Weeks Intermediate with computer knowledge
· JAVA-2 Programming 4 Months C/C++, Pascal
· Diploma in IT 12 Months Intermediate with computer knowledge
· A + Certification 10 Weeks
· ANSYS 6 Weeks BE / DAE

MEDICAL BRANCH

Pakistan Navy started the training school named as sick berth attendants in 1953. It was re-designated as “Medical Assistant Training School” in 1970. The name of Pakistan Navy Nursing School was conceived in 1982 when the Female Nursing Cadets and Armed Forces Nursing Services (AFNS) trainee officer were also attached for various professional courses.

Recently; keeping in view the role of hospital / school in imparting post-graduation training to medical officers, the name has been changed to Pakistan Navy Medical Training School.

PN Medical Training School is entrusted with the primary task of training to medical branch personnel of Pakistan Navy who serve on board ships / establishments to look after the patients. This school is recognized by Sindh Nurses Examination Board & Sindh Medical Faculty and providing training facilities for General Nursing diploma course of 03 years duration and one year Operation Theatre, Intensive Care and Midwifery specialization courses for AFNS officers.

The school also conducts house job, FCPS-II/DCPS (post-graduation) and Underwater Medicine Training. Training School / PNS SHIFA is recognized by Pakistan Medical & Dental Council and College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan for House Job, Post-Graduation training in almost all the Disciplines of Medicine and Surgery and the training in these Specialization is also being offered to Civilian Doctors in addition to Commissioned Medical Officers of Defence Forces. Underwater Medicine Course is being offered to Defence Services Medical Officers of Allied Countries as well.

Mission
To conduct basic, mid career and specialized professional courses for Officers, AFNS Officers and Sailors of Medical Branch of Pakistan Navy and Allied Navies.
Courses Offered for Officers

Postgraduate Courses

· FCPS Part-II 3 to 4 Years in various disciplines of medicine
· MCPS/DCPS 02 Years in various disciplines of medicine
· Observer ship training 01 Year
· Midwifery’ for AFNS Officers 52 Weeks
· Intensive Care Unit Techniques for AFNS Officers 52 Weeks
· Operation Theatre Techniques for AFNS Officers 52 Weeks

Graduate Courses

· House Job Training/ Internship 01 Year
· General Nursing 3 Years

Mid Career Courses (Also for Allied countries)

· Underwater Medicine Course(Only for Medical Officers) 20 Weeks

Courses Offered for CPO/SAILORS

Technical Courses for Paramedics

Part-I

· Medical Technician / Female Medical Technicians 47 weeks Basic Professional Course

Part-II Specialization Courses (52 Weeks):

· Laboratory Technician
· Operation Theatre Assistant
· Dental Technician
· General Nursing Technician
· Midwifery for Female Medical

Technician

· Part-III Specialization Courses 39 Weeks:
· Radiographer
· Dispenser
· Physiotherapist

Advancement/Promotion Courses

· Leading Medical Technician 16 Wks
· Medical Artificer Grade-IV 16 Wks
· Chief Medical Artificer 16 Wks
· Sub Lieutenant (SD)(MS) PN 20 Wks

JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL BRANCH (NAVY)

The Judge Advocate General Branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces is composed of Pakistan's Military senior officers, lawyers and judges who provide legal services to the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines at all levels of command.

JAG branch comes directly under the Adjutant-General Branch of the army.The Judge Advocate General's Legal Service includes judge advocates, warrant officers, paralegal non commissioned officers and junior enlisted personnel, and civilian employees.

The JAG Navy officers provide legal help to the Naval personal in all aspects, in particular advising the presiding officers of courts-martial on military law.

This Navy follows the following regulations:

1. The Pakistan Navy Ordinance, 1961
2. Naval Regulations (Part I & II)
3. The Pakistan Naval Academy (Award of Degrees) Ordinance, 1965
4. The Naval Armament Act, 1923 (VII of 1923)
5. The Pakistan Navy (Extension of Service) Act, 1950
 

Attachments

Last edited:

Horus

ADMINISTRATOR
May 3, 2009
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Australia
Thanks.
The other one is the short form of this on and edited for the PN Page in the Database.
How do I post it there.
Please convert it to word and paste it here, do the needed editing and tag me in. I will upload the PDF file you gave me too, or you can attach yourself so whoever needs it, can read it in PDF. :)

Great work btw ;)
 

Rashid Mahmood

MILITARY PROFESSIONAL
Nov 19, 2013
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Pakistan
Location
Pakistan
Jack 232.jpg

PAKISTAN NAVY

VISION


A modern potent force managed by motivated professionals, that contributes effectively to deterrence and national security across the full conflict spectrum and capable of radiating influence region wide with global outlook

MISSION

Protect Maritime Interests of Pakistan, deter aggression at and from sea, provide disaster relief, participate in development of coastal communities and contribute to international efforts in maintaining good order at sea.

The Pakistan Navy(پاک بحریہ‎) (PN) is the naval warfare branch of Pakistan Armed Forces, responsible for Pakistan's 1,046 kilometers (650 mi) of coastline along the Arabian Sea, and the defence of important civilian harbours and military bases. The Pakistan Navy came into the existence after the independence of Pakistan in 1947.

The Pakistan Navy came into existence on the Fourteenth of August, 1947 with the establishment of the State of Pakistan.The Armed Forces Reconstitution Committee (AFRC) divided the Royal Indian Navy between India and Pakistan. The Royal Pakistan Navy secured two sloops, two frigates, four minesweepers, two naval trawlers, four harbour launches and some 358 personnel (180 officers and 34 ratings). Because of the high percentage of delta areas on its coast, Pakistan also received a number of harbour defence motor launches (HDML). As part of the Commonwealth of Nations, the prefix "Royal" was used until the state was proclaimed a republic in 1956.The Navy endured a difficult history, only 200 officers and 3000 sailors were inherited to the Navy, the most senior being Commodore HMS Chaudhry. The Navy suffered perennial problems with inadequate staff, lack of operational bases, and poor technological and personnel resources. It was also the smallest branch of the armed forces in terms of technical staff, equipment, and officers, as compared to the Army and Air Force.Despite these difficulties, the Navy faced the challenges, and launched a high profile recruitment program for the young nation, starting in East-Pakistan.When it proved difficult to sustain the program in East Pakistan, the Navy shifted its focus to West Pakistan

The Navy is currently undergoing extensive modernization and expansion as part of Pakistan's role in the War on Terror. Since 2001, the Pakistan Navy has increased and expanded its operational scope, and has been given greater national and international responsibility in countering the threat of sea-based global terrorism, drug smuggling, and piracy. In 2004, Pakistan Navy became a member of the primarily NATO Combined Task Forces CTF-150 and CTF-151.

Chief of Naval Staff (CNS)

The Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), a four-star admiral, is the highest admiral (unless the four-star admiral is the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee), a field, operational and staff commander as well as the highest admiral in the Navy, directs the non-combat and combatant operations from Naval Headquarters (NHQ) in Islamabad,

The Chief of Naval Staff has seven Deputy Chiefs of Naval Staff, ranging from Rear Admirals to Vice-Admirals; the Chief of Staff (COS) under whom the Naval Operations and Intelligence Directorates functions;

· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Naval Operations (DCNS Operations)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Training and Personnel (DCNS Training & Personnel)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Materials (DCNS Materials)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Naval Supplies (DCNS Supply)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Projects (DCNS Projects)
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff of Naval Strategic Forces Command
· Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Administration)

The Pakistan Navy has six major combatant commands, each command is commanded by a three-star rank Vice Admiral who directly reports to Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star Admiral.

· Commander Karachi (COMKAR) – The Commander Karachi is responsible for the command of the shore establishment, naval facilities within Karachi. The COMKAR also provide services and training facilities for the Navy. The COMKAR also looks after the military protocol at Karachi. This command's responsibilities also include harbour defence.

· Commander of Pakistan Naval Fleet (COMPAK) – The command heads the surface, sub surface and aviation commands. In fact, this command is the war fighting machine having 4 dimensional components. It headquartered in Karachi, Sindh. Previously, it included the 25th and 18th Destroyer Squadron.

· Commander COAST (COMCOAST) – The special command of SSG (N), Marines and Coastal stations.

· Commander Logistics (COMLOG) – This command looks after the repair, maintenance and logistic infrastructure of PN.

· Flag Officer Sea Training (FOST) Conducts all types of operational training at Sea.

· Commander North (COMNOR) – Looks after the Naval installations in the north of Pakistan. The COMNOR commands the naval facilities in North-west Pakistan, Azad Kashmir, and Northern Areas of Pakistan. The COMNOR is also a major part of Pakistan's Northern Naval Command.

· Commander Central Punjab (COMCEP) – Duties of COMCEP are to ensure excellence in training and provide conducive and secure working environment for units in AoR through efficient logistic and admin support system along with looking after PN interest in AoR.


PAKISTAN NAVAL AIR ARM (Naval Aviation)

PNSMEHRANis the home of Naval Aviators. In the past 37 years, Pakistan Naval Aviation had been able to keep itself abreast with the changing technology and grew from a fledgling force into a mature professional Aviation force of today.


The first Naval Air Station, PNS MEHRAN, was commissioned on 26 September 1975 to support Fleet Operations. Sea King helicopter was the first machine to fly from this base, Atlantic and Alouette soon joined the Naval Air Arm. Taking a start in 1975, Naval Aviation has grown to its present inventory of various multi role aircraft. The latest addition in the Air Arm is P-3C Orion Long Range Maritime Patrol aircraft (LRMPA), HBC 101 (IW/EW) Jet and Z9EC helicopter.


Pakistan Naval Air Arm Pakistan Naval Aviation is an important arm of the Pakistan Navy and assists in the surface and submarine flights to guarantee the safety of Pakistan sea borders. Currently the PN Aviation Force consists of:


· 6 Westland Sea King Mk.45
· 8 Aérospatiale SA-319B Alouette III
· 7 Lockheed P-3C Orion
· 5 Fokker F27-200 Friendship
· 1 Hawker 850
· Unmanned Aerial Vehicles include NESCOM Burraq and the UQAB-II drone.
· 6 Harbin Z-9EC
· 3 ATR -72 Aircraft.

SUBMARINES

The Submarines Service Force (SSF) is the major command and aggressive command of Pakistan Navy, with primary mission including the commencing of peaceful engagement, surveillance and intelligence management, special operations, precision strikes, battle group operations, and the control of Pakistan's border seas. The Submarine command also takes responsibility to protect country's sea lanes of communication as well as to protect the economic interests, foreign trade and development of the country.


PN Submarine Force was raised in 1964 as a lead sub-surface arm of Pakistan Navy and being the first in the region. It has a meritorious past history spanned over nearly 47 years and has unique distinction of operating nearly 5 different types of platforms to date.

After the acquisition of PNS/M GHAZI (Ex-USS DIABLO) on 1 June 1964 from the United States, this submarine took active part in the Runn of Kutch crisis and in 1965 Indo-Pak war. Mere presence of this submarine off Indian west coast and the threat she radiated, resulted in bottling up of IN Fleet in the safety of harbour, without posing any challenge to PN Fleet throughout the 1965 war. In recognition of meritorious feat performed by the submarine and valour of its crew against superior adversary, the Submarine Squadron was awarded 02 Sitara-e-Jurrat, 01 Tamgha-e-Jurrat and 7 Imtiazi Sanads.

In 1971, PNS/M GHAZI was deployed off Indian east coast to draw a pull on IN Fleet employed along her west coast, thus diluting IN force quantum against PN surface assets and Pakistan bound shipping to a great extent. The submarine presented her ultimate sacrifice while engaged in offensive mining operation off Vishakhapatnam in Dec 1971. The submarine and her crew, comprising 11 Officers and 82 sailors, embraced martyrdom during 1971 war.

Prior to 1971 war, three Daphne class submarines were also inducted in the PN Fleet from France, between 1969-70. These were commissioned as HANGOR, SHUSHUK and MANGRO on 1 Dec 1969, 12 Jan 1970 and 5 Aug 1970 respectively. These units also took active part in the 1971 war along Indian west coast. PNS/M HANGOR won the distinction of sinking IN Destroyer INS KHUKRI and seriously damaging INS KIRPAN astride Kathiawar coast and proudly ranked as first conventional submarine of the world to score successful hits against surface units in combat since WW-II. This act of courage and valour earned Submarine Squadron 04 Sitara-e-Jurrat, 06 Tamgha-e-Jurrat and 14 Imtiazi Sanads. PNS/M HANGOR is peculiar in the sense that she won highest number of gallantry awards during combat, unprecedented in Pakistan Navy till to date.

In 1975, Pakistan Navy learnt that Portuguese Navy was ready to sell her Daphne Submarine. Negotiations were started through French Navy for the purchase of one of these platforms. The first of these Daphne submarines, ex-Portuguese, "Cachalote" was purchased and taken to Toulon, France for a major refit. After the major refit, the submarine was commissioned as PNS/M GHAZI (S-134) on 17 January 1977, taking on the name of old GHAZI (S-130). The strength of Daphne type submarines in PN flotilla thus became four. After nearly 34 years of meritorious service in Pakistan Navy, Daphne submarines were finally de-commissioned from active list in Jan 2006.

In 1978, another opportunity came from France for acquisition of two Agosta-70 type submarines. These two submarines had been ordered for South African Navy, which was already operating French Daphne submarines. As a consequence of arms embargo on South Africa, these were offered to Pakistan Navy for purchase and induction in 1979 and 80 respectively.

Pakistan and DCN France subsequently signed a contract for 3 Agosta 90B submarines on 21 September 1994, along with purchase of Kit of Material (KoM) for the fourth unit and provisions of Transfer of Technology (ToT). Key provision of this contract called for production of first boat in France, assembly of second in Pakistan and complete production of third in Pakistan as part of progressive transfer of technology. First of the class of the submarine was commissioned on 6 Sep 99 as PNS/M KHALID, which was inducted in PN Fleet on 21 Dec 1999.

Agosta 90B design is based on Agosta-70 class submarines, which were already in service with French and Pakistan Navies. The platform features an AIP system and array of state of the art sensors and weapons. Fully integrated combat system presents tactical data complied through multifarious chain of underwater detection systems, including a VLF linear towed array sonar. OPTRONIC masts, integrated radar and EW support equipment provide higher operational flexibility and enhanced survivability against air and surface threats in a multi-threat environment. The inertial navigation system offers these platforms greater liberty of precise submerged navigation. PNS/M HAMZA, being the third submarine in Agosta 90B series is equipped with operational MESMA AIP, offering her enhanced submerged endurance over her two sister platforms. Retrofitting of MESMA on PNS/M SAAD and KHALID will be completed in due course. Importantly, all three Agosta 90Bs have received a new and highly proficient Heavy Weight Torpedo (DM2A4) as their main weapon.

PN Submarine Force also takes pride in operating 3 X-Craft, which were transferred to the Squadron in Mar 2005 from SSG (N). This has enhanced the number of sub-surface units to 8 instead of 5 being operated prior Mar 2005.

Active Submarines:

1. PNS/M Hashmat
2. PNS/M Hurmat
3. PNS/M Khalid
4. PNS/M Hamza
5. PNS/M Saad

SPECIAL SERVICES GROUP (N)

PNS IQBAL is the headquarter of commander SSG(N). The commander SSG(N) is placed under the command of Commander Coastal areas. During the post 1965 war analysis Pakistan Navy felt the need of establishing a Special force, which could be used for covert offensive operations against enemy shore based facilities and the units at sea or in harbours. As a consequence, training volunteers for frogman / special Ops formed a new offensive arm for Pakistan Navy in 1966. Shortly after raising, the capabilities of this elite group were multiplied through the acquisition of midgets, chariots and combat/ auxiliary diving equipment.

The training of volunteers selected from all branches of the Navy for Special Service Group (Navy) was conducted on the lines of British Special Boat Squadron (SBS), British Special Air Services (SAS) and US Navy SEALS.

They were to be trained as frogmen, commandos, paratroopers and operators of special craft of multiple roles. During the initial years, basic training of SSG (N) was conducted at Diving School PNS HIMALYIA and the advance training at PNS IQBAL, which was commissioned on 29 March 1967 as the home of SSG (N). Since 1968, all SSG (N) training is being conducted at PNS IQBAL.

Within a few years of rising, SSG (N) participated in PAK-INDO war of 1971. During this war SSG (N) was divided into two groups for X-craft and SEAL Ops respectively.

SEAL Group participated in Counter Insurgency (CI) Ops in East Pakistan. Apart from the PN S/M, X-Craft were the only platform, which patrolled the enemy’s water for weeks.

During first two decades of its inception SSG (N) capabilities were confined to frogmen Ops with overwhelming focus on underwater covert insertion through X-Craft and chariots. However through a well thought out training philosophy SSG (N) transformed into a potent outfit capable of operating at Sea, Sub Sea, Air and Land dimensions. Throughout its history of almost 4 decades unit has been performing diversified Ops as per the dictates and employment directives of higher HQs.

SEAL TEAM

It is the main stay of SEAL group. The primary objective of this team is clandestine operation in enemy’s waters without detection and Exit Trunk operation in the enemy’s waters.

ANTI TERRORIST TEAM

Threat of saboteurs/ terrorist attacks is increasing day by day. Sustained preparedness for rapid response to such threat is the prime responsibilities of ATT

VBSS boats are very modern fast speedboats with integrated sensors and equipment. The boats are used to seal group in enemy territory and conduct operation on suspected vessels. Pakistan Navy has always tried to remain abreast with the new concepts and the Special Services Group (Navy) at numerous occasions has been employed as an active part of PN force in assistance of coalition forces against terrorism. To enhance their capabilities further PN has inducted two speedboat for VBSS operations.

The roles of VBSS are:

• MIO/VBSS operation at high seas/ anchorages
• Seal insertion
• Surveillance/ covert surveillance
• Anti-Terrorist protection of the coastal & offshore installations
• Search and rescue
• Anti-Smuggling duties

PAKISTAN MARINES

The Navy established Pakistan Marines sometimes in 1 June 1971, by Admiral S.M. Ahsan, but it was decommissioned from its services in 1974 due to its poor production of performance. However, after Navy first re-organized, re-established, and re-visioned itself, the proposals of establishing the Marines roughly equivalent to United States Marines Corps were kept under consideration.Finally on 14 April 1990, the Pakistan Marines were again re-commissioned in the Navy with about 2,000 men who were draftedand plans to expand the force to the size of the Corps approximately 45,000, significantly by 2020. The Marines are under the control of Pakistan Navy, using the same military ranks. The Marines are currently headquartered at Qasim Marine Base in Karachi. Pakistan Marines dressed in operational camouflage uniforms.

On 14 April 1990, a training marine base was given commissioned to provide security cover to Naval assets. The Navy decided to establish the Marines at Qasim Fort,which was at that time under the operational control of PNS Himalaya. On 25 November 1990, the PNS Qasim was given commissioned and became the marines combatant headquarters, initially compromising the eight naval officers, 67 Chief petty officer and petty officer, and 43 Marines officers.

The Marines specialized in seaborne operations, using the mobility of the Navy, although it is the part of the Navy, not a separate branch. The Marines wears the camouflage uniforms when deployed to an operational environment but otherwise they wear Navy dress uniforms.The size of the Marines were tripled in 2004 – 05 by an additional battalion and its phase wise development plan. Since its inception, the Marines are deployed in theSir Creek region of Indo-Pakistan borders.

PNS Qasim is the naval base for the Pakistan Marines. It is responsible for general administration and logistics requirements of the Marines. Its roles include:

· Act as logistics base for Marines.
· Operational readiness of all segments of Marines.
· Defense of designated operational area in Creek.
· Provision of security coverage to VA/VPs of PN and sensitive projects of national importance.
· Aid to civil power and rendering of assistance in case of natural calamities.
· Provision of Air Defense cover to designated PN units and Karachi complex through deployment of Mistral Missiles, and Air Defense Balloons.
· Responsible for conduct of basic and mid-career course for Marines.
· Maintain liaison with other PN and Army Institutions for coordinating various courses of instructions.
· Supervision/career management of Marines.
· Ceremonial duties.

Creeks Battalion
The Creeks battalion was raised in April 1999 by Pakistan Army with the objective to thwart external threat in creeks area through forward presence and active surveillance in peacetime and defend designated area of responsibility during war. Sir Creek Battalion is being commanded by an officer of Commander.
MARITIME SECURITY AGENCY (MSA)

The establishment of Pakistan Maritime Security Agency has its genesis in the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea -1982 (UNCLOS-82). This was a landmark convention that streamlined most of the grey areas in the law of the sea. Pakistan ratified UNCLOS-82 on 26 Feb 1997.

In order to consolidate the advantages offered by UNCLOS-82, the requirement of enforcing national and international laws at sea became a necessity. Thus a National Maritime Affairs Committee was constituted by the Government in 1983 to look into new avenues offered by UNCLOS-82. Deliberations of the Maritime Affairs Committee first led to the establishment of a Maritime Affairs Wing in the Ministry of Defence in May 1986.

Thereafter, Pakistan Maritime Security Agency was established on 1st January 1987 for enforcement of national and international laws, policies and conventions at sea. The PMSA Act was passed in 1994 by the Parliament which provided the necessary legal powers to PMSA to perform its tasks.

Area of Responsibility

PMSA area of responsibility extends from coastline to seaward and covers all maritime zones of Pakistan. These include:

1. Territorial waters 12 NM
2. Contiguous zone 24 NM
3. Exclusive Economic Zone 200 NM

At present this area is roughly 240,000 Sq Km which is almost 1/3rd the size of the country. This area is likely to be extended to 295,000 Sq Km. In addition to this, Pakistan is also assigned a Search and Rescue area by International Maritime Organization(IMO), which extends up to 840 NM from the coast.

Functions:

The tasks assigned to MSA as per PMSA Act 1994 are:

1. Enforce National and International laws, agreements and conventions in the Maritime Zones.
2. Prevent unauthorized exploitation of economic resources within the Maritime Zones.
3. Protect Pakistan fishing vessels and crew against any threat within the Maritime Zones.
4. Assist and co-ordinate Search & Rescue for the vessels, property and lives in distress at sea.
5. Assist and coordinate with national and international agencies to prevent and control the effects of marine disasters including pollution.
6. Assist and co-ordinate with national and International agencies in hydrographic and oceanographic research and other scientific activities.
7. Assist other departments and agencies in safeguarding and protecting offshore installations/structures in the EEZ.
8. Provide assistance for petroleum and other mineral exploration in our Maritime zones.
9. Co-operate with and provide help to other departments and agencies at sea in the discharge of their duties and functions.
10.Perform such other functions as may be assigned byGovt to protect maritime interest of Pakistan.

MSA’s Operational activities at sea include the following:

1. Protection of Resources in EEZ.
2. Protection of own fishermen.
3. Search and Rescue.
4. Implementation of Deep Sea Fishing Policy.
5. Pollution Control.
6. Anti-Narcotics/Anti-Smuggling Operations.
7. Counter Terrorism/ HumanTrafficking.







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Neptune

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Just a note to fix.


CTF-150 and CTF-151 are not part of any NATO structure. They are multinational maritime task forces primarily led by US 5th Fleet, not NATO.. But they do conjunt with NATO task forces SNMG-1 and SNMG-2 (currently only SNMG-2, Operation Ocean Shield. As SNMG-1 is deployed at Meddeterian now) as cooperation partners. PN also co operates with EUNAVFOR (Operation Atlanta).
 

Rashid Mahmood

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Just a note to fix.


CTF-150 and CTF-151 are not part of any NATO structure. They are multinational maritime task forces primarily led by US 5th Fleet, not NATO.. But they do conjunt with NATO task forces SNMG-1 and SNMG-2 (currently only SNMG-2, Operation Ocean Shield. As SNMG-1 is deployed at Meddeterian now) as cooperation partners. PN also co operates with EUNAVFOR (Operation Atlanta).
Thanks for the update.. :)
Some info provided is released for public viewing only.
 

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