• Monday, December 16, 2019

Pakistan building new N-facilities

Discussion in 'Pakistan Strategic Forces' started by Neo, Jan 20, 2007.

  1. Neo

    Neo RETIRED

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    Saturday, January 20, 2007

    ‘Pakistan building new N-facilities’
    :flag:
    WASHINGTON: The Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), a Washington-based nuclear think tank, has obtained commercial satellite imagery of Pakistan’s Chashma nuclear industrial park and put it on its website, showing what appears to be the construction of a new reactor and its associated facilities.

    ISIS says that although it is unclear whether the facility is operational, the nature and rate of the construction suggests that it “may soon start operations, if it has not done so already”.

    ISIS believes that the imagery raises the question of whether Pakistan may intend to render operational a new reprocessing facility - capable of separating weapons-grade plutonium out of spent reactor fuel. Such a capability, combined with Pakistan’s ability to make large quantities of highly enriched uranium (HEU) for nuclear weapons, would aid Pakistan in developing thermonuclear weapons as well as increasing the size of its nuclear arsenal.

    The think tank also notes that an operational reprocessing facility at Chashma would significantly increase Pakistan’s plutonium separation capability and account for what will soon be an expanded plutonium production capacity - as represented by the construction of a second heavy water reactor at Khushab.

    It questions the impact of increased plutonium production and separation on India, given that New Delhi has recently intensified efforts to increase uranium enrichment capabilities at the Rare Materials Plant4.

    The ISIS report concludes by warning that the two sides could be “engaged in an expanded arms race focused on expanding the size and quality of their nuclear arsenals, including building significant numbers of thermonuclear weapons”.

    http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2007\01\20\story_20-1-2007_pg1_6
     
  2. Janbaz

    Janbaz SENIOR MEMBER

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    Bravo, thermonuclear weapons are all we lack and even Americans know we have ambitions to get them. Nice!:flag:
     
  3. melb4aust

    melb4aust SENIOR MEMBER

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    So many things and so much of the stuff they keep as secret.
    I would be wondering whats gonna happen next infact cant wait to hear.
    Now i wonder where all the money pakistan acquire from US goes.......
     
  4. kidwaibhai

    kidwaibhai SENIOR MEMBER

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    hey can any body tell wats the difference between these thermo nukes and the one that we have now
     
  5. ishaqnoor17

    ishaqnoor17 FULL MEMBER

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    Goooooooood !
     
  6. alamgir

    alamgir FULL MEMBER

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    thermo nukes much more power full then normal nukes
     
  7. A.Rahman

    A.Rahman ELITE MEMBER

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    thermonuclear weapons can be made to an almost arbitrary yield
     
  8. kidwaibhai

    kidwaibhai SENIOR MEMBER

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    does india has the capability to produce these kind of weoponry
     
  9. A.Rahman

    A.Rahman ELITE MEMBER

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    yes, I think they do
     
  10. niaz

    niaz PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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    Nuclear bombs are essentially 'fission' bombs. These are 'Dirty' that means that there is so much radiation that the place and the surrounding area is 'unlivable' for a very long time.

    Thermo nuclear bomb is a 'fusion' bomb. The same reaction that takes place in the sun. These weapons are 'clean'. Produce far less radiation than an atomic bomb but release far more destructive power. Thus the trend towards hydrogen bomb or thermonuclear weapons. There is always some radiation because one needs a mini atomic explosion to create conditions where fusion of hydrogen atoms can take place. It is because of this minitiarization that makes it difficult to produce hydrogen bomb.
     
  11. Neo

    Neo RETIRED

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    Saturday, February 24, 2007

    Pakistan, IAEA sign CHASHMA-2 agreement

    ISLAMABAD: Pakistan said on Friday that it had signed with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) a Safeguards Agreement on the CHASHMA-2 nuclear power plant. According to a Foreign Office press release, the accord was signed in Vienna by Pakistan’s permanent representative to the IAEA, Mohammad Shahbaz and the IAEA Director General Dr Mohamed ElBaradei. The move follows the IAEA Board of Governors’ unanimous approval of the CHASHMA-2 safeguard pact last November. Pakistan’s two research reactors (PARR-I and PARR2) and two nuclear power plants (KANUPP and CHASHMA-1) are already under IAEA safeguards. The Foreign Office noted that Pakistan was fulfilling its obligations under these two agreements and was looking forward to continued cooperation with the IAEA.

    http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2007\02\24\story_24-2-2007_pg7_35
     
  12. Neo

    Neo RETIRED

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    Kanupp plans two 300MW nuclear based power plants :tup:

    KARACHI (March 29 2007): The Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (Kanupp) has planned to build two nuclear electricity-generating plants of 300MW each, near the Old Complex at Hawkesbay. In this regard, the Kanupp have requested the Sindh Government to provide additional land of 600 acres for this purpose.

    This would be part of country's National Energy Policy 2030 in which the federal government would designate a portion of 8,800 MW of power to be generated through nuclear-based fuel, a senior official of Kannup told Business Recorder after the media briefing here on Wednesday.

    The official further said "in next two months, Kanupp would increase its power generating capacity from existing 60 to 100 MW, but gradually till last week of May." Earlier, in his presentation, the Director General of Karachi Nuclear Power Complex, Engr. Waqar Murtaza Butt said, "The Kannup was never found to be operating unsafe or non-conforming to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) standards." Despite international embargoes and non-availability of foreign vendor support, the Kanupp never lost track of safety standards and targets.

    The safety objective of Kanupp is achieved by compliance with national and international safety standards which including; multi level safety monitoring, internal audit, daily monitoring, self assessment programme, independent quality assurance audit, annual safety review of plant and finally the Kanupp's safety committee.

    "The Kanupp monitors radiation for public safety at 10 different designated sites in the metropolis," he added. While describing the Kanupp's plant generation, Waqar said, in 1966 construction of 137 MW, CANDU-type reactor was started and the plant runs on natural uranium fuel with heavy water coolant with 208 fuel channels (2288 fuel bundles) and Heavy Water (Coolant & Moderator) with a nominal design life of 30 years that was ended in 2002.

    The government signed the contract with Canadian-based General Electric company a year earlier (1965). Kanupp started full power generating operation in 1972, after four year (1976) the unilateral embargoed by the Canadian government which resulted in complete suspension of all technical support including, nuclear fuel, fuel management support, heavy water, spare parts and information exchange.

    http://www.brecorder.com/index.php?id=544279&currPageNo=2&query=&search=&term=&supDate=
     
  13. genmirajborgza786

    genmirajborgza786 PDF VETERAN

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    good news Pakistan:flag: all the way :tup:
     
  14. Neo

    Neo RETIRED

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    This is a necvessary step, Kanupp's old reactor is reaching max lifespan and will have to be closed down within a decade.
    I wasn't expecting a 137MW reactor to be replaced by 2x300MW reactors. Thats great news indeed! :agree:
     
  15. Janbaz

    Janbaz SENIOR MEMBER

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    8,800MW nuclear power target achievable by 2030: PAEC chairman

    KARACHI (March 30 2007): Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) Chairman Anwer Ali has said that 8,800 MW nuclear power target assigned to PAEC is well within our reach by 2030.

    Talking to media men after convocation 2007 of the KANUPP Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering here on Thursday, he said six sites were being studied throughout the country for location of these plants. "We are in active contact with multiple sources and friends for negotiations to execute the programme.

    He said that the estimated capacity of each plant would be 1,000 MW, as the joint maintenance and operations of the plants was easy and economical, if they were of similar size. He said that Karachi was likely to get more nuclear power plants in the neighbourhood of existing KANUPP.

    When enquired about the schedule of initiating work on these plants, he said that all the preliminary preparatory work was afoot and it is hoped that site works would commence within few years. To another question regarding the country's own resources for construction and installation of nuclear power plants, he replied that our self-reliance programme was moving forward.

    When asked about other socio-economic contributions made by the PAEC, he said, "PAEC is operating 13 cancer hospitals across the country, where more than 350,000 patients benefit annually and six more such units were under construction with emphasis to ensure provision of effective medical facilities to people of remote areas".

    Earlier, in his welcome address to the convocation, the Chairman pointed out that in Agriculture domain, "the Commission has evolved more than 58 high yield crop varieties through research and development and more rigorous efforts are being made to further increase farm productivity".

    He mentioned that PAEC had developed a model Drip Irrigation System (DIS), which saved precious irrigation water in addition to enhancing production by means of timely delivery of water to crops and plants. This programme is extendable in future.

    He added that the prime minister had already announced Rs 15 billion programme for drip irrigation system in the country and PAEC would be taking the lead in this field. A message of Sindh Governor, Dr Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan, was also read out on his behalf by Member Power PAEC, Zia-ul-Hassan Siddiqi. Appreciating the multi-disciplinary programme of PAEC, he commended its efforts in various socio- economic domains including defence.

    Business Recorder.
    http://www.brecorder.com/index.php?id=544715&currPageNo=1&query=&search=&term=&supDate=