Luckily for Turkey, their top bosses and engineers in the military industrial facilities like TAI, TEI, ROKETSAN, ASELSAN, STM, Baykar etc. were educated and trained in the US universities and defense companies! For example TEI boss Prof. Dr. Faruk Aksit* had his PhD in turbo aero engines from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and worked in the same field at the GE where he rose up to the executive VP level! Then, he returned to Turkey, and started his academic career at a top Turkish university where he produced a large #of masters and PhD students doing research in the similar fields! Then he joined TEI as it's CEO, and the rest is history....Metallurgy and blade design preferably single crystal is the biggest issue for most countries. But most countries have no R and D budgets
*The son of a top Turkish Islamic scholar of Fikh and a graduate of a Imam Hatip High School (a modern version of Madrasa, where the religious and physical sciences are taught together). He was badly poisoned a couple of years back, but by HIS MERCY he survived.