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Pakistan Among World's Largest Food Producing Countries

RiazHaq

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Pakistan's agriculture output is the 10th largest in the world. The country produces large and growing quantities of cereals, meat, milk, fruits and vegetables. Currently, Pakistan produces about 38 million tons of cereals (mainly wheat, rice and corn), 17 million tons of fruits and vegetables, 70 million tons of sugarcane, 60 million tons of milk and 4.5 million tons of meat. Improving agriculture inputs and modernizing value chains can help the farm sector become much more productive to serve both domestic and export markets.



Pakistan has about 36 million hectares of land under cultivation. Wheat and rice are grown on more than half of it. Fruits and vegetables each account for only about 3% of the cultivable land. Since year 2001, the country's cereal production, mainly wheat, corn and rice, has grown about 45% to 38 million tons. The country produced 6.64 million tons of vegetables and 5.89 million tons of fruits in 2001, which increased to about 10 million tons and nearly 7 million tons, respectively, in 2015. A little over 60% of Pakistan's agriculture consists of livestock. Pakistan produces 60 million tons of milk and 4.5 million tons of meat. Fish production adds up to about 575,000 tons.

Crop yields in Pakistan are low, mainly due to poor quality inputs like seeds. In addition to fertilizer and water, seed is the basic input for agriculture sector and has a major role in enhancing agriculture productivity. This needs to be a key area of focus for Pakistani policymakers working on agriculture.


Other critical area is post-harvest handling, particularly storage and transportation that is in desperate need of improvement. Post-harvest losses in fruits and vegetables due to mishandling of the perishable product, poor transportation, and inadequate storage facilities and market infrastructure account for about 30%–40% of total production, according to experts at Asian Development Bank.

Improvements in agriculture inputs and modernization of post-harvest process require significant financing and investment. Growers get only a small fraction of value of what they produce, making it difficult for them to make these investments. Middlemen finance farmers and take the lion's share of profits in the value chain.



Most of the farmers sell their produce to wholesalers via middlemen called arthis, according to an ADB report. Farmers contract out fruit orchards during the flowering stage to the middlemen (arthis), commission agent, and/or wholesalers who provide loans to the farmers over the course of production. Vegetables and fruits are transported by the same cart or truck from farms to the main markets in the absence of specialized vehicles for specific products. The same vehicle is used for many other purposes including animal transportation. Recently however, reefer trucks have been introduced on a limited scale in some parts of Pakistan. In the absence of direct access of carrier vehicles to the farms, farmers gather their products in a convenient spot along the roadside for pickup. When middlemen or contractors are involved, it is their responsibility to collect and transport the produce. The unsold produce in one market is sent to other markets in the same locality.

Investments in modernization of the agriculture production process and farm-to-market value chain will require major reforms to ensure growers get a bigger share of the value. The extraordinary power of the middlemen (arthis) as financiers needs to be regulated. This can not happen without legislation in close consultation with the growers. Improving agriculture inputs and modernizing value chains can help raise the productivity of the farm sector for it to serve both domestic and export markets better.

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KaiserX

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We should aim to triple our agricultural production. Pakistan has amongst the lowest agricultural yield per acre in the world due to the use of obsolete technology and seeds. We can easily triple our yield production, while improving access to technology and building better infrastructure.

Also we produce so much food there is no reason any Pakistani should go hungry. All children should be fed in school. Only once our population is well fed should we export overseas.
 

Indos

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Looks like some strange happen, why US agricultural output dropped significantly in 2018 ??? @AUz @dbc

1609896498446.png

 

RiazHaq

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Looks like some strange happen, why US agricultural output dropped significantly in 2018 ??? @AUz @dbc

View attachment 703939
This list is missing China, the world's top country in terms of agricultural output. India should be 2nd and the US 3rd.
 

RiazHaq

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We should aim to triple our agricultural production. Pakistan has amongst the lowest agricultural yield per acre in the world due to the use of obsolete technology and seeds. We can easily triple our yield production, while improving access to technology and building better infrastructure.

Also we produce so much food there is no reason any Pakistani should go hungry. All children should be fed in school. Only once our population is well fed should we export overseas.

#Pakistan's farm-to-market system is controlled by powerful arthis (middlemen) who finance, store, transport and distribute all #produce (#fruits, #veggies). Reform needed to incentivize growers by assuring a bigger share in the #value chain. Please read: https://www.southasiainvestor.com/2021/01/pakistan-among-worlds-largest-food.html
 

KurtisBrian

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This list is missing China, the world's top country in terms of agricultural output. India should be 2nd and the US 3rd.
Yeah, China feeds over a billion people. Find one deception and there a probably many more we cannot see. Always best not to trust anyone.
 

Titanium100

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This is actually quite good Pakistan is self-sustaining and can depend on its self for food. If the food output is doubled locally it would boost the economy. You would only need to import metals and other things but not food
 

RiazHaq

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Parliamentary panel stresses focus on agriculture under CPEC - Profit by Pakistan Today

https://profit.pakistantoday.com.pk...nel-stresses-focus-on-agriculture-under-cpec/

The committee further recommended the government to capitalize on opportunities available in China’s meat market, as the China imports meat worth $48 billion from other countries. It called for measures to meet international food standards and initiate negotiations with China to remove anomalies in this regard.
Earlier, the committee was briefed by National Food Security and Research Secretary Ghufran Memon and PARC Chairman Dr Muhammad Azeem Khan on the existing projects in the agriculture sector.
Dr Azeem, while sharing 10-year development targets under CPEC, informed the committee that PARC’s aim is to make Pakistan a cotton exporting country, thereby helping it save foreign exchange worth $1.5 billion.
“Besides renovation of existing orchards, introduction of new varieties, reduction in post-harvest losses, improvement in value chain and development of rural industries are major proposed interventions.”
Meanwhile, the committee members also paid a visit to the exhibition at National Agriculture Research Centre where a comprehensive briefing was given on agro-tech, aquaculture and fisheries programme, honeybee research institute, alternative energy use in agriculture and vegetable and fruit crops cultivation processes.
The committee members remarked that farmers are the major stakeholders of the agriculture sector, and it is a matter of concern that seeds of various crops are not being provided to farmers on time.
They called for removal of bottlenecks to ensure fair and timely distribution of crops seeds to the farmers.
 

AUz

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Looks like some strange happen, why US agricultural output dropped significantly in 2018 ??? @AUz @dbc

View attachment 703939
The list isn't accurate. Both US and China are not even listed. These two countries are agricultural behemoths.

Good to see brotherly Indonesia up there too btw. Arab world is probably one of the largest food import market of the world. Both Pakistan and Indonesia should capture that market as much as possible

Brazil is the largest halal meat exporter in the world...mainly to Egypt and GCC. With proper investment and training of staff, Pakistan can easily make it to the top when it comes to halal meat export.

Pakistan has world's largest irrigation system in the world. We are constantly building new canals to make more arid land fertile. Pakistan should aim to produce enough food, milk, and meat to feed 500 million people. This will give us the excess produce to readily export in world markets. It sounds a lot but its not even that hard
 
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Looks like some strange happen, why US agricultural output dropped significantly in 2018 ??? @AUz @dbc

View attachment 703939
Hunger and malnourishment in India isn't caused by agricultural production but rather poor storage facilities and distribution network. However with some recent changes to farm laws in India that will bring private investment into agricultural sector, storage and distribution facilities will greatly improve and greatly help in eradicating malnourishment in india. Hopefully Modi govt doesn't budge due to farmer protests and stick to these reforms.
 
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Indos

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The list isn't accurate. Both US and China are not even listed. These two countries are agricultural behemoths.

Good to see brotherly Indonesia up there too btw. Arab world is probably one of the largest food import market of the world. Both Pakistan and Indonesia should capture that market as much as possible

Brazil is the largest halal meat exporter in the world...mainly to Egypt and GCC. With proper investment and training of staff, Pakistan can easily make it to the top when it comes to halal meat export.

Pakistan has world's largest irrigation system in the world. We are constantly building new canals to make more arid land fertile. Pakistan should aim to produce enough food, milk, and meat to feed 500 million people. This will give us the excess produce to readily export in world markets. It sounds a lot but its not even that hard
US is there, it is in 8 position

1609963574377.png
 

AUz

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US is there, it is in 8 position

View attachment 704240
Oh lol...I saw first four countries and didn't see US and commented. This list is definitely off. U.S does not produce less agricultural output than Iran. US feeds 300 million people and is one of the biggest exporter of many agricultural products. Iran feeds 80 million and exports less due to sanctions. PS, US per capita consumption is far greater than Iran. So there's no way Iran ranks higher than the US in agricultural production
 

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