• Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Nuclear powers upgrading arsenals as number of weapons falls: SIPRI

Discussion in 'Strategic & Foreign Affairs' started by HAIDER, Jun 23, 2019.

  1. HAIDER

    HAIDER ELITE MEMBER

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    KARACHI: Nuclear-armed countries, including India and Pakistan, are increasing the size of their arsenals despite an overall decrease in the number of nuclear warheads, a Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) report has said.

    The Sweden-based SIPRI launched its latest report on Monday, which assesses the current state of armaments, disarmament and international security.

    The SIPRI governing board’s chairman, Ambassador Jan Eliasson, who is a former deputy secretary-general of the United Nations, said: “A key finding is that despite an overall decrease in the number of nuclear warheads in 2018, all nuclear weapon-possessing states continue to modernise their nuclear arsenals.”

    At the beginning of this year, nine states — the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) — possessed approximately 13,865 nuclear weapons.

    Report claims India and Pakistan are developing new systems

    This marked a decrease from the approximately 14,465 nuclear weapons that SIPRI estimated these states possessed at the beginning of 2018.

    Of these 13,865 nuclear weapons, 3,750 were deployed with operational forces and nearly 2,000 were kept in a state of high operational alert.

    The nuclear arsenals of the other nuclear-armed states are considerably smaller, but all are either developing or deploying new weapon systems or have announced their intention to do so. China, India and Pakistan are increasing the size of their nuclear arsenals.

    India and Pakistan, which have 130 to 140 and 150 to 160 nuclear warheads respectively, were also developing new systems, it said.

    “India and Pakistan are expanding their military fissile material production capabilities on a scale that may lead to significant increases in the size of their nuclear weapon inventories over the next decade,” said Shannon Kile, director of the SIPRI Nuclear Arms Control Programme.

    The decrease in the overall number of nuclear weapons in the world, it said, was due mainly to Russia and the US, which together still account for over 90 per cent of all nuclear weapons, further reducing their strategic nuclear forces pursuant to the implementation of the 2010 Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (New START) while also making unilateral reductions.

    In 2018, Russia and the US announced that they had achieved the final New START force reduction limits by the specified deadline.

    Both Russia and the US have extensive and expensive programmes under way to replace and modernise their nuclear warheads, missile and aircraft delivery systems, and nuclear weapon production facilities.

    In 2018, the US Department of Defence set out plans to develop new nuclear weapons and modify others to give them expanded military roles and missions.

    North Korea continued to prioritise its military nuclear programme as a central element of its national security strategy, although in 2018 it announced a moratorium on the testing of nuclear weapons as well as medium- and long-range ballistic missile delivery systems. The availability of reliable information on the status of the nuclear arsenals and capabilities of the nuclear-armed states varies considerably.

    Published in Dawn, June 22nd, 2019
     
  2. war&peace

    war&peace ELITE MEMBER

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    That's a dangerous world.. 2000 nukes are more than sufficient to end humanity.
     
  3. HAIDER

    HAIDER ELITE MEMBER

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    People failed to understand , these latest nuclear weapons are so powerful , these will destroy both launching country and target country. Nuclear dust will eventually scattered all over once device detonated. I hope sanity prevail .
    Better stick to low intensity precision conventional arms.
     
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  4. war&peace

    war&peace ELITE MEMBER

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    Sanity will never prevail because insane people who look like humans but are emotion & soulless bodies are controlling the world and they believe they are superior to rest of the world and hence they are entitled to special treatment.
     
  5. HAIDER

    HAIDER ELITE MEMBER

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    ego
     
  6. Alternatiiv

    Alternatiiv SENIOR MEMBER

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    That's the whole point. Don't go to war, or else nuclear weapons will be used and everyone will go down along. This is why two Nuclear Armed states have yet to directly got war with each other, and proxies became prominent... until they backfired.
     
  7. war&peace

    war&peace ELITE MEMBER

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    I think you have no idea about how probability work...Statistically speaking the chances of a miscalculation or misjudgement are high .and it will take just one mistake to end it all...which is quite scary. There have been moments when the world came very very close to WWIII and one of the most recent was the Bharat-Pakistan stand of Feb-March.
     
  8. Pakistansdefender

    Pakistansdefender SENIOR MEMBER

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    Good to see that Pakistan is moving towards modernization .
     
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  9. Vortex

    Vortex SENIOR MEMBER

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    It's unfortunate and sad to say it, but Allah ka shukkar hay we are modernising ours.
     
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  10. Alternatiiv

    Alternatiiv SENIOR MEMBER

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    [citation needed]
     
  11. Pakhtoon yum

    Pakhtoon yum SENIOR MEMBER

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    It wont
     
  12. WarKa DaNG

    WarKa DaNG FULL MEMBER

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    Better watch Chernobyl mini series for the neclear dirtiness
     
  13. HAIDER

    HAIDER ELITE MEMBER

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    It so sad, we and we deny , but we know the consequences. We are working hard for the extinction of human life on this earth.
     
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