• Wednesday, March 20, 2019

North Korean Day Of The Sun 2019 Space Launch

Discussion in 'World Affairs' started by Galactic Penguin SST, Mar 15, 2019 at 8:57 PM.

  1. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

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    North Korean Day Of The Sun 2019 Space Launch V0.2c

    First posted 28 February 2019; Updated 15 March 2019

    Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    2. Post Summit Space Launch
    3. Choosing The Next Space Mission
    3.1. Satellite Launch
    3.1.1. Reconnaissance Satellite
    3.2. Orbital Recoverable Capsule
    3.3. Unha-9 Space Launcher
    3.4. Suborbital Manned Spaceflight
    4. East-West Space Race
    5. East-West Cooperation
    6. Launch Campaign
    6.1. Preannouncement
    6.2. Mission Briefing
    6.2.1. Launcher
    6.2.2. Launch pad
    6.2.3. Payload
    6.3. Launch Preparations
    6.3.1. Assembly and Rollout
    6.4. Notifications
    7. Launch
    7.1. Launch sequence
    7.2. First launch window
    7.3. Tracking and telemetry
    8. Commemoration philatelic souvenir
    9. Conclusion

    1. Introduction

    North Korea has a stake in all Iranian affairs. And as we know, all strategic programs are jointly financed and developed, be it ballistic, nuclear, cybernetic and more. And this since the Iraq Imposed War on Iran.

    The Second Summit between our Marshal Kim Jong Un and Donald Trump in Hanoi was aimed at ending the Korean War and lifting the sanctions in exchange for nuclear non-proliferation.

    In a nutshell, the "nuclear non-proliferation" demanded by the U.S. side was to stop all North Korean joint developments with its all-weather ally Iran.

    And that was precisely beyond the DPRK's defined long standing red line. Obviously, the summit was only meant to be a dog and pony show to fool the low IQs.

    2. Post Summit Space Launch

    After the 2018 American Spring, that has resulted following the warming of ties between the two Koreas, initiated under the Pyongchang Winter Olympic Games, all North Korean space activities have been unilaterally delayed, only to increase the chances of the peace talks.

    This included, the first test launches of the first stage of the 400 metric tons Unha-9 SLV, the full stages configuration of the Unha-9, and the suborbital manned spacecraft E1.

    E1 capsule as per Iranian designation, but for more clarity, I called it the Mallima space capsule (만리마우주캡슐, 萬里马太空艙: 10 thousands li horse) after a mythical Korean winged horse able to gallop ten thousand li or approximately 5'000 km in a single day.

    [​IMG]
    https://exploredprk.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/32.jpg

    [English] Moranbong Band - We Are Mallima Riders «우리는 만리마기수»
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UauA6UGpiig

    Did you ride the Mallima steed 你是否跨上万里马? Juche 105 (2016)
    https://exploredprk.com/posters/did-you-ride-the-mallima-steed/
    ▲ 1. The North Korean manned Mallima Spacecraft, equivalent of the Persian designation E1.

    As the civilian space program is the DPRK's legitimate inalienable right, it can never be forfeited.

    National Self-Respect Is Our Life and Foundation for Building Powerful Country

    Mar. 11, Juche 108 (2019) Monday

    Dependence on outside forces will lead to slavery and national ruin, but self-respect of the nation is a shortcut to the prosperity of the country.

    The spirit of uninterrupted innovations and progress while winning greater victory, and the strong will to achieve overall development in all the fields and outpace the world—this represents the self-respect of the nation.

    When we fully display the Korean-nation-first spirit, we can ceaselessly create our things to be proud of in the world...

    http://rodong.rep.kp/en/index.php?strPageID=SF01_02_01&newsID=2019-03-11-0008

    [Space Exploration] Space Development Program in China

    주체108(2019)년 3월 13일 수요일

    Recently, China's Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport met with scientists and engineers who made outstanding contributions in the People's Great Hall, and he congratulated them for making major breakthrough in core technology research.

    He believes that building a science and technology powerhouse is not as straightforward and that innovation alone by more scientists and leaders, talented young people, innovative organizations, is the best opportunity to get ahead.

    Adding that China's dream of a great revival of the Chinese people can be realized in the foreseeable future.

    The lunar probe Chang'e-4 was the first ever to make a soft landing on the far side of the Moon, further investigated [for its potential rare earth element reserve] by the Yutu-2 lunar rover.

    Therefore lunar craters have been named honoring Chinese cities in recognition of these achievements.

    China sent its the first astronaut into orbit aboard the Shenzhou-5 manned spacecraft in 2003. This made China the only third country in the world to succeed in manned space flight.
    ...
    Tiangong-2 space laboratory
    ...
    Tianzhou-1 space cargo
    ...
    Beidou Navsat
    ...
    satellites for communications, minerals exploration, weather forecasting, marine research, environmental monitoring, etc
    ...
    private companies competing in the fields of space launch
    ...
    China, on the other hand, calls for universal peaceful exploitation of space and declares his opposition to militarization of outer space and military space competition.

    The efforts of the Chinese government to push space development project to a higher level, directly connected with the revival of the country, are becoming more active.

    http://www.rodong.rep.kp/ko/index.php?strPageID=SF01_02_01&newsID=2019-03-13-0027
    http://jajusibo.com/sub_read.html?uid=44492&section=sc3

    Pyongyang's weapon programs remain intact: UN panel

    2019-03-13 10:08

    "...
    [The North Koreans] render the latest United Nations sanctions ineffective by flouting the caps on the import of petroleum products and crude oil by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea as well as the coal ban, imposed in 2017 by the Security Council in response to the country's unprecedented nuclear and ballistic missile testing."

    It said the ship-to-ship transfers have involved "increasingly advanced evasion techniques," including the disguising of vessels through ship identity theft and false Automatic Identification System transmissions.

    In particular, the manipulation of AIS transmissions from vessels remained an overarching feature of illegal transfers, which in turn highlighted weak monitoring by flag states, the panel said.

    Other evasion methods included physically disguising the North Korean tankers, the use of small and unregistered vessels, illegal name changing and night transfers.

    North Korea, meanwhile, has continued to attempt sales of small arms and other military equipment to Libya, Sudan and Houthi rebels in Yemen...

    http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2019/03/103_265268.html

    North Korea 'Using Submarine Pipelines to Pump in Oil'

    March 14, 2019 14:06

    North Korea used a secret network of submarine pipelines to pump in oil from ships to its ports, according to a report by the UN Security Council Sanctions Committee on North Korea on Tuesday.

    "Underwater pipelines attached to offloading buoys are used to transfer fuel from vessels to the terminals in the Nampo port complex,"

    http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2019/03/14/2019031401774.html

    North Korea threatens to stop talking nukes with U.S.

    Mar 16,2019

    Calling the United States “gangster-like” for its refusal to compromise, North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui on Friday said Pyongyang may suspend further negotiations with Washington on its denuclearization.

    Speaking to foreign journalists and diplomats at a conference in Pyongyang, Choe accused the United States of having “no sincere intent” at the Hanoi summit in Vietnam last month to broker a deal on its denuclearization in return for sanctions relief.

    “We have no intention to yield to the U.S. demands [at the Hanoi summit] in any form, nor are we willing to engage in negotiations of this kind,” Choe said, according to Russia’s Tass news agency.

    U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and White House national security adviser John Bolton were to blame for creating an “atmosphere of hostility and mistrust,” she said, which “obstructed the constructive effort for negotiations between the supreme leaders of North Korea and the United States.

    “What is clear is that the United States has thrown away a golden opportunity this time,” she added.

    While the deputy foreign minister added that relations between the two leaders remained “mysteriously wonderful” in spite of the summit’s collapse, her words are raising concerns that Pyongyang may revert to the “new path” threatened by leader Kim Jong Un in a New Year’s address.

    That “new path” was vague in Kim’s speech, but Choe on Friday said outright that Kim could rethink the country’s moratorium on nuclear and missile tests.
    ...
    “Under the orders of Chairman Kim Jong Un, the DPRK has been opening government Warehouse No. 5 and is supplying grain stored within to its markets,”

    Warehouse No. 5 is one of the DPRK’s main emergency food reserves, the source said. It stockpiles rice in the event of emergencies like natural disasters and is managed by North Korea’s ruling Workers’ Party.
    '''
    “leading many to speculate Warehouse No. 2 may be opened.”

    According to the source, Warehouse No. 2 is managed directly by the military and stores grain to be used in the event of a wartime contingency.

    http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com....aspx?aid=3060649&cloc=joongangdaily|home|top
    3. Choosing The Next Space Mission

    Kim Jong Un's aphorism

    "The height of a medal-awarding podium represents the prestige of the country."

    金正恩名言集 1 ; "颁奖台的高度便是祖国的高度”; p39 ; 朝鲜·平壤 ; 主体105年(2016年) ; 外文出版社; 朝鲜民主主义人民共和国印刷 ; ᄀ-6830137
    http://www.korean-books.com.kp/KBMbooks/ch/book/politics/00000228.pdf



    In exercising the DPRK's legitimate inalienable right to develop its space program, Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un will face many options.

    He will have to carefully ponder from a variety of available space missions. The more risky the type of space mission, the more prestige the DPRK can reap, while keeping in mind that He must be prepared to deal with the cost of a heightened world tension, with all the following condemnations and associated hostile U.N.S.C. resolutions.

    Considering that the DPRK's National Aerospace Development Administration (N.A.D.A.) average space launch rate since 2006 is one launch every 2.6 years (2006: Unha-1; 2009: Unha-2; 2012: Unha-3#1 & Unha-3#2; 2016: Unha-4), it is more than expected that the next one will come this year.

    Also, a space launch is certainly mandatory during the week of Monday, April 15, 2019, marking the Day Of The Sun, that is the birth day of the founder of the DPRK, Great Leader Kim Il Sung.

    So far, hints for the suborbital manned spaceflight seems to outweighs those for a satellite launch.


    3.1. Satellite Launch

    The first option, with the highest probability of success, is to simply orbit another application satellite, called Kwangmyongsong-5 for clarity.

    Difficulty: Low
    Prestige: Low
    World tension: Low



    After Hanoi Summit: Rebuilding of Sohae Space Launch Center

    March 5, 2019

    Commercial satellite imagery acquired on March 2, 2019, shows that North Korea is pursuing a rapid rebuilding of the rocket site at Sohae.

    This renewed activity, taken just two days after the inconclusive Hanoi summit between President Donald Trump and Chairman Kim Jong Un, may indicate North Korean plans to demonstrate resolve in the face of U.S. rejection of North Korea’s demands at the summit to lift five UN Security Council sanctions enacted in 2016-2017.

    Activity is evident at the vertical engine test stand and the launch pad’s rail-mounted rocket transfer structure.

    Significantly, the environmental shelters on the umbilical tower, which are normally closed, have been opened to show the launch pad.

    This facility had been dormant since August 2018, indicating the current activity is deliberate and purposeful.

    https://beyondparallel.csis.org/hanoi-summit-rebuilding-sohae-launch-facility/

    [​IMG]
    2. Rebuilding of Sohae Space Launch Center

    Mar 08,2019

    Activity was recently spotted at North Korea’s Sanumdong research facility, associated with the country’s intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) program, revealed Suh Hoon, the director of the South’s National Intelligence Service (NIS).

    The JoongAng Ilbo reported Thursday that Suh told lawmakers following a closed-door meeting at the National Assembly Tuesday that vehicles transporting supplies were spotted at the Sanumdong facility and “were seen as missile-related activities.”

    Sanumdong, on the outskirts of Pyongyang, is a key military site where at least two Hwasong-15 ICBMs, which could potentially reach the U.S. mainland, were manufactured.

    http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com...aid=3060297&cloc=joongangdaily|home|newslist1

    [​IMG]
    3. Agency observed increase in transport vehicle movements in February. Sanumdong missile research complex in Pyongyang, North Korea.


    Additional images of the Sanumdong site taken Friday by another company, San Francisco-based Planet, show that vehicle activity has died down and that one of the cranes has disappeared. That could mean that workers have paused work on an ICBM or rocket, perhaps while awaiting further parts.

    Or it could mean a missile or rocket has already left the facility.

    "According to Planet imagery, I can definitely say the train has left the station," says Melissa Hanham, a North Korea expert with the One Earth Future Foundation. "But I can't unfortunately use X-ray vision to see what's on the train and tell whether it's a civilian space launch vehicle or a military ICBM."

    One possible destination would be the Sohae Satellite Launching Station. Lewis says there's no easy way to tell whether a train has carried missile or rocket parts to Sohae because the rail yard there has a roof over it to prevent satellite snooping.

    https://text.npr.org/s.php?sId=701630382

    3.1.1. Reconnaissance Satellite

    Mar 12, 2019

    Another possibility, according to a South Korean government source who asked not to be named, is that North Korea is preparing to actually launch a satellite equipped with technology recently brought in from friendly countries like China.
    ...
    Since then [the last satellite launch in 2016], North Korea has been focusing on obtaining satellite technology through unofficial cooperation with other countries or by hacking, and latest intelligence suggests they have completed a new reconnaissance satellite.”

    http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com...aid=3060417&cloc=joongangdaily|home|newslist1

    3.2. Orbital Recoverable Capsule

    The next option, with a slightly higher risk, would be to use the currently phased out Kwangmyonsong (Unha-4) space launcher, to orbit a recoverable capsule, that would reenter after a few orbits and land on the opposite East coast of the DPRK.

    This crucial step would unlock future orbital manned technologies needed for the F1 orbital manned spacecraft, according to its Persian designation, and called Mallima-2 space capsule in Korean, name I choose for more clarity.

    Due to the payload capability limit of the Kwangmyongsong SLV, the recoverable capsule would not exceed ~600-1'000 kg, and be similar in concept to the 765 kg EXPRESS's capsule jointly developed by Japan and Germany, and launched by a M-3SII rocket from the Kagoshima Space Center, on January 15, 1995.

    Difficulty: Medium
    Prestige: Medium
    World tension: Medium


    [​IMG]
    4. On September 10, 2002, launched by a H-IIA rocket, the USERS reentry vehicle or "spacecraft", and that remained in orbit approximately 8.5 months, before de-orbiting and splashing down at 6:23 JST on May 29, 2003 at open sea east of Ogasawara Islands.

    [​IMG]
    5. Japanese USERS Reentry vehicle recovered in the Pacific Ocean around the Ogasawara Islands after its re-entry in May 2003.

    [​IMG]
    6. Chinese Chang'e 5 T-1 precursor recoverable capsule.

    [​IMG]
    7. Juche 106 (October 2017), first official schematics of a North Korean recoverable capsule from launch to landing.

    3.3. Unha-9 Space Launcher

    Some internet fanboy have favored the idea of the test-flight of the Unha-9 SLV first stage.

    The DPRK was in a leading position at the end of 2017, after having successfully tested a dual-Paektusan engines configuration in the Hwasong-15, seemingly the second stage of the Unha-9 before South Korea's own KSLV-II TLV.

    Due to the DPRK volontary suspension of further test-flight since 2018, it is now under the pressure of the flawless test-flight on 28 November 2018, of the South Korean competitor, the 75 ton-force thrust KSLV-II TLV.

    Any more delay would allow the South Korean space agency KARI to complete the development of its KSLV-II, before NADA.

    Difficulty: High
    Prestige: Medium
    World tension: High



    38 North -- March 07, 2019

    At the launch pad, work on the rail-mounted transfer structure appears to have been completed by March 6 and the structure may now be operational. The cranes have been removed from the pad and the overhead trusses that were being installed on the roof have been covered. The mobile structure is now situated at the far end of the launch pad adjacent to the checkout building. Several vehicles are parked near the gantry tower and the exhaust pit and debris remains on the launch pad to be cleaned up.

    At the engine test stand progress has been made on rebuilding the support structure for the stand, the materials that were there as of March 2 are now installed (covering of the steel superstructure). The old fuel bunkers have almost completely a roof again. The cranes have been removed.

    Comment: Due to the rapidly rebuilding of all structures we can expect upcoming tests for the new Unha-X launcher. We will probably experience a test of the first-stage.

    [​IMG]
    8. Sohae SLC, 6 March 2019.

    https://archive.fo/gdH9c/df2648e1a9be6f980b8fbd684c17e9d92baba88d.jpg
    http://www.b14643.de/Spacerockets_1/Rest_World/Unha-X/Gallery/Sohae-2019_7.jpg
    http://archive.is/8o8bF

    http://www.b14643.de/Spacerockets_1/Rest_World/Unha-X/Gallery/Sohae-2019.htm

    A video called "They envy us" first published on 11 February 2019, only two weeks before the failed 27th-28th February 2019 Hanoi Summit, has been reposted trimmed on 15 March 2019.

    Possibly refering to the North Korean Lunar Exploration Program (조선달탐사: NKLEP)'s Phase I that could be nearing the final launch preparation stage. As soon, an Unha-9 SLV would carry NADA's first lunar orbiter.

    밤하늘에 별들아 반짠 별들아: Stars in the night sky
    너는야 어째서 밝게 빛나니: Why do you shine brightly?
    새별같이 빛나는 우리 눈동자: Our eyes shine like newborns
    부러워서 부러워 밝게 빛난대: Envy, envy, bright shine
    아 우리를 부럽대요: Oh, they envy us!
    [​IMG]
    ▲ 9. They envy us!




    우릴 부럽대

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RxkL0A3GU-o
    ▲ 10. 우릴 부럽대 (They envy us). Published on Mar 15, 2019

    3.4. Suborbital Manned Spaceflight

    Further raising the stakes, in taking the maximum risks to increase one's international status, Kim Jong Un could even consider giving the green light to a suborbital manned spaceflight attempt.

    Difficulty: Very High
    Prestige: High
    World tension: Medium



    Kim Jong Un's aphorism

    “People should be seated on golden cushions.”

    金正恩名言集 1 ; "要让人民坐上金垫子" ; p48 ; 朝鲜·平壤 ; 主体105年(2016年) ; 外文出版社; 朝鲜民主主义人民共和国印刷 ; ᄀ-6830137
    http://www.korean-books.com.kp/KBMbooks/ch/book/politics/00000228.pdf



    Published on 5 March, a poetry video titled: "On the night of the landing".

    [​IMG]
    https://defence.pk/pdf/attachments/...4/?temp_hash=61e0d226abe0da95c57586c75443b85a
    땅을 분여받은 날 밤에 On the night of the landing
    Published on Mar 5, 2019
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MGhj9WGNQ5E
    11. Poetry Video: On the night of the landing

    [​IMG]
    http://www.dprktoday.com/content/photo/2019/20190307-01-12.jpg

    제34차 평양시과학기술축전 진행
    주체108(2019)년 3월 7일
    학생가방장식인쇄용 채인쇄잉크
    http://www.dprktoday.com/index.php?type=43&no=15275
    ▲ 12. DPRK manned spaceflight. 7 Mars 2019.

    [​IMG]
    13. Illustration of DPRK manned space launcher, published by internet fanboy.

    [​IMG]
    14. CGI of DPRK astronaut, published by internet fanboy.

    [​IMG]
    15. Weather forecast as of 9 March, for an April North Korean launch attempt: mostly sunny on 3rd, 11th, 15th and 20th of April 2019.

    [​IMG]
    16. Artistic representation of the North Korean Unha launchers family, 2019. Outdated as of Mid-February 2019.

    4. East-West Space Race

    November 19, 2018 , 3:15 pm

    Israel? A space superpower? Indeed.

    But now, Israel is about to launch an unmanned spacecraft to the moon, thus joining the three superpowers – the US, Russia and China – that have done already done so.

    https://www.breakingisraelnews.com/117196/israel-unmanned-spaceship-moon/

    How gullible these propagandists and especially their audience could be!


    The trip is scheduled to last seven weeks, with the Beresheet due to touch down on April 11.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-03-israel-spacecraft-moon-selfie.html

    Beware Israel, never sell the bear's skin before one has killed the beast.

    Remember the Tortoise and Hare? North Korea could launch during the week of Monday, April 15, 2019, on the occasion of the Day Of The Sun its first ever astronaut into a suborbital spaceflight!

    Meaning that Kim Jong Un's Korea would be the next space power to join the three superpowers!

    Therefore, from now onwards, the race for the 4th place as a space superpower is on, with two contenders! Between the Israeli Goliath and the North Korean David, between a lunar landing and a manned spaceflight, between the East and the West!

    What a promising epochal game ending month of April 2019!

    5. East-West Cooperation

    The importance of the international cooperation in the DPRK space development is hinted in the following article, that only folows the old modus operandi seen before each previous North Korean space launches.

    Indeed, less than 6 months before the 13 April 2012 Kwangmyongsong-3 launch, an article had been published, dedicated to Choe Mu Son, the inventor of black powder weapons in Korea.

    Choe Mu Son, Inventor of Powder Weapons

    September 29. 2011 Juch 100

    Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Choe Mu Son (1326-1395) invented powder and powder weapons for the first time in Korea.

    Choe suffered from the Japanese invasion in his childhood. After a decade of strenuous efforts, he succeeded in inventing powder and powder weapons.

    Among his inventions are cannons and shells of different shapes.

    He reshaped vessels to be suitable for powder weapons.

    He was also a famous military commander. Under his command, some 100 cannon-equipped vessels of Koryo, the first united state of Korea, won a big victory in a battle with 500 Japanese vessels in the sea off Jinpho in Aug. 1380.

    It was the first gun battle in the sea in the world, with such battle waged in Europe in 1571.

    http://www.kcna.co.jp/item/2011/201109/news29/20110929-41ee.html

    This year, another article has been published about a 15th century astronomical book, also stressing the cultural link to West Asia's science.

    Book "Chiljongsan", Astronomical Heritage of Korean Nation

    Pyongyang, March 11 (KCNA) -- From olden times, the Korean nation has made signal successes in the astronomical field, contributing to the development of the Eastern Culture.

    It is well evidenced by "Chiljongsan", an astronomical book on the theory of the calendar.

    The book in six volumes was completed in 1442 and printed in 1444.

    Chiljong means the sun, the moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The book deals with the theory of positions and movements of heavenly bodies in a synthetic and systematic way. It is divided into interior and exterior parts, and each part is subdivided into small items.

    The interior part tells about the method of setting the number of days for every month and the 24 divisions of the year, movements of the sun and the moon, method of setting the time by stars, method of deciding the lengths of the day and the night and other contents of the calendar theory which had been actually used in Korea. The calendar based on this theory had been used till the closing days of the feudal Joson dynasty (1392-1910).

    The exterior part introduces the theory of the Arabic calendar. The theory was included in the book as a reference datum in making the calendar.

    The book "Chiljongsan" showing Korea's astronomical development in the first half of the 15th century is a precious historical material in the study of the nation's astronomical development. -0-

    http://www.uriminzokkiri.com/index.php?lang=eng&ftype=news&no=18488

    Echoing a previous article, also celebrating the cultural heritage with the West, and relating the exploits of a legendary eighth-century great traveler, the Buddhist monk Hyecho from the Silla Kingdom of Korea. The first ever Korean to have travelled from Korea to Persia.
    Hyecho and the «Memoir of the pilgrimage to the five kingdoms of India»

    주체107(2018)년 12월 1일

    Hyecho (704–787), 慧超, Sanskrit: Prajñāvikrama; pinyin: Hui Chao, was a Buddhist monk from Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

    Hyecho studied esoteric Buddhism in Tang China, initially under Śubhakarasiṃha and then under the famous Indian monk Vajrabodhi who praised Hyecho as "one of six living persons who were well-trained in the five sections of the Buddhist canon."

    On the advice of his Indian teachers in China, he set out for India in 723 to acquaint himself with the language and culture of the land of the Buddha.

    During his journey to India, Hyecho wrote a travelogue in Chinese named Wang ocheonchukguk jeon (hanja: 往五天竺國傳) which means, "Memoir of the pilgrimage to the five kingdoms of India."

    It is the first known overseas travelogue written in Chinese by a Korean and contains information about the political, cultural and economic customs of India and central Asia at that time. The five Indian kingdoms in the work's title refer to West, East, North, South and Central India. This scroll is estimated as the first East Asian travelogue to the Islamic world.

    He went to the coastal countries and crossed Persia (Iran) to reach the region known as the Eastern Empire, before returning to China in the year 727.

    Hyecho traveled most of his journey by road for several years, traveling a distance of about 10,000 km, recording in details his experiences.

    It took Hyecho approximately four years to complete his journey. The travelogue contains much information on local diet, languages, climate, cultures, and political situations.

    [​IMG]
    17. Hyejo's voyage, or the first ever Korean in history to have travelled from Korea to Persia.

    http://www.dprktoday.com/index.php?type=2&no=35859

    6. Launch Campaign

    North Korea to limit number of foreign visitors starting next week

    March 12, 2019

    North Korea plans to restrict the number of visitors to the country to 1,000 per day starting Monday, the state-run Global Times said, citing a source.

    About 80 percent of foreigners visiting North Korea are from China, according to the report.

    https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20190312004400325?section=nk/nk

    China said to cancel North Korea investment event after Hanoi summit

    March 15, 2019

    China canceled an investor relations meeting on North Korea, slated for early March in a border city, immediately after the second summit between the North and the United States ended in failure in Vietnam in late February, a source said Friday.

    The source said the meeting on investing in North Korea was scheduled to be held at a hotel in Shenyang in Liaoning Province on March 2 under the sponsorship of a provincial association on the development of small businesses but didn't take place.

    https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20190315008200325?section=nk/nk

    China strengthens visa controls of North Korean workers

    March 14, 2019

    According to the sources, China has recently toughened its visa control of employees of North Korean restaurants in border cities, including Dandong in Liaoning Province, by ordering workers whose visa expired to return home by the end of this month.

    After the second summit between North Korea and the U.S. ended in failure in Vietnam in February, China's foreign ministry confirmed its commitment to implementing the U.N. sanctions on North Korea.

    https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20190314010700325?section=nk/nk

    3320 khz Radio Pyongyang sends coded message

    8:46 AM - 14 Mar 2019

    https://twitter.com/Spy_Stations/status/1106219974849376258


    6.1. Preannouncement
    Kim Jong Un will make announcement on nuke talks soon

    2019-03-15 16:05

    Deputy foreign minister Choe Son Hui added the North Korean leader Kim Jong Un will soon announce the country's detailed action plans

    http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2019/03/103_265437.html


    9. Conclusion

    (Placeholder!) We should learn from Kim Jong Un.

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    18. 제2차 전국당초급선전일군대회 진행_4. Second National Conference of Primary Information Workers of Party Held. Uploaded on March 9, 2019

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    19. 제2차 전국당초급선전일군대회 진행_5. Second National Conference of Primary Information Workers of Party Held. Uploaded on March 9, 2019

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    20. 제2차 전국당초급선전일군대회 진행_1. Second National Conference of Primary Information Workers of Party Held. Uploaded on March 9, 2019


    :cool::smokin:
    8-):enjoy:

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