• Tuesday, April 23, 2019

North Korea Defence Forum

Discussion in 'China & Far East' started by CCP, Aug 24, 2016.

  1. Websorber

    Websorber FULL MEMBER

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    Websorber FULL MEMBER

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  4. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

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    Commentary

    Confirmed, from now on, North Korea can send a man into space into a suborbital flight any time it wants!

    An unknown new space launcher suitable to launch a single astronaut into a suborbital spaceflight and maybe even into LEO, and based on a Hwasong-15 ICBM seems to have been revealed on the occasion of the 70th Arirang Mass Games, called The Glorious Country, held in September 2018. The depiction an astronaut along a manned spacecraft stacked on a rocket stage powered by two engines and extended by a skirt, thus similar to the Hwasong-15 configuration, has been displayed with a new civilian mosltly white paint, instead of the mostly black military paint.


    [​IMG]
    ▲ Picture from a video published on Sep 25, 2018, of the 70th Arirang Mass Games, called The Glorious Country, taken at T=0:54:07.



    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1F42BzUHsnQ
    ▲ Video published on Sep 25, 2018, of the 70th Arirang Mass Games, called The Glorious Country.

    [​IMG]
    https://i.imgur.com/tlNwBlw.jpg
    https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Djb_NnzV4AEcLEO.jpg
    https://twitter.com/isnjh/status/1024286771373199361?lang=fa
    ▲ Speculative artistic rendering of the civilian Hwasong-15 TEL launched rocket. 6:32 AM - 31 Jul 2018.

    See also:
    • [단독] “북한 새 인공위성, 이동식 발사대로 조만간 발사 계획”; 2017.12.26; https://news.joins.com/article/22233031

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
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  5. Websorber

    Websorber FULL MEMBER

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  6. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

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    [​IMG]
    ▲ Flashforward, Kim Jong Un inspecting a model of the 500 Meters Giant Parabolic Photon Concentrator (FAST Radio Telescope, Guizhou Province, P.R.C.).

    [​IMG]
    The DPRK official media have disclosed back in 2016, the Next Generation North Korean WMD and the only real game changer. Be warned, no nuclear blackmail can ever work against the invincible DPRK!

    Destruction of Nuclear Bombs Using Ultra-High Energy Neutrino Beam

    Hirotaka Sugawara (Univ. of Hawaii), Hiroyuki Hagura (KEK), Toshiya Sanami (KEK)

    (Submitted on 7 May 2003 (v1), last revised 29 Jun 2003 (this version, v2))

    We discuss the possibility of utilizing the ultra-high energy neutrino beam (about 1000 TeV) to detect and destroy the nuclear bombs wherever they are and whoever possess them.

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0305062.pdf


    Neutrino Counter Nuclear Weapon

    Alfred Tang

    (Submitted on 26 May 2008 (v1), last revised 25 Jun 2013 (this version, v4))

    Radiations produced by neutrino-antineutrino annihilation at the Z0 pole can be used to heat up the primary stage of a thermonuclear warhead and can in principle detonate the device remotely. Neutrino-antineutrino annihilation can also be used as a tactical assault weapon to target hideouts that are unreachable by conventional means.

    I. INTRODUCTION
    Nuclear weapon is the most destructive kind among weapons of mass destruction. Hiroshima and Nagasaki are lessons in history that shall never be repeated. Since the end of World War II, world leaders had tried to control the proliferation of nuclear weapons by political means such as the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty in 1968. Many countries did not sign the treaty. In fact it seems that more and more countries are pursuing nuclear weapon programs nowadays. After September 11, the concern is that nuclear weapons will fall into the hands of terrorists. Strategically speaking the importance of a counter nuclear weapon may soon rival that of the nuclear weapon itself. The purpose of this paper is to explore the possibility of a neutrino counter nuclear weapon technology. The idea of using neutrinos to detonate or melt a nuclear weapon was first proposed by H. Sugawara, H. Hagura and T. Sanami [1]. Their futuristic design is based on a 1 PeV neutrino beam operating at 50 GW. It is unlikely that such an intense ultra high energy neutrino beam can be realized in the near future. Even if such a neutrino beam is made available, its radiation hazard will render it politically nonviable. Other proposals such as installing neutron detectors at the border to intercept nuclear materials had been considered. The current trend of non-proliferation policy is focused on monitoring the production of fissile fuels. Research is being conducted to use anti-neutrino detectors to this end [2]. Anti-neutrinos are produced in nuclear fission through beta decay. They are indicators of the fissile fuel composition of the nuclear reactor. Neutrino signatures of the fissile fuels cannot be tampered with by virtue of the very small reaction cross section of neutrinos at low energy. On the other hand, the small reaction probability also means small detection probability so that large detectors are needed to detect them. A sample idea is to deploy hundreds of kilo-ton liquid scintillor detectors at 1000 km distance from the reactor to monitor the reactor anti-neutrino spectrum. The challenges of using anti-neutrino to monitor reactor are that (1) a rogue nation will not voluntarily allow IAEA to build anti-neutrino detectors around its reactors, (2) the number of anti-neutrino detectors must increase 4 folds for every doubling of reactor-detector distance, and (3) reactors are not needed if a rogue nation opts for uranium instead of plutonium bombs. For these reasons, anti-neutrino detectors are probably not the ultimate solution to non-proliferation. Another possible non-proliferation strategy is to develop a technology that counters nuclear weapons.

    This paper proposes an alternative idea for a neutrino counter nuclear weapon that shares some similarities with the idea presented in Reference [1] but is technologically feasible, relatively cheap and safe. The present idea is to focus a neutrino beam and an antineutrino beam together in a small region to allow them to annihilate so that high energy radiations are released as reaction products. The radiations cause neutron spallation in the sub-critical nuclear material and initiate fission reactions. The plutonium heats up, ignites the chemical explosive around the fissile (fissionable material) in the primary stage of a thermonuclear warhead and subsequently detonates the nuclear weapon. The reason of thinking about neutrino for this application is that neutrino cannot be shielded. It can hit a target such as a nuclear submarine from the other side of the globe and can penetrate a deep underground concrete bunker and missile silo. Since neutrino can penetrate the planet to reach a nuclear weapon on the other side of the globe near the speed of light, a neutrino counter nuclear weapon is in principle untraceable and indefensible. It is suggested that a neutrino counter nuclear weapon is 100% effective [3].

    The trade-off of developing a counter weapon is the introduction of a new weapon. If the new weapon is less destructive than the original weapon, an ethical argument can be made in support of its development. If remote detonation of a nuclear weapon is made possible by a neutrino counter weapon, a nuclear weapon in the homeland becomes a liability so that there is a real strategic incentive to reduce the stockpile. In that case, there will be a much more convincing political reason to promote non-proliferation. This work aims to study the theoretical feasibility of the neutrino counter nuclear weapon as a first step in this direction. The use of neutrino as a tactical assault weapon will also be discussed.

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/0805.3991.pdf


    Reference:
    中微子武器有可能吗?国内研究现状如何?
    https://lt.cjdby.net/thread-2523440-1-1.html

    [​IMG]
    ▲ DPRK Orbital Solar Concentrator Counter Nuclear Weapon. 주체105(2016)년 3월 4일

    [​IMG]
    https://c1.staticflickr.com/5/4885/31487803767_7c98fddf26_b.jpg

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/arirangmeari/31487803767/
    ▲ DPRK Directed Energy Counter Nuclear Weapon. Uploaded on December 23, 2018.

    [​IMG]
     
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  7. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

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    First Official North Korean Disclosure Of A New Solid Propellant ICBM/SLV


    Here are my photogrammetric analysis on a 40 meters length, 4 stages solid propellant SLV/ICBM with ~4 meters diameter first stage.
    The thrust might exceed the 1,000 tons force and the payload capability ~ 20 tons in LEO. This in correlation with hints from North Korea.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ 9/9/2011 satellite imagery of the Shahid Modarres Garrison facility (35°37'27.43"N 50°52'28.24"E), just before the November 12, 2011 explosion.
    Photogrammetric measurements of a booster's first stage or second stage black solid propellant section indicate a ~3 meters maximum diameter, and a ~1 meter inner diameter.
    This larger stage might be assembled from ~6 of these sections (~6 visible on the image).
    Two ~3 meters cylinders of obviously even greater length (as indicated by the shadow) are also visible just 80 meters south at the entrance of another bulding.
    Smaller stage of ~2 meters are also visible.
    This smaller stage might be assembled from ~5 of these sections.


    [​IMG]
    ▲ 27/JUN/2011 satellite imagery of the Shahid Modarres Garrison facility (35°37'23.63"N 50°52'14.54"E), just before the November 12, 2011 explosion.
    Photogrammetric measurements of a ~4 meter maximum diameter white cylinder and ~ 1.25 inner diameter, possibly a solid motor casing mold for a first stage booster.
    Several brown, green and white cylinders of ~10 meters long and ~2 and ~3 meters diameters.



    [​IMG]
    ▲ 2012 satellite image of the ~10 meters circular exhaust's pit at the Tonghae Space Center's Launch Complex 3, suitable to support the 4.5 meters diameter solid propellant Unha-27 launcher.


    [​IMG]
    ▲ 9 Sept 2011 satellite imagery of the Shahid Modarres Garrison facility, solid motor static test firing site with no less than 8 horizontal static test stands in a row among others in the area that clearly show the burn mark obstructions from their gas jet firings (35°36'26.26"N 50°52'18.94"E), just before the November 12, 2011 explosion.
    Photogrammetric measurements of ~60 to 90 meters ground burn mark from gas jet firings.


    [​IMG]
    ▲ 9 Sept 2011 satellite imagery of the Shahid Modarres Garrison facility, solid motor static test firing site with no less than 8 horizontal static test stands in a row among others in the area that clearly show the burn mark obstructions from their gas jet firings (35°36'26.26"N 50°52'18.94"E), just before the November 12, 2011 explosion.
    Simulated ~40 meters Ghaem SLV scaled to the ~90 meters ground burn mark from gas jet firings, according to the rocket to flame length 1:2 ratio.


    Hey dude @SOHEIL, look at your Father Christmas's present! A first ever disclosure of the North Korean version of the Iranian "Qaem" SLV, powered by a single main engine in the first stage, with a second stage of smaller diameter, and no air fins in the first stage, thus very similar to your CGI rendering!

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Artistic and speculative CGI rendering by Soheil of the still undisclosed Iranian Qaem ICBM/SLV.

    [​IMG]
    http://www.dprktoday.com/content/photo/2016/20160304-kp-01-7.jpg
    http://www.dprktoday.com/index.php?type=42&no=1964
    왕들의 궁전-만경대학생소년궁전을 찾아서 (2)
    나어린 미술가들의 솜씨
    访王的宫殿--万景台学生少年宫(2)
    儿童美术家的手艺
    16-03-09 10:51
    http://www.xici.net/d228225918.htm
    ▲ North Korean version of the Iranian "Qaem" SLV. 주체105(2016)년 3월 4일

    :enjoy:[​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Jan 19, 2019
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  8. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

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    North Korea Could Hold 100 Nuclear Warheads By 2020

    2019/01/17

    By 2020 North Korea could possess as many as 100 nuclear warheads.

    That's the startling conclusion of a January 2019 report from RAND, a California think tank with close ties to the U.S. military.
    ...
    According to the report, North Korea is estimated to have 15 to 60 nuclear warheads, and by 2020, it can increase from at least 30 to a maximum of 100.
    ...
    With an arsenal of up to 100 nuclear warheads and a wide range of rockets to deliver them, Pyongyang could pursue a nuclear-war strategy that might actually work, RAND explained in its report.

    "The DPRK could explode one or more early in a conflict as a warning, while reserving a salvo of 20 to 60 weapons to attack military targets like troop concentrations, air bases and seaports," the think tank posited.

    "This would leave enough for a final salvo of 30 to 40 weapons to threaten attacks against cities in South Korea, Japan, China, Russia and—if they develop the delivery means—targets in the United States."

    For its report, RAND war-gamed a North Korean attack on Seoul's wealthy Gangnam district. "Roughly half the size of Manhattan, Gangnam—a district of Seoul—is a major economic center and home to many large companies, such as Google and IBM. With some of the most expensive real estate in the country, the district is also considered the most affluent in all of South Korea. Consequences of a single DPRK nuclear attack on Gangnam would be severe."

    If Pyongyang struck Gangnam with a 100-kiloton airburst nuke, 400,000 people instantly might die. Another million could suffer injuries.

    U.S. president Donald Trump's June 2018 meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Singapore didn't result in any meaningful progress toward disarmament. Shortly after the summit, Trump falsely declared that the DPRK was "no longer a nuclear threat."

    As of early 2019, the Trump administration reportedly was scouting potential locations for a second Kim-Trump summit.


    http://jajusibo.com/sub_read.html?uid=43656&section=sc29&section2=

    Source:

    https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/tools/TL200/TL271/RAND_TL271.pdf



    U.S. 'Likely to Accept Nortk Korea as Nuclear Power'

    January 18, 2019 12:27

    The U.S. will probably accept that North Korea is a nuclear-armed state in the not-too-distant future, experts said at a two-day forum co-hosted by the Chosun Ilbo this week.

    Jonathan Pollack of the Brookings Institution, which co-hosted the event, said diplomats from both sides are worried that North Korea will consolidate its status as a nuclear-armed state in talks with the U.S. backed by the South Korean government's dovish approach to the North.

    Experts predicted that Washington and Pyongyang will agree on a nuclear freeze rather than complete denuclearization at their second summit.

    Evans Revere of the Brookings Institution said, "Washington's 'Plan A' -- engaging directly with the North Korean leader to convince him to denuclearize -- has failed. It is now time to think about 'Plan B' ...what several U.S. administrations have vowed never to allow: a permanently nuclear-armed North Korea." Revere instead called for "massive" sanctions and pressure on the North.

    Participants forecast that Trump will make another unexpected concession at his next summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un that could strain the South Korea-U.S. alliance, much as he did during the first summit last year, when he unilaterally pledged to halt joint military drills with South Korea.

    Park Won-gon at Handong Global University said, "I think it would be the worst-case scenario, but we cannot rule out the possibility of a unilateral removal of a Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense battery here."

    Easing sanctions, which is among North Korea's key demands, will not be easy due to UN resolutions and U.S. laws, but redeployment of American strategic assets is in Trump's gift. "Trump's capricious decisions are well known, so close consultation between Seoul and Washington is necessary to prevent that," Park said.

    And Shin added, "North Korea will focus on the subtle differences in opinion between [South] Korea, the U.S. and China on denuclearization, cross-border economic projects and the Seoul-Washington alliance, and attempt to drive a wedge into the alliance."

    [​IMG]
    :lol::rofl::omghaha:

    http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2019/01/18/2019011801261.html

    This would be the Triumph of Supreme Leader King Jong Un who has made the U.S. accept North Korea as a Nuclear Power, an exploit Iran is not likely to equal any time soon! Indeed, Marshal Kim Jong Un, a peerlessly Great Person of the Mt Paektu, has tamed the toothless U.S. paper tiger with his bare hands!
    [​IMG]
    :enjoy:
    [​IMG]
     
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  9. Websorber

    Websorber FULL MEMBER

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  10. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

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    Confirmation of the existence of a civilian space launcher based on the Hwasong-15 ICBM, first disclosed on the occasion of the 70th Arirang Mass Games, called The Glorious Country, held in September 2018.
    This second time disclosure, has taken place on the occasion of the Celebrations of New Year's Day on January 1st 2019, in Pyongyang, seemingly at the Kim Il Sun Square.
    In a modus operandi that now seems familiar to the foreign GEOINT/OSINT analysts, pictures of young children playing with kites have been used to display the drawing of some new space launchers.
    Last year in the same place, a future Unha (Unha-9?) space launcher painted on a kid's kite during the Day of The Shining Star 2018 on 16 February 2018, and Korean New Year 2018 holiday period, at Kim Il Sun Square, Pyongyan, was presented.
    This January 1st 2019, New Year's Day, two flying kites with the new civilian space launcher based on the Hwasong-15 ICBM, have figured prominently!

    [​IMG]
    https://c1.staticflickr.com/8/7832/32689838498_e0bb7e8046_b.jpg

    Celebrating New Year's Day January 1 in various places -_3
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/32689838498/
    ▲ January 1st 2019, New Year's Day, two flying kites with the new civilian space launcher based on the Hwasong-15 ICBM, have figured prominently! Uploaded on January 2, 2019

    [​IMG]
    https://c1.staticflickr.com/8/7836/32689838748_2ee771966c_b.jpg
    Celebrating New Year's Day January 1 in various places -_2
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/32689838748/
    ▲ January 1st 2019, New Year's Day, two flying kites with the new civilian space launcher based on the Hwasong-15 ICBM, have figured prominently! Uploaded on January 2, 2019


    [​IMG]
    :enjoy:
    [​IMG]
     
  11. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

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    Which Nation Will Be The 4th To Join the Elite Club of Spacefaring Nations?

    If successful, it will join the U.S.S.R., the U.S. and China in the elite club of countries to achieve homegrown human spaceflight.

    Claim for North Korea

    Recently, North Korean official media have published an article relating the exploits of the legendary eighth-century great traveler, the Buddhist monk Hyecho from the Silla Kingdom of Korea.
    The first ever Korean to have travel from Korea to Persia.



    Hyecho and the «Memoir of the pilgrimage to the five kingdoms of India»

    주체107(2018)년 12월 1일

    Hyecho (704–787), 慧超, Sanskrit: Prajñāvikrama; pinyin: Hui Chao, was a Buddhist monk from Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

    Hyecho studied esoteric Buddhism in Tang China, initially under Śubhakarasiṃha and then under the famous Indian monk Vajrabodhi who praised Hyecho as "one of six living persons who were well-trained in the five sections of the Buddhist canon."

    On the advice of his Indian teachers in China, he set out for India in 723 to acquaint himself with the language and culture of the land of the Buddha.

    During his journey to India, Hyecho wrote a travelogue in Chinese named Wang ocheonchukguk jeon (hanja: 往五天竺國傳) which means, "Memoir of the pilgrimage to the five kingdoms of India."

    It is the first known overseas travelogue written in Chinese by a Korean and contains information about the political, cultural and economic customs of India and central Asia at that time. The five Indian kingdoms in the work's title refer to West, East, North, South and Central India. This scroll is estimated as the first East Asian travelogue to the Islamic world.

    He went to the coastal countries and crossed Persia (Iran) to reach the region known as the Eastern Empire, before returning to China in the year 727.

    Hyecho traveled most of his journey by road for several years, traveling a distance of about 10,000 km, recording in details his experiences.

    It took Hyecho approximately four years to complete his journey. The travelogue contains much information on local diet, languages, climate, cultures, and political situations.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Hyejo's voyage, the first Korean in history to discover Persia.

    http://www.dprktoday.com/index.php?type=2&no=35859

    Long Term Goal Of North Korea's Space Program

    Commentary

    Should this trend be confirmed, then this is really the beginning of the China Century or Pax Sinica, that will more and more likely supersede the 20th century's Pax Americana. With its current first world reserve of rare earth mineral, China could definitely put and end to the U.S. hegemony by securing the access to the North Korean rare earth that even surpass the Chinese's by tenfold. Having exhausted their rare earth mineral ore reserve during the Cold War, both the U.S.S.R. and the U.S. can no longer sustain the same pace in the hightech race with China, in the field of supercomputers, semiconductor microchips, lasers, smartphones, radars, missiles, particle accelerators, satellites, etc.. Today, China is even driving a final nail into the U.S. Dystopian Empire's coffin, by landing the Chang'e-4 lunar rover in the South Pole-Aitken Basin, the largest, deepest and oldest known crater in the solar system. Thus the best place to find rare earth mineral. The Chinese Yutu-2 lunar rover will be the first to probe it with ground-penetrating radar and measure its mineral composition with an infrared spectrometer. If rare earth mineral is present, China might find it, before any large scale industrial extraction could begin by 2030, with the first Chinese moon base.

    :enjoy:
    https://defence.pk/pdf/goto/post?id=11092649#post-11092649

    Hurry-up Mr. Xi Jinping, for H.E. Kim Jong Un is not going to remain a passive onlooker, but will clean sweep all the lunar rare earth mineral ore reserve for the DPRK!

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Flashforward: Pyongyang No. 1 Senior-middle School, October 2017.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Flashforward: Pyongyang Munsu water Park, June 2017.

    North Korean Lunar Exploration Program (조선달탐사: NKLEP)

    [​IMG]
    https://c1.staticflickr.com/5/4266/35069110586_128ceef6a2_b.jpg
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/35069110586/
    ▲ Schematics of the orbital trajectory of the North Korean Lunar Exploration Program Phase III: lunar sample-return mission.
    Launched with a heavy Unha-20 booster able to place 5t into a LTO, sometimes after 2026. Splash landing of the return capsule in the Pacific Ocean.
    Participants in the 8th Congress of the Korean Children's Union visiting the Science-Technology Complex in Pyongyang, on June 5, 2017.



    North Korean Lunar Exploration Program Video

    Published on Oct 28, 2015

    [​IMG]

    Note: At t=666 seconds (11m06s), possibly the section dedicated to the future North Korean lunar exploration program (Unha-9, Unha-20), as disclosed back in 2012; Hint at future Phase Three with lunar lander and sample-return.



    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4CPqTpny_vo
    ▲ Uncensored backup video: At T=3m06s section dedicated to the future North Korean lunar exploration program (Unha-9, Unha-20), as disclosed back in 2012; Hint at future Phase Three with lunar lander and sample-return.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Official and ambitious goal of North Korea's space program, the exploitation of the lunar rare earths reserve.

    Feasibility for North Korea

    A suborbital manned flight may be attempted within six months from any civilian or military airfield, as the new civilian space launcher based on the Hwasong-15 intercontinental ballistic missile allows North Korea's NADA space agency, to conduct space launches without the need of any supporting space center, least from Sohae SLC currently under reconstruction.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Hwasong-15 ICBM.

    [​IMG]
    https://i.imgur.com/tlNwBlw.jpg
    https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Djb_NnzV4AEcLEO.jpg
    https://twitter.com/isnjh/status/1024286771373199361?lang=fa
    ▲ Mobile civilian space launcher based on the Hwasong-15 ICBM.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ North Korean Hwasong-15 reentry vehicle, U.S. Titan 2 Mk.6 reentry vehicle and Chinese FSW recoverable capsule.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ North Korean Hwasong-15 reentry vehicle.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Irano-North Korean E1 suborbital space capsule: on the left, new model from 2016, on the right, old exhibition mockup from 2015.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ New model of the Irano-North Korean E1 suborbital space capsule from 2016.


    Favorable Geopolitical Situation Of North Korea

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Then...

    [​IMG]
    ▲ And now...

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Never play Kim Jong Un: One less hurdle!


    [​IMG]
    :enjoy:
    [​IMG]
     
  12. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

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    North Korea's Heavy-Lift Space Launcher Unha-20

    Introduction

    Pictures of a new North Korean launcher have been revealed for more than two decades now, similar to the Soviet-era Energia heavy-lift partially recoverable launch system designed for a variety of payloads including the Buran spacecraft.

    It is only recently that Iran has disclosed its own version, thus confirming the existence of this still secret joint Irano-North Korean project.


    Earlier Artistic Representation of North Korea's Heavy-Lift Space Launcher

    [​IMG]
    ▲ North Korean Space shuttle model in the Mangyongdae Schoolchildren’s Palace that was opened in 1989.

    Recent Artistic Representation of Iran's Heavy-Lift Space Launcher

    An Iranian version of the North Korean Heavy-Lift Space Launcher has figured prominently in a huge graphic that is currently (January 2019) displayed in Tehran's Valiasr Square. The billboard is running in conjunction with the 40th anniversary of the Iranian Revolution.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Note that Sardar Shahid Hajj General Hassan Tehrani Moghaddam, the father of Iran's space program is depicted bringing a treasure trove of [NK] blueprints to his fellow countrymen!
    The letters IRGM indicating that the project is run by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Missile Force?). 17 January 2019.


    Latest Artistic Representation of North Korea's Heavy-Lift Space Launcher

    As of June 2018, the heavy-lift space launcher is no longer associated with a space shuttle, but instead the lunar exploration program.
    The robotic exploration of its surface.

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    https://c1.staticflickr.com/1/885/42507168561_c34e89aa09_b.jpg
    《전국소년과학환상문예작품 및 모형전시회-2018》 개막_2
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/42507168561/
    https://c1.staticflickr.com/2/1731/27788340237_207a924eba_b.jpg
    조선소년단창립 72돐 경축행사 대표들 만경대 방문, 여러곳 참관_16
    Uploaded on June 8, 2018
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/27788340237/
    ▲ North Korea's Heavy-Lift Space Launcher and the robotic exploration of the lunar surface. Uploaded on June 2, 2018

    Two main rocket engines developing possibly 150-200 ton-force of thrusts each are powering the first stage. Two strap-on boosters are seen, possibly developing 1,000 ton-force each and made of the Qaem solid propellant booster.
    Therefore allowing a 20 tons payload in LEO, or 5 tons in LTO.

    Current North Korea's Heavy-Lift Space Launcher Unha-20

    North Korea's Paektusan-2 rocket engine should develop more thrust than the current Paektusan-1B's 100 ton-force, possibly in the ~200 ton-force (?):
    2017/09/04

    According to a March 20, 2017 report, Korean military experts analyzing the thrust of the new liquid rocket engine shown in the DPRK photographs, evaluated the liquid rocket engine as a 100-ton-force rocket engine.
    The 100-ton-force is 980 kilo Newtons. The 80-ton-force liquid rocket engine appeared on the static ground test on September 19, 2016, and the 100-ton-force liquid rocket engine appeared on the static ground test conducted on March 18, 2017. As a result, it can be seen that, as of September 2017, the Paektusan liquid rocket engine series was developed as an 80 ton-force type in 2016 and a 100 ton-force type in 2017, respectively.

    http://jajusibo.com/sub_read.html?uid=35475&section=sc38&section2=

    An image dated from April 15, 2017 has disclosed three generations of North Korean space launchers: the KWANGMYONGSONG SLV aka Unha-4, an Unha-9 and the mysterious Unha-20.

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    https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2864/33667839040_0d52f66cc6_b.jpg

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/uriminzok/33667839040/
    ▲ One image, three generations of North Korean space launchers. Center: notice the KWANGMYONGSONG SLV aka Unha-4 represented left of a huge (meaning at least twice the size) Unha-9 SLV. Unha-20 are pillar-sized! April 15, 2017 picture.

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    ▲ Artistic representation of the North Korean Unha launchers family, 2017. Outdated as of 2019.


    North Korean Lunar Exploration Program (조선달탐사: NKLEP)

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    https://c1.staticflickr.com/5/4266/35069110586_128ceef6a2_b.jpg
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/35069110586/
    ▲ Schematics of the orbital trajectory of the North Korean Lunar Exploration Program Phase III: lunar sample-return mission.
    Launched with a heavy-lift Unha-20 booster able to place 5t into a LTO, sometimes after 2026. Splash landing of the return capsule in the Pacific Ocean.
    Participants in the 8th Congress of the Korean Children's Union visiting the Science-Technology Complex in Pyongyang, on June 5, 2017.



    North Korean Lunar Exploration Program Video

    Published on Oct 28, 2015

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    Note: At t=666 seconds (11m06s), possibly the section dedicated to the future North Korean lunar exploration program (Unha-9, Unha-20), as disclosed back in 2012; Hint at future Phase Three with lunar lander and sample-return.



    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4CPqTpny_vo
    ▲ Uncensored backup video: At T=3m06s section dedicated to the future North Korean lunar exploration program (Unha-9, Unha-20), as disclosed back in 2012; Hint at future Phase Three with lunar lander and sample-return.

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    ▲ Official and ambitious goal of North Korea's space program, the exploitation of the lunar rare earths reserve.


    :enjoy:
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    • Thanks Thanks x 1
  13. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
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    Possible upcoming manned suborbital mobile launcher

    Updated artistic illustration:
    • 1. A mobile launcher for the possible Kwangmyongsong-5 satellite, I designated as Unha-5 SLV for clarity. Itself an adaptation of the Hwasong-15 ICBM, and also the second stage of the Unha-9 SLV.
    • 2. A manned single-seater suborbital E1 capsule, atop its launcher derived from the Unha-5 SLV.
    • 3. The Unha-9 SLV.
    • 4. The manned Unha-9 SLV with an orbital version of the single seater E1 capsule.
    • 5. And improved Unha-9, I designated as Unha-9B, with a larger and more powerful second stage, maybe cryogenic stage.
    • 6. And improved Unha-9 with four liquid propellant strap-on boosters, doubling the total liftoff thrust. I designated the Unha-18 for clarity. Associated with the orbital 3-seaters F1 capsule.
    • 7. The Qaem solid propellant SLV. Korean name still unknown.
    • 8. The Heavy-lift Unha-20.
    • 9. The ultra-heavy-lift solid propellant SLV. I designated as Unha-27 for clarity.

    [​IMG]
    ▲ Artistic representation of the North Korean Unha launchers family, 2019.

    February 07, 2019 09:43

    In an interview with CBS on Sunday, Trump said Kim "has a chance to have North Korea be a tremendous economic behemoth. It has a chance to be one of the great economic countries in the world."

    http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2019/02/07/2019020700881.html

    :enjoy:
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    Last edited: Feb 7, 2019
  14. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

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    Upcoming space launch...

    By starting with an orbital launch attempt in 2022, only to avoid contempt in face of China's Shenzhou-5 outstanding achievement, and moreover with a multi-seaters mission, India has set the bar too high, thus leaving the fourth place as a spacefaring nation to North Korea! The DPRK's space agency NADA that is simply attempting a suborbital launch with a single astronaut might succeed within one year!

    Indeed, neither the liquid propellant rocket needed to further test-launch the high altitude abort system of the Gaganyaan capsule nor the Indian orbital space launch vehicle are even built. On the countrary, the North Korean suborbital launcher has already been produced, only awaiting the order of Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un to be launched with a dummy! Just another hint leaked on February 6th, 2019, in the North Korean media, on the occasion of the North Korean New Year!

    No need to add that India will only end up at the sixth place at best, even behind Iran's ISA, that uses the same technologies and hardwares as NADA, the Hwasong-15 SLV might in this case be replaced with a Safir-1 SLV.


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    ▲ The fourth place for NADA.

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    ▲ The fifth place for ISA.

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    ▲ Wei Qinru (PRC), PANG UNSIM (DPRK), Prateek YADAV IMM IGM (INDIA), respectively first, second anf third at the World Memory Championships 2018.


    Analysis: Hint on the upcoming space launch

    Following a previous picture revealing a Hwasong-15 SLV painted on a kid's kite, the latest image taken on 6 February 2019, during the North Korean New Year, shows another kite in the hand of a children, with a Unha-9 SLV, and not flying in the sky.
    Only this time, the children are all jumping toward the sky, unmistakable reference to a manned spaceflight! Indeed, this only echoes a some ~30 years old painting of an astronaut rising to the sky, in the Samjiyon children's palace.

    [​IMG]
    https://c1.staticflickr.com/8/7832/32689838498_e0bb7e8046_b.jpg

    Celebrating New Year's Day January 1 in various places -_3
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/32689838498/
    ▲ January 1st 2019, New Year's Day, two flying kites with the new civilian space launcher based on the Hwasong-15 ICBM, have figured prominently! Uploaded on January 2, 2019

    [​IMG]
    ▲ New representaion of a Unha-9 SLV painted on a kid's kite, on 6 February 2019, during the North Korean New Year.

    [​IMG]
    https://c1.staticflickr.com/8/7181/6929864706_0235211a2c_b.jpg

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/mytripsmypics/6929864706/
    ▲ Astronaut rising to the sky, in a painting in Samjiyon children's palace, North Korea. Taken on May 5, 2010

    :enjoy:
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    Last edited: Feb 9, 2019
  15. Galactic Penguin SST

    Galactic Penguin SST FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
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    Destination Moon

    The North Korean Lunar Exploration Program (조선달탐사: NKLEP)'s Phase I is nearing the final launch preparation stage. Soon an Unha-9 SLV will carry NADA's first lunar orbiter.

    밤하늘에 별들아 반짠 별들아: Stars in the night sky
    너는야 어째서 밝게 빛나니: Why do you shine brightly?
    새별같이 빛나는 우리 눈동자: Our eyes shine like newborns
    부러워서 부러워 밝게 빛난대: Envy, envy, bright shine
    아 우리를 부럽대요: Oh, they envy us!

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    ▲ They envy us!

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    ▲ They envy us!

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    ▲ They envy us!




    우릴 부럽대요2

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KgIkJC-yqz4
    ▲ T=10:15. Published on Feb 11, 2019


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