• Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Featured Natural resources of Baluchistan

Discussion in 'Pakistan Economy' started by Hell hound, Feb 16, 2017.

  1. Hell hound

    Hell hound SENIOR MEMBER

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    By hellhound

    geography and the role defined by it for Pakistani provinces




    Pakistan a sovereign state that emerged on the map of this world on 14 aug 1947 with the land area of 796,095 square kilometers is the land of diverse people and terrain. Which is divided into four province and federal administered area while Kashmir is the disputed territory between Pakistan and India.


    Punjab being the most populous province with its huge water resources due to its five rivers and land area of 205,344 square kilometers out of which 70% is cultivate able quickly became the bread basket for the whole country.


    while Sindh do have significant amount of cultivatable land (21255 sq. kilometers) but its crown jewel is its industrial and financial capital Karachi which have the GDP of 113billion $ and largest port in country.


    Khyber Pakhtunkhwa sits primarily on the Iranian plateau and comprises the junction where the slopes of the Hindu Kush mountains on the Eurasian plate give way to the Indus-watered hills is leading supplier of hydroelectric power generating 4091 MW (about 60% of Pakistan’s total currently installed hydel power) and still have huge untapped capacity waiting to be exploited.


    Baluchistan



    land area of Baluchistan is comprise of 347,190 sq. kilometer making it the largest province of Pakistan (45.1% of the total land area of Pakistan) but ironically it’s the least populated one too with about 13 million people living in it. The low population density is attributed to scarcity of water, the harsh environment and rugged terrain of the province. lack of quality infrastructure isn’t helping either as most of remote areas of the province are still not properly connected with rest of the country. Even after all these hardships Baluchistan played a vital role in the development of Pakistan by substantially contributing to Pakistan’s fuel requirement with the discovery of sui reserves (12 Trillion cubic feet worth recoverable reserve) in 1952 which to date produces 446 Million standard cubic feet of gas per day.
     
    Last edited: Feb 16, 2017
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  2. Hell hound

    Hell hound SENIOR MEMBER

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    Natural resources of Baluchistan





    materials or substances occurring in nature which can be exploited for economic gain are classified as natural resource.

    Area and resources always have a positive correlating relationship between them so it was somewhat natural for the largest province of Pakistan to be the most resource rich one too.

    But it’s not only the minerals that Baluchistan is rich in, because of the vast untouched land the province is also gifted with mesmerizing natural beauty which are also the part of its natural resources.


    Tourism spots in Baluchistan


    · Hanna Lake located in the Zarghoon Range of Urak Valley which is 10 km away from the Quetta was constructed British in 1894 as a water reservoir. The beauty of this lake is enhanced by the island and golden fish that reside in it. 18223208.jpg


    · Hungol National Park stretching over 1650 sq. kilometers is one of largest national park of Pakistan. It lies on the makran coast of Baluchistan and is only 190 km away from the city o Karachi. Its features vary from the barren forests in the north to the regularly rainfall receiving cooler areas in the west and are home to the variety of plants and animals like Sindh leopard Houbara bustard. But that’s not it Hungol has much more to offer to the takers from the natural formation of rocks that looks like a princess and nani mandir to a mud volcano hingol.jpeg


    · Makran Coastal Highway also known as N10 is 653KM log costal highway which connects Karachi to the Gwadar city while running along the Arabian sea. this highway is one of the best roads to enjoy the long drive with your loved ones Makran Coastal Highway pakistan all about pakistan (1).jpg


    · Astola Island also known as Jezira Haft Talar (Island of the Seven Hills) because of the small Rocky Mountains that stretch across the 15sq km island is located 35km away from the fishing town of pasni.it is popular tourism place among tourist who want snorkel in open sea or want to go hiking and camping around the solar powered light house in the hilly terrain of the island. 5865155e0ee7f.jpg


    · Ziarat the place where the founder of Pakistan spent his few of his last days is a hilly area 130 km away from the Quetta city.it is popular spot for hiking and becoming a huge tourist attraction due snowfall. But not everything in the area is hilly there is mini dam and a mile stretch of plain land which leads to a chashma christians-in-pakistan-ziarat-residency.jpg



    · Mehrgarh situated near the bolan pass are ruins of 8000 years old civilization. Most of the ruins at Mehrgarh are buried under alluvium deposits, though some structures could be seen eroding on the surface. Currently, the excavated remains at the site comprise a complex of large compartmental mud-brick structures. Mehrgarh-Pictures.jpg
     
    Last edited: Feb 16, 2017
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  3. Hell hound

    Hell hound SENIOR MEMBER

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    Mineral wealth of Baluchistan



    Presently Pakistan is mining around 50 different types of the mineral 40 of these are being mined from the Baluchistan. most of these minerals are discovered by the geological survey of Pakistan. While Baluchistan has huge area of 347,190 sq. km around 158,850 sq.km of it has been geologically mapped.

    Copper Gold

    Vast resources of copper have been discovered in Chagai district of Balochistan at Saindak, Koh-i-Dalil, Dash-i-Kain, Durban Chah, Kabul Koh, Ziarat Pir Sultan Rekodiq and a number of other places. Saindak and Rekodiq deposit have been fully evaluated and quality and amount of reserves is given in the tables below Other prospects, containing thousands of million tons of copper ore are waiting for detailed evaluation.

    Capture.PNG

    Rekodiq reserves are the largest cooper reserve found in pakistan till today.

    Capture 1.PNG


    these are figure from saindak reserves. however total recoverable metals from Saindak deposit will be 1.69 million tons of copper. 2.24 million ounces of gold and 2.49 million ounces of silver




    Chromite Ore


    There are a number of small deposits of chromite in various parts of Pakistan, but commercial production has been almost entirely restricted to Baluchistan. In the past, the most significant area in the whole of Pakistan was the Zhob Valley, which had the privilege of being the only chrome ore producing center in the country.
    Other occurrences of chromite in the province includes those of the Ras Koh Range in western Baluchistan and Wadh deposits of Khuzdar district in southern Baluchistan.The deposits are characterized by variable sizes and forms. The ore bodies are generally small and average 5,000 to 10,000 tons, In Wad area, chromite is lumpy in nature and of good quality.The Zhob valley deposits in northeastern Balochistan are the best known both materially and internationally. Total estimated reserves of chromite in the province are not exactly known however, previously one million tons of chromite had been reported.The chromite mining started in 1903 on small scale, and is continuing today at the rate of 15,000 to 20,000 tons per year.


    Iron Ore

    Several deposits of iron ore have been found in Chagai district of Balochistan. Most of these are fairly rich in iron but small in size. Notable deposits of iron ore occur at Pachin Koh, Chigendik and Chilgazi in Chagai district and Dilband area of kalat district. Total estimated iron ore reserves are about 273 million tons

    Capture 3.PNG


    Antimony Ore

    Antimony ore is found near Qila Abdullah. These occurrences are small and only a few are being mined annually at present.



    Lead-Zinc Ore

    A number of lead-zinc occurrences have been identified in Lasbella and Khuzdar districts. Three of these occurrences, at Duddar, Gunga and Surmai, have been evaluated by the Geological Survey of Pakistan. Total reserves of lead-zinc, estimated so far, stand at over 26 million tons exploration of other known showings will substantially increase the reserve base.


    Capture 4.PNG
    Coal

    Coal mining in Baluchistan started on small scale before independence in Khost-Shahrig-Harnai area and is increasing with time. Coal is extracted by underground mining method. Substantial amount of energy is expended in pumping air and water to keep the working areas dry and well ventilated.
    The coal fields of Baluchistan have been extensively worked through underground mining to variable depths. Most of the workings are at substantial depths. However, in some places the coal mining has reached as deep as 3500 feet.

    Capture 5.PNG


    Fluorite

    It is mainly used as flux in steel making and is the only source of fluorine which is required for hydrofluoric acid and other fluorine compounds. Baluchistan province is the main producer of fluorite in Pakistan. Substantial reserves of fluorite are found at Maran, Phad-i-Maran and Dilband areas of Mastung district. The total estimated reserves are about 100,000 tons.


    Barite

    Huge reserves of barite are found in Lasbella and Khuzdar districts of Baluchistan. Total estimated reserves are over 30 million tons. The Khuzdar barite has average annual production of about 25,000 tons.


    Gypsum and Anhydrite

    Baluchistan has huge reserves Gypsum and anhydrite in Sibi district and in Loralai district. The reserves have been estimated at over 200 million tons. Mining has been done by open pit method.

    Onyx Marble

    The high quality onyx of Chagai belt is locally known as malmal. the main deposits are Zard Kan, Patkok, Julhi, Butak, MashkiChah, Tozghi and Zeh. The estimated reserves of marble in the province are more than 12 million tons.


    Magnesite

    Magnesite occurs at Wad in Khuzdar district and Muslimbagh area of Qila Saifullah district. Total estimated reserves are not exactly known. However, the deposits are small and on the average about 700tons per year are being mined.

    Sand and Gravel

    In Baluchistan sand and gravel are present and widely distributed within commercially feasible distances from major population and urban centers. The reserves of sand and gravel are enormous and its extraction is perhaps the biggest mining industry in Baluchistan. The construction industry uses sand and gravel chiefly as aggregates in Portland cement, concert, mortar and plaster.

    Sulphur

    Sulphur deposits of Chagai district are best known in Pakistan. The deposits are clustered around the southern and southwestern side of an extinct volcanic crater called, Koh-I-Sultan. Other deposits of sulphur are present near Sanni in Kachi district. Total estimated reserves of sulphur are about 787,000 tons. Mining of sulphur is done by open pit and underground methods. Annual production of sulphur is about 600 tons.
     
    Last edited: Feb 16, 2017
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  4. sadia kayani

    sadia kayani FULL MEMBER

    New Recruit

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    brilliant!!
    فبائی الاٗ ربکما تکذبان
    lets shift our focus toward Baluchistan to flourish it
     
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  5. Hell hound

    Hell hound SENIOR MEMBER

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  6. Hassan Guy

    Hassan Guy SENIOR MEMBER

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    If Pak can exploit these natural resources, it will lay the foundation for industrialization and the economy will explode.

    We may actually be able to hit the 1 trillion mark.
     
  7. I.R.A

    I.R.A SENIOR MEMBER

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    Presence of Balochistan would always be a reminder how messed up, clueless as a nation we are.

    What can one say except that it must be truly cursed people who have a region like Pakistan and they still are backward. Minerals, Ocean belts, Tourism, Agriculture, rivers, diversity and still people of Pakistan are stuck in "Light chali gai .............. light a gai".
     
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  8. RangeMaster

    RangeMaster FULL MEMBER

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    Balochistan is marvellous.A wonderful combination of majestic land,precious metals and brave people..
    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    Snow capped mountains,deserts and beaches in a single province..[​IMG] [​IMG]
    Baloch people..[​IMG]
    And the gold mines...[​IMG]
     
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  9. Mentee

    Mentee SENIOR MEMBER

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    Its a shame that with all these beaches , valleys and grand canyons, folks there are still living in dilapidated conditions . Who's to blame ? @Well.wisher
     
  10. R Wing

    R Wing FULL MEMBER

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    Pakistan can do no such thing with the current state of nepotism and weak justice.

    But, yes, if we do manage to get out of this rotten cycle and miraculously find true patriots in power --- the sky is the limit.
     
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  11. SilentSpeaker

    SilentSpeaker FULL MEMBER

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    ALLAH preserved these resources for better people/leader to come. Current ruling elite/regime is incompetent and corrupt. Lets change our self so that better ppl start ruling us.
     
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  12. Zaki

    Zaki MODERATOR

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    Amazing compilation of data. Thats some hard work you have done

    You should have tried to gather data for entire Pakistan and subdivided into provinves

    Thank you
     
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  13. Syed.Ali.Haider

    Syed.Ali.Haider ELITE MEMBER

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    There are no references included that could be used to verify the data.
     
  14. Hell hound

    Hell hound SENIOR MEMBER

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    I am planing on doing it province by province that way I will be able to compile more detailed information on each one of them
    Thanks and you are welcome bro

    most of the info can be verified through the papers issued by Geological Survey of Pakistan
     
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  15. Syed.Ali.Haider

    Syed.Ali.Haider ELITE MEMBER

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    A link to the relevant paper supporting each of the claims being made would make your article robust.