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Mushshak Trainer Aircraft

Discussion in 'Pakistan Air Force' started by Manticore, Feb 12, 2014.

  1. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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    MFI-17 Mushshak Basic Trainer Aircraft, Pakistan

    The MFI-17 Mushshak is a single engine basic trainer aircraft designed and developed by Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) for the Pakistan Armed Forces. It was derived from Saab MFI-17 supporter-trainer aircraft. More than 200 Mushshaks are currently in operation worldwide.[/B]

    The aircraft has been accredited by the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority, abnd has obtained Type Acceptance certification from the South African Civil Aviation Authority.
    PAC rolled out an improved version, the MFI-395 Super Mushshak aircraft in 1995. The Super Mushshak took its maiden flight in August 1996.[/B]

    Orders and deliveries

    Recent orders of the MFI-17 include: the Egyptian Air Force (54), the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (25), the Royal Air Force of Oman (Eight), the Pakistan Air Force (149), the Royal Saudi Air Force (20) and the Syrian Air Force (Six).

    The MFI-17 was designed to train pilots of the PAF Academy located at Risalpur. The aircraft is fitted with a blind flying screen allowing for instrument flying missions. It was designed to meet the US FAR23 certification standards in utility and aerobatics classes.

    The Mushshak was designed to operate on rough airfields even in adverse weather conditions. It can execute a wide range of ground attack missions including forward air control, border patrol, reconnaissance, artillery fire observation, liaison, camouflage review and transportation.

    Development


    The Pakistan Army signed a contract with Saab in June 1974 to acquire five MFI-17B Supporters along with supply kits. The contract was signed to supercede the obsolete Howard L-19 trainer aircraft. A licence agreement was also obtained to build an indigenous aircraft based on the MFI-17B.

    Two MFI-17Bs were shipped to the PAF Academy in September 1974 for evaluation by trainer pilots. Upon taking the required suggestions from the Academy, the PAC started the development of MFI-17 Mushshak in June 1975 at its facility in Kamra, Pakistan. Saab ceased the supporter aircraft parts supply in 1982.

    The maiden MFI-17 Mushshak production aircraft was introduced in December 1983.

    Features
    The MFI-17 features two integral fuel tanks that carry 48gal of fuel. It also houses an electrical fuel pump for emergency missions. The aircraft is fitted with a Bendix fuel injection system, dual flight control systems, tricycle type landing gear, electrical trim, rudder pedals, ailerons and environmental control system.

    It boasts a large luggage compartment on the rear side of the cockpit, which can be easily accessed through a door on the port side of the fuselage.

    Cockpit
    The spacious glass cockpit of the Mushshak accommodates two crew members, a student pilot and an instructor. It is fitted with two adjustable seats integrated with lockable inertia reels, and there is an option for a third seat on the rear side. The round glass canopy offers clear visibility to the crew. An Enviro R-134 air conditioning system maintains constant temperature in the cockpit.

    The cockpit is equipped with UHF radios, GPS, a voice-over recorder, automatic direction finder, rate of climb indicator, attitude heading reference system and an information friend or foe transponder.

    Armaments
    The aircraft comprises six hardpoints. It is armed with two 7.62mm cannons, two 75mm unguided rocket pods, four 68mm unguided rocket pods and six anti-tank missiles.

    Engines

    The Mushshak is powered by an AEIO-360A1B6 horizontally opposed four-cylinder piston aircraft engine, which generates 149kW of output power. The engine is designed and manufactured by Textron Lycoming. It is a fuel injected engine driven by two bladed constant speed hartzell propeller made up of aluminium.

    The time between overhauls of the engine is 2,000 hours.

    Performance
    The Mushshak can climb at the rate of 5.2m/s. The maximum and cruise speeds of the aircraft are 238km/h and 210km/h respectively. The stall speed is 100km/h. The range and service ceiling are 800km and 4,100m respectively. The aircraft can loiter in air for a maximum of five hours ten minutes.

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    MFI-17 Mushshak Basic Trainer Aircraft - Airforce Technology

    MFI-395 Super Mushshak Trainer Aircraft, Pakistan


    [​IMG]
    MFI-395 Super Mushshak is a military trainer / light attack aircraft designed and manufactured by the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) for the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and the Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF). It was derived from the MFI-17 Mushshak trainer aircraft. Approximately 300 MFI-395s are currently operational at the academies of the Pakistan Armed Forces.
    Previous orders to the PAF, RSAF and Royal Air Force of Oman

    Customer orders for the MFI-395 included: PAF (50), RSAF (20) and Royal Air Force of Oman (five).
    The PAF received its first Super Mushshak in May 2001. Deliveries to the Royal Air Force of Oman were concluded in 2004.

    Designed to suit military and civilian missions

    The MFI-395 was designed to provide primary flight training to the pilots of the PAF Academy situated at Risalpur. It was designed to suit both military and civilian missions. The aircraft's design is compliant with the US FAR 23 certification standards in aerobatics and utility classes.
    The tricycle type undercarriage allows the aircraft to operate from unprepared airstrips and rough airfields, even in hostile conditions.

    Pakistan's MFI-395 training aircraft development

    The development of the MFI-395 started in 1995. The aircraft was built by upgrading the MFI-17 with an advanced 260hp engine, electrical instruments, dual flight control systems and a Bendix RSA fuel injection system.

    The maiden flight of the Super Mushshak took place in August 1996. The production aircraft was rolled out in November 2000. It entered service in May 2001 and was certified by the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority in 2002.

    It was displayed at the Dubai Air Show held in November 2011.

    Features and spacious cockpit of the MFI-395 Super Mushshak
    The MFI-395 features a high wing monoplane design. It boasts two integral fuel tanks which carry 47 gallons of fuel. The large baggage compartment located aft of the cockpit can be easily accessed through a door on the rear side of the fuselage.

    The Super Mushshak is equipped with a blind screen, which allows the aircraft to carry out instrument flying missions.

    The spacious glass cockpit of the MFI-395 accommodates two flight crew members, a student pilot and a flight instructor. It is integrated with two ejection seats adjacent to each other, with an option for third seat at the rear side. It is enclosed by an oval shaped glass canopy which opens upwards to meliorate the visibility.

    The cockpit is equipped with two multifunctional displays to exhibit data related to navigation, flight instrumentation, fuel and the engine. It is also equipped with an Enviro R-134 air conditioning system to sustain constant temperature.

    Avionics installed on the military trainer / light attack aircraft
    The avionics suite incorporated in the MFI-395 includes instrument flight rules (IFR) capable electronic flight instrumentation system (EFIS), a global positioning system, instrument landing system, voice over recorder, UHF radio, automatic direction finder, distance measuring equipment and information friend or foe transponder.

    Missiles and gunpods of the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex's aircraft
    The MFI-395 is fitted with six hardpoints under the wing pylons. The inner two stressed hardpoints can carry up to 150kg each. The remaining four carry rockets, gunpods and Bofor Bantam anti-tank missiles.

    Lycoming engines and performance of PAC's MFI-395 Super Mushshak
    The MFI-395 is powered by Lycoming IO-540 V4A5 six-cylinder engine rated at 194kW (260hp) of output power. The engine is driven by a two-bladed Hartzell propeller which can rotate at a constant speed of 2,700rpm.

    The dry weight of the engine is 199kg. The time between overhaul is 2,000 hours.

    The MFI-395 can climb at the rate of 8.6m/s. The never exceed and maximum speeds of the aircraft are 363km/h and 268km/h respectively. The cruise speed is 240km/h. The stall speed is 96km/h. The maximum range and service ceiling are 814km and 6.7km respectively. The maximum endurance is 4 hours 15 minutes.

    MFI-395 Super Mushshak Trainer Aircraft - Airforce Technology

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    Pakistan to supply Super Mushak trainer aircraft to Iraq


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    Pakistan today signed a key agreement with Iraq for the supply of trainer aircraft to Iraqi Air Force, in what is billed as "major milestone" in the export of aviation products from the country.

    The contract of sales of Super Mushshak Aircraft to Iraq was signed by General Anwer Hamad Ameen Ahmed, Commander Iraqi Air Force and Air Marshal Sohail Gul Khan, Chairman of the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) Kamra.

    Super Mushshak is a more advanced, upgraded variant of the MFI-17 Mushshak basic trainer.

    It was designed and is being manufactured at the Aircraft Manufacturing Factory.

    "The sale of Super Mashshak aircraft to Iraqi Air Force is a major milestone in the export of aviation products of Pakistan," a statement released by the Prime Minister's Office said.

    The statement did not mention how many aircraft will be sold.

    Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan will provide assistance to Iraq in fields of training and development.

    He said Pakistan Air Force has a past a rich experience in training personnel of friendly countries and will, undoubtedly, assist in developing Iraqi Air Force on modern grounds.

    He said this in a meeting with General Ahmed, who called on him at Prime Minister's house.

    Federal Minister for Defence Production Rana Tanvir Hussain and Chief of Air Staff Air Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt were also present at the occasion.

    In total two agreements were signed including the one for sale of the trainer aircraft.
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    According to the first agreement Pakistan Air Force will provide Training, to Iraq Air Defence Force personnel, in all sphere of Modern Air Force concept pertaining to different field special Air Defence, and Air Crew.
     
  2. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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    [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG]
     
    Last edited: Feb 12, 2014
  3. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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    [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG][​IMG]
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 12
  4. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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    Now that this aircraft has joined various airforces, it really deserves its own thread ... Guys, lets post related info in this stuck thread from now on
    regards
     
  5. TOPGUN

    TOPGUN PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST

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    A really outstanding aircraft , I would love to see it in a armed version though :P
     
  6. Manticore

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  7. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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  8. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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    [​IMG] [​IMG] oman
    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
    syria
     
  9. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    south africa



    Saab T-17 Supporter
    [​IMG]QUOTE]
    MFI 15 – Saab Safari [​IMG]
    Saab Safari is a light, robust, single piston-engined, two-three seat aircraft with a structure of predominantly allmetal stressed-skin construction. As standard the aircraft is equipped with a tricycle landing gear.

    Saab Safari is deigned and developed by Saab-Scania, Aerospace Division. The basic role of the Saab Safari is to operate as:

    • a primary trainer for civil and military flying schools
    • an airline pilot trainer for e.g. navigation system and airway procedure training.
    In addition to its primary role as a trainer the aircraft is also very suitable for utility operations such as carrying and dropping of relief and rescue packages from under wing stations. The aircraft is stable with great flexibility. Carl-Gustav von Rosen chose this aircraft for food dropping in Etiopia in the 1970s. The flying conditions were extreme with airstrips at 3 000 meters above sea level. It was after this operation the aircraft got the name Safari.

    MFI 17 – Saab Supporter
    The flexibility of the Saab Safari led to a development of a military version, called MFI 17 Supporter. The danish airforce chose in 1974 Saab Supporter as their new trainer and bougth totally 32 aircraft. The most successful export was the same year when the Pakistani airforce ordered 39 aircraft. This order was followed by a licensed manufacturing of the Saab Supporter in Pakistan, under the name Mushshak, and up until now 450 aircraft has been manufactured. The Pakistani aifrorce developed a Super Mushshak with a stronger engine and a three blade propeller.

    [/QUOTE]
     
  10. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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  11. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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    Last edited: Feb 12, 2014
  12. Manticore

    Manticore ADVISORS

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    SAAB MFI-17 Supporter/Safari

    Malmo MFI-17

    Pakistan Aeronautical Complex / PAC Mushshak
    SAAB MFI-17 Supporter / Safari

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    MFI had then been de-veloping the MFI- 15A when Saab acquired Malmö Flygindustri (MFI) in 1968. The airplane made its maiden flight on 11 July 1969. As then flown it was powered by a 119kW Avco Lycoming IO-320-B2 flat-four engine and had a conventional low-set tailplane, but this was modified subsequently to T-tail configuration to minimise damage when operating from rough airfields. Later renamed Safari and then further developed into MFI-17 Supporter armed ground-support version. The plane was converted into an efficient weapons carrier by increasing the engine power and making some structural modifications - measures which greatly enhanced its military potential. The new version - the MFI-17 - made its first flight on 6 July 1972.

    The prototype was flown on 26 February 1971 with a more powerful Avco Lycoming engine, which became the standard powerplant for the production version, which was re-designated Saab Safari. A braced shoulder-wing monoplane with fixed tricycle landing gear, available optionally with tailwheel landing gear, it provides side-by-side enclosed accommodation for two and has dual controls as standard.

    A military version designated originally Saab-MFI 17 was flown on 6 July 1972 and differed from the Safari by being equipped more specifically for use as a military trainer, or for such duties as artillery observation, forward air control and liaison; this version was later named Saab Supporter.

    The first purely military version, named the Supporter, was sold to Pakistan (where it was built under license as the Mushshak) in 1974. Further sales to Denmark, Norway and Zambia followed. A civilian version named the Safari was also sold to countries including Norway, Sierra Leone and Ethiopia. Counting both versions, more than 200 of the aircraft were built.

    [​IMG]
    Pakistan Aeronautical Complex Super Mushshak

    Licence production of the Saab MFI-17 Supporter two/three-seat piston-engined trainer and liaison aircraft continued at Kamra for the Pakistan Air Force and Army in 1987 by the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, as the Mushshak. Assembly of Swedish-made kits began in 1976, but complete aircraft are now manufactured in Pakistan using imported raw materials, engines, propellers, and avionics equipment. Licence-production of this aircraft was started in Pakistan during 1976, initially from kits supplied by Saab, but there has been a gradual change to indigenous manufacture from raw materials. Designated Mushshak in Pakistan, more than 150 have been built. Complete aircraft were manufactured in Pakistan using imported raw materials, engines, propellers, and avionics equipment.

    Most of the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex Mushshak were upgraded to the more powerful Super Mushshak with a Lycoming 260 hp engine. Some Mushshaks, promoted as very light strike and weapons training aircraft, served with the Iranian Revolutionary Guards.

    In August 1978 Saab flew a version of the Safari with a 157kW Continental flat-six turbocharged engine; designated Safari TS it did not progress beyond the prototype stage.

    Saab built a combined total of about 250 Safari/Supporter aircraft before production ended in the late 1970s.

    Military Supporters were supplied to the Pakistan air force and army (45), Royal Danish air force (32, which designated it T-17) and Zambian air force (20).

    Saab Safari
    Engine: 1 x Avco Lycoming IO-360-A1B6, 149kW / 200 hp
    Max take-off weight: 1200 kg / 2646 lb
    Loaded weight: 646 kg / 1424 lb
    Wingspan: 8.85 m / 29 ft 0 in
    Length: 7.0 m / 22 ft 11 in
    Height: 2.6 m / 9 ft 6 in
    Wing area: 11.9 sq.m / 128.09 sq ft
    Max. speed: 235 km/h / 146 mph
    Cruising speed: 208 km/h (129 mph)
    Landing speed: 90 km/h (56 mph)
    Range: 1050 km (650 miles)
    Ceiling: 4100 m / 13450 ft

    [​IMG]
    Saab-MFI 15/17 Safari-Supporter
     
  13. jawadqamar

    jawadqamar FULL MEMBER

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  14. Doritos11

    Doritos11 SENIOR MEMBER

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    What kind of weaponry can it carry, are we talking about something like Hydra 70mm unguided rockets ?
     
  15. Armstrong

    Armstrong PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST

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    The MFI-395 is fitted with six hardpoints under the wing pylons. The inner two stressed hardpoints can carry up to 150kg each. The remaining four carry rockets, gunpods and Bofor Bantam anti-tank missiles.

    If the Hydras are around 7kg whilst the Bantams are around 8 kg - Maybe they can ! :unsure: