• Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Musharraf Era, Martial Law and Major Reforms:

Discussion in 'Pakistani Siasat' started by Dawood Ibrahim, Apr 25, 2017.

  1. Dawood Ibrahim

    Dawood Ibrahim SENIOR MEMBER

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    Musharraf’s era started from 12 October 1999 and ended on 18 August 2008. These almost eight years were very important in the history of Pakistan. Musharraf’s era had positive aspects as well as some of negative. We will discuss his Martial Law and his important reforms and its aftermaths.

    Musharraf’s Takeover: (Martial Law)
    12 October 1999 was the important day in the history of Pakistan. It was the darkest day for the democracy of Pakistan. This was the day; Musharraf took the charge of the country by enforcing Martial Law and ruled out the democracy. Imposing Martial Law is treason and violation of Article 6 of 1973 Constitution of Pakistan. This was all due to the hide and seek between that times Government and Army.

    Nawaz Sharief wanted to remove General Musharraf from the post of Chief of Army Staff and he tried to do this on that day. When Musharraf came to know all about, he was in Sri Lanka on official tour. Acting immediately, General Musharraf dashed for the Karachi-bound Pakistan International Airlines PK805 flight from Colombo, leaving at 15:45 local time. His Plane did not allow to land at the airport, his plane circling the Karachi Airport almost 200 minutes. At last his Plane succeeds to land at about 19:47 just before ran out of fuel. General Musharraf has since said that the plane had only seven minutes of fuel remaining. All the High Commands of Army did not accept the order of Musharraf’s retirement which was given by that times Prime Minister. At 22:30 the news came, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif had been dismissed and Martial Law had been imposed and the National Assembly and Senate had been dissolved.

    According to me, Nawaz Sharief’s order was out of sense especially when all going well. I think Musharraf’s way of imposing Martial Law was his last option as he tried all possible options to recover the situation but failed. Even, he asked Nawaz Sharief to take back his order but Nawaz Sharief was still stand with his earlier statement. The most important, Musharraf, later on proved good for Pakistan. If we compare Musharraf’s era to the Nawaz Sharief’s era or even the current Zardari’s era then we feel the difference. Today I realize, Zardari rightly says, Democracy is the best revenge; he is taking revenge from the Pakistanis, very well.

    Major Reforms and Achievements: ,
    The list of the Musharraf’s reforms is given below.
    1. Nine world class engineering universities were developed. The cost of building these Universities was over Rs 96.5 billion.
    2. In 1999-2000 there were 31 Public Universities. In 2005-2006 there were 49 Public Universities. Air University (established 2002); Institute of Space Technology, IST (established 2002); University of Science & Technology, Bannu (established 2005); University of Hazara (founded 2002); University of Gujrat (established 2004); Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore (established 2002); etc.
    3. Literacy rate in Pakistan had increased from 45% (in 2002) to 53% (in 2005). Education was received 4% of GDP and English had been introduced as a compulsory subject from grade 1.
    4. In total, 99,319 educational institutions increased in Musharraf’s era.
    5. There were more than 5,000 Pakistanis doing PhDs in foreign countries on scholarship in Musharraf’s era. 300 Pakistanis receive PhD degrees every year, in 1999, the number was just 20.
    6. Major Industrial estates were being developed under Musharraf’s vision: M3 industrial, Sundar industrial estate, Chakri industrial, etc.
    7. In 1999 what we earned as GDP: we used to give away 64.1% as foreign debt and liabilities. In 2006, what we earned as GDP: we gave only 28.3% as foreign debt and liabilities. We were saving 35% of our GDP for economic growth at that time.
    8. According to an IMF report, Pakistan was 3rd in banking profitability in the world. On the IMF chart, Pakistan’s banking profitability was on third position after Colombia and Venezuela. On the same IMF chart, India was on the 36th position and China was on the 40th position.
    9. According to the Economic Survey 2005, poverty in Pakistan in 2001 was 34.46%. And after 7-8 years of Musharraf, poverty in 2005 was 23.9%. Thus, poverty decreased by 10.56%. Overall, 12 million people had been pushed out of Poverty in 2001 – 2005!
    10. The government was providing Sui Gas facility to areas of South Punjab at a cost of Rs 1.311 billion. A total of 1,138 kilometer gas pipeline was being laid. The districts benefiting from these schemes mainly include Multan, Khanewal, Bahawalnagar, Rajanpur, DG Khan, Vehari and Muzaffargarh.
    11. The Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) sector of Pakistan had attracted over Rs 70 billion investments during the five years (2001-2006) as a result of liberal and encouraging policies of the government. 1,765 CNG stations were operating in the country, in 85 cities and towns. It provided employment for 30,000 people in the country.
    12. The economy was the third fastest growing economy after China and India.
    13. Five dams were built: Mirani, Subakzai, Gomalzam, Khurram and Tangi.
    14. Seven motorways were completed or were under construction.
    15. Gwadar, an advanced sea port, was developed.
    16. The GDP per Capita in 2007 was $1000.
    17. The industrial sector registered 26 percent growth.
    18. A historic 100% increase in tax collection (amounting to Rs. 1 trillion) was observed.
    19. Revenue collection in 2007/08 was Rs. 1.002 billion.
    20. Exports in 2007 were worth $18.5 billion where Textile exports in 2007 were worth $11.2 billion.
    21. Pakistan development programs in 2007 were valued at Rs. 520 billion.
    22. Foreign direct investment in 2007 was $8.5 billion.

    Discussion:
    According to my point of view, Musharraf’s era was the best era of 64 year history of Pakistan with respect to progress and prosperity in every field of life. Progress was on its peak at that time. He started a plenty of new projects for the development of the Pakistan. He started tax free industrialization to urge the foreign investors. His plan worked and a number of multi-national companies launched in his era. The impact of that was the increasing number of jobs in his era. It was very difficult to find out skilled laborer for small level construction.

    If we talk about education, as earlier mentions, his era was the best. He was very education loving. Actually, he was loved of all things that make Pakistan progress, as his slogan, “Pakistan comes First” (سب سے پہلے پاکستان).

    But rather all of that, there are main important negative aspects of Musharraf’s era. NRO (National Reconciliation Ordinance) was one of them. Pakistani Nation was looted under this act. Musharraf legalize this illegal ordinance. According to this, a plenty of loans of parliamentarians, berucrates and politicians were removed by this act. And this was the only act that Musharraf considered his mistake during his period. Another aspect is the pending process of Kala Bagh Dam. If it could complete, a more than half of electricity and water crisis of Pakistan would resolve. But when he was asked about that, he replied that re-establishment of Kala Bagh Dam was the controversial. According to my point of view, that was not the pet logic. If Army killed Akber Bugti in his era, if operation of Lal Masjid could held in his era then why not Kala Bagh Dam re-established in his era? This is the big question mark that what he was thinking about Kala Bagh Dam. Another issue is that he cannot start any practical work on discovered Thar coal which can fulfill over energy requirements for more than one hundred years. Thar coal is the fourth largest coal reservoirs in the world but unfortunately still remain untouched due to administrative crisis.

    In long and short, Musharraf’s era was not an ideal but still better than all the other eras of ether democratic or dictatorship eras in Pakistan


    http://www.hamariweb.com/articles/article.aspx?id=21991

    @The Eagle @PaklovesTurkiye
     
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  2. PaklovesTurkiye

    PaklovesTurkiye SENIOR MEMBER

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    Doordie bhai...no doubt...Mushi was better than zardari, nawaz etc. I hope he come back in politics with full show...
     
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  3. SHAH820

    SHAH820 FULL MEMBER

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    musharraf was the best thing happens to pakistan
     
  4. HAIDER

    HAIDER ELITE MEMBER

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    Unfortunately , corrupt politicians afraid to face the honest man....because they failed to found any concrete corruption evidence against Mushi .
     
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  5. Smythe

    Smythe FULL MEMBER

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    Nah Musharraf was the worst. It's crazy how they can't put him before a firing squad for treason.

    Sometimes justice just doesn't prevail.
     
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  6. Realistic Change

    Realistic Change FULL MEMBER

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    We like it or not; Pakistan's current situation requires a true statesman who has absolute power and who keeps reforming the system without the face of currently acceptable democratic farce.

    Had Musharraf not involved Ch. Shujaat's PML he would have been much more successful but then he tried to give illusion of pseudo democratic system and that will always fail to deliver until institutional reforms are done at the grassroots - and beneficiaries of this false democracy will fight till death to keep this system alive for haves while have nots will only live on a lifeline called - hopes, wishes and dreams.

    Musharraf should have abolished feudalism - and should have carried out land reforms (maximum 5 acres / landlord) and built Kalabagh Dam in first year or so - and he would have been President till 2030.
     
  7. tarrar

    tarrar SENIOR MEMBER

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    Gen. Musharraf time of rule along with Gen. Ayub was the best in Pakistan's history & Pakistan had truly gone forward with success in both Generals time of rule.
    Democracy in Pakistan which in reality is DEMOCRAZY has always been a complete failure & now it has transformed into TREACHERY led by Ganja league & Gadari party.
     
  8. Imad.Khan

    Imad.Khan SENIOR MEMBER

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    Mushy did alot of good things but he also screwed the country with some things that he did and some things that he should have done. Mushy had the best opportunity to actually cleanse the country of these corrupt tolas by putting them in front of a firing squad, instead he decided to include them in his government. This is where it all went wrong. If he had done the following Pakistan would have been in a much better situation.

    1. Eliminate all corrupt tolas
    2. Eliminate MQM, ANP, PkMAP, JUI-F, JUI-S and other traitor parties.
    3. Eliminate all fanatic mullahs
    4. Throw out the 1973 constitution and bring a new one.
    5. Renew the Judicial system
    6. Eliminate feudal/Sardari system.
    7. Cease the existing provinces and create multiple smaller provinces.

    He had absolute power and if he was smart he could have changed the country for ever.

    What are your reasons to declare his era as the worst?
     
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  9. WaLeEdK2

    WaLeEdK2 SENIOR MEMBER

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    Musharraf was a double edged sword to put it simply. In my opinion he was good for the short term but for the long term he put Pakistan in the situation it is today.
     
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  10. Smythe

    Smythe FULL MEMBER

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    Actually I'll take it back, it wasn't the worst but he did a lot of bad things. Most notably giving the heads up to Nawaz to start the Kargil War which proved disastrous for both sides. He escalated the War in Afghanistan by targeting elements of the Taliban which are anti-Pakistan, but not anti-Afghan elements. When the official government of Pakistan was trying to negotiate a deal with Akbar Bugti he vetoed that, and bombed his residency, creating yet another Baluch rebellion which is ongoing.
     
  11. Thəorətic Muslim

    Thəorətic Muslim SENIOR MEMBER

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    You mean the one that's surrender in mass?
     
  12. saiyan0321

    saiyan0321 SENIOR MEMBER

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    Its less rebellion and a lot alot more terrorism and quite frankly its over. The insurgency is dying the baluch are simply not intersted in separatism. Discussed to death here. One day the topic will die along with the madness. :p :p

    Anyhow as for musharraf. Its very controversial TBH and requires a far more in depth analysis. He did many things wrong but also did many things right. A very controversial era. However I disagree with his martial law. After zia it should have been the end of martial laws and no matter how messed up the govts were they should have been allowed to operate and stabilize themselves but that martial law set our Democratic process a decade back and we are once again starting from scratch. Never the less what happened has happened. We must look to the future. With peace returning to FATA and the announcement of a merger, we will end a colonial legacy and after which gilgit baltistan getting representation and CPEC opening a new era for Pakistan.
     
  13. waleed3601

    waleed3601 FULL MEMBER

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    I really hope he comes back. I'm beginning to lose hope in IK and Musharraf is the only man with vision and capability to transform Pakistan into a modern knowledge economy. He understands social and economic dynamics of Pakistan very well. Wish him all the best, he recently said he might contest elections in 2018. I sincerely wish to see him in the NA again, for the sake of Pakistan!
     
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  14. Kabira

    Kabira ELITE MEMBER

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    That would have been disastrous, last thing we need is more politcal shaheed who could have turned Pakistan in to heaven if lived long enough. If you want to check someone credentials then give them power. ANP got that power between 2008-2013, they were as corrupt as their PPP counter part. Achakzai got power and gave all his family members imporant positions in government.
     
  15. Thəorətic Muslim

    Thəorətic Muslim SENIOR MEMBER

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    I don't understand what's controversial about him.

    He ordered the Lal "Masjid" operation?

    The Bugti operation?

    The Steel Mills?

    Or the initial coup?