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Figaro

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Modi's 'settler' masterplan for Indian Kashmir

Parvaiz BUKHARI

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is changing Indian Kashmir's residency laws for the first time since 1947, in a bid to snuff out any challenge to the disputed territory belonging to India.

Drawing comparisons with Israel's "settler" tactics in the Palestinian Territories, Modi's Hindu nationalist government aims to change the demographic makeup and identity of the Muslim-majority region, critics say.

AFP looks at the background, what the new rules are and their implications for the area's 14 million population.

- What has Modi done in Kashmir so far? -

The Himalayan former princely state has been split between India and Pakistan since independence from Britain in 1947.

In the Indian-administered part a conflict between separatist rebels and government forces has killed tens of thousands since 1989, mostly civilians.

More than 65 percent of the population is Muslim. In the Kashmir Valley, the main centre of the rebellion, it is close to 100 percent.

On August 5, 2019 Modi's government revoked articles in the Indian constitution that guaranteed Kashmir's partial autonomy and other rights including its own flag and constitution.

A huge accompanying security operation saw tens of thousands of extra troops -- adding to 500,000 already there -- enforce a siege-like curfew. Thousands were arrested and telecommunications were cut for months.

Jammu & Kashmir state was demoted to a union territory governed directly from New Delhi, while the Ladakh region was carved out into a separate administrative area.

Creating such new "facts on the ground" in Kashmir has long been advocated by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the hardline Hindu parent organisation to Modi's BJP party.

The move sent a further shudder through India's 200-million Muslim minority and defenders of its secular traditions, who fear Modi wants to create a Hindu nation -- something he denies.

"What I see unfolding is a Hindu settler colonial project in the making," Mona Bhan, associate professor of anthropology at Syracuse University who has long researched Kashmir, told AFP.

- What happened to Kashmir's special rules? -

Modi's government tore up Kashmir's special residence rules dating back to 1927 which had ensured only permanent residents could own land and property, secure government jobs and university places and vote in local elections.

Now a raft of different categories of people from anywhere in India can apply for domicile certificates, giving them access to all the above.

These include those living in Kashmir for 15 years, who include around 28,000 refugees who fled Pakistan and as many as 1.75 million migrant labourers -- most of whom are Hindus.

In addition, civil servants who have worked in Kashmir for seven years and their children, or students who have taken certain exams, also qualify for domicile status.

The changes are "the most drastic imposed since 1947," Siddiq Wahid, a historian and political analyst, told AFP. "It was done with the intent to open the gates to demographic flooding."

- What do locals have to do? -

Locals too now have to apply for the new "domicile certificates" in order to qualify for permanent resident rights.

To get this, they have to produce their Permanent Resident Certificates (PRC), cherished documents valid since 1927, which then become worthless.

Speaking to AFP on condition of anonymity, an engineering graduate said young Kashmiris were in effect being forced to give their political loyalty to India in exchange for a livelihood.

"They say, you want a job, OK, get the domicile document first," he said.

- Is anybody happy? -

A few people. Bahadur Lal Prajapati, born in Indian Kashmir to Hindu refugees who fled Pakistan during its first war with India over Kashmir seven decades ago, is finally an official resident and has "never been so happy".

"We got the right to live in this part of India as citizens after 72 years of struggle," Prajapati, 55, told AFP from his home in Jammu, the Hindu-dominated district of the region.

One of the first people to receive the new domicile certificate was Navin Kumar Choudhary, a top bureaucrat from the Indian state of Bihar who worked in Kashmir for many years.

Photos on social media of Choudhary proudly holding the certificate sparked huge anger among Kashmiris but delight among Modi's supporters.

- What happens if people complain? -

Some 430,000 new domicile certificates have been issued -- despite the coronavirus pandemic. It is unclear how many of them are to people from outside and how many to locals.

Many locals are refusing to swap their old documents, even though this makes life harder. Some do it in secret for fear of censure from their neighbours.

Wary of being labelled "anti-national" by the authorities many Kashmiris are also scared to speak out openly. Some are deleting their Twitter accounts.

"It's a travesty that I have to compete with outsiders for citizenship rights in my own homeland," said a student -- who also wished also to remain anonymous out of fear of problems with the authorities.


We are seeing an Indian version of the German Lebensraum/GeneralPlan Ost in the making in Kashmir.
 

TNT

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What modi forgets is that Palestine dont have a courageous neighbor like Pakistan. Settle hindus in IIOJK and they will be good targets for us and freedom fighters.
 

Pan-Islamic-Pakistan

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Modi's 'settler' masterplan for Indian Kashmir

Parvaiz BUKHARI

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is changing Indian Kashmir's residency laws for the first time since 1947, in a bid to snuff out any challenge to the disputed territory belonging to India.

Drawing comparisons with Israel's "settler" tactics in the Palestinian Territories, Modi's Hindu nationalist government aims to change the demographic makeup and identity of the Muslim-majority region, critics say.

AFP looks at the background, what the new rules are and their implications for the area's 14 million population.

- What has Modi done in Kashmir so far? -

The Himalayan former princely state has been split between India and Pakistan since independence from Britain in 1947.

In the Indian-administered part a conflict between separatist rebels and government forces has killed tens of thousands since 1989, mostly civilians.

More than 65 percent of the population is Muslim. In the Kashmir Valley, the main centre of the rebellion, it is close to 100 percent.

On August 5, 2019 Modi's government revoked articles in the Indian constitution that guaranteed Kashmir's partial autonomy and other rights including its own flag and constitution.

A huge accompanying security operation saw tens of thousands of extra troops -- adding to 500,000 already there -- enforce a siege-like curfew. Thousands were arrested and telecommunications were cut for months.

Jammu & Kashmir state was demoted to a union territory governed directly from New Delhi, while the Ladakh region was carved out into a separate administrative area.

Creating such new "facts on the ground" in Kashmir has long been advocated by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the hardline Hindu parent organisation to Modi's BJP party.

The move sent a further shudder through India's 200-million Muslim minority and defenders of its secular traditions, who fear Modi wants to create a Hindu nation -- something he denies.

"What I see unfolding is a Hindu settler colonial project in the making," Mona Bhan, associate professor of anthropology at Syracuse University who has long researched Kashmir, told AFP.

- What happened to Kashmir's special rules? -

Modi's government tore up Kashmir's special residence rules dating back to 1927 which had ensured only permanent residents could own land and property, secure government jobs and university places and vote in local elections.

Now a raft of different categories of people from anywhere in India can apply for domicile certificates, giving them access to all the above.

These include those living in Kashmir for 15 years, who include around 28,000 refugees who fled Pakistan and as many as 1.75 million migrant labourers -- most of whom are Hindus.

In addition, civil servants who have worked in Kashmir for seven years and their children, or students who have taken certain exams, also qualify for domicile status.

The changes are "the most drastic imposed since 1947," Siddiq Wahid, a historian and political analyst, told AFP. "It was done with the intent to open the gates to demographic flooding."

- What do locals have to do? -

Locals too now have to apply for the new "domicile certificates" in order to qualify for permanent resident rights.

To get this, they have to produce their Permanent Resident Certificates (PRC), cherished documents valid since 1927, which then become worthless.

Speaking to AFP on condition of anonymity, an engineering graduate said young Kashmiris were in effect being forced to give their political loyalty to India in exchange for a livelihood.

"They say, you want a job, OK, get the domicile document first," he said.

- Is anybody happy? -

A few people. Bahadur Lal Prajapati, born in Indian Kashmir to Hindu refugees who fled Pakistan during its first war with India over Kashmir seven decades ago, is finally an official resident and has "never been so happy".

"We got the right to live in this part of India as citizens after 72 years of struggle," Prajapati, 55, told AFP from his home in Jammu, the Hindu-dominated district of the region.

One of the first people to receive the new domicile certificate was Navin Kumar Choudhary, a top bureaucrat from the Indian state of Bihar who worked in Kashmir for many years.

Photos on social media of Choudhary proudly holding the certificate sparked huge anger among Kashmiris but delight among Modi's supporters.

- What happens if people complain? -

Some 430,000 new domicile certificates have been issued -- despite the coronavirus pandemic. It is unclear how many of them are to people from outside and how many to locals.

Many locals are refusing to swap their old documents, even though this makes life harder. Some do it in secret for fear of censure from their neighbours.

Wary of being labelled "anti-national" by the authorities many Kashmiris are also scared to speak out openly. Some are deleting their Twitter accounts.

"It's a travesty that I have to compete with outsiders for citizenship rights in my own homeland," said a student -- who also wished also to remain anonymous out of fear of problems with the authorities.


We are seeing an Indian version of the German Lebensraum/GeneralPlan Ost in the making in Kashmir.
Thanks for the post, dear friend. We deeply value China's support for Kashmiris.

Let me tag some interested members.

@crankthatskunk @Morpheus @masterchief_mirza @Dalit @PAKISTANFOREVER @Musings @Verve @PakFactor @Clutch @313ghazi @khansaheeb @waz @Areesh @lastofthepatriots @terry5 @vi-va @beijingwalker @Raphael @Beast
 

PakFactor

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Thanks for the post, dear friend. We deeply value China's support for Kashmiris.

Let me tag some interested members.

@crankthatskunk @Morpheus @masterchief_mirza @Dalit @PAKISTANFOREVER @Musings @Verve @PakFactor @Clutch @313ghazi @khansaheeb @waz @Areesh @lastofthepatriots @terry5 @vi-va @beijingwalker @Raphael @Beast
Thanks for the tag.

This was a plan long in the making and after seeing the effects settlements have on Palestinians backed by military power locals are helpless. This same tested strategy was a matter of time it was applied here.

Only difference is it took time for Israeli’s to get the Jewish Dipora population from around the world and give them citizenship. For Kashmir you have a large Hindu population readily available or just move the slums and you outnumber the locals. This is a lighter version of population genocide.

Theirs only so much diplomacy you can do and only solution is a total war against India the sooner we do it the better
 

Pan-Islamic-Pakistan

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Thanks for the tag.

This was a plan long in the making and after seeing the effects settlements have on Palestinians backed by military power locals are helpless. This same tested strategy was a matter of time it was applied here.

Only difference is it took time for Israeli’s to get the Jewish Dipora population from around the world and give them citizenship. For Kashmir you have a large Hindu population readily available or just move the slums and you outnumber the locals. This is a lighter version of population genocide.

Theirs only so much diplomacy you can do and only solution is a total war against India the sooner we do it the better

We need to prepare for war. That is the only solution left.

Pakistan and China will finish this Kashmir episode and in sha Allah peace will return to former JK.
 

vi-va

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Thanks for the post, dear friend. We deeply value China's support for Kashmiris.

Let me tag some interested members.

@crankthatskunk @Morpheus @masterchief_mirza @Dalit @PAKISTANFOREVER @Musings @Verve @PakFactor @Clutch @313ghazi @khansaheeb @waz @Areesh @lastofthepatriots @terry5 @vi-va @beijingwalker @Raphael @Beast
Pakistan and China should make stronger alliance, and take a decisive action. Otherwise, Pakistan will lose Kashmir forever in next generation in 10-30 years. Also China security will be impacted as well.

BJP/Modi has divided this artificial country, economy growth has slow down. BJP/Modi will take more aggressive actions before general election 2024.
 

waz

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Yes come 'settle' in Kashmir, BJP workers being killed whole sale, no industry, ongoing war, daily gun battles and the people hating you, no not just Kashmiri Muslims but also Pandits and Dogras who are now taking a more aggressive stance against it.



 

PAKISTANFOREVER

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Musings

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We need to prepare for war. That is the only solution left.

Pakistan and China will finish this Kashmir episode and in sha Allah peace will return to former JK.
Brother in my humble opinion - a joint attack on the vermin would perhaps last less than a week - the slaughter would be over of these pesky neighbours - a lesson of a life time. Sure there will be losses but the eventual outcome will be lasting peace and tranquility for all.
I don’t see any option but to batter them into submission .
 

Protest_again

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If PDF Pakistanis had any power in the real world, they would have snatched Kashmir from India instead of posting hyperbole comments here. Another 70 years from now, we'll still be hearing similar comments. Lol.
 

Pan-Islamic-Pakistan

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Pakistan and China should make stronger alliance, and take a decisive action. Otherwise, Pakistan will lose Kashmir forever in next generation in 10-30 years. Also China security will be impacted as well.

BJP/Modi has divided this artificial country, economy growth has slow down. BJP/Modi will take more aggressive actions before general election 2024.
This year will be interesting. Sikh are mobilizing for Khalistan 2020 referendum vote in the diaspora. Already there have been threats against them by Indian government, death threats, declaring their leaders rerrorists, and a Hindu mob attacked Sikhs protesting in Canada.

Sikhs will start facing the same massacres and oppression which Kashmiris and Indian Muslims are undergoing.

International sentiment will turn against India in a big way, because Sikhs are well entrenched in Canadian and British politics.

Pakistan and China should do all they can to use this pressure to take concrete action in Kashmir against India.
 

Flash_Ninja

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Protest_again

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