• Sunday, August 9, 2020

Lachit Barphukan & the Battle of Saraighat

Discussion in 'Military History & Tactics' started by GorkhaPride, Mar 15, 2014.

  1. GorkhaPride

    GorkhaPride BANNED

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    Remembering our Heroes – Lachit Barphukan & the Battle of Saraighat

    March 1669: The Mughals, still smarting under their defeat at the hands of Ahom forces led by Lachit Barphukan two years back are not taking any chances this time. A large army of “30,000 infantry, 15,000 archers, 18,000 Turkish cavalry, 5,000 gunners and over 1000 cannons besides a large flotilla of boats” is moving up the Brahmaputra towards Guwahati. The forces are led by Raja Ram Singh, son of Raja Jai Singh, who was also a Mughal general and had fought against Shivaji, thousands of kilometers beyond – in the tough terrain of Sahyadri…As Lt Gen S K Sinha mentions:

    Assam was the only state of India, which defeated successive attempts by Delhi Sultans and Mughal emperors. Starting from the invasion of Bhaktiyar Khilji in early thirteenth century to the invasions of the Mughal armies of Aurangzeb in the late seventeenth century. Assam defeated seventeen such invasions. No doubt the geographical remoteness of Assam was the major factor but no less important was the military leadership and the fighting qualities displayed by the people of Assam.

    Of these seventeen invasions there was only one in which the invader achieved some success. This was Mir Jumla’s invasion.

    But in 1669, Mir Jumla was a distant memory…The Mughals soon reached Guwahati and laid siege to the city…This is what happened next (in the words of Lt Gen Sinha; emphasis added):

    In the first phase the Mughals made repeated attacks against Ahom defences on both banks of the, river but failed to achieve a breakthrough. In the second phase they tried to send raiding parties by boats to get inside the Ahom defences. Lachit’s river line defences foiled this attempt. A heavy monsoon set in during the third phase.

    The Mughals got bogged down in mud and got isolated from each other due to flowing streams. The Ahoms were at an advantage. They were more used to the terrain and accustomed to the climate. They carried out extensive guerilla warfare, causing heavy losses to the Mughals. Ram Singh was very contemptuous of these operations and called it a “thieves affair”. He challenged Lachit Barphukan to a duel. He also offered a bribe of 3 lakhs to Lachit to abandon Guwahati defences. When this did not work, he tried a ruse.

    A letter addressed to Lachit, attached to an arrow, was host into the Ahom camp. It mentioned that Lachit had been paid one lakh to evacuate Guwahati and urged him to do so soon. The letter found its way to the Ahom King at Gargaon who became suspicious of the loyalty of Lachit Barphukan. Fortunately, the Prime Minister managed to convince the King that it was a trick being played by the Mughal Commander and he should not doubt Lachit’s loyalty. However, the King insisted that Lachit came out of his defences and engage the Mughals in battle on open ground. Despite his objections to such a suicidal move, Lachit was forced to follow the order of the King. He came out of his defences on to the Allaboi plains to attack the Mughal army in the open. This was the fourth phase of the battle.

    After some initial success in which the Ahoms captured the local Mughal Commander, Mir Nawab, the Ahoms drew the full weight of Mughal cavalry personally led by Ram Singh. The Mughal cavalry decimated the Ahom army on the plains and the later suffered 10,000 killed. Lachit had taken the precaution of digging a line of defences at the rear of his advancing, columns to which they could fall back if forced to do so. Thus he managed to extricate the remainder of his forces and moved back into his prepared defences.

    The Mughals could not penetrate these defences and ultimately decided to launch a massive naval assault on the river. They had large boats, a few of them mounting up to sixteen canons. The Ahom soldiers were demoralized after the Allaboi disaster. Their Commander-in-Chief was seriously ill. At the sight of the massive Mughal fleet, they began to loose their will to fight. Some elements commenced retreat.

    Lachit was observing this development from his sickbed. He had himself carried on a lotto a boat and with seven boats advanced headlong against the Mughal fleet. This had an electrifying effect on his soldiers. They rallied behind him and a desperate battle ensured on the Brahmaputra. ‘The Ahoms in their small boats cut circles round the bigger but less maneuverable Mughal boats. The river got littered with clashing boats and drowning soldiers.

    In this furious engagement, Lachit Barphukan managed to snatch victory from the jaws of defeat. The Mughals were decisively defeated and they retreated from Guwahati. Ahom territory up to Manas was once again liberated. Thus ended the fifth phase of the battle of Saraighat in a glorious Ahom victory, despite all odds and giving Lachit very deservedly legendary fame in Assam. In his hour of triumph, like Nelson at Trafalgar, Lachit Barphukan died of the illness that he had been suffering from.

    Lachit’s bravery and his men’s display of valour brought praise even from the enemy, with Raja Ram Singh himself praising his bravery…

    [​IMG]

    As Srividya wrote about the Lachit Barphukan:

    It is impossible for many people to strain their body to fulfil a higher cause. Even small problems like a headache or stomach ache can bring people’s morale down. These small pains can draw so much of attention that a man forgets about everything else but his pain.When most people’s minds are so weak, only someone driven by exceptional sense of patriotism and love for his people, would forget his intense pain and be ready to sacrifice his life to fulfill the duty of protecting his people. Such was the patriotism of this great Lachit Borphukan. It is recorded that he said – “When my countrymen are suffering from invasion, and when my army is fighting and sacrificing its life, how can I think about resting my body due to a mere illness? How can I think about going home to my wife and children when my entire country is in trouble?” Saying thus, he got out of bed and prepared to fight, despite his illness.

    We do not have any pictures/portraits of Lachit Borphukan anymore. But it is recorded by poets that he had a very handsome face that shined with the brightness of the full moon. A man’s face would no doubt radiate beauty when his heart is filled with pure love. The heart of Lachit Borphukan was filled with love indeed – pure, sincere, fierce and untainted love for his country and countrymen. Such are the kind of patriots India produces.

    Some of you would know that 24 November is celebrated as “Lachit Divas” across Assam to commemorate the heroism of Lachit Borphukan and the victory of the Assamese army at the Battle of Saraighat. Lachit Barphukan also has a medal named after him that is awarded to the best cadet passing out of the NDA. As you go about your day today, please take a moment to remember this great hero of India…and please do share this story with others who may not be familiar with his story…
     
  2. Gandhi G in da house

    Gandhi G in da house ELITE MEMBER

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    Just don't under this. Our pseudo-secular education system teaches us about every single Muslim invader or ruler who has ruled even a fraction of India but great native heroes like Lachit Borphukan don't even find a mention anywhere. Really sad. Wonder who is behind this deliberate playing down of native achievements and heroism in our education system.
     
  3. GorkhaPride

    GorkhaPride BANNED

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    Who knows mate but I agree that the fact this guy is unknown to the general Indian populous is a great tragedy.
    He reportedly beheaded his Uncle for not building a wall and then was quoted as saying "Not even my Uncle is greater than my nation".
    Now that's a true patriot.
    [​IMG]
     
  4. jatt+gutts

    jatt+gutts BANNED

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    this ... I didn't knew about this hero before.. neither does manyindians know about hari singh nalwa.
     
  5. GorkhaPride

    GorkhaPride BANNED

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    Loads of people know about Hari Singh Nalwa, a great warrior. India has so many brave warriors that people don't know about like Bappa Rawal who defeated the Arabs.
     
  6. Gandhi G in da house

    Gandhi G in da house ELITE MEMBER

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    True but at least among the Sikhs we know about Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Bhagat Singh. Thank god for that at least.
     
  7. SarthakGanguly

    SarthakGanguly BANNED

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    Excellent information! :tup: No wonder we are not taught about him. That's almost looks like Bengali though. Sorry for my ignorance :ashamed:
    Even Shivaji is not very popular outside Maharashtra. Funny folks from Manipur know who Babur was and not Shivaji. :coffee:


    The answer is simple. I will suggest you one book. Read it. All your questions will be answered.
    Eminent Historians: Their Technology, Their Life, Their Fraud by Arun Shourie — Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists
     
  8. Umair Nawaz

    Umair Nawaz ELITE MEMBER

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    its not surprising to see indians still see these warloads or opportunist scavengers as ''Heros''
     
  9. GorkhaPride

    GorkhaPride BANNED

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    Please explain how you reached that conclusion?
    This "scavenger" defeated the glorious Mughals multiple times.:disagree:
     
  10. Umair Nawaz

    Umair Nawaz ELITE MEMBER

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    LOL u moron....... They tried their best for it to disrupt the central Government of United india when the Countries armies were already preoccupied while defending against British's occupational forces. They were those basically warloads who backstabbed the mother land and their acts aided the occupational forces. I dont know what type of history they teach u in india but their role in history is accepted collectively by muslims and non muslims as negative within that spare of history.
     
  11. GorkhaPride

    GorkhaPride BANNED

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    Ahom kingdom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    You are confused, spare this thread of your stupidity. As you can see they where a kingdom, not a group of warlords.
    The Mughals where not the Central government of India.:rofl:
    Please provide sources to back up that claim.
     
  12. Umair Nawaz

    Umair Nawaz ELITE MEMBER

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    Historians generally agree that Dehli was the capital of Every central empire which represented indian civilization and the central government is that which controls the capital.

    Im not talking abt individual kingdoms but abt them collectively. Which includes Marhattas etc too Those who took the advantage of situation in 17 and 18th century. These Ahomis were also part of it.

    If they were so good like u say then why didnt they tried to fight with us before british? Why did they were receiving arms from British, French, Dutch etc. Why did they have signed treaties with British and had only attacked us? Fighting against their fellow countrymen was all they took pride? If Mughals or other Muslim emperors were really their enemies or considered them a threat then they wound have lasted this long like mentioned in wikipedia page from 12 century upto 18th.

    I dont say they never had a battle with us ever in this span of time but why did they suddenly woken up when british came and started attacking or launched related ops against Dehli then?
     
  13. Gandhi G in da house

    Gandhi G in da house ELITE MEMBER

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    These people are defenders of the motherland, the real heroes. Not those Afghans and Turkic invaders who you consider as heroes.
     
  14. GorkhaPride

    GorkhaPride BANNED

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    The battle occurred in 1671 before the British had any power.:rofl::rofl::rofl:
    They didn't launch any attack, the Mughals attacked there land and got beaten. :woot:
     
    Last edited: Mar 15, 2014
  15. Umair Nawaz

    Umair Nawaz ELITE MEMBER

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    yeah right its same as if calling Hitler the greatest man ever lived.